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The Net closes in on Clinton 

By Bronwen Maddox 


THE explosive report that 
could end Bill Clinton's presi¬ 
dency is set to be broadcast to 
the world on the Internet this 
afternoon, as pressure grows 
on him to resign or face 

. The 445-page Starr report 
which focuses entirely on the 
President's affair with Monica 
Lewinsky, is understood to 
allege that he is guilty perjury, 
obstruction of justice, witness 
tampering and abuse of pow¬ 
er. It is said to include details 
of the sexual acts he per¬ 
formed with Ms Lewinsky 
and to conclude with a dozen 
grounds-for impeachment 

The report could also pro¬ 
vide grounds for the indict¬ 
ment of some of the 
Presidents closest friends and 
confidants, including the pow¬ 
er-broker Vernon Jordan and 
the White House deputy coun¬ 
sel Bruce Lindsey. .... 

One of the strongest of the 
cases against the President is 
believed to be that he commit¬ 
tal periuiy in the Paiila Jones 
sexual harassment case, lying 
under oath in January and 
again when he gave evidence 
to Mr Stan - last month. 

Much of the rest of the list, 
according to reports, is made 
up of allegations that Mr 
Clinton obstructed justice by 
stonewalling Mr Starrs inqui ¬ 
ries. But “subornation of per¬ 
jury" — the particularly 
devastating charge that. he 
encouraged others, including 
Ms Lewinsky, lo lie about the 

On the precipice-Page 2 

Dynamite boxes-Page 3: 

Hillary’s future-Page5 

Tim Haines-Page 22 

Leading article—... Page 23 

affair — appears not to be 
central to the case against the 

Before Mr Clinton admitted 
the affair on August IT, many 
in Congress thought that he 
would remain unscathed un¬ 
less Mr Starr could prove that 
he suborned witnesses. The 
present crisis — even in the 
absence of that proof — is a 
measure of how much his 
support has collapsed. 

Congress's startling deci¬ 
sion to publish the Starr report 
— thrashed out in round-the- 
clock meetings since the docu¬ 
ments were delivered to 
Capitol Hill m armoured cars 
on Wednesday night — adds 
the power of the global media 
to the relentless machinery of 
the American Constitution, ft 
ensures that the American 
public as well as Congress will 
play 3 central part in deciding 
whether Mr Clinton is ousted 
from the White House or 

TV & RADIO-50, 51 




OBITUARIES -- ,.-..-25 

TIM HAMES--— 22 



COURT & SOCIAL...—,24 



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Kenneth - Stair yesterday after delivering his 
. verdict onthePresident m 36 boxes of“dynamite” 

hangs (m to tiie shreds of 
power until the end of his term 
in 2000. 

Last night, the White House 
was' dismayed and demor¬ 
alised, fait Mr Clinton was 
said lo be determined to 
remain in office. His spokes¬ 
man.Mike McCurry, said 
that he had heard no discus¬ 
sion that the President had 
considered resigning and two 
opinion polls released yester¬ 
day showed that Mr Clinton 
continues to enjoy the support 
of just under 60 per cent of the 

Mr Clinton’s lawyers are 
furious, that they have been 
rebuffed by Mr Starr and the 
House in their requests to see 


•Not now dear— 
I’m reading 

tiie report and issue a formal 
defence before pubUcaticm. 
The White House is afraid 
that ordinary voters jamming 
the Internet tonight will be 
misfed fay its status as a 
congressional document into 
reading it as an impartial 
report. . 

Mr Clinton’s lawyer. David 
Kendall, has described the 
report as a one-sided, biased 
assembly of uncorroborated 
stories, pointing out .that it 
contains hearsay and anec¬ 
dotes, and that none of the 
witnesses — who indude Ms 
Lewinsky and her former 
friend Linda Tripp, whose 
tapes of their conversations set 
the scandal rolling in January 

— have been cross-examined 
by the President's side. 

Last night the White House 

- was dinging to faint hopes last 
night 'that a legal challenge 
could delay publication unto 
Monday. Butwith the chances 
of that looking slim, the Judi¬ 
ciary Committee of the House 
of Representatives was pre¬ 
paring to retire today to begin 
debating whether there are 
grounds to remove Mr Clinton 
from office. 

Yesterday the Speaker. 
Newt Gingrich, called for 
rivility and decorum in the 
debate and told members to 
abstain from language per¬ 
sonally abusive to the 



Mr Clinton himself made 
yet another public statement 
of regret yesterday, using a 
meeting of young scientists in 
the Roosevelt Room of the 
White House to ask for “un¬ 
derstanding and forgiveness 
and commitment”. He also 
called ten Senate Democrats 
to the Oval Office to plead for 
their support 

In a new, desperate strate¬ 
gy, he is seizing every opportu¬ 
nity to express regret and 
remorse for the affair with the 
22-year-old former White 
House trainee. He may do so 
again today when he hosts a 
White House breakfast for the 
nation’s religious leaders, and 
he faces a tense meeting with 
the Cabinet — the first gather¬ 

ing of all the members since 
his emphatic denial of an 
affair in January — when he is 
expected to make a further 
heartfelt apology to those who 
stood in the nun to repeat his 
denials, notably the Secretary 
of State. Madeleine Albright. 

“He’s got a lot of amends to 
make, and hell be making 
those amends to all and every¬ 
one,” Mr McCurry said. 

There were signs yesterday 
that his appeal to the loyalty of 
senior Democrats was having 
some success. Vice President 
Al Gore, who has been con¬ 
spicuously absent and silent 
during the worsening crisis, 
made his most fortheright 
defence of the President yester¬ 
day. Referring lo Mr Clinton 
as “my friend and our Presi¬ 

dent”, he told a meeting of the 
Democratic Business Council 
that “his policies have been 
manifestly good for the United 
Stares of America and those 
policies must be continued for 
the good of America.” 

At the same time, Tom 
Daschle, leader of the Demo¬ 
cratic minority in the Senate, 
called yesterday’s White 
House meeting “constructive 
and helpful”, and said: “The 
President's story needs to be 
heard and we need to get the 
facts. So as well as co-opera¬ 
tion on the President's side, we 
need fairness from Congress.” 

The senators asked Mr Clin¬ 
ton whether more damaging 
revelations might break. His 
answer was that, no, there 
were no surprises. 

Yeltsin makes 

popular choice 

Russia’s political stalemate 
ended in a compromise when 
President Yeltsin chose Yev¬ 
geni Primakov, his former 
Foreign Minister, to be Rus¬ 
sia’s next Prune Minister. Toe 
appointment was widely wdr 
eomed and Mr Primakov's 
appointment is expected to be 
confirmed today——Page 17 

Arsenal join Manchester 
United in takeover race 

Bank defies 

rates pressure 

By Jason Nisse 

Branson joins 
balloon rival 

Richard Branson teamed up 
with Steve Fossett his former 
rival to pursue their shmed 
dream of becoming the nest 

*** _ A ibaumnrl 

dream of becoming me nrsi 
L t_ Mnnvro m 

off from 


Morocco in 
_-.-Plage 6 

IRA arms plan 

Iivn «•*--—* r 

As David Trimble and Gem 

J3ams heralded a new oarf 



Brisaiion in Northern 
land to encourage the 
SSmament tharmmrt^ 
soonif*® peace 

THE horde for control of 
English football exploded into 
new life yesterday when 
Carlton Communications, the 
ITV company which makes 
The'Bill and Peak Practice, 
revealed it is. in_talks that 
could lead to a takeover of 

The team which beat 
Manchester United to foe 
Premiership title and won the 
FA Cup last season, would be 
worth less than half the U 03 
million BSkyB had agreed to 
pay for the Manchester dub 
only 24 hours before^ 

City analysts were predict 
ing that Cad ton would have to 
pay only abouttKO million 
for Arsenal while some'were 
saying that -BSkyB had 
cured a real bargain with foe 
price paid for: Manchester 

Michael Green. Carton's 
chairman,. comes from an 
Arsenal-supporting family 
and is a friend of the dub’s 
deputy chairman, David 

Dein. However sentiment 
showed no place in business 
as it emerged that Carlton had 
already held talks with 
Arsenal’s arch rivals Totten¬ 
ham Hotspur "but could not 
strike a deal. 

Liverpool and Leeds United 
were also at the centre of bid 
rumours and Aston Villa con¬ 
firmed that it is talking to “a 
communications fum”- 

Arsenal is controlled by four 
directors who hold 70 per cent 
of the shares. Green may be 
happy with a stake in the dub 

and a seat on the board, so 
gaining a seat at the negotiat¬ 
ing table as the Premiership 
works out how it will divide up 
its htcrativeTV rights after the 
currant deal with BSkyB runs 
out in 2001. 

Arsenal fans showed mixed 
reactions to the Carlton move. 
Many were sad that the dub 
might sell out but felt that a 
deal was inevitable- Lynette 
Dowden. a ■ student from 
Hockley, near Southend, who 
was queuing outside the 
Arsenal's Highbury ground 
for a tour yesterday, said: “t 
suppose now Manchester Uni¬ 
ted have done it we have to as 
well. But ifs all money these 
days, irs nor the football that 
■matters anymore.” 

Another fan. Shelley John¬ 
son, from Braintree m Essex, 
said: “1 don’t particularly like 
it but if Manchester United get 
all this money from Sky they 
might run away with every¬ 
thing. We’ve got to compete.” 

Shares and the pound fell 
sharply in the wake of the 
Bank of England dedsion to 
leave interest rates on hold at 
7.5 per cent. The Bank’s 
Monetary Policy Committee 
defied growing pressure fora 
cut but ressured oqjorters that 
it would not raise interest 
rates again-Page 27 

Weekend jail for 
‘minor offences’ 

Minor offenders could be 
allowed to keep their jobs and 
serve their sentences at week¬ 
ends, according to a study on 
ways to relieve pressure on 
jails. The report says that rises 
in the prison population are 
“unsustainable”——Page 13 

Liferaft drowning 

Shares soar, page il 
Carlton bid, page 52 

A sixthformer drowned unno¬ 
ticed under a liferaft at a 
public school while pupils 
above him continued with a 
sea-survival exercise super¬ 
vised by Royal Navy special¬ 
ists. One exercise was on how 
to recover a body, an inquest 
was told-Page 9 

Che cats whiskers^ 

US could view 

confession tape 

From Damian Whitworth 
in Washington 

AMERICANS could one day 
see the videotape of President 
Clinton admitting to a sexual 
relationship with Monica 
Lewinsky. Congressmen will 
spend the next few days sifting 
36 boxes of damning and 
highly embarrassing material 
relating to Kenneth Starr’s 
excoriating report on the Pres¬ 
ident's conduct. 

The boxes, sent to Congress 
by the Special Prosecutor 
along with his report, ran tain 
potentially the most explosive 
and explicit record of a Presi¬ 
dent’s behaviour in the Oval 
Office. Although Congress is 
now entering legally unchart¬ 
ed territory, legal sources said 
last the tapes could emerge as 
exhibits in televised hearings. 

Remarkable as the report is. 
the contents of the boxes may 
be more shocking if they are 
ever revealed. They contain 20 
hours of tapes in which Miss 
Lewinsky described her rela¬ 
tionship with Mr Clinton, 
transcripts of the cross-exami¬ 
nation of witnesses and the 
videotape of the President's 
interrogation, including his 
admission, for the first time, 
that he had sexual relations 
with Miss Lewinsky. The FBI 
laboratory' report on her dress, 
which was alleged to have 
been stained with Mr Gin- 
ton’s semen, is also contained. 

The evidence has been sup¬ 
plied to support Mr Starr’s 
report which he accuses the 
President of being a serial liar 
who committed perjury and 
obstructed justice as he tried to 
hide his affair with Miss 
Lewinsky. The 445-page re¬ 
port also describes incidents of 
witness tampering and abuse 

of power which the prosecutor 
believes are grounds for im¬ 
peachment of the President. 

The report, the first by a 
special prosecutor in which 
impeachment of a President 
has been recom mended, 
opens with a 25-page summa¬ 
ry of the most damning evi¬ 
dence and the grounds for 
impeachment The bulk con¬ 
sists of 280 pages of narrative 
evidence on Mr Clinton’s re¬ 
peated encounters with Ms 
Lewinsky in a small room 
behind the Oval Office. 

Most damaging to Mr Clin¬ 
ton may be the 140-page 
conclusion. Last night con¬ 
gressmen were planning to 
review this material before 
deciding who among their 
colleagues, or the wider pub¬ 
lic. should be allowed to see iL 

The report is understood to 
paint a picture of a pattern of 
lying by Mr Clinton. In partic¬ 
ular. it alleges thtii he is guilty 
of lying under oath in the 
deposition he gave in the 
sexual harassment lawsuit 
broughr against him by Paula 
Jones. It also says he perjured 
himself again in the grand 
jut}' testimony last month in 
which he said that his evi¬ 
dence in that case had been 
legally accurate but 

He is accused of using 
government employees to help 
sustain his lies. His dealings 
with Miss Lewinsky and Betiy 
Currie, his secretary, both 
witnesses in the case, are 
examined in damaging detail. 
The report dwells on how he 
approved a false press state¬ 
ment on the day the Lewinsky 
affair broke in January and 
allowed his aides to launch 
legal moves to block access to 
key witnesses. 

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That woman... and 

P resident Clinton has 
been on the brink, star¬ 
ing into the political 
gloom many times before, but 
has ahvays somehow defied 
the odds and leapt to safety. 
Now Kenneth Starr, the inde¬ 
pendent prosecutor, has 
pushed him ro the biggest 
drop of all. Soon wc will know 
if there is an escape route for 
the Clinton presidency. 

As he teeters there, he may 
be reflecting on how it is that 
he finds himself in this pretty 
pass. After all. so many times 
we have seen him land on his 
feet, give that famous smirk 
and walk away, his troubles 
apparently behind him. 

It has been a long road to 
this point, in 1994, amid 
controversy over Mr Clinton 
and liis wife Hillary’s links to 
the shady dealings of an 
Arkansas' financier. James 
McDougal. the President 
asked the Attorney-General. 
Janet Reno, to appoint a 
prosecutor to investigate. The 
Clintons had been partners 
with Mr MacDouga] in a 
property venture: Whitewater 
Development Corporation. 

The very name Whitewater 
captured the imagination in a 
nation where Watergate was a 
word synonymous with cor¬ 
ruption. But the investigation 
soon lost all but the most 
dedicated students. Neverthe¬ 
less. the crucial factor was that 
the independent prosecutor 
had been established, and 
from that the unravelling to 

Clinton’s plight is the end of a long and tortuous 

ordeal. Damian Whitworth in Washington charts the 

bumpy episodes which have brought him to the edge 


potential catastrophe could 
begin. In August 1994 the 
prosecutor was replaced by 
Kenneth Starr, a high-flying 
Chicago lawyer and former 
Solicitor-General who was ini¬ 
tially regarded favourably by 
the White House. 

Earlier that summer, how¬ 
ever, Mr Clinton had been 
hustled to the edge of one of 
those precipices by another 
force. In May. Paula Jones, a 
former clerk, had filed a suit 
for sexual harassment claim¬ 
ing that, one afternoon when 
Mr Clinton was Governor of 
Arkansas, she had been taken 
to his room by a state trooper 
and Mr Clinton had made a 
sexual advance. The charge 
was dismissed as “tabloid 
trash" by the President’s law¬ 
yer. and James Carville. his 
skilful adviser, had dismissed 
her claims with typical venom. 
"Drag a $100 bill through a 
trailer park and there’s no 
telling what you’ll find." he 

The following summer 
another woman came into the 
President's life. In June 1995 
Monica Lewinsky, then 20. 

arrived in the White House as 
an unpaid trainee. Mr Starr, 
inching forwards with an in¬ 
vestigation into complicated 
and age-old financial affairs, 
could not have dreamed that 
he would end up questioning 
her about the details of sex acts 
she had performed with the 
President in the Oval Office. 

I n 1996 the investigation 
was broadened to include 
Travelgate. the accusa¬ 
tions that seven members of 
the White House travel office 
were dismissed by the Clin¬ 
tons on trumped-up charges 
so that they could be replaced 
with cronies of the couple. Mr 
Starr also began investigating 
Fllegate in which Mrs Clin¬ 
ton’s billing records from the 
Rose Law Firm in Arkansas, 
which had been sought by Mr 
Starr for two years, mysteri¬ 
ously reappeared on a White 
House table. 

In April 1996. Ms Lewinsky 
took a new job at the Pentagon 
and made a new friend. Linda 
Tripp. Over the following 
months she would be logged 
37 rimes making visits to the 

White House. In November. 
Mr Clinton defeated Bob Dole 
to sweep back into the White 
House as the first Democrat 
since Roosevelt to win a sec¬ 
ond term. The Republicans 
still controlled Congress but 
the economy was strong. 

There had been convictions 
from Mr Starr's investigation, 
but the public seemed to be 
bored with the whole affair. In 
February 1997, Mr Starr said 
he was stepping down to take 
a job at a law school. But he 
quickly changed his mind. 

In January this year deposi¬ 
tions in the Paula Jones case 
began after die Supreme 
Court rejected the White 
House's dajms that it should 
be delayed until the President 
left office. The nation was agog 
at the prospect that the Presi¬ 
dent would have to reveal 
whether he had a distinguish¬ 
ing mark on his penis. 

One of those who completed 
an affidavit for the Jones case 
saying she did nor have sex 
with the President was Ms 
Lewinsky. Two days later, 
with a little help from Vernon 
Jordan. Mr Clinton’s bosom 

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buddy, she was offered a job at 
Revlon in New York. Three 
days after that, Linda Tripp, 
who had been such a good 
listener, revealed why as she 
turned over 20 hours of sur¬ 
reptitiously taped conversa¬ 
tions between the two. 

Suddenly Mr Clinton's 
world speeded up. On January 
16, Janet Reno secretly gave 
Mr Starr the authority to 
investigate the Lewinsky rela¬ 
tionship. The next day Mr 
Clinton, who a few- months 
earlier had been close to 
reaching an agreement with 
Paula Jones involving dam¬ 
ages. gave a six-hour deposi¬ 
tion which included a dental of 
sexual relations with Ms 
Lewinsky. His testimony was . 
peppered with such phrases as 
"I don’t recall". 

The same day. January 17. 
Matt Drudge, a gossip colum¬ 
nist on the Internet, told the 
world about Ms Lewinsky and 
a feeding frenzy began. It was 
mare than a week before Mr 
Clinton said he did not have 
sexual relations with "that 
woman". And over the next 
few weeks, as Ms Lewinsky’s 
mother. Marcia Lewis, testi¬ 
fied before the grand jury for 
six hours and Betty Currie, the 
President's secretary, was 
among his staff hauled in to 
explain Ms Lewinsky’s fre¬ 
quent visits to the Oval Office, 
he held firm. 




K aihleen Willey, a for¬ 
mer White House vol¬ 
unteer, claimed on 
television in March she was 
groped by Mr Clinton, but 
then the Paula Jones case was 
dismissed by a federal judge. 

But in July came a thunder¬ 
bolt for Mr Clinton. Mr Stan- 
issued a subpoena to make 
him testify. Then on July 28 
Ms Lewinsky was offered 
broad immunity from prose¬ 
cution in reram for her frill 
story in from of the Grand 
Jury. The next day Mr Clinton 
agreed to testify voluntarily. 

Last month. 11 days apart, 
the two former intimates told 
the grand jury what had 
happened in the Oval Office. 
Ms Lewinsky said nothing 
publicly. Mr Clinton went on 
television the same day to 
admit that he had had a 
relationship with Ms 
Lewinsky that was "not appro¬ 
priate" and “wrong". 

Bui the most brilliant politi¬ 
cian of his generation made a 
possibly fatal miscalculation. 
He did not use the "S" word — 
sony. He attacked Mr Starr. 
Republicans condemned him. 
and over the next few days so 
did Democrats. 

He has offered profuse apol¬ 
ogies over recent days. But the 
question is whether he has 
done enough to win the sup¬ 
port of fellow Democrats if 
impeachment proceedings 
begin. Or whether there are 
now too many former friends 
in that chasing pack ready io 
give him that final push. 

A disgraced Richard Nixon bids farewell to the White House after resigning in 1974': 

America relives the dark 

First Lady’s options, page 5 
Tim Hames, page 22 
Leading article, page 23 

Washington: It is only 24 years since the 
foundations of the United Stales were last 
shaken by the threat of impeachment against a 
President (Ian Brodie writes). 

Richard Nixon chose io resign in disgrace 
rather than face an impeachment trial in the 
Senate for his role in the White House cover- 
up of a break-in at Democratic party head¬ 
quarters in the Watergate office complex. 

Once again the republic is approaching the 
same critical point with the possible impeach¬ 
ment of President Clinton in the Monica 
Lewinsky case. Writing the Constitution, the 
Founding Fathers decreed that a President and 


other high officials could be impeached for. 
"treason, bribery or other high crimes and 
misdemeanours”, followed by a trial in the. 
Senate which. upon conviction by a two-thirds 
majority, would lead to removal from office. 

Watergate was a much bigger criminal plot 
titan the Lewinsky affair. Its goal was to bend 
the electoral process to Nixon's ends and to 
undermine his enemies. But there are 

Nixon, like Mr Clinton, blamed his troubles 

Firm hand steadies financial tiller 

From Ian Brodie 



AS SCANDAL swirls around 
the White House, distracting 
the staff, the US Treasury 
building next door on Pennsyl¬ 
vania Avenue is an oasis of 
businesslike calm. 

This is due in large part to 
its solid leadership under Rob¬ 
ert Rubin. 60. President Clin¬ 
ton’s Treasury Secretary, and 
a figure of probity who contin¬ 
ues to command respect from 
ail sides in Washington for his 
stewardship of the Adminis¬ 
tration’s financial policy and 
in keeping warch over eco¬ 
nomic turmoil in Russia, Asia 
and elsewhere, li is a quality 
that could be of growing 
significance in the coming 
months if Mr Clinton’s effec¬ 
tiveness continues to decline. 

Educated at Harvard. Yale 
and the London School of 
Economics Mr Rubin is one 

of those Democrats who ought 
by rights to be a Republican. 
He was formerly a power on 
WaR Srrcet. where he was co- 
chairman of Goldman Sachs 
and on the board of directors 
of the New York Stock Ex¬ 
change. Yet he and his wife 
Judith have long been firmly 
rooted in Democratic issues 
and economic policy. 

It is to Mr Rubin's credit, in 
needing good relations with 
the Republicans controlling 
Congress, that he was never 
regarded as an FOB — Friend 
of Bill — who socialised with 
the Clintons. Indeed, he was 
thought io have seemed out of 
place when Mr Clinton, newly 
m office in 1993. invited his 
closest adrisers to Camp 
□arid for a weekend of “bond¬ 
ing". Despite speculation 
about his future, Mr Rubin 

Rubin: strongly rooted 
in Democratic policy 

insists he is not leaving the 
Treasury and has no wish to 
go back io Wall Street even 
when he does. 

Throughout the 



crisis. Mr Rubin has'briefed 
Mr Clinton two or three times 
a week on Russia, Asia and the 
beleaguered lending policies 

of the international Monetary 
Fund. Rubin aides insist that > 
Mr Clinton's famous aftifity fo. 

compartmentalise .proWesS' 1 ' 

has meant that he hay beep> 
fully focused on the foreign . 
Financial rollercoasters. . 

Still. Mr Rubin faces a fight’ : 
with Congress in getting--thfi . 
$18 billion (£11 billion) that the 
Administration seeks For itf.: 
funding of the 

the US is the - friggfc?- ’ 
shareholder. "Vi 

Mr Clinton owes Mr.Rohfe 
a lot in terms rfjnanaaaa^s. . 
financial stability. TfcfirtF 
men met When Mr QirKB- 
was still Governor ofArkan- 
Sas. The Clinton. vision W. 
policies struck a chord with 
Mr Rubin, who set to woA 
among his. Wall Street frierxfc :v 
w raise money for’tfie ClintQn ■ 
campaign. His reward-in 
first term was to oversee 

White House National • 

nomic Council. - •'<; v-. 

I d*i>l 6 - 1 ^ 52 > J 

■ 'T - 






2 June 1998 Lewinsky fires 

her Sawyer WIlUam Gtnshurg 

\ 1 April 1998 Paula Jones 
Suit against Clinton 

27 July 1998 


subpoenaed. Three 

secret service 

agents testify before 

28 July 1998 Lewinsky given 

immunity from prosecution in 

return for full testimony 

27 Aug 1398 
Clinton admits to 
relationship with A 

2 Sept1998 Clinton says he has 

already expressed sufficient regret 

IS May2998 Appeals courts 
rejects Lewinskys claim of 
immunity deal with Starr 

IB March2398 White House 
volunteer Kathleen Willey 
alleges sexual encounter 
with Clinton 

i 31 July 1998 Paula Jones/ 

; seeks to reinstate sexual .- 
i harrassment case / 

6 Aug 1998 Lewinsky testifies / 
before the Grand Jury 


,29 July1998Clinton agrees to testify before 
Grand Jury 

4 Sept 2998CUnton says 
for the first time he Is 
/ sorry about Ns affair with 

9 Sept1998 Starr 
x submits report to 
House of 

^ Representatives 
- as pressure 

mounts on Clinton 
to resign. 

IS Aug 1998 
After TV 
confession he 
goes on holiday 
with family 

3 Sept 1998 

Clinton ally 

Ueberman slams 
Clinton for 








of the generation’s most brilliant leader 


Kid plots 
moves in 
last chance 

Congress studies 

‘dynamite boxes’ 

From Bronwen Maddox 



By Bronwen Maddox 

determined not to resign as the 
White House braces itself for 
America’s reaction to the Starr 
report, his aides said 

But Mr Clinton is stunned 
by the growing clamour for 
his resignation or impeach¬ 
ment and shocked by the 
worsening of his predicament 
in a matter of days. 

Last week, in Moscow and 
Ireland, he and his dwindling 
team of advisers thought he 
could escape without even a 
formal censure by Congress. 
But the “presidential" aura 
which he hoped had dung to 
him after the summits evapo¬ 
rated back in, Washington. 
Yesterday the options for the 
Comeback Kid to save himself 
were shrinking. l ■. ■ 

Mr Clinton was not exag¬ 
gerating on Wednesday when 
he called these "the toughest 
days of my life” Last night in 
a demoralised White House, 


BOI Clinton leaves Washington eariierthis week for fnrairaismg tallies in Florida 



l outside “savage destroyers and haters” out, 
set him. Hillary Clinton has complained of a 

iranoid. By die time he beca27,ePr ^^ n L!^ 
most of his most misted aid« 

ranoid. By me uuk us 

7£oa*fc most of te rnoa trusted 

s jnfl£SB?2H£ esse 

series of trials, all the 

Watergate plotters went to jaiL As the others 
went off to prison. Noon was left alone to face 
three articles of impeadunoit passed by fire 
House Judiciary Committee in televised hear¬ 
ing. : . 

Nixon did not wait far the full House to vote 
in his impeachment and made his resignation 
speech. The day after, Nixon spoke in a 
rambling way about his sainted mother and 
his problems. He never mentioned his loyal 
wife Pat Sanding distraught beside him. 

It had been a frightening tune for 

his aides and lawyers were 
trying to map out a strategy 
for the comeback of his life. 

But there were signs that foe 
“grovel strategy” — frequent, 
public statements of contri¬ 
tion, as urged by a phalanx of 
senior Democrats on Wednes¬ 
day — was too little, too late. 
His apologies look like desper¬ 
ate bids to save his skin, 
however emotional their con¬ 
tent, several members of the 
Congress said. 

This morning Mr Clinton is 
expected to make yet another 
apology as he hosts a long- 
planned breakfast for the na¬ 
tion’s religious leaders. Later, 
he will attend a memorial 
service for the victims of the 
East African bombings of US 

In a sign of how much 
events have accelerated be¬ 
yond the White House, three 
weeks ago aides saw the 
prayer breakfast as a chance 
for a second presidential apol¬ 
ogy. Now, there is almost an 
apology a day. But that still 
appears not enough. 

So confident was Mr Clin¬ 
ton on his return from Ireland 
last weekend that he dis¬ 
missed suggestions of trying 
to strike a ^plea bargain" With 
Congress — accepting formal 
rebuke <h* censure in return for 
repeated expressions of regret 
Now. mere censure looks like 

WHEN Kenneth Starr, the 
independent prosecutor, de¬ 
posited the 36 “boxes of dyna¬ 
mite” on the steps of the 
Capitol, he legally transferred 
authority for the investigation 
to Congress. 

Members of Congress met 
throughout the early hours of 
this morning to find a way of 
handling the 44Spage report 
which will bridge the provi¬ 
sions of the US Constitution 
with the demands of the age of 
the Internet and television. 

Newt Gingrich. House 
Speaker, last night called on 
members to “abstain from 
language which is personally 
abusive to the President", in¬ 
cluding references to illegal 
conduct or to particular sexual 
acts that Mr Clinton may have 
committed with Monica 
Lewinsky. . 

Mr Gingrich’s appeal. for 
“decorum in the debate” was 
drawn from the Founding 
Fathers’ original rule book for 
Congress. But he had in mind 
also that congressional de¬ 
bates, normally watched only 
by pensioners, insomniacs 
and political enthusiasts, are 
now expected to get startlingly 
high ratings. Yet the subject is 
legally sensitive and potential¬ 
ly more sexually explicit than 
is normal in family viewing. 

In a rarely seen spectacle. 

members of the House of 
Representatives yesterday dis¬ 
covered that they could oper¬ 
ate at “super-fast-track” speed, 
as one put it 

Within hours, they drafted a 
motion to allow the report to 
be published and to enable the 
Judiciary Committee to begin 
the formal debate on whether 
there are grounds to impeach 
President Clinton. 

The first derisions on han¬ 
dling the report fen to the 
House Rules Committee, 
which had the tortuous task of 
deriding how to make avail¬ 
able the contents of Mr Starr’s 
document There is a strong 
feeling on the Hill that, in a 
matter which could lead to the 
impeachment of the President, 
an of the report should be 
made available to all the 
members of Congress, and to 
the public. . . 

Gerald Solomon, chairman 

of the Rules Committee, was 
set to meet his committee 
yesterday afternoon lo draw 
up a resolution authorising 
publication of the report. Hie 
resolution, which wifi be 
brought to fiie House floor for 
a vote this morning, was set to 
allow all of the report to be 
released, probably this 

The resolution would trans¬ 
fer official custody of Mr 
Starr’s material to the Judicia¬ 
ry Committee. The commit¬ 
tee. made up of 21 Republicans 
and 15 Democrats, will recom¬ 
mend to the House whether it 
thinks there are grounds for 
the President’s impeachment 
If a majority of the House 
agrees in a formal vote, the 
Senate will then consider the 
same question. 

It would take the votes of 67 
of the 100 senators to remove 
Mr Clinton from office. 




“His answer was 
that ‘No, there were no 


Tom Daschle, leader 
of the Senate Democrats, 
on Mr Clinton s reply 
when asked if there were 
any new and 
damaging revelations yet 
to surface 


“I think he is telling, 
the American psopl 
that he has made a 
very, very bad mistake, 
that he assumes 
responsibility for it, 
that he wants to 
take steps to move 

Janet Reno, Attorney- 

MMu; l iHH. idr. 


The Judiciary Committee’s homepage on website 

Allies and enemies line up 
to assist or condemn 

By Ian Brodie 


IF THE President resigns or 
is forced out of office, the 
Constitution requires that he 
be succeeded by his Vice- 
President who. in tom. picks 
his own Vice-President, who 
must then be approved by a 
vote of Congress. 

Around Washington. A1 
Gore is regarded as a capable, 
if stolid, figure to take over at 
the White House. Unfortu¬ 
nately for him, he has been 
caught up in tbe Clinton 
campaign fundraising scan¬ 
dal arid could suffer the 
indignity of being investigat¬ 
ed by an independent 

Mr Gore claims to be a 
native of Tennessee, but much 
of his life has been spent m 
Washington. He entered the 
Senate himself after college, a 
stint in Vietnam and a spell on 
a Tennessee newspaper. 

□ Kenneth Starr is the inde¬ 
pendent prosecutor who has 
never actually been a prosecu¬ 
tor but who has pursued Mr 
Clinton with zeal He had a 
strictly religious upbringing 
in Texas, became a lawyer, 
was Solicitor-General in the 
Bush Administration and 
mentioned for the l/S Su¬ 
preme Court 

□ David Kendall is the Presi¬ 
dent's private lawyer. Like Mr 
Clinton, he was a Rhodes 
scholar at Oxford and a chum 
of his at Yale Law SchooL A 
Quaker brought up in the 
Midwest he always seems to 
be angry with the media 
during his rare public 

□ Henry Hyde, with his 
shock of white hair, is likely to 
become a familiar figure as 
chairman of the House Judi¬ 

ciary Committee, if it follows 
the Watergate precedent of 
holding televised hearings 
into the Lewinsky affair. A 
senior Republican from Chi¬ 
cago, he is respected on both 
sides of the aisle. 

□ Newt Gingrich is the Re¬ 
publican House Speaker and 
ultimate referee if there are 
any procedural rows while 
the House considers impeach¬ 
ment He was leader of the 
Republican revolution that 
won control of the House four 
years ago and was mentioned 
as presidential material but 
be botched his chances with 
assorted mis-steps. 

□ Richard Gephardt Is the 
leader of the House Demo¬ 
cratic minority. A liberal from 
the unionised precincts of St 
Louis, he is viewed with deep 
distrust by the Clinton crowd 
They suspect presidential am¬ 
bitions to undercut Ai Gore’s 
chances in 2000. 

“The report 
contains substantial 
and credible 
information that may 
constitute grounds 
for impeachment of the 

Spokesman for 
independent prosecutor. 
Kenneth Starr 

"There is no basis 
for impeachment” 

David Kendall, 
President Clinton's 

“No one looks 
forward to this 
traumatic journey 
that we’re about to 
enter on. Any 
impeachment cannot 
succeed unless It is 
done In a bipartisan or 
non-partisan way... 
We can only produce 
the facts in an 
orderly fashion and 
give the members 
an opportunity to vote. 
This is an exercise 
in Individual 
conscience, and we 
ask for God’s help and 

Henry Hyde, 

Republican chairman of 
the House Judiciary 

‘There's a great 
desire for fairness’ 

Richard Gephardt, 
House Democratic 

“We seem to be 
living history over 
again. Time seems 
to be turning backward 
in Its flight and 
many of the mistakes 
that President Nixon 

made are being made 
ail over again” 

Senator Robert Byrd, 
the former Democrat 
leader in the Senate 

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Hillary Clinton does not plan to forgive publicly her husband’s worst infidelity, writes Bronwen Maddox 

* -- __ _ piriuHnaiS/At 

First Lady seeks life 

after White House !M5laBfegt»lllll 

THROUGH her husband’s 
moment of crisis, Hiilary Clin¬ 
ton is sticking doggedly to 
business as usual, with an 
exhausting programme in¬ 
volving worthy causes, which 
may prove not just a welcome 
distraction but a shrewd foun¬ 
dation for a political career of 
her own after the President 
leaves the White House. 

But the First Lady, who has 
pointedly been absent from 
the President’s side during all 
his apologies for his affair 
with Monica Lewinsky, has no 
plans to tell the nation that she 
has forgiven him, aides say. 

Her only public comment 
on the trauma of her hus¬ 
band’s confession was a terse 
“I'm doing fine", delivered at a 
brisk walk during last week’s 
trip to Russia and Ireland. She 
has made clear through 
friends that she “believes in 
her marriage", but also that, 
out of her husband's long 
history of infidelity, his seduc¬ 
tion of the White House 



trainee is the most serious test 
the marriage has faced. 

Mrs Clinton’s public dem¬ 
onstrations of support were 
crucial in helping her hus¬ 
band to retain the backing of 
ordinary Americans when he 
admitted an affair with the 
Arkansas singer. Gennifer 
Flowers, and in January, 
when he denied an affair with 
Ms Lewinsky. Later today 

Mrs Clinton will appear at an 
lrish-American function at the 
White House together with 
her husband, and will intro¬ 
duce him. Officials expect the 
reception to be a relaxed event, 
as upbeat as conceivable in the 
circumstances, as many of the 
guests are old friends, and as 
it follows on the heels of the 
President's rapturous wel¬ 
come in Ireland. 

Last night, she was due to 
introduce her husband at a 
Democratic fund-raising 
evenL Aides were not expect¬ 
ing that she would use the 
occasion to make an explicit 
appeal for support for the 
PresidenL Otherwise Mrs 
Clinton is occupying herself 
with her own schedule of 
favourite causes. Yesterday, in 
the White House East Room, 
she hosted a function to raise 
awareness of colon cancer, 
and to promote partnerships 

between the public and private 
sectors in treating it. 

Katie Couric, the NBC net¬ 
work's star interviewer, who 
recently lost her husband to 
the disease, was among the 
guests, as was Ellen Levine, 
editor-in-chief of Good 

There is growing specula¬ 
tion that Mrs Clinton will seek 
a political career of her own 
after her husband leaves the 
White House — whether in 
2000 at the end of his term, or 
earlier through abrupt resig¬ 
nation or impeachment 

Her pet projects — with the 
emphasis on women's issues, 
health and education — the 
only political activity for an 
unelected First Lady which 
Americans could comfortably 
contemplate, could yet provide 
her with a springboard into 
politics as her husband leaves 
the stage. 



*• 1 


- • a - •: -J 

Hillary din ton stood by the President after the Gennifer Flowers affair, but is now keeping herself busy a 
has pointedly been absent from his side during all his apologies for his affair with Monica Lewinsky 

How many of his 
men will stand 
by the President? 

From Ian Brodie in Washington 

THOSE who stood by Rich¬ 
ard Nixon, and conspired 
with him. became known as 
all the President’s men. Who 
will stay with Bill Clinton in 
his time of peril? 

Some old-timers have al¬ 
ready jumped ship or sig¬ 
nalled their intention of doing 
so. George Stephanopoulos. 
so dose to the President that 
he sometimes held Ms coat 
did not sign up for a second 
term as political counsellor 
and adviser. Instead he opted 
for more lucrative fields as a 
television commentator and 
lecturer at Columbia Univer¬ 
sity. Judging from some of his 
harsh public advice to Mr 
Clinton, he is glad to be out of 

Mike McCunry, the presi¬ 
dential press secretary, is also 
departing for greener pas¬ 
tures after four years of jocu¬ 
lar banter with _ 

White House re- , 

porters who still 6 MOSt 01 

admire his capac- my friends 

ity for keeping his /. • 

patience and dig- think ITU 


much he knew of outofmy 

the Monica . 

Lewinsky affair DlinQ 7 ■■ 

when he was 
stonewalling L ... 
about it Certainly he had Ms 
suspicions, as be let slip one 
day early on when he admit¬ 
ted that if there were a simple 

explanation for the Cl into n- 
Lewinsky relationship, be 
would already have given it 

It is not unusual for admin¬ 
istration officials to slip away 
in the closing years of a 
second term. By keepn^! “ 
this tradition, Mr McCurry 
can expect to cash in on ms 
tii<Abi profile among the many 
Washington firms of Itfobyists 
looking for peopfowth^J^ 

He will be replaced intten« 
seat by his deputy, JoeU**' 
hart, who has 
“Most of my friends think Pm 

absolutely out of my uumt 

p££aps the most loyal of 

the Clinton loyafistsis Br^e 

Lindsey, an astute. Iow-proffie 


President since the early days 


in Arkansas. Known as the 
ultimate fixer, he has denied 
allegations that he was sent 
out to persuade women not to 
speak of their sexual relations 
with Mr Clinton. 

Mr Lindsey came to the 
attention of Kenneth Starr 
during the Whitewater phase 
of his investigation. M r Lind¬ 
sey denied any illegality, but 
there is speculation in Wash¬ 
ington that he could fall foul 
of Mr Starr again in the 
Lewinsky case. 

Paul Begala will probably 
be with Mr Clinton, m a 
phrase used by the President, 
“until the last dog dies”. 
Officially a White House 
counsellor, Mr Begala was on 
hand to adjust the President’s 

_ lapel microphone 

- as bepreparedto 

St Ol make his .made- 
■ j_ quote mea culpa 
LdloS speech last 

L I’m month. Mr 
Begala insisted 
Utely for seven months 
e that President 

* Clinton had told 

(j 9 the truth when he 

denied sexual re- 
Unions with Ms 
Lewinsky. Now, for all the 
egg on Ms face, Mr Begala is | 
staying on. 

So is Rahm Emanuel, se¬ 
nior adviser to the President 
and another who puMidy 
denied that there was any 
linguistic evasiveness in Mr 
Clinton denying he had “sexu¬ 
al relations" with Ms 
Lewinsky, only to discover 
that ft excluded oral sex in Mr 
Clinton’s view. 

One official who has ex¬ 
pressed an interest in leaving 
is Erskine Bowles, the courtly 
Southern banker who is 
White House Chief of Staff. 
For now, though, he is appar¬ 
ently staying, though one 
cannot imagine him wanting 
to emulate Alexander Haig, 
the final Chief of Staff during 
Watergate who assumed 
many reins of power as Nixon 
fell apart 

tjndsey most l oyal 
of Clinton henchmen 

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Ministers scrap EU scheme giving free beef to the poor 

By James Landajje 

A SCHEME that gave the poor and 
homeless free supplies of meat 
from the European Union beef 
mountain has been axed fry die 

Thousands of the most needy- 
have eaten the cans of rich steak 
stew since the EU Food Surplus 
Scheme was set up in 1987. But 
after complaints from some chari¬ 

ties that the scheme was bureau¬ 
cratic and costly to operate, the 
Government has decided to end the 
handout from next year. 

The Tories protested that the 
poor would lose out and suggested 
that the scheme was being abol¬ 
ished because of the budget cuts 
that the Treasury has demanded at 
the Ministry of Agriculture. 

The scheme, dubbed the Food for 
the Needy scheme, was designed as 
a way of helping die poor while 

reducing the EU beef mountain. 
This is created when Brussels 
intervenes in the market and buys 
beef to keep prices high. 

Each member state is allowed a 
certain amount of beef to give to 
those people who otherwise could 
not afford the meat This prevents 
the beef market being distorted. 

Anyone who is homeless or 
destitute, or receiving income sup¬ 
port, family credit, disability work¬ 
ing allowance, jobseeker's 

allowance, or living in a welfare 
hostel is eligible to have between 12 
and 24 free cans a year. 

Although tiie take-up differs each 
year depending on how much beef 
is available, an average of 60X100 
people benefit from the-free food, 
which is worth some £10 million 
each year. This year ten million 
cans are expected to be distributed 
(about 3.000 tonnes of beef). 

The Government pays for the 
beef to be processed and canned. It 

is then distributed by charities and 
local community groups. 

Jeff Rooker, the Junior Agricul¬ 
ture Minister, announced the end 
of the scheme in a little-noticed part 
of July’s Comprehensive Spending 
Review. “We have been disappoint¬ 
ed in the uptake of this scheme and 
we know that charitable organ¬ 
isations distributing beef have 
found the rules overly bureaucrat¬ 
ic," he said. 

Tim Yea the Shadow Minister 

for Agriculture, said he wasi ap¬ 
palled to hear that Britain would be 

the first member state to scrap the 
scheme. He suspected that it nafl 
been scrapped as a result of cost- 
cutting demanded by the Treasury 
and wrote yesterday to Nick 
Brown, tiie Agriculture Minister, 
demanding its reinstatement 
Robin Brooks, sales and market¬ 
ing director for HL Foods, which 
processes and cans about a fifth or 
all the beef in the scheme, said: I 

is being sc ‘r*2'v rubbish. 

Without the scheme some [process- 


the biggest chanties to distribute 
me tefsaid it did not object A 
™k»rlan said the scheme had 
been expensive and inefficient to 

4aSe charities had to pay 
adminstration. transport 

for its 

and storage costs 

spreads its 
rural roots 

By m ichael Hornsby 

THE Countryside Alliance, 
which brought 250,000 people 
on to the streets of London last 
March to defend hunting, 
relaunched itself yesterday 
with a new mission to champi¬ 
on the rural way of life. 

The defence of country 
sports will still be a central 
concern of the alliance, but 
equal emphasis will be given 
to building links with other 
countryside groups and to 
winning support and sympa¬ 
thy among urban voters. 

Ffeter Voute. the alliances 
executive director, said that a 
roadshow would visit 20 ven¬ 
ues this month, starting this 
Sunday at the Hampshire 
Country Sports Day at 

A new eight-point manifesto 
was adopted unanimously at a 
meeting this week of delegates 
from its 14 regional branches. 
Among its aims are to "pre¬ 
serve the freedoms of country 
people and their way of life." 
to "lead campaigns for coun¬ 
try sports, their related trades 
and activities, and the coun¬ 
tryside," and to “co-operate 
closely with other organ¬ 
isations to promote and pro¬ 
tect the rural way of life”. 

The relaunch comes after 
several months of turmoil 
which culminated at the end of 
July in the departure of the 
alliance’s recently appointed 
chief executive. Edward Duke. 

Army patrols in Belfast to end 

Government starts demilitarisation 
to encourage the IRA to hand in its 
arms, reports Martin Fletcher 

THE Government is planning 
swift and extensive demili¬ 
tarisation in Northern Ireland 
to encourage the IRA disarma¬ 
ment that must start soon if 
die peace process is to succeed. 

As David Trimble and Ger¬ 
ry Adams yesterday heralded 
a new era of co-operation with 
the first face-to-face meeting 
between Unionist and republi¬ 
can leaders since 1922. the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary an¬ 
nounced that all army patrols 
in Belfast are to cease from 
this weekend. 

With the security threat now 
greatly reduced, sources said 
other steps included base 
closures across the Province 
and the deployment of troops 
away from those nationalist 
areas where they are no longer 
necessary. The actual with¬ 
drawal of several hundred of 
the nearly 18,000 troops in 
Northern Ireland is also un¬ 
derstood to be imminent, and 
Ronnie Flanagan, the RUCs 
Chief Constable, signalled 
that more may follow. 

Unionists will not accept 
Sinn Fein in (he Province's 
new government this autumn 
without some prior decommis¬ 
sioning. “There’s much to-ing 
and fro-ing going on at very 
high level to see what might be 
offered to get the IRA moving 
towards some sort of gesture, ” 
one official said. “Nobody in 

Dublin. Washington or Lon¬ 
don accepts Sinn Fein equat¬ 
ing IRA-held weapons with 
British Army-held weapons." 
said another. “At the same 
time a reduction in tensions 
makes it easier for all sides to 
reduce the amount of arma¬ 
ments they claim are neces¬ 
sary for self-defence." 

Mr Trimble's historic meet¬ 
ing with Mr Adams at Stor¬ 
mont was unthinkable until 
very recently, and heralded 
the end of the kmg Cold War 
between Unionism and repub¬ 
licanism. Mr Trimble still 
declined to shake the Sinn 
Fein president’s hand, but 
called the encounter “civilised 
and workmanlike" and said 
he was "encouraged to hope 
that things will happen". Mr 
Adams called the meeting 
“businesslike, positive and 
cordial". He praised Northern 
Ireland’s new First Minister 
as “a man I can do business 
with" and “the only person in 
the Ulster Unionist Party who 
could have brought that party 
as for as he's brought it". 

Mr Adams said he raised 
the issue of disarmament him¬ 
self during the 45-minute 
meeting. He had emphasised 
Sinn Fein's "genuine and posi¬ 
tive and serious commitment" 
to implementing the Good 
Friday peace accord in its 
entirety, and understood Mr 

Gerry Adams. Sinn Fein president and Richard McAuiey, his party colleague, leaving Stormont yesterday 

Trimble's difficulties with 
hardline Unionists, but insist¬ 
ed he “could not deliver IRA 
decommissioning” unless the 
causes of conflict were re¬ 
moved. He told Mr Trimble 
"we had to find ways for me to 
help him and for him to help 
me". Mr Trimble spoke of a 

“chicken and egg problem we 
have to solve". 

He said he was satisfied that 
Mr Adams recognised the 
need for progress on disarma¬ 
ment, emphasised that no¬ 
body was being asked to 
-“surrender or in any way feel 
humiliated", and hinted that 

he had a solution in mind 
when he said a press confer¬ 
ence was not the best place to 
discuss such a thing. 

Both men's accounts of the 
meeting were remarkable for 
the absence of the emnity that 
had previously characterised 
their relations. Mr Adams 

decribed Mr Trimble as “a 
man I can do business with, a 
man I have to do business 
with and a man I will do 
business with because this is 
much more important than 
the personalities involved ... 
This is about our children and 
our future". 

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Branson teams up 
with balloon rival 

By Claudia Joseph 

RICHARD Branson teamed 
up yesterday with Steve 
Fossetr. his former rival, to 
pursue their shared dream of 
becoming the first people to fly 
around the world in a balloon. 

The businessman, whose 
last attempt was scuppered 
when his balloon took off 
without him, invited the 
American adventurer to join 
him after his vessel ruptured 
last month during a thunder¬ 
storm. They are planning to 
fly to Morocco in November, 

with Per Lindstrand, the 
Swedish balloon manufactur¬ 
er and Branson's copilot, for 
their fourth attempt 
Mr Branson. 48. said: “Un¬ 
til tins summer our main rival 
and. I don’t mind saying, a 
major thorn in our side, was 
Steve FossetL This friendly 
rivalry has not only been 
during our global attempts 
but over the last decade and 

Features, page 19 


Ex-spy wins 
new chance 
of legal aid 

Lawyers for the former MI5 
spy David Shayler yesterday 
won leave to challenge a 
refusal of legal aid for ms 
battle to avoid being extradit¬ 
ed from Franca Mr Shayler. 
32, was arrested in Paris last 
month at Britain’s request 
after he claimed to have 
evidence of malpractice with¬ 
in MI5. He faces charges 
under the Official Secrets Act 
The deputy chief clerk at 
Bow Street Magistrates' 
Court refused an application 
for legal aid in a bearing last 
month but in the High Court 
Mr Shayier’s counsel, Leon 
Daniel argued that the clerk 
made a “misdiredion in law** 

GP practice plea 

Hospital-based training 
methods for GPS. implement¬ 
ed in the 1970s. are putting off 
potential recruits, according 
to a study today in the British 
Medical Journal. With about 
1,000 posts empty, the study 
says trainees would feel less 
daunted if they spent at least 
three years in a practice. 

Heads’ pay call 

Head teachers demanded a 17 
per cent pay rise yesterday, 
saying that current salary 
levels were responsible for a 
shortage of headship candi¬ 
dates. especially in primary 
schools. The Department for. 
Education and Employment 
promised action to stimulate 

M&S peer dies 

Lord Marks of Broughton, 
grandson of (he founder of 
Marks & Spencer, has died 
aged 78. the fanutys solicitor 
said. The peer, thought to 
have owned a £30 million 
stake in the store chain, leaves 
a widow, Marina, and three 
children by his first wife. He 
had been married five times. 

Skydiver’s baby 

Penny Roberts, the paralysed 
skydiver. has given birth to a 
61b boy. Airedale General 
Hospital in West Yorkshire 
said the mother and Peter, 
bom three weeks premature¬ 
ly. were “fine". A week ago 
Bradford Council dropped its 
threat to take the child away 
from Miss Roberts. 35. 







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Viagra will cost the 
NHS £50m a year 

Impotence drug available next week at £4.84 a pilL writes Ian—-y 

VIAGRA is to be sold to the 
NHS ar £484 a tablet when it 
is licensed next week. Pfizer, 
the manufacturer, said yester¬ 
day that this would make it 
one of the cheapest treatments 
for impotence and that the 
total bill to the NHS was 
unlikely to be more than about 
£50 million a year. 

At the same time doctors’ 
leaders said they were 
alarmed and angry that the 
Department of Health has yet 
to produce guidelines for pre¬ 
scribing the drug. Many fear 
Viagra could make a serious 
dent in their budgets if the 
Government keeps its promise 
to make it available on the 
NHS for patients with a 
clinical need. 

"We have a Government 
that goes on at great length 
about the need for horizon 
scanning, and yet Viagra has 
been on the horizon now for 
two years," said Derek Ma- 
chin. one of the 400 specialist 
urologists in Britain who are 

preparing to cope with a huge 
demand for the drug if. as 
expected, the European Com¬ 
mission licenses it for sale 
throughout file EU on 

They have known it was 
coming for a long time, yet 
here we are within a few days 
of it being available and we 
have heard nothing. We have 
heard rumours that they are 
thinking of banning its use or 
only making it available after 
a patient has seen a specialist 
but that would be dreadful. 

“We cannot have the mess¬ 
age to go out to men that they 
are not deserving of treatment 
by the health service. Impo¬ 
tence is a subject that causes 
embarrassment but the Viag¬ 
ra discussion has made it 
acceptable. We cant have a 
situation where men summon 
up the courage at last to come 
and seek treatment and we tell 
them to go away because there 
is no money for it" 

Mr Machln gave warning 

at the British Medical Associ¬ 
ation annual meeting in Jujy 
dial if the estimated 25 million 
impotent men in Britain wen; 
all prescribed Viagra it amid 
cost foe NHS up to £1 billion a 
year. "In fact only one in ten of 
these men are likely ® 
present." he said, “and proba¬ 
bly no more than 60 per cent 
of them would benefit from 
Viagra. I think that about E10U 
million a year is therefore a 
realistic estimate of the cost. 

“However, if the word goes 
out that the drug really works 
then many more men might 
come forward. The patients I 
have prescribed it for so far 
have all been delighted. I 
haven’t had a failure yet and I 
think we are going to see an 
awful lot of people, including 
those who have tried other 
treatments like injections 
which they have not been able 
to get on with. 

“We just cannot know at this 
stage what the demand will be 
and we urgently need the 

Government to give us nat¬ 
ional guidelines. We cannot as 

a profession be expected to 
oke the responsibility, for.' 
rationing a drug that w know 
works so well." 

Pfizer said it was announc¬ 
ing the price of the drug^to' 
shatter the prevalent myth" 
that it would cost £1 billion. 
Only about 1 per cent of tec 
who were impotent were likely 
to seek treatment and Viagra 
would work in at best seven 
out of ten cases. Andy Bur¬ 
roughs. a spokesman said. 

Patients with heart condi¬ 
tions would not be able to take 
the drug, and since many of 
those who were impotent were 
elderly and taking medication 
to control heart conditions, 
Viagra would not be suitable 
for them. 

“In addition some of the. 
men might prefer to use 
injections or vacuum pumps.. 
We do not expect that those 
who do take Viagra will want 
more than four puls a month." 

Supporters march for accused GP 

By Paul Wilkinson 

SCORES of people marched yesterday in 
support of a family doctor accused of 
murdering a patient dying from cancer. 
The demonstrators gathered outside 
Newcastle Magistrates’ Court to give 
encouragement to David Moor, who 
retired earlier this year from his practice 
in one of the city's poorer inner-city 

Dr Moor. 51. who was making his first 
court appearance on the charge of 
murdering George Liddell. 85, in July 
last year, arrived by taxi to cheers from 

former patients stepped forward to shake 
his hand. 

During the three-minute hearing in 
which the magistrates committed the 
case for trial to Newcastle Crown Court 
the doctor spoke only Jo confirm his 
name ami address. He was granted 
conditional bail and was told to liaise 
with the probation service and co-operate 
in the preparation of medical reports. 

As he left court be again shook hands 
with several former patients, but (eft 
without comment His wife Sylvia said; 
“The reception he received at the court 
was very nice." 

The demonstrators had started gather¬ 
ing in the city centre several hours before 
his court appearance. Many carried 
placards and wore T-shirts bearing the 
words “I am a friend of Dr Moot”. A six- 
piece jazz band also played. 

David Moor, who is accused of murdering a patient arriving at court 

Until his retirement Dr Moor looked 
after 3^00 patients from his Wingrove 
Road surgery in Fenham, Newcastle. 

The demonstration was organised by 
Fiona McAndrew, 31. a former patient 
who set up the Friends, of Dr Moor 
campaign Three years ago. Dr Moor 
controversially referred her for breast 
implant surgery on the National Health 
Sendee at a cost of £2300. 

She said: "We want Dr Moor to know 
that everyone is behind him all the way. 

We want die charges dropped and will 
continue the fight to dear his name. He 
has always been there for his patients in 
the past and 'we want to return that 
support and show him how much we 

“We didn't want any sad fares at the 
mtirch because we wanted Dr Moor to be 
uplifted by what he saw. Itwas ah upbeat' 
atmosphere but at the same time we have 
to balance that with the fact this is a very 
serious matter." 

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nt is 

the times FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 111998 


Pupil drowned 
unnoticed in 

survival class 

unnoticed under a liferaft at a 
public school while pupils 
above him continued with a 
sea-survival exercise super- 
by Royal Navy 

One exercise was on how to 
recover a body, an inquest was 
told yesterday. Nicholas Staf¬ 
ford. 18. lay trapped for up to 
15 minutes, and no one noticed 
anything was wrong until his 
foot was seen protruding from 
under the raft in the swim¬ 
ming pool at Charterhouse 

It is believed that he had 
become trapped while 
righting the 25-man liferaft 
after it had overturned, fn a 
statement issued before the 
inquest, the student's parents. 
Colin and Evelyn Stafford, 
and sisters Rosemary and 
Elizabeth, from Epsom. 
Surrey, criticised safety stan¬ 
dards at the school 

Bv Helen Johnstone 

Stafford: family 
concern on safety 

Godalming. Surrey, which 
charges fees of more than 
E13.000 a year. They said they 
wanted to ensure that survival 
drills and similar adventure 
exercises were made safer. 

The inquest at Guildford 
was told dial the exercise on 
January 2b was under the 
supervision of a drill instruc¬ 
tor, Petty Officer Russell 
Witcher, and Leading Airman 
Kevin Cousins, attached to 
HMS Sultan. Nikos 
Georgiakakis, a schoolmaster 
and Officer in Command of 
the school's Navy Cadets, was 
overseeing the exercise which 
he said encouraged team work 
and leadership. The cadets 
aged 14 to 18 were wearing 
trunks and rugby shirts under 
a survival suits and lifejackets. 
They had to jump into the pool 
and swim two lengths before 
Nicholas and another cadet 
were selected to right the raft. 

Airman Cousins said that 
when Petty Officer Witcher 
asked him whether the water 
was “dear" once the raft had 
been righted, he called the all 
clear but had not gone under¬ 
water to check. The body lay 
undiscovered while the group 
carried on with further exer¬ 
cises. including how to recover 
a body from the water. Up to 
15 minutes later. Airman 
Cousins spotted the pupil face¬ 
up under the raft with his 
head wedged against die can¬ 
vas. He was taken to the 
Royal Surrey County Hospital 
but died four days later with¬ 
out regaining consciousness. 

A 15-year-old. who had 

Police hunt for 

gunman after 
triple shooting 

£* Michael HorSjNell 

ARMED police wane last 
night bunting a wealthy car 
dealer who was on the run 
after a triple shooting that left 
one man dead and two other 
people seriously wounded. 

Detectives are looking for 
John Piccolo. 51. whose former 
lover was injured and her new 
partner shot dead. Piccolo's 
son was later found sixty miles 
away with head wounds. 

Martin Cass, a 23-year-oki 
businessman, and Jane-Smith, 
36. were ambushed outside 
their home in the Essex village 
of Ford End. near Chelmsford, 
after they drove home from 
shopping on Wednesday 
evening. . , 

Mr Cass was shot in the 
head at close range with a 12- 
bore double-barrelled shotgun 
and died in the driveway of the 
couple's end-terrace cottage. 
Ms Smith fled to the house 
next door but. police said, wps 
pursued and shot in the chest 
and shoulder in her neigh¬ 
bour’s sitting room. A shotgun 
was abandoned at the scone 
and the kilter fled in a Volvo 
car with the lights out. 

Her two daughters, aged 9 
and 12. were in the rear seats 
of the car parked outside. 

Sixty mites away and five 
hours later police discovered 
Darren Piccolo. 26, who is 
believed to have been. shot 
first, hours earlier at his 
father's home on the %>acre 
Freedom Firm m the Suffolk 
village of Daffinghoo near 

Woodbridge. Detectives, alert¬ 
ed by colleagues in Essex, 
were watching from a dis¬ 
tance, hoping to arrest Mr 
Piccolo if he returned, when 
they saw a car pull up at die 
house and pull away again 
moments later with Darren 
Piccolo inside. Neighbours of 
Mr Cass said Mr Piccolo had 
been stalking Ms Smith and 
in May police set up a road 
- Mock in Ford End when he 
appeared to have broken a 
court injunction to stay a mile 
from the house the woman 
shared with Mr Cass. 

Both Ms Smith and Darren 
Piccolo were under guard in 
separate hospitals yesterday 
as armed police searched for 
the missing man. supported 
fey a helicopter- Darren Picco¬ 
lo was said to be in a critical 
condition. Ms Smith was said 
to be in a comfortable 

Detective Superintendent 
Brian Storey, who is leading 
the investigation, said: “In nty 
opinion this was a domestic 
entanglement and there is no 
other motive. My message to 
Mr Piccolo is to give himself 
up. 1 wffl meet him anywhere 
be wishes." 

Police are waiting to inter¬ 
view the two girls. Detective 
Superintendent Storey said: 
“They presumably would 
have seen everything up to the 
point where their motiuer and 
the. gunman went into the 
neighbour’s house." 

Not touching a drop 
can be bad for you 

By Ian Murray, medical correspondent 

IIT health and 


ers. ara 7 . r) ID tjnuxt to- 


^SeraUy filter and less prone 
UZh 195&. is one of the m 

for men that are the medically 
recommended limits. 

The researchers, from the 
Institute of Child Health in 
London and the Australian 
National University in Can¬ 
berra. found that even “light 
drinkers' 1 — women who 
drank no more than five uni ts 
and men no more then ten 
week: — were no 

units a 

healthier than the moderate 

Mart* of group. 

chedlswOTnMte toa " 



abstainers- ^jsutned be- 

twee" tb ^_^ va jent)awe 

sure that the poorer health of 
teetotallers was not due to 
past heavy drinkers giving up 
alcohol nor that abstainers 
did not drink because of ill 
health in the first place. 

The researchers suggested 
dud abstainers and heavy 
drinkers may share common 

rween in«* u_na week wuuwu 

risk factors such asuoefoK 
and men ploymemandfinaraialhand- 

afiedas levels 

- although those^^ nave a 

helped the sixthformer to right 
the craft, said: “We were 
having trouble getting it to 
turn over. As it came over 1 
was under iL I got a breath of 
air from an air pocket and 
struggled to get out, I pan¬ 
icked a brt" The boy. who 
cannot be named for legal 
reasons, added: “I assumed 
Nick got out the other way." 

Chief Petty Officer Kieran 
Eagles.'of die RN Survival 
Equipment Group, said that a 
person could have got under 
the raft after the post-righting 
check had been made 

The athletic sixth-former 
was expecting top A-Jevd 
grades in geography, biology 
and chemistry, had been 
promised a place at Bristol 
University. His father said 
that he was a very strong 
swimmer and was acknowl¬ 
edged as one of the fittest boys 
in the school. The inquest 
continues today. 

Inspiration came to Mrs Banks in her bathroom 

Bathtime view has 

quilters in stitches 

A self-portrait bedspread by Gillian Banks won first prize at a quilting conference 

EYEBROWS were raised 
among the ladies who stitch 
and snip in the annual com¬ 
petition of the Qu titer's Guild 
of the British Isles (Paul 
Wilkinson writes). Displayed 
among the 33 intricately pat¬ 
terned bedspreads was a self- 
portrait of a 50-year-old 
mother of three, naked in the 

But along with the eye¬ 
brows, Gillian Banks, from 
Durham, lifted the coveted 
Sue Ridgewell BowL award¬ 
ed for the most popular piece 
of work at the conference. Pat 
Nichols, president of the 
guild, said: "H shows we are 
not all sitting in our rocking 

chairs making traditional 
patterns by the fireside. 
Quilters have a fantastic 
sense of humour and 99 per 
cent of people at die meeting 
were in fits of laughter over 
this one." Suzy Barton, of 
The Quilter magazine, said: 
“1 think it struck a chord 
because a lot of us are rather 

Mrs Banks, who teaches 
quilting professionally, said: 
“The theme at the meeting 
was Aspects of Water and it 
was being held in Bath. I was 
lying in my own bath, think¬ 
ing of ideas, when this one 
came into my head. I knew it 
would cause a laugh." 

ar»H tnett who dranx pJoymem and fin a n cial hand- 

JLssifiedas levels dnridng, m contrast may 

ctassu* those #ewa» a prbtecliTC "effect oo 

£r Vr-yCCl aic F 

rouen nasU'n*--;: 





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Takeover talk fuels 
Arsenal share boom 

By Jason Nissfe 
and Raymond Snoddy 

ARSENAL Shares soared 
to £4.100 yesterday 
after the news that the North 
London dub was In talks with 
larlicm Communications that 
rouid lead to a E2S0 million 

Trading in the shares, on 
the unregulated Of ex market, 
put a value of nearly E230 mil- 
Uon on the dub. which won 
me Premiership and FA Cup 
double last season. Carlton 
confirmed that the negotia¬ 
tions were at an early stage 
but might lead to a full-blown 

Earlier this week, when 
Carlton was playing down 
talk of a bid. Arsenal shares 
changed hands at £2.000. Two 
years ago they could be 
bought for £700. 

The Carlton move led to a 
flurry of rumours about the 
burgeoning football sector. 
Pearson, the media group that 
owns the Financial Times. 
denied it was about to buy a 
dub. while Granada, the mak¬ 
ers of Coronation Street, was 
fending off suggestions it 
might bid for Liverpool, the 
third English dub to have 
been invited, with Arsenal and 

Manchester United, to join the 
European Super League. 

Aston Villa, which nearly 
struck a deal with Mirror 
Group Newspapers two years 
ago. said that it had been in 
talks with media companies 
but these might fall short of an 
offer. There were strong ru¬ 
mours that Leeds Sporting, 
which owns Leeds United, 
might be about to strike a deal 
with Canal Plus, the French 
broadcaster that owns Paris Si 

Carbon’s deal with Arsenal 
might still be some way from 
completion. The group, which 
owns Carlton TV in London 
and Central in the Midlands, 
wants to use Arsenal to secure 
rights for televising live games 
on its new digital television 

Manchester United launched 
the world’s first daily football 
dub channel last night (Carol 
Mtdgley writes). MUTV will 
be broadcast on Sky. initially 
only on its new digital service; 
bom 6pm to midnight, seven 
days a week, for a monthly 
subscription of £4.99. Pro¬ 
grammes will include cook¬ 
ery. aerobics and football tips 
for younger fans. 

joint venture, ONDigital. The 
two are also looking at creat¬ 
ing an Arsenal dub television 
channel along the lines of the 
MUTV channel, launched lost 
night, and the purchase of the 
rights of Arsenal’s overseas 

Michael Green, the founder 
of Carlton, has been a friend of 
David Dein, the deputy chair¬ 
man of Arsenal, for more than 
25 years. Mr Dein and Danny 
Fiszman, a fellow director, 
control 44 per cent of Arsenal 
shares, having bought into the 
club for only £250.000 in 1982. 
The Carr family, the former 
owner of the News of the 
World, owns 26 per cent 

Mr Dein has had talks with 
outside parties, including 
Lad broke, the gaming and 

hotels group, about selling 
some of his shares in Arsenal. 
Two years ago he sold 3,000 
shares to Fiszman for 
£4.35 million after holding 
talks with outside parties. 

Carlton may stop short of 
making an offer for the com¬ 
pany if it can buy a stake and 
take a seat on the board. But if 
it buys the entire Dein- 
Fiszman bolding, City take¬ 
over rules mean it will have to 
make a bid for the whole 

Mr Green’s father was an 
Arsenal supporter, his brother 
David is a season ticket holder 
and the Carlton chairman has 
attended Arsenal games in the 

Carlton, in a joint venture 
with the Mirror Group, was 
an unsuccessful bidder for the 
Premier League rights last 
time round. They were outbid 
by BSkyB. a venture in which 
News International, owner of 
The Times, has a 40 per cent 

The contract runs out in 
2001, when Mr Green's digital 
terrestrial television company 
— a joint venture with Grana¬ 
da — should be starting to 
make an impact 

Carlton bid, page 52 




The Tottenham Hotspur striker Les 
Ferdinand signs autographs for young 
fans outside the planned FA Premier 
League Hall of Fame, after being chosen 
as one of the first six players to be 
featured there (John Goodbody reports). 

fe:;Sr-^ : v 

Newcastle United’s Alan Shearer was 
the only other Briton: others were Eric 
Cantona of France, Peter Schmeicbe! of 
Denmark. Gianfranco Zola of Italy and 
Dennis Bergkamp of Holland. A 19- 
man panel chaired by Sir Geoff Horst 

selected one player for each season since 
the Premiership started in 1992 Ferdi¬ 
nand. chosen for 1995-96, when he 
played for Newcastle, said: “II is a really 
great feeling." The hall is to open in 
March at London's former County Hall. 

Msfcet Share price: doreot % Current 

captt afcra tkm start of price change league 

Aston Vila 69,273 52! 

Chariton Athletic 12.339 53 

Chelsea 132,660 75 

Leeds 54,131 12 

Leicester City 13,580 33 

(£000*81 season (p) (p) 

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Southampton 13.056 fe2 . 48 -23 c ;;< .20 

Tottenham Hotspur 65,455 , f»0 '. 65 8 - ..’ - 8 - 

Arsenal* 229.600 £2400 £4100 67 .. 5 

Everton* 86^60- £1900 . -£1900 O' " 15 

Liverpool* 14&J35 £4000 . £4500 13_1 

West Han United* 66.000 £300 - £300 .0 11." 

Birmingham City - 35.500 ‘ .30 .. . ''-itt, . . 3. . . A . . 
Bottoa 20310' JS , 37 '. .-11. .S ] 

QPR 4.553 ’ 23 

Sheffield united •' 30.000 20 -7\. : „ 2P. J ~. 0- 8. • 

Sunderland. 40.750 445 500 12 .2... 

West Bran AMoa 8,030 9000 13000 22 7 __ ; 

HUBwafl 8343 0.625 .0.75 20 33 . ! 

Preston Nth End 7.638 390 3S0_ -3 2 ; 


Swensaa 1.566 1 . A.. . Q.._.20.. i 

Celtic 99,750 £220 _ 21000 .,-6 2 } 

Heart of MdMhtan 9.412 95 ... 93 -2 4. . j 

‘Traded only on matched bargain beais 


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• I 41 



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„ r . % i 

" jan r ~ Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug 
Source: Nomura huemarkmel _ __ 

Analysts predict 
good season for 
media marriages 

By Nicholas Wood and Daniel McGroky 

FVERY football dob in flic oftbe topriubscanaccommo- 
Fnelish Premiership wffl date everyone who wants to 
have a media partner within see them m stadiumstot are 

five years. City analysts pre- too small so toe 

Mirtril vesterday as shares in televised games. The tectaiol- 
lllnSdes soared. dp is nearly here; so toe me- 

1 of inter- dia deals have started in 

BSkylFs E^nSxagreS to those Onksisa 

BnEJ. Manchester United, court rating over television 
J? orkerf^SaB stock rights. BSkyB's ttTOmDJw 

SSSSsft ses*™* 


this *2“ mo- trie- bargaining by toe Premier 

bringing smalter Leagne. It backs toe amHtion 

^stond^ne&cvra^^ of m^or dubs to negotiate 

dU ±JS?mS^iS^to indiv& contacts with 
targets for tofocal media groups and a deoswo 

broadcast their games muwu ^ that wiD be maite by the 

nmnks, feisure ana- Restrictive Practices Court in 

** a unSe court bodes the OFT.' 
<3d ; broadcasters could face a 

that ,n toe scramble for television nghte 

to leadmg dute. lfregida- 
PrenuershjP wi* ^ tkms are rdaxed. then big 

wit* 1 a a 'football players such as Cariton and 

Nick Middleton. BSkyB in could have inter- 

analyst at Gr ^S to be left ests in more than one dub. 
X The present league rules pre- 

behind. Foo^u ^ ^ anyone owning more 

vision was ajwa^^^ ^ than one team, 
a match made in _ _. The axrge m interest in 

theonly surpnre ^ football shares this week fok 

SO long-Th e .^e^f^nost sue- lows a 25 per cent drop in their 
oeried couP te toe value since January. Analysts 

glamour dub ana me ^ of tbe initial floia- 

ridiest TV iwwiJL,. mched. tions had been overpriced. Mr 
n ^ete will be afew rus"^ Bnwks cited Aston Villa and 
chotguP n,arna ^rtive. but Leicester as potential “best 

LSSrs"is w bvysr ' be ^f e0ftheir ^ 

Revision ^f.^ ciubs are commercial management 

miss out and me c J^ *e playing strragth. otvfieldper- 
InnkinB tobnkup formance and property assets, 

■rl-rf suitor. ^-^-view But be said be regarded 
n( ^The future is P^^Vione Newcastle United as a "sefl". 

ind Europe 8 ” mm . .iKr^iminge ocmcna r. 

^ ^.rfl-na^Tne-" 0 - lulluc . 


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Petty criminals 

could go to jail 

at the weekend 

MINOR offenders could be 
allowed 10 keep their jobs and 
serve their sentences at week¬ 
ends. according to a study by 
MPs on ways to relieve pres¬ 
sure on Britain's jails. 

The report from the Com¬ 
mons Select Committee on 
Home Affairs, released yester¬ 
day. says that rises in the 
prison population are “unsus¬ 
tainable" and up to a quarter 
of the 65.000 prisoners could 
have been given alternative 

Weekend jail cnuld be used 
for offenders convicted of petty 
crime or serious drink-driving 
offences. During the week 
they could work, train or look 
for jobs, but the candidates 
would have to come from 
stable backgrounds, it said. 
Germany. Sweden, Switzer¬ 
land and Canada have 
schemes that allow some pris¬ 
oners to go to work during the 
day and spend their nights 
and weekends in jail. 

The idea was put to the 
committee in evidence by Sir 
David Ramsbotham. the Chief 
Inspector of Prisons. He ar¬ 
gued that jails had spare 
capacity at weekends because 
prisoners went on home leave. 
The proposal was supported 
by Lord Bingham of Comhill. 
the Lord Chief Justice, but the 
Home Office said the plan 
would not relieve pressure. 

Chris Mullin. the committee 
chairman, said yesterday that 
there were practical difficul¬ 
ties and weekend prison had a 
limited application. The report 
reoognised that the prison 

TV porn 

By Carol Midgley 

on channel was banned Is 
terday from transmitting v 
d-core pornography to n 
tarn via satellite. 1 

rhris Smith, the Culture c 
:retary, ordered the ban. C 
active from today, after a £ 
gh Court judge refused to i 
ntinue a legal order prevent- 
I him from outlawing 
Erotica Rendez-Vous until 1 
er its operators have had a 
ance to challenge the legal- 
- of the action. 

The Government used a 
iuse of an EU directive that 
lows member states to act 
lainst programmes which 
light seriously impair the 
[ivsical. mental or moral 
jvelopmentof minors". But it 
,uld face a damages daun if 
ie courts eventually find u 
as acted umawfu"^ 

Yesterday Mr Justice Scott 
laker, gave Danish Satellite 
Sion A/S. which owns 
liechannel. and its Liwem- 
our^-based agents. Rendez- 

/ousTelcvision Interoabonal 

A permission to seek ju*ari 

Lview. The compameswant a 
Sim* that Mr Snuth acted 

£££ J&SS- 5 1 

» wp-Vous available via a 
R , end tl ^“unsuitable"and 
decoder. that Mr Smith 

which prohib- 
^feSth Who is taking a 

Stewart Tendier 
reports on a 
study by MPs 
that examines 
ways to relieve 

population had risen by more 
than half in five years and 
could reach 82,000 in the next 
seven years, he said. It 
emphasised the need for credi¬ 
ble alternatives, which must 
work and be seen to work by 
ihe public. 

“There are offenders for 
whom prison is the only 
appropriate penalty, but there 
are many people currently 
sentenced to imprisonment 
who could be dealt with more 
effectively and at far less 
expense by a non-custodial 
sentence.” Mr Mullin said. 

The bill for an average 
prison sentence was E24J71. 
compared with £1.770 to 
£3300 for a community ser¬ 
vice order. In a report en¬ 
dorsed unanimously, the 
committee quoted estimates 
by Sir David showing that 70 
per cent of women, up to 40 
per cent of youths and up to 30 
per cent of men should not be 
in prison. . 

The MPs said they found it 


Man held 
after death 
of family 

The boyfriend of a woman 
who was found dead with her 
two children at her home in 
Egerion, near Bolton, was 
being questioned by detectives 
last night. Police had named 
Peter Hall. 34. of Radcliffe, 
near Manchester, as the man 
ihey wanted to speak to in 
connection with the deaths of 
Celeste Bates and her sons 
Daniel, eight, and Milo, 16 

Mr Hall was arrested after 
he crashed his car in Bolton. 
He suffered minor injuries. 

astonishing that there had 
been no rigorous research on 
the effectiveness of community 
sentences. Sentencing was still 
“guesswork and optimism". 
Too few judges and magis¬ 
trates inspected community | 

sentencing schemes. 

The report called for tough¬ 
er penalties for offenders who , 
breached orders. Police can 
lake weeks to bring offenders 
back to court and the commit¬ 
tee recommended a new of¬ 
fence, which could lead to a 
prison sentence. 

The MPs also recommend 
that the term "community 
service order" should be 
changed to "criminal work 
order” to make it sound more 
like punishment. 

Paul Cavadino. of the Nat¬ 
ional Association for the Care 
and Resettlement of Offend¬ 
ers. said the report showed a 
seachange in the political con¬ 
sensus. It was the death knell 
of Michael Howard's policy of 
“Prison works", he said. 

Gary Glitter arriving at the court in Yate, near Bristol 

Gary Glitter 
in court 
on child 
sex .charges 

GARY GUTTER appeared in 
court yesterday to face child 
sex and pornography charges. 
The pop star was arrested nine 
months ago when indecent 
images were allegedly found 
stored on his computer by 
repair workers. 

Glitter. 54. confirmed his 
age and address and his real 
name as Paul Francis Gadd. 
He looked straight ahead 
while the 110 charges against 
him were read out at North 
Avon Magistrates 1 Court. 
Asked if he understood^the 
charges, he replied: “I do." 

The singer fares five allega¬ 
tions of indecent assault on 
girls aged under 16. The 
charges, which date front 
1975 , relate to two girls. He is 
also alleged to have comm ined 
four serious sexual offences 
with one of the girls, of which 
three are said to have hap¬ 
pened when she was under 16. 

He fares 51 charges under 
the Protection of Children Act 
197S of making indecent pseu 
do-photographs of children 
and 50 alternative charges 
under the Criminal Justice Act 
1968 of possessing indecent 
photographs of children. The 
hearing was adjourned. 




Iris: a memoir 

sufferers are 
not always /% 


,Dg ^bher“ clear.We 

“ESS?Material such 
t he Government 

on in future. 

Boyfriend jailed 

The boyfriend of Debbie Lin¬ 
den. 36. an actress and former 
Page Three girl, was cleared at 
the Old Bailey of giving her a 
heroin overdose. Russell Ains¬ 
worth, 27, from Kingston. 
Surrey, was found not guilty 
of manslaughter, but was 
jailed for 30 months for sup¬ 
plying the drug. 

Night flights stay I 

Residents have lost a fight to 
restrict night flying a^ Hearn- 
row, Gatwick and Stansted 
airports next summer. Night 
movements and noise quotas 
would stay the same as for this 
summer, the Government 
said. Anti-noise groups are 
still hoping for a night curfew 
1 in 2000. 


□ It is North Nottingham¬ 
shire Health Authority that 
plans to block all new refer¬ 
ences for male impotence, not 
Northamptonshire, as stated 

in a leading article on the drug | 

Viagra (September % 

□ A photograph (August 8). 
linked to a report on toxic 
waste dumps, showed a 
Harp rule refuse vehicle on a 
refuse site. Harprule asks us 
to make clear that its business 
is to hire its vehicles to local 
authorities, and the company 
has no connection whatsoever 
with toxic waste dumps or 
their contents. 

Spectacular birdie 
makes golfer’s day 

__, turned round and ploppet 












Wow £224-10 f 

Homebase Baron 
Green Frame 
6 / x8 / (l-8mx 2-4m) 
Includes Glass 

Green Frame 
6 , x2' (1-8m x-6m) 
Indudes Glass 


1 How £143-10 


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Now £17*99 

~. A? 


McCulloch MB241W 
Shredder 1400 watt 
Max cutting 
diameter 30mm 

1 Was £34*991 

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Was £489 

Now £147-60 | 
Shiplap Shed 

'( 1 - 8 mx 1 - 2 m) 

Was£M4 Vf 

Now £84-99 P 
Black & Decker GT540 

Hedge Trimmer 

60cm Blade 

Was £59*99 

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Black & Decker GL580 
Grass Trimmer 

Featheredge Wallstore 
ffx2'B w (1-8mx-8m) 

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Hideaway Playhouse 
Treated and Glazed 
6'x 4' (143m x 1-2m) 


11 . are turned round and plopped it 

oinnlES and _ e in from the other side- There 

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e i C Ur?winning s £°L d Lf^ the course, hut this one had 
? in sporting obviously been studying the 

^Jna Bale wntesk fanded a ga" 

The bird saved Mr 
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gSpS,rtfs ball wasJ“fifJ2e won the paMour hole at 

green when a lage q ^. s m ^ ^ 

***'*J** 30ft Bournemouth. His playing 

crewd^itb its bwk SLm ^ ^ ^ 

the ^up B reen » nl ° Phil Aytift 69. of New Milton, 

along ^j v >ftisi n g ?? h °iLid, Hampshire, said: “There is 
The/, from _j - m nothing in the rulcbook about 
ecuti ve * -jj. -i wateh_ ^is. Only four shots had been 

Suirey" 35 it starie« & taken by Mike and that had to 
When ** ._ te .fl Itm Bnber. ( nlBBL- 

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um priuWlJUJB- 


TA cuts are 
say MPs 

By James Landale, political correspondent 


THE Government's plan lo 
cut the size of the Territorial 
Army by more than a third 
was condemned try MPs yes¬ 
terday as shortsighted and 

The Defence Select Commit¬ 
tee urged ministers to recon¬ 
sider me recommendation of 
the recent Strategic Defence 
Review which said that theTA 
should cut its numbers from 
59,000 to 40.000. 

In a report on the review, 
the committee said the docu¬ 
ment's publication in July 
marked a “black day" for the 
TA. “The Territorial Army is 

still a valuable resource as 
long-term insurance against 
the unexpected, and reroling 
should be considered before 
cuts," the report said. 

It added: "These forces, 
including the cadets, provide a 
vital recruiting ground for the 
regular forces and we believe a 
reduction in their roles and 
establishment could prove to 
be a very false economy in a 
period when recruiting to the 
regulars is such a challenge." 

John Maples, the Shadow 
Defence Secretary, said: “With 
a small professional army of 
only 120,000 men, as we have 
at present, there ought to be a 
general reserve — not only to 
support the regular army, but 
to build on in a time of crisis." 

Menzies Campbell, the 
Liberal Democrat defence 



spokesman, who sits on the 
committee, said: "The Govern¬ 
ment's proposals are inade¬ 
quately thought out and 
potentially damaging to Brit¬ 
ain’s defence capability.” 

Although the committee 
backed the overall thrust of 
the review, it warned that the 
Government had possibly 
gone too far in boosting the 
expeditionary nature of the 
Armed Forces at the expense 
of neglecting home defence. 

The committee also warned 
that any further cuts to the 
defence budget beyond the 3 
per cent efficiency savings 
already set could cause the 
entire strategy to unravel. The 
MPs added that the Armed 
Forces would have a cap¬ 
ability gap until two aircraft 
carriers planned in the review 
were operational — which 
might not be until 2018. They 
also questioned the decision to 
proceed with a £120 million 
refit of the nuclear submarine 
HAfS Spartan four years 
before it was scheduled to be 

John Spellar. the Defence 
Minister, said many of the 
roles carried out by the TA — 
such as defending key installa¬ 
tions in case of an invasion 
threat — were no longer a 
priority. "It is wasteful and 
demoralising to maintain a 
large establishment for a non 
-existent role," he said. 

fear of 
the Left 

By Jill Sherman 

LABOUR officials were last 
night playing up the prospect 
of hard-left activists seizing up 
to four of the six seats on the 
party's National Executive 
Committee in this month's 

In what was seen as an 
attempt to increase the vote for 
the Blairfte candidates, a party 
spokesman said it was plausi¬ 
ble that the hand Left would 
gain the most seats. 

Insiders suggest that Liz 
Davies, the hard-left activist 
vetoed as a candidate at the 
last general election, and 
Mark Seddon. Editor of the 
left-wing newspaper Tribune. 
are likely to win places on the 
reformed constituency section 
of the NEC The parly’s rejec¬ 
tion of Ms Davies as a 
potential MP caused a rift and 
her election now to the NEC 
would prove embarrassing for 
the leadership. 

A senior party spokesman 
said: “I wouldn’t be surprised 
if the hard-left slate were to 
win a number of seats — more 
than last year. I don’t think 
anybody is expecting a clean 
sweep for a Blairite slate.” 

The Grassroots Alliance, 
fielding six hard-left candi¬ 
dates. suggested that the lead¬ 
ership was trying to play up 
the Left's prospects to per¬ 
suade members who are not 
activists to vote. Members 
First, fielding six moderates, 
believes that a bigger vote will 
boost its chances. 


“i Dewar aims to 



f ; 

„ . ,’W ' 

Alan Howarth, left the Heritage Minister, and Sir Martin Jacomb, chairman of the 
Prudential Corporation, at the Prudential building in Central London, one of 2200 
buildings open during English Heritage's Open Days event this and next weekend 

By Shirley English 

DONALD DEWAR, the Scot¬ 
tish Secretary, will attempt 
today to draw a line under the 
legacy of Labour sleaze north 
of the bonier by relaunching 
the party under the banner, of 
Scottish New Labour.. 

The move comes on the first 
anniversary of the devolution 
referendum and two days 
after the expulsion of Tommy 
Graham. MP for Renfrew¬ 
shire West, who has come to 
characterise the bitter feuding 
in its urban heartlands. 

It is understood that the title 
was chosen after work with 
focus groups. Mr Dewar will 
alsn unveil a mission state¬ 
ment The Lifetime of Oppor¬ 
tunity comprising policies 
offering “opportunity for all 
from the cradle to the grave", 
focusing on child care, educa¬ 
tion. housing and health. 

Political analysts expressed 
doubts about the name 
change. John Curtis of Strath¬ 
clyde University said it was 
"entirely misguided". By 
emphasising the party’s links 
with Blairism through the 
word “new" rather than its 
Scottishness, Labour was un- 
Ukely co convince the elector- 
ate that it could capitalise on 
the relative automony offered 
by devolution. 

Mr Dewar's announcment 
in Glasgow is likely to be 
overshadowed by Mr Gra¬ 
ham's plans to challenge his 
expulsion in the courts 
through judicial review. 

Yesterday Mr Graham, 54, 
whose 33-year Labour Party 







Outcry as Bank 
rejects rate cut 

By Philip Webster, political editor 


UNIONS and bosses turned 
their fire on the Bank of 
England yesterday after it 
rejected calls for a reduction in 
the cost of borrowing and left 
interest rates at 75 per cent 

John Monks, the TUC Gen¬ 
eral Secretary, led a chorus of 
criticism of the Bank’s deci¬ 
sion. Ken Jackson, of the 
engineering workers’ union, 
called it “industrial vandal¬ 
ism". It was predicted that 
Eddie George, the Bank of 
England governor, will get a 
rough ride at the TUC confer¬ 
ence in Blackpool next week. 

Mr Jackson said: “Working 
people will want id hear him 
explain why the Monetary 
Policy Committee ignores in¬ 
dustry and threatens the jobs 
of ordinary people. The MFC 
lives in the world of statistics, 
while working people have to 
survive in the real economy." 

Ian Peters, deputy director 
general of the British Cham¬ 
bers of Commerce, said that 

the decision would Utterly 
disappoint business, which 
had hoped for a rate cut to 
ensure that the pound's down¬ 
ward trend was sustained. 
“Business will have to contin¬ 
ue, to endure the slow torture 
caused by high interest rates, ■ 
a strong pound and economic 
turmoil abroad.” 

Tun Melville-Ross. director' 
general of the Institute of 
Directors, said: “I am very 
disappointed that the Bank 
has not reduced interest rates 
by at least 0.25 per cent if not 
0.5 per cenL” 

John Redwood, the Shadow 
Trade and Industry Secretary, 
on a visit to the North East, 
said that Labour’s policies 
were harming its industrial 
heartland- “It is their interest 
rates, through the Bank of 
England, that are determining 
the future of manufacturing; 
their sterling rate policy, or 
lack of one, that is doing the 


The Scottish’NationalPSmy 
unveiled its key policies for 
next year’s elections fo: Ok 
H olyrood parliament yester¬ 
day bat postponed adectskm 
on whether it wdiiM use tan- 
raising powers. 

Alex SalmomL the, SNP 
leader, oodined intenb'onsto 
reform business rafts. intro- • 
dm* proportional represen¬ 
tation for local dectibns and 
Id abolish tutition fecs lior 
students from -England.*: 
Wales and Irdantt studying 
in Scotland. However, the 
party avoided saying wheth- 
er it wffl use the parliament's 
3 p-uHbe-poand tax varying 
power. ■ * - 

membership aided on Wed¬ 
nesday after he was guilty of 
sustained misconduct, insisted 
that he was "Labour through 
and through" and had no 
intention, of defecting to the 
Scottish National.Party. 

The 20-stone, cigar-smoking 
MP, who claims he was the 
victim of-'a conspiracy by 
Blairite enemies, .warned 
; other MPs of the “old Labour 
ilk” to watch their hacks, or 
shape up if they were to 
survive. “I would hope they 
would sensibly regroup, mak¬ 
ing sure they are not isolated 
and making sure they have a 
strong group to withstand 
attack. Otherwise they should 
slim down to ten stone, buy a 
slick new: suit and tie and a 
wee bit of make-up." 

gets the call 

By Valeric Elliott 


Cabinet^ “enforcer”, and 
Margaret Beckett, Leader of 
the House, are being groomed 
to become official spokesmen 
for tiie Government - 
Tony Sldir wants the two 
senior ministers to luck off 
their new high-profile roles at 
the Labour Party conference 
in Blackpool later this month, 
where they are expected to 
share main interviews with 
television and radio. 

They will also take part in a 
series erf public meetings 
throughout the country in the 
corning months. The Govern¬ 
ment is keen to expand its 
contact with the regions, and 
separate itineraries for each 
minister are envisaged so 
mast of the country can be 

Their appearances and 
speeches will be organised to 
complement those made by 
Mr Blair. 

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the Tuv fes Friday September n 1998 

Breath fpet 



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■ ■'■■ 

eath test will 
its to doctor 

The egg 
with its 
heart in 
the right 



-'V. 3 

T? A 

By Robin Young 

- >»■ 

test that allows doctors to 
diagnose commc i illnesses 
without waiting d; ys for blood 
or urine sampleT results is 
being developed by British 
scientists and could be avail¬ 
able within two years. 

The breathalyse! which ini¬ 
tially will test far different 
strains of the common cold 
within minutes, is likely to be 
available to hospikls by the 
end of 2000. A hand-held 
version is planned for 2002, 
allowing GPs to mike on-the- 
spot diagnoses thaj will save 
the health service million of 
pounds in drugs bills and 
combat the rise of “s jperbugs" 
resistant to antibiot s. 

The test, which registers 
odours in a patiert’s breath 
specific to differen kinds of 
cold, will mean dretors can 
say with certainty i a patient 
has an infection tlai would 
benefit . from a ntibiotics. 

By Mark Henderson 

{ bills and 

"s breath 

Breath tests for other illnesses 
are likely to be developed. 

At present, doctors estimate 
that as much as 60 per cent of 
the annual £34 million bill for 
antibiotics in England alone is 
wasted on patients with viral 
colds for which the drugs are 
ineffective. The test wifi also 
help to contain superbugs by 
reducing their exposure to 
drugs and limiting their ca¬ 
pacity to develop resistance. 

Tessa Jowell. the Public 
Health Minister, and Sir 
Kenneth Caiman, the Chief 
Medical Officer, warned doc¬ 
tors last week to limit antibiot¬ 
ic prescriptions for coughs, 
sore throats and colds b ecaus e 
of fears that more bacteria 
were developing resistance. 

Imperial College London 
announced a commercial part¬ 
nership yesterday with the 
biotechnology group Kiotech 
to develop the technology, 
which largely exists already. 

into a useable device. Their 
researchers are also working 
on a similar lest for asthma, 
which measures the extent of 
the inflammation that causes 
breathing difficulties rather 
than the symptoms, allowing 
more accurate diagnosis ana 
more appropriate treatment. 

’ Peter Opens haw. Professor 
of Experimental Medicine at 
the college’s National Heart 
and Lung Institute, said the 
technique would revolutionise 
diagnosis. “It gives GPs the 
ability to tell patients that they 
do or do not need antibiotics 
... It’S also a key weapon in 
the fight against superbugs, in 
ten years’ time it will seem ar¬ 
chaic to send away for tests.” 

George Dodd, director of 
research and development at 
Kiotech. said most of the 
technology needed for the 
breathalyser already existed 
and needed only to be brought 
together across disciplines. 

CONSUMERS could soon 
be going back to work on an 
egg with confidence that it 
will help their health, not 
harm iL 

What are claimed to be 
healthier eggs — rich In 
omega 3 essential fatty adds 
and capable of reducing 
blood pressure, blood dot¬ 
ting and heart arrhythmia — 
are going on sale this week. 

Columbus eggs have been 
developed by Belovo. a Bel¬ 
gian egg-processing com¬ 
pany. Already 60.000 hens, 
producing 750 cases of eggs a 
week, have been converted to 
Columbus egg production. 
The eggs are going on sale 
this week, at 10p a half-dozen, 
more than standard eggs..- 

The egg’s secret according 
to Fabien de Meester, man¬ 
aging director of Belova is 
in the birds' diet replicating 
what free-wandering birds 
would eat in the wild. He 
said: "The rudimentary Jym- 

V - - .sr*- 

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Fabien de Meester the secret is in the chicken's diet, which is what free-wandering birds eat in the wild 

phatic system of frie chicken 
transfers the balanced fatty 
adds to the yolk of the egg.* 
Dr de Meester said that 
fatty arid ratios in the human 
diet had been maintained in 
equilibrium until, in the last 
century and a half, the wide¬ 

spread use of vegetable fat 
and oQs made the diet very 
poor in omega 3 acids, the 
fatly acids in oily fish. 

Omega 3 fatty acids are 
believed to play a vital role in 
reducing the risk of heart 
disease * by reducing blood 

pressure, reducing the ten¬ 
dency of blood to clot, and 
protecting against irregular 
heart beats. They are also 
thought to be important in 
the development of the brain 
and the eye. 

When Columbus eggs are 

broken the yolk appears larg¬ 
er and Qatter because it is less 
riscous. The colour is also 
paler because the birds are 
not given chemicals to en¬ 
hance the yolk colour. They 
keep just as long as standard 

Healthcare! £2.5mfor 

staff g 
for a 2 


pay rise 



i Vi ilk 

By Mark Henderson 

t cut 

HEALTH unions Will de¬ 
mand a 22 per cent salary rise 
over three years far non¬ 
medical professional today, 
ignoring for the seemd time 
this week gqvemm&t calls 
for pay restraint. 

Unions representin profes¬ 
sions allied to mediriie, such 
as physiotherapists radi¬ 
ographers and chirmodists, 
will make the claim in evi¬ 
dence to their independent 
pay review body. 

The pay claim follows the 
British Medical Association’s 
call on Wednesday for^ 10 per 
cent rise for doctors, repeated 
for five years. Nunes are 
expected to ask for a substan¬ 
tial award during tqe next 
week. The demands an Kkely 
to be resisted by the Cjovemr 
ment. which said in Jify that 
its £21 billion in 
the NHS was for 
not staff salaries. 

The Professions 
Medicine union said 
significant award was 
to halt a recruitmen 
retention crisis worse 
any other sector of the 
A union survey foun 
only one in ten health 
sionals expected to be Work¬ 
ing in the NHS in three tears’ 
time. Two thirds of pose 
planning to leave died ppy- 

By Ian Murray 


THE Government is to spend 
£23 million to investigate set¬ 
ting up a national screening 
programme for bowel cancer. 

The money is for two pilot 
studies—one each in Scotland 
and England—forup to three 
years, each covering a popular 
tion of .about one million. 
Screening will be offered every 
two years to everyone between 
50 and 69, the age when the 
disease is most likely to occur. 

The disease is the second 
most deadly cancer and kills 
nearly 20.000 people every 
year. About 30,000 people 
annually are found to be 
suffering from bowel cancer, 
including ftfXX) under the age 
of 60. Early detection and 
treatment offer the best hopes 
of a cure. 

Tessa Jowell, die Public 
Health Minister, said yester¬ 
day that the pilot scheme was 
an opportunity to gauge its 
feasibility and whether it was 
acceptable to the public. 

“It is time to break the taboo 
of bowel cancer. Tens of 
thousands of people are suffer¬ 
ing in silence, too embar¬ 
rassed to tell their husbands, 
wives and doctors. But when it 
is caught early, bowel cancer 
is one of the most curable of all 

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Experts back 
new tests for 
hidden BSE 

THE Government's advisory 
committee on Creutzfeldt- 
Jakob disease has recom¬ 
mended a new series of tests 
on cows that appear healthy 
but may be carrying the 
agents that cause “mad cow" 

The tests are the suggestion 
of John Collingc, of St Mary’s 
Hospital. Paddington, in West 
London, who has developed a 
technique that can be used to 
test samples from cows quick¬ 
ly and cheaply.The specimens 
would come from healthy 
cows slaughtered in abattoirs 
without any hint that they 
may be incubating BSE. 

The idea is to investigate 
whether there are some cows 
that carry fhe infective agent 

Reports by 
Nigel Hawkes 
and Nick Nuttall 

for long periods, but never 
suffer symptoms. If such sub- 
clinical cases exist it is pos¬ 
sible that many cows could 
remain infectious even when 
the BSE epidemic is over. 

Dr CoUingeS test, using a 
technique called Western Blot, 
detects the aberrant prion 
proteins that are responsible 
for BSE or new-variant CJD. 
the brain disease that is the 
human equivalent of BSE. It is 
much quicker than the classi¬ 
cal methods for testing infec- 
rivity. which have involved 

£30m to wipe out mink 

Mink could be eliminated bom Britain, but the operation 
would cost £30 million, the association was told. Professor 
M orris Gosling, of the Zoological Society of London, said: 
“Mink can be caught in traps baited with fish. But it would 
be a lengthy and labour-intensive task." David MacDon¬ 
ald, of Oxford University, said that the release of thousands 
of mink from a New Forest fur farm would add few to the 
wild because most would die. 

Star travel delay 

Professor Frank Close, of the Rutherford Appleton 
Laboratory in Oxfordshire, has worked out that it would 
take only 20 kilograms of antimatter to power a spaceship 
to the stars. Unfortunately, it would take 10.000 times 
longer than all recorded history for CERN, the European 
Partide Physics Laboratory in Geneva to provide the faeL 

Jurassic Park insect find 

An extinct and unknown spedes of mayfly has been (bund 
in Mexico, perfectly preserved in 25 million-year-old amber. 
Andrew Rosa a curator at the Natural History Museum, 
said that the insect, which has yet to be named, would have 
lived just a few hours before becoming trapped in the 
ancient tree resin. 

Stradivarius discord 

A Stradivarius is no better than any other well-made violin, 
according to Benard Richardson, of Cardiff University’s 
physics and astronomy department Although many people 
thought there was “something magical" about the 18th- 
century instruments, studies had shown that secret, long- 
lost skills had not been used to make them. 

injecting mice with brain_ma¬ 
terial from cows and waiting 
for them to become ill. 

Professor John Pattison, 
chairman of the Spongiform 
Encephalopathy Advisory 
Committee (Seac), told the 
British Association for the 
Advancement of Science’s fes¬ 
tival in Cardiff yesterday that 
the research had the approval 
of his committee and that a 
recommendation backing it 
had gone to the Ministry of 
Agriculture. It seems highly 
unlikely to be turned down. 

Professor Richard Lacey, a 
long-term critic of the minis¬ 
try’s approach to BSE, be¬ 
lieves that the number of cases 
is being underestimated. He 
has urged an even larger 
series of tests, on material 
taken at random from aba¬ 
ttoirs, to check this. “For years 
1 have been asking for system¬ 
atic surveys in abattoirs, but 
they have never been done," 
he said yesterday. “I cannot 
understand why." 

Other members of Seac are 
more sceptical about that ap¬ 
proach. Professor Roy Ander¬ 
son. of Oxford University, said 
that he still believed the BSE 
epidemic was close to its end. 
and would be at an extremely 
low level by 2001. He added 
that Dr Collinge’s test needed 
further validation before it 
could be relied upon. 

□ Poverty, starvation and un¬ 
employment in the developing 
world will ail rise if genetically 
engineered crops become 
widespread, the festival was 

Professor Martha Crouch, a 
biologist and former genetic 
engineering researcher at the 
University of Indiana, said 
claims that gene-modified 
plants could feed the world in 
the 21st century were a myth. 

Genetic engineering was 
turning animals into factories 
and machines. It perpetuated 
the planting of vast fields of 
identical, monoculture crops 
which were harming the envi¬ 
ronment and wildlife and 
undermining rural cultures 
across the globe, she said. 

“This machine model of na¬ 
ture would be fine if that was 
what nature was like. But na¬ 
ture is not like that and it is go¬ 
ing to cause a lot of problems." 

Alert over 
smoking in 

Touch and go: the user can select tonight’s viewing and tomorrow’s groceries with the appliance of the future 

By Nicholas Booth 

ANYONE who has ever want¬ 
ed to cook a meal, pay the gas 
bilL do the shopping and 
watch the latest episode of 
Coronation Street without 
climbing down from their 
kitchen stool will soon have 
the perfect gadget 
British researchers have de¬ 
veloped the Microwave Bank 
— an oven connected to the 
Internet and with a screen in 
its door. As well as combining 
TV dinners with TV pro¬ 
grammes. the machine will 
enable the user to order goods 
or make financial transac¬ 
tions via the Net Stephen 

Just the thing for 
those TV dinners 

Emmott of NCR, which 
makes hole-in-the wall cash 
dispensers, said: “You could 
watch Delia Smith and follow 
her instructions if you want¬ 
ed. You can bake your cake, 
eat it and replace the ingredi¬ 
ents you’ve used.” 

The Microwave Bank will 
respond to instructions using 
voice recognition software. 
For anyone who actually 

wants to lift a finger, it will 
also have a touch-sensitive 
screen. The working proto¬ 
type has a barcode scanner for 
ordering groceries. 

NCR’s Knowledge Lab de¬ 
veloped the idea to help to 
ease the pressure on banks, 
which can offset the cost of 
keeping branches open by 
offering services via the 
Internet Although banks 

have been encouraging cus¬ 
tomers to take up the offer of 
such services there is resis¬ 
tance to change. 

"Only 30 per cent of homes 
have personal computers," Dr 
Emmott said. “But our re¬ 
search has shown that con¬ 
sumers who refuse to use a PC 
take to the Microwave Bank 
like a duck to water.” 

Ease of use would be the 
key to die machine’s success. 
“People are familiar with the 
Microwave — they are com¬ 
fortable with it” be said. A 
production version would cost 
between £600 and £700 — 
about the same as a top of the 
range microwave oven. 


is ignored 

By IavMcrray 

medical correspondent 

FIVE out otsix women smok¬ 
ers ignore warnings that they 
are damaging their unborn 
child when they become preg¬ 
nant according to a study 
published tpday. The findings 
suggest it impossible to 
mat the Health Department's 
target that at least* a -third of 
women smokers - will ■ stop ■ 
when the* know they are 
pregnant - . 

The survey is the latest in an 
annual series py the Health 
Education Authority. If shows 
that last y?ar only six 
women gave up - smoking 
when they became pregnant 
the same-proportion as in 
1992, when, the campaigns 
began. Only one. woman in ten 
gave up immediately before' 
becoming pregnant despite 
advice that those who want to 
have a baJy should not smoke 
while tryiig to amceive; 

The highest rate of smoking 
is among die 15 to 24 age 
group, of whom three quarters 
were fan? manual or unem¬ 
ployed orjups. compared with 
about three fifths among the 
25-30 group and two fifths of 
those aged..over 30. “Our : 
findings suggest that current 
practice to reduce smoking 
during pregnancy is either not 
working J or lades sufficient 
investment and prioritisation 
to be effective," the report in 
the British Medical Journal 

says- j . __ L 

Amercan research pub¬ 
lished, last month shows that 
mothers who smoke pass a 
nicotinederived carcinogen 
called BNK to babies in the 

Courts will sit in session on the Internet 

By Frances Gibb 


PEOPLE will resolve many legal 
disputes over the Internet from their 
homes, rather than going to court, 
under plans unveiled yesterday. 

Geoff Hoon, Minister of State at the 
Lord Chancellors Department out¬ 
lined proposals that envisage “virtual” 
court hearings in which people can 
commmunicate with the judge and 
lawyers over the Internet via their 
television sets. Many of the traditional 
trappings of justice — including legal 
documents, books, papers and court 

hearings — are likely to disappear. 
The proposals put forward in the 
consultation paper, rivif.justice, form 
the first draft of an information 
technology strategy for the next 15 
years. Judges and lawyers will still be 
needed. But much routine legal work 
will be computerised and packaged as 
an online product, such as drafting 
standard contracts and agreements. 

the paper asks: "Is it the physical 
courtroom with associated trappings 
that is important to most people, or is it 
the confidence that therr dispute is 
being addressed by an appropriate, 
impartial person?” Many more cases 

could be disposed of via “virtual" 
hearings that could be less daunting 
and more cost-effective for certain 
kinds of grievance, such as many 
tribunal claims. The paper suggests 
that people would obtain far more 
legal advice and information online 
than from lawyers, using computer 
kiosks or terminals in shopping malls 
and courts, and via the Internet 
The paper .suggests the creation of a,, 
website to act as an online civil justice 
service, a first port of call for anyone 
seeking information or advice on legal 
problems. Lawyers would also have to 
change the way they work, and move 

away from providing a high-cost 
advice service bHed bythe hour. Legal 
products for mass consumption would 
be developed orline and legal services 
sold in high votame at lower prices. . 

The paper says there is a large 
unmet need ftr legal services that 
might be better served by online legal 
services providing “affordable, jargon- 
finee legal help rt the fingertips, of large 
numbers of clients across the World 
Wide Web." • 

Responses to the paper are invited 
by December ;8. The paper is on the 
department's i website: 

The facts of life. 

Prepare yourself 
for a shock. 

You may be paying well over the odds for your 
fixed term or mortgage protection life cover, 
and one quick phone call to Direct Line could 
change all that. Don’t say we didn’t tell you. 

Male 35 next birthday non-smoker - monthly premiums. 

Sum assured £100,000 Per’Annum 
20 year term 

Direct Line 

£ 202.20 

Abbey National Life £272.64 } £5452.80 

Nationwide Life £294.00 £5880.00 

] £1408.80 








Edward Heath: my 
feud with Thatcher. 
First extracts from the 
former PM's memoirs. 
This Sunday 

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Steven Spielberg: 
examines the 
horrors of Saving 
Private Ryan 




Eva Herzlgova 
- Thigh High. 
A change of 
for the 
Wonderbra Girl 




Yeltsin bows to 
Duma’s wishes 
over Primakov 

Prom Richard Beeston in moscow 


RUSSIA’S damaging political 
stalemate ended in a compro¬ 
mise yesterday when Presi¬ 
dent Yeltsin bowed to 
parliament and selected 
Yevgeni Primakov, his former 
Foreign Minister, to become 
Russia's next Prime Minister. 

The appointment was wide¬ 
ly welcomed by Russian lead¬ 
ers across the political 
spectrum, who promised to 
confirm Mr Primakov this 
afternoon in parliament. Mr 
Yeltsin put forward his name 
after dropping Viktor Chern¬ 
omyrdin. the unpopular act¬ 
ing Prime Minister, whose 
nomination was rejected twice 
by the Duma — the lower 
house of parliament. 

Although the dimbdown 
was a blow to the Kremlin 
leader's authority. Mr Prim¬ 
akov is a good alternative. As 
the longest serving Cabinet 

minister, who previously ran 
the foreign intelligence ser¬ 
vice. he has experience and 
credibility, without posing a 
threat to Mr Yeltsin’s position. 

As Rjreign Minister for the 
past two and a half years, he 
successfully reorientated Rus¬ 
sia's policy away from the 
West, an achievement which 
made him popular with Com¬ 
munists and nationalists 

His nomination yesterday, 
after nearly two weeks without 
government in Russia, had an 
immediate stabilising effect on 
the country's economic crisis. 
The rouble continued to 
strengthen against the dollar 
and shares even staged a 
modest rally on the belea¬ 
guered Moscow Stock Ex¬ 

However, there were fears 
that Mr Primakov would be 

unable to address the funda¬ 
mental political and economic 
problems facing Russia oyer 
the coming months. There is a 
growing consensus that Mr 
Yeltsin is no longer fit for 
office and should not be 
allowed to complete his term 
which expires in 2000. 

Also, only a powerful and 
courageous leader will be able 
to impose the tough measures 
necessary this winter to com¬ 
bat further devaluation and 
hyperinflation. The 68-year- 
old former spy chief is untest¬ 
ed on economic policy. 

But yesterday Russians 
were simply pleased to have a 
credible figure in place who 
could end the paralysis at the 
heart of government and who 
appeared to have solid sup¬ 
port. His nomination was 
championed almost 



Spy boss won the 
confidence of US 

From Robin Lodge in moscow 

JOURNALIST, spy. academ- leader of die liberal Yabloko 
ic. linguist and diplomat - faction and an 
Yevgeni Primakov has tried a interventionist 
whole range of professions in mist threw his s PP° 
his long career and excelled at behind Mr Prunaltov, te. 
all of them before being Mr 

nominated yesterday as tol jrel«hmg 

Prime Minister by President the prospect of heading a new 
Yeltsin Russian government but it 

There is one significant he takes on the job - J™ « 
omission from the list Mr can be safely Jgimeltathe 
Primakov has never worked will - he is Mug.*° 
as economist a factor that hunself into it with energy 
might call into question his ami‘ledirantm; 
ability to extricate Russia In 1996, ™ cn ne 
from™ its current economic moved to 
crisis and arrest the fall of the try to replace Andre> 
rouble. But this is not expect- who was then regardedastoo 
ed to impede his approval by 

the Duma. Perhaps his great- officials at the US State o* 

2SJ"- - POli,i,:al 

*Tl5t only to be expected Madeleiiw Albright, the Sec- 
Jvmna man who rose through retary of Stole, has 
the Communist Party hierar- despite wide differences be- 
chy under Leonid Brezhnev, tween Russian and US! for 
continued to prosper in the eign policy over the expansion 
oerestroika years under of Nato and Iraq. 

Mikhail Gorbachev and then The con J*^ a ^ b A^ 

survived the fall of Commu- during more than 30 years ot 
nism to be appointed chief of involvement with the »nteUi- 
STporeign intelligence Ser- fnce semces gree hmi a 
vice and then Foreign Mims- formidable taoy4ed=,e o 

ter by Mr Yeltsin. leaders abrmd as well as 

Even Grigori Yavlinsky, politicians at home. 

Pope blesses Rome 
plan to serve up 
‘Millennium menu’ 

From Richard Owen in rome 

Power up to the 

■ . I-.- ^s. 

THE Vatican, which recently 
gave a reminder that the 
millennium is less than 500 
days away, yesterday gave its 
blessing to a ‘’Millennium 
menu" for visitors to Rome in 
2000 that will indude medal¬ 
lions of beef 4 la cardinal, 
Sistine Chapel mushrooms 
and pilgrims* pudding. 

The four-course "Holy Year 
meal" is a far cry from the 
simple fare -once offered to 
pilgrims who made thejour¬ 
ney to Rome in the Middle 
Ages. It will be served by 400 
Rome restaurants which haw 
agreed to take part in the 
scheme. The meal will cost 

£10 a head for file estimated 27 

million people expected to 
? attend celebrations marking 
the millennium, which the 
Pope has declared a Holy 
Year, or Jubilee. 

The Pope wants the Jubilee 
to focus on a renewal of 
Christian values rather than 
secular celebrations, but mil¬ 
lennium plans in Rome have 
been marred by rows over a 
number of grandiose con¬ 
struction and transport pro¬ 
jects. many of which have 
ground to a halt because of 
planning disagreements, fad- 
i ureto release funds, orobjej^ 

1 tions by the Superintendent of 

Archaeology. Traffic 
■ si Peter’s is already chaotic 

because of work on a new 
underground parking area 
for tourist coaches, and Vati¬ 
can officials said the prospect 
of catering for millions of 
hungry people will provide a 
further “prospective head¬ 

The Association of Rome 
Restaurateurs said it had 
offered to help by agreeing an 
official budget menu. 

“People win need a proper 
sit-down meal after tramping 
the streets of Rome." Roberto 
Carosi. the head of the associ¬ 
ation, told La Repubblica. 
“Many will be tempted by a 

snack at pizzerias and fast 
food outlets, but this will not 
give them enough calories’". 

'Wine is on top of the E1U 
cost, with the organisers rec¬ 
ommending Fontana di Papa, 
a refreshing, dry white wme 
produced in the Frascati hills 
near Castelgandolfo, the 
Pope’s summer residence out¬ 
side Rome. 

A typical meal might con- l 
sist of pennette deU’angdo. a 
pasta dish with courgettes, 
anchovies, raisins. pine_ nuts 
and mozzarella; abbacchio del 
cameriengo. or papal cham¬ 
berlain’s lamb. Iamb cutlets 
fried in egg and breadcrumbs 
with a creamy sauce made of 
artichokes, mint paisUty and 
garlic salad and pudding. 

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Pakistan asks 
MPs to back 
test ban treaty 

From Zahio Hussain in Islamabad 

PAKISTAN has summoned 
an emergency joint session of 
parliament today to seek 
approval of a decision to sign 
the Comprehensive Test Ban 
Treaty (CTBT) which may 
lead to the lifting of economic 
sanctions imposed against it 
after it conducted nuclear 

Government sources con¬ 
firmed last night that a deci¬ 
sion in principle had been 
taken by die country’s top civil 
and military leadership earli¬ 
er this week. Nawaz Sharif, 
the Prime Minister, later con¬ 
veyed his Government's will¬ 
ingness to halt nuclear tests to 
President Clinton by tele¬ 
phone on Tuesday. 

Pakistan hopes that the 
commitment will lead to the 
resumption of finandai aid 
and loans from the United 
States and multilateral finan¬ 
dai agendes. The sanctions, 
which were imposed by the 
Group of Eight countries in 
May, have seriously hit the 
country’s fragile economy and 
pushed it to the brink of a total 
breakdown. Islamabad's com¬ 
mitment to accept the 
treatywas the main precondi¬ 
tion for easing sanctions. 

The real question was when, 
rather than if. Pakistan ac¬ 
cepts the treaty, a senior 

government official was 
quoted as saying. However, 
the Government has not yet 
made the dedsion public for 
political reasons. “We have left 
it to parliament to take a 
decision on the issue." said 
Mushahid Hussain, the Min¬ 
ister for Information. 

The Government which 
commands a comfortable ma¬ 
jority in parliament, is not 
likely to race any problem in 
securing approval. The main 
opposition Pakistan People's 
Parly, led by Benazir Bhutto, 
has also indicated that it 
would favour signing the trea¬ 
ty. However, the Government 
may face some opposition 
from die right-wing Islamist 
groups which have threatened 
to launch a nationwide agita¬ 
tion if the Government signs 
the treaty. But these groups do 
not have any significant repre¬ 
sentation in parliament 

The parliamentary debate is 
expected to last three days. 
The Government wants to get 
parliamentary approval on 
the issue before Mr Sharifs 
scheduled meeting with Presi¬ 
dent Clinton in New York on 
September 21. 

Most analysts agree that 
Pakistan's dedsion was large¬ 
ly dictated by economic com¬ 
pulsion. “Without accepting 

the ban on nuclear tests, 
Pakistan cannot have access to 
low-interest loans from the 
International Monetary 
Fund." says Samina Ahmed, a 
leading security analyst “The 
signing of the treaty will not 
affect Pakistan’s nuclear 

An IMF team mil arrive in 
Islamabad today for talks on 
an emergency relief package. 
Pakistan needs at least $3 
billion (£1.8 billion) in loans to 
meet its balance of payments 
and foreign debt servicing 

□ Jerusalem; Israel’s Home 
Front command is going to 
overhaul its defence strategy 
in the light of nudear threats, 
according to Yitzhak 
Mordechai, the Defence Min¬ 
ister (Christopher Walker 

Pakistan’s nudear capab¬ 
ility has led to widespread 
fears that nuclear knowhow 
may be transferred to Israel’s 
main enemies, notably Iran. 

Yesterday’s announcement 
of a rethink in defence strategy 
came only 24 hours after 
publication of the disclosure 
by Scott Ritter, the former top 
United Nations arras inspec¬ 
tor, that Iraq is hiding three 
nuclear bombs that are tech¬ 
nologically complete: 

Hooch, the sky-diving dog, in action with her owner, Sean Herbert, before having to give up her hobbies 

Flying dog grounded 

Sydney: She jumped out of 
aircraft, swam underwater 
but bad to end her hobbies 
when she fell out of bed. For 
Hooch is a seuen-yearoid 
dog and the vet baired any 
more escapades when she 
broke a leg jumping off die 
bed of Sam Herbert, ter 
owner. “The vet said it was 
time to call it a day," said Mr 
Herbert. Hooch, a cross be¬ 
tween a cattle dog and King 
Charles spaniel, made 53 
parachute jumps and 14 scu¬ 
ba diws. 

“I’ve heard of a dog in die 

United States which had 
made some parachute jumps 
and one which went scuba 
diving, but never heard of a 
dog which did both,”said Mr 
Herbert Hooch’s wetsuit and 
air tank, with a bubble-like 
helmet cost A$2,000 (£704) to 
make and she started ter 
underwater tricks when she 
followed Mr Herbert into the 
sea. When she went sky¬ 
diving she was attached to 
her owner with a harness. 

“I don’t think I’D get 
another dog interested,” Mr 
Herbert said. (AFP) 







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Baghdad threatens 
sanctions ‘battle’ 


A DEFIANT Iraq appeared 
set last night to escalate its 
dispute with the United Na¬ 
tions after the Security Coun¬ 
cil voted to maintain sanctions 
indefinitely to punish Bagh¬ 
dad for halting co-operation 
with weapons inspectors. 

Babel, a leading newspaper 
run by President Saddam 
Hussein's eldest son. Uday. 
called for “decisive action”. 
The Iraqi leadership must 
“choose the timing of a con¬ 
frontation and take the initia¬ 
tive in battle", it said. It gave 
no indication what retaliation 
Baghdad might take, but the 
country’s rubber-stamp par¬ 
liament has already proposed 
cutting ail bridges with the 
UN Special Commission 
(Unscom). the body set up to 
eliminate Iraq’s weapons of 
mass destruction. 

Unscom has been allowed to 
continue routine monitoring 
despite a ban on intrusive 
inspections declared by Sadd¬ 
am on August 5. Disruption of 
the monitoring programme 

would set alarm bells ringing: 
particularly after claims that 
Iraq is hiding three techno- 
logicaliy complete nudear 
bombs and is lacking only the 
fissionable materials to make 
them operational. The disclo¬ 
sure was made by Scott Ritter, 
a senior American arms in¬ 
spector who resigned last 
month. Richard Butler, the 
Unscom chief, haS already 
given a warning that the five- 
week-old stand-off has meant 
his men are no longer able to 
ensure Iraq is not trying to 
rebuild its weapons of mass 

The state-run Iraqi press 
has made dear that the Gov¬ 
ernment believes it has noth¬ 
ing to lose lay defying the UN 
and is relying instead on the 
gradual erosion of the eight- 
year-old trade embargo. 
Saddam was also gambling 
that President Clinton was too 
distracted and weakened by 
the Lewinsky affair to take 
decisive action, diplomats 

finds dead 

Taleban said it™ 
had found the todies of nine 
Iranian diplomats whose dis¬ 
appearance Sparked a huge 
Iranian military build-up .on . 
the Afghanistan border. The 
movement's senior spokes¬ 
man told the Afghan Islamic 
Press news agOTC#-- v that 
Taleban fighters acti n g ;mde- : 
pendentiy killed the Iranians 
and said those respdtisSrfe 

would be punished. . V r 
It was the first time the • 
radical Sunni Muslim move¬ 
ment had publicly admitted 
that Iranians had been killed 
when its fighters captured, the 
opposition stronghold •-•..of 
Mazar-i-Sharif last month. 
Tehran yesterday announced ± 
its secoqd important mflilaiy. W 
exercises on the Afghan bor¬ 
der in a month.' (Reuters} 

Rocket fails 

Moscow Twelve communica¬ 
tions satellites belonging to 
Globalstar Telecommunica¬ 
tions Ltd, were lost when a 
Ukrainian Zenit rocket 
crashed after being launched 
from Russia's Baikonur 
cosmodrome. (Reuters) 

Britons fly out 

Dhaka; The British High 
Commission is to evacuate 40 
British women and children 
on the next available flights as 
Bangladesh’s floods threaten 
the capital. The High Com¬ 
mission building has already 
been flooded. (Reuters) ^ 

Fugitive held 

Rome Lido Gelli, one of 
Italy's most wanted fugitives 
and former grandmaster of 
Die outlawed P2 masonic 
lodge, has been captured in 
Cannes. Giorgio Napotitano. 
the Italian Interior Minister, 
announced. (Reuters) 

Minister rallies 

Paris: Jean-Pier re . Che- 
vtoejpent, 59. the French Inte¬ 
rior Minister, has come put of 
a coma after more than a week 
and recognised members of 
his fjnqify, the VaJ de Grace 
mifityiyhospital said. 


Square deal 

Paris; The Place de la Con¬ 
corde may be turned into a 
pedestrian precinct Sources 
in the Paris Mayor’s office say 
offidals are leaning towards a 
ban on private cars as the best 
of three plans for the square. 

Thin blue whine 

Oslo: About 500 Norwegian 
police will patrol streets here 
without pay on their day off to 
protest at lack of manpower 
and prove how safe the dty 
cap be. Fewer than 60 police 
are normally on patrol. (AFP) 

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At school I was dyslexic and a dunce 

In the final extract 
from his 
Richard Branson 
recalls the headmaster 
who warned him that 
he would either go to 
prison or become a 
millionaire — and how 
the first part of that 
prediction came true 
long before the second 

W hen I was eight I was sent to 
board at Scaitctiffe Prepara¬ 
tory School in Windsor 
Great Park. At the age of 
eight 1 still couldn’t read. In feet I was dys¬ 
lexic and short-sighted. Dyslexia wasn’t 
deemed a problem in those days — or was 
only a problem if you were dyslexic your¬ 
self. 1 was soon being beaten once or twice 
a week for doing poor classwork or confus¬ 
ing the date of the Battle of Hastings. 

1 was then sent to a crammer on the Sus¬ 
sex coast Cliff View House. It had no 
sports to distract boys from the usually 
hopeless task of preparing for Common 
Entrance. My only consolation was the 
headmaster’s IB-year-old daughter, who 
took a fancy to me. Every night 1 would 
climb out of my dormitory window and 
creep oot to her bedroom in the headmas¬ 
ter’s house. One night I was horrified to 
see a teacher watching my progress. 

The next morning I was summoned to 
the headmaster's study. “What were you 
doing. Branson?" he asked. 

“I was on my way back from your 
daughters room, sir." 1 replied. 

Not surprisingly. I was expelled and 
my parents were told to collect me the next 
day. That evening, unable to think of any 
other way to escape my parents’ wrath. I 
wrote a suicide note saying I couldn’t cope 
with the shame. I wrote on the envelope 
that it was not to be opened until the next 

day but gave it to a boy whom _ 

I knew was far too nosy not to 
open it immediately. 

Very slowly. I left the build¬ 
ing and walked through the 
grounds towards the cliffs. 

When 1 saw a crowd of teach¬ 
ers and boys running after me 
1 slowed down enough for 
them to catch me up. They 
dragged me back and the ex¬ 
pulsion was overtumed. 

1 then moved to Stowe, a 
public school in Buckingham¬ 
shire for more than 800 boys. 

One Easter holiday l derided 
to make some money. We had 
just moved to Tanyards Farm, 

I wrote a 
note and 
gave it to 
a nosy 

a rambling building with many bams 
and sheds'and some land- 1 talked my 
friend Nik into the plan. We would plant 
-100 fir trees at Tanyards Farm. By the 
Christmas after next they would have 
grown to 4ft and we could sell them. We 
would share the profits equally. 

Thai Easter we planted 400 seeds. We 
worked out that if they grew to 6ft. we 
would make £2 a tree, a total of ESOO, com¬ 
pared with our initial investment of just 
£5. The following summer we investigated 
the trees. There were one or two sprigs 
above ground; the rest had been eaten by 
rabbits. We exacted dire revenge; we shot 
and skinned a lot of rabbits and sold them 
to the butcher for a shilling each, but it 
wasn't the £800 we had planned. 

This failure did teach me something 
about maths - it was only when I was us¬ 
ing real numbers to solve real problems 
Lhat it made sense. If I was calculating 
how much a Christmas tree would row. 
the numbers then became real and 1 en¬ 
joyed using them. In the classroom I was 
sdlJ a complete dunce ai the subject. 

I think mv parents instilled a rebellious 
streak in me. I have always bought rules 
were there to be broken and Stowe had as 
many rules and regulations as the Army. 
m"heTdm.i.- K r suggMed tta. I «y my 
views in the school magazine but my 
Atari Jonny and I wanted to set up 
a magazine with a fresh attitude- We want¬ 
ed tocampaign against fagpng. corpora* 
nunishment and compulsory chapel, 
^mes^nd Latin. Such ideas were too 
"revolutionary" for the school magazme. 

Agreement. none of the shops was offer¬ 
ing discounted records I wondered if we 
could sell cheap mail-order records 
through the magazine. The first advertise¬ 
ment appeared in the final edition of Stu¬ 
dent ana brought in a flood of inquiries — 
and more cash then we had ever seen. Wc 
derided to come up with another name for 
the mail-order business, one that would 
appeal not just to students. "Slipped Disc” 
was a favourite. Then one of the girls said: 
“What about ‘Virgin’? We’re complete vir¬ 
gins at business.” 

“And there aren’t many virgins around 
here,” laughed another girl, "it would be 
nice to have one in name if nothing else." 

"Great,” l derided. “It’s Virgin.” Look¬ 
ing at the various uses to which we’ve 
since put the name, J think we made the 
right decision. I'm not sure Slipped Disc 
Airways or Slipped Disc Condoms would 
have had quite the same appeal. 

In spring 19711 received an order from 
Belgium for a large number of records. I 
went to the companies that published 
them and bought them without paying the 
purchase tax that we had to pay on records 
sold in the UK-1 then borrowed a van and 
drove down to Dover to lake the ferry to 
France and then drive on to Belgium. 
Some papers were stamped at Dover to 
confirm that so many records had been ex¬ 
ported but when 1 arrived at Calais I was 
asked for a comer showing I wasn’t going 
to sell them in France. The British and the 
French authorities both charged purchase 
tax on records, while Belgium charged 
nothing, so the records were, in effect. 


We then thought about linking up wilh 
other schools with similar rules. 

We settled on the name Student: this 
was the era of sit-ins. occupations and 
demos at universities and polytechnics. 
My mother lent me E4 as a float against 
the cost of phone calls and letters, and Jen¬ 
ny's father arranged for headed note pa per 
FOR BRITAIN'S YOUTH across the top 
with a symbol of a rising sun. We wrote to 
the contributors and possible advertisers. 

1 set up an office in my study and asked 
the headmaster for a telephone in my 
room; unsurprisingly, he refused. So I had 
to use a call box. 1 quickly discovered a use¬ 
ful trick: if I rang the operator and said the 
machine had taken my money but my calJ 
had been disconnects! I got a free call. 
Better still, the operator sounded like a sec¬ 
retary: "Mr Branson for you.” 

f learnt how to pack my sales pitch into 
five minutes. I started speaking faster, 
pushing harder. My voice had broken ear¬ 
ly and nobody guessed that they were talk¬ 
ing to a 15-year-old schoolboy. 

When I left Stowe in 1957. aged almost 
17. my headmaster's parting words were: 
“Congratulations. Branson, t predict you 
will go to prison or become a millionaire.” 

When it became dear that Student 
wasn’t likely to be a great money-spinner. 

I began to think of other ways io develop 
the name in other directions: a Student 

_ conference, a Student travei 

company, a Student accommo¬ 
dation agency. 

One thing I knew from those 
who came in to chat or work 
for us was that they spent a lot 
of time listening to music and a 
lot of money' buying records. 
There was tremendous excite¬ 
ment about music it was politi¬ 
cal. anarchic And I noticed 
that people who wouldn’t 
spend 40 shillings on a meal 
wouldn’t hesitate to spend that 
sum ona Dylan album. 

When I heard that, despite 
the Government’s abolition of 
the Retail Price Maintenance 

Three ages of Branson: clockwise, aiming for new heights at the tender age of two; a prize moment on sports day at Scaitdiffe school; student days 

bonded stock. I was forced io go back to 
Dover, the records still in my van. 

On the way to London, it dawned on me 
that I was carrying records that had appar¬ 
ently been exported; 1 had the customs 
stamp to prove it. I had paid no purchase 
tax on these records so l could sell them ei¬ 
ther by mail order or at the Virgin shop 
and nuke about £5.000 more than I could 
have done by the legal route. Two or three 
more trips and we would be out of debt. 

One day I set off for Dover again. Once 
my papers were stamped I drove around 
the dock and headed for London. It never 
occurred to me that I wasn’t the only per¬ 
son who had stumbled across this scam. 


; he phone rang at midnight The 
caller said I was about to be raid¬ 
ed by Customs and Excise. We 
ran in and out of the warehouse, 
carrying records to the van. We had as¬ 
sumed dial the officers would raid only 
the South Wha rf warehouse so we took the 
records to the Oxford Street shop and put 
them in the racks to be sold. We had no 
idea that Customs has greater powers of 
immediate search than the police. I was 
charged under the Customs and Excise 
Act 1952. Part of my Stowe headmaster’s 
prediction had come true: 1 was in prison. 

That night was one of the best things 
that ever happened to me. I have always 
enjoyed breaking the rules. 1 had lived life 
on my own terms. Now f was m a cell and 
dependent on somebody else to open the 
door. 1 vowed that 1 would never again do 
anything that would cause me to be impris¬ 
oned — or to cause me to be embarrassed. 

• Edited extract from Losing My Virgini¬ 
ty: The Autobiography by Richard Bran¬ 
son, to be published on September 17 by 
Virgin Publishing at £20. Times readers 
can buy it for £ IS by calling 0990 134450. 
Copyright Richard Branson 1998 

Swimming for our lives 



Richard and Kristen Branson 

KRISTEN and 1 had been 
married for two years when 
we went on holiday to Mexico 
to try to patch up our failing 

One night some other tour¬ 
ists told us that this was the 
best place in the world for 
marlin and sailfish. We 
agreed that we would ask a 
fisherman to take us out the 
next day. but the fishermen 
were wary about going ouL 
Thev explained that there was 
the possibility of a storm. 

“Come on, we’ve only got a 
couple more days here, I 
pleaded- “Well pay you dou¬ 
ble" They accepted, and io- 
eSher with the two other tour¬ 
s'set ouLl^re long, 
the clouds gathered and it 
^ n C ^mfciir that vm 
were going to be caught up in 



around in drdes. The rudder 
had jammed. The sea rose 
around us and tire waves start¬ 
ed breaking over the stern. 
The boat was being so badly 
smashed up dial we were sore 
she wopM sink. 

After an hour of the worst 
storm any of us had ever expe¬ 
rienced. the wind and rain 
abruptly stopped. It was eerily 
still. We must have been in 
the eye of the storm. Then we 
saw the other side of the storm 
coming, growing more threat¬ 
ening as it came nearer. 

“Richard. 1 think we should 
swim for it.” Kristen said. 
This boat won’t take another 

We argued with the fisher¬ 
men and the tourists, who dis¬ 
agreed. The shore was about 
two miles away. The sea 
around us was an ugly , matt 
black colour, swelling high 
and boiling, with white foam 
flecked across the surface. I 

was terrified but I decided 
that Kristen was right 
We all wished each other 
the best of luck and then Kris¬ 
ten and 1 jumped overboard. 
We had swum in the stormy 
sea for almost three hours by 
the time we hauled our way 
up through the surf and col¬ 
lapsed on to the sand. 

Eventually we found the 
captain of the local car ferry. 
He agreed to go out to try to 
rescue the fishing boat. With¬ 
in 15 minutes the second 
storm hit It was far worse 
than the first and it picked up 
the car ferry and tossed it 
around like flotsam. After ten 
minutes the captain told us 
that he was turning bade 
The fishing boat was never 
found. Two fishermen and 
two tourists drowned. 1 had to 
learn to live with the question 
of whether the fishermen 
would have gone to sea that 
day if it hadn’t been for us. 

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at university. 1 used 
to sit in the library, 
not reading The Anxi¬ 
ety of Influence, as I was sup¬ 
posed to be doing, but gazing 
at a giri called Amanda 
Grieve, who later became 
Lady Harlech and muse to 
Karl Lagerfeld. I couldn’t take 
my eyes off her clothes, which 
were often black, and always 
of an awe-inspiring elegance. 

Almost everyone else used to 
go about in one of three uni¬ 
forms — the hearty rowers 
wore jeans and college sweat¬ 
shirts. the beaglers wore green 
PufJa jackets and loafers with 
little gilt bits, and the high- 
minded academics wore osten¬ 
tatiously mismatching droopy 
skirts and cardies (minding 
about dothes was low\. 

Quite where I might fit in. 
with my colour coordinated 
wardrobe of tidy separates 
from Hulbards of Sitting- 
bourne. was not entirely dear. 
After docking the future Lady 
Harlech. I ditched the sepa- 

4 ..g 

rates and began to reinvent 

Now. of course, teenagers 
have a far better developed 
sense of style than we did. and 
are infinitely better catered for 
by the high street, where the 
distinction between what an 
ID-year-old and her 40-year- 
old mother might wear is 
much less sharp than in the 
days when 1 shared a library 
table with. Amanda Grieve. 
Still, some tilings don’t 
change, and if 1 were shopping 
now for my clever daughter to 
embark on her first term of stu¬ 
dent life, I suppose she might 
want roughly what I did at 
that age — a wardrobe that is 
din cheap, very warm, insidi¬ 

ously sexy and calculated to 
get if not a scream, then at 
least a squeak of dismay out of 

So, where to start? If you are 
sensible (and undergraduates 
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sensible), it will be with the ba¬ 
sics. One might begin at Gap, 
where deep tum-up jeans are 
£38. Cargo pants from £48 
(much cheaper at Lawrence 
Gamer, however, where 1 once 
got an astounding pair of 
Land Girls breeches for £5). 
Heavy cotton rib funnel-neck 
sweaters are £36 and a das sic 
black pigskin jacket is £148, 
but should last for decades. I 
like Gap Kids better than the 
grown-up shop—here, leather 
jodhpur boots (up to an Eng¬ 
lish sue 6) are £27. a dotted 
cream, shaggy “sheepskin’' 
jacket is £48 and a (patchwork) 
cardigan is £28. 

Highlights at Dorothy Per¬ 
kins indude, besides very 
good knitwear, a stylish long 
black duvet coat for £80 and a 
good black leather knee-length 

coat for £150. At Marks & 
Spencer silver Jow-waisted 
fake leather boot-cut jeans are 
£35 (there are matching shirts, 
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Johnny Halliday, for £45). A 
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is £35, and a long grey wool- 
mix skirt. £30. 

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on that old stu¬ 
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in pale grey with a fur trim at 
Oasis, £99.99: blade and zip- 
fronted at Warehouse. Oasis 
also has stale-blue parachute 
silk cargo pants. £44.99. and a 
long wrap skirt in the same 
material, E44.99 — good with 
its fake chinchilla gilet, £69.99, 
or Warehouse's blade pure 
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■ 'hi 

Russia? Just ask my daughter for the answer 

Y on might be surprised to 
leam chat some people 
know nobody better able to 
unravel the mystery of Russia's 
current malaise than me (when I 
say “some people” I’m thinking 
particularly of my three-year-old 
daughter, who has a very narrow 
acquaintance of Russian experts), 
though I admit that I wasn't aware 
just how deep a mess Russia's 
economy was in until important 
world leaders began urgently ask¬ 
ing Boris Yeltsin what he plans to 
do about it When there is nobody 
left whom you can ask for strategic 
advice apart from Boris Yeltsin, 
then things have got about as 
scary as they can get 
Russia's political crisis is. of 
course, a result of not earning as 
much over die past year as it has 
been spending. This is essentially 
the same problem you have to con¬ 
front when filing your own tax re- 




turn, only on an even bigger scale. 
For one thing. It's no! as easy for 
Russia to lay its hands mi all the re¬ 
ceipts its accountant needs to com¬ 
plete its “tax return". This is be¬ 
cause the size of the shoebox need¬ 
ed to hold all Russia's receipts is 
toe size of Murmansk (YELTSfN: 
1 amid have sworn I’d put that re¬ 
ceipt for 327 fighter planes in this 
shoebox only last month, but 111 be 
damned if 1 can find it now). 

Of course. Russia would find it 
much easier to meet its bflls if mon¬ 
ey was still flowing in from foreign 
investors. But most foreigners 
have closed their wallets. Why? Be¬ 
cause the idea behind investing 
your money somewhere is to make 
it work for you. But when the for¬ 
eigners' money got to Russia it 
didn't seem all that keen on work¬ 
ing. It picked up bad habits. It be¬ 
gan drinking heavily, stayed out 
late and stopped bothering with its 

appearance: once crisp, new $100 
bills and £50 notes became grimy 
and began curling at the edges. 
Pretty soon those $100 bills were 
down to their last $10 and begging 
for handouts. So investors stopped 
sending their money to toe Rus¬ 
sian stock market, because by toe 
time it came home again it looked 
so shabby that even Tory party fun¬ 
draisers and TV evangelists 
wouldn't accept it 
This is why Russia now finds it¬ 
self in the same awkward position 
that ypu find yourself in when you 
are visiting a fancy department 
store — dressed unconventionally 
because the only dean thing left in 
your wardrobe is that shirt your 
grandmother crocheted for you for 
Christmas 1967— and the sales as¬ 
sistant takes your credit card wari¬ 
ly and mumbles There seems to 
be something wrong with the mag¬ 
netic strip. 111 just phone through 

for authorisation" before rushing 
off to summon security. This is ap¬ 
proximately the same feeling of 
trust Russia enjoys today. 

The solution is for Russia to find 
a fresh source of export earnings 
beyond coal and wooden dolls. 

O ne under-exploited natural 
resource it has is a plenti¬ 
ful supply is consonants. 
Russia is sitting on far more conso¬ 
nants than it needs, having al¬ 
ready crammed them into every 
nook of the language (bortsch. for 
instance, or Viktor Chernomyr¬ 
din): this is why toe Russian lan¬ 
guage reads like a series of newspa¬ 
per small ads ("Car fir sale. V gd 
condtn. Wld st lmr drvr. OffrS?”, 
which actually means “tuna sand¬ 
wich. no mayo ” in Russian). And 
as more Russians revert to living 
off the land — growing potatoes 
and cabbages and digging for 

their own coal to survive — more 
consonants are being dug up all 
the time: a peasant will be quietly 
scratching for coal when all of a 
sudden he'll hit a rich seam of con¬ 
sonants tiiat have been fossilising 
underground for millions of years. 

Yevgeni come look! I've found 
enough consonants to rewrite half 
the Russian language." 

YEVGENI (whose hobby is 
sweeping the local beaches with 
his metal detector looking for inter¬ 
esting lost consonants, which he 
then flaunts in linguistically alarm¬ 
ing ways) replies: “Zhkymdylskyr 

Since the fall of communism. 
Russia can no longer force satel¬ 
lites such as Czechoslovakia (once 
Bohemia) to import its consonant 
mountain. But Italians, whose lan¬ 
guage is too .vowel-heavy, could 
prove a lucrative export market 
They should look at Garry 

Kasparov, who became so wealthy 
after becoming world chess cham¬ 
pion that he could at last afford to 
buy an extra ‘R’ for his Christian 
name: it’s the Moscow equivalent 
of buying personalised number¬ 
plates. Now Garry dreams of one 
day being rich enough to change 
his name to Ganrry. This export 
revenue could be swelled by a sev¬ 
en-figure sponsorship deal (which 
at current rouble exchange rates 
equates to a 37,65&-figure sponsor¬ 
ship deal) with Nike, under which 
Russia would be renamed “Rus¬ 
sia: Just Do It for Heaven’s Sake 
Boris!" and toe Nike swoosh 
would be added to the Russian 
flag. Russia should be out of the fi¬ 
nancial woods in no time. 

I appreciate it might be hard for 
you to believe that Russia’s plight 
could have so simple a solution. In 
which case, all 1 can say is that you 
are certainly no daughter of mine. 

Poetic giant 

'used § 

with his 


feet on 


the ground 

Seamm Heaney celebrates 30 years of poetry 
with a new selection. Interview by Erica Wagner 



I t has been said that he is 
the only poet capable of 
writing a love poem com¬ 
paring the beloved to a 
skunk: perhaps he is also the 
only one who could make the 
answer to the question “what’s 
your favourite colour?” inter¬ 
esting. That question was 
shouted from the audience last 
Sunday night when Heaney 
read from the latest selection 
of his work. Opened Ground, 
to a packed Piccadilly Theatre. 

There was a thoughtful 
pause as the question settled 
in, and then: “Green,” he said, 
laughing himself, and making 
us laugh. For his inclusion in 
the 1982 Penguin Book of Con¬ 
temporary British Po- _ 

etrv. he had rebuked 
its editors. Andrew' 

Motion and Blake 
Morrison:". ...bead- 
vised my passport's ATI 

green./ No glass of Jjit 

ours was ever raised/ . 

To toast the queen.” in 

But his follow-up on An 

Sunday had no politi- Q 

cal tine “One favour- so 

Ire image of mine is Wi 

the planet Earth seen np. 

from the astronaut’s 
perspective: that wav- By 

erv ovum that is our r rhi 

Earth is very moving. 

1 could make an ideo- L n 

logical defence of y Ul 

gHten ■ ■ TTe, 

voice trails off into US 

laughter again. M( 

There are some who . , 

hold this trailing off ** 

against him. Heaney As 

is now nearly 60. For . 
more than 30 years. ™ 

since the publication - 

of his first book. 

Death of A Naturalist, in 
1966. he has risen from bemg® 
talented young poet- a 
lie Ulsterman and son of a Lo 

airy boardroom of his publish¬ 
ers, Faber & Faber, I ask if this 
is one of the difficulties of the 
lyric poet balancing the beau¬ 
ty and pleasure of the work 
with the harshness of toe sub¬ 
jects that come into the poet’s 
line of sight “1 don't think toe 
political presents itself to you 
as a writer as, in inverted com¬ 
mas. the political." he says. 

His voice is soft and deep, 
his eyes narrow behind his 
glasses. He speaks easily in 
the land of coherent para¬ 
graphs that most writers 
would be happy to produce af¬ 
ter several revisions. The Rob¬ 
ert Frost description of a 
poem, which I've quoted and 

that lyric poetry is a very- 
strange and rare instrument 
and that you can't expect a pro¬ 
portional yield between histori¬ 
cal trauma and artistic yield.” 

The truth is that Heaney’s 
poems deepen beyond politics 
or conflict. North, published 
in 1975. is laced with images of 
the “bog people", those eerily 
preserved bodies found in peat 
bogs, victims of violent and 
mysterious deaths. They re¬ 
fract, rather than reflect, toe 
conflict in Northern Ireland. 
Roy Foster, Carroll Professor 
of Irish History at Oxford and 
the biographer of Yeats, says 
that when he first read those 
poems he thought: “So it can 

Seamus Heaney. “Lyric poetry is a matter of constant hope, but there have to be little projects to keep you going” 


And some time make the time to drive out west 
Into County Clare, along the Flaggy Shore, 

In September or October, when die wind 

And the light are working off each other 

So that the ocean on one side is wild 

With foam and glitter, and inland among stones 

The surface of a slate-grey lake is lit 

By the earthed lightning of a flock of swans. 

Their feathers roughed and ruffling, white on white. 
Their fully grown headstrong-looking heads 
Tucked or cresting or busy underwater. 

Useless to think you’ll park and capture it 
More thoroughly. You are neither here nor there, 

A hurry through which known and strange things pass 
As big soft bufferings come at the car sideways 
And catch the heart off guard and blow it open. 

quoted, seems to me to be sim- be written about and this is 
nlv true: a momentary stay ' how you write about it 1 felt 

against confusion. Maybe 
sometimes you will find a way 
of saying something that will 

tic uisiermai. --- nrEsent of saying someinmg uuu wui 

Derry farmer to nis pn»c£ the confusion momentan- 

__ .-.f nvtic Slant OI fuS r ,_ IIA, „ kit lilrp fhlC * 

'y * toy- ■»!»»* 


sor of Poetry at Oxford. BoyF 
M Professor of Rhetonc and 
Oratory at Harvard, and is 
ST&ph Wa!do Eme-on 

And mentis thews NO- 

bel Prize for L, ! erat ^ 1Ie iir,g 

His early, nsc parafle'uig 

thegrowto of conflict in his na^ 
tiw B Northern Jg 

The same with “The Northern 
Ireland question"*—he lowers 
his voice, mock-ponderous. 
‘The way in is usually not a tri¬ 
umphal arch but a land of 
mousehole, or by 
thread: something rename but 
very small. . 

-I think lyric poetry in toe 
face of historic reality does de- 
nend on the utterly frad — but 
the utterly frail is often toe 
most sensitive register. ITyou 
ponder the minuscule artistic 
evidence for toe awful volume 
of reality represented by toe 
First World War. it tells you 

that something had been liber¬ 
ated. He confronts the issue 
with propriety and dignity 
which is worthy of him. To be 
a heart-an-your sleeve poet on 
that issue is to trivialise both 
toe issue and yourself." 

PDeuy. not politics, is 
Heaney's business. Opened 
Ground is a selection of his 
work from his beginnings to 
the present—his Jast grand se¬ 
lection was made nearly ten 
years ago. On its cover is a lit¬ 
tle image which he first spot¬ 
ted in Simon Schama’sAn Em¬ 
barrassment of Riches. a Hier¬ 
onymus Bosch detail of a little 
naked child, who ‘may be the 
infant Christ with a spinning 
toy in his hand. It's dear that 
he loves the image, and the 

choice of it sheds an angled 
light on the W3y he now views 
his work: The complete free¬ 
dom of it attracted me. and toe 
slightly scampish quality of 
baby Jesus in His pelt with 
what my mother would have 
called His little teapot! Perfect¬ 
ly poised, y’know? And there 
was something about the 
_ whirligig, the light¬ 
ness of it, that goes 
with toe account I had 
given of my own poet¬ 
ry that’s printed there 
(the Nobel lecture. 
Crediting Poetry J. 

This guy’s about light¬ 
ening up, in a way. 
And true to the idea 
that the child is the fa¬ 
ther of die man ... it 
doesn’t have an imme¬ 
diate symbolic im¬ 
port. The thing is just 
itself, but if you pause 
with it, it can be read.” 

The same is true of 
Heaney’s poetry, at its 
best: tiie thing is just it¬ 
self, but if you pause 
with it, it can be read. 
It is this apparent ex¬ 
pression of things and 
ISS places a s just them¬ 
selves that is most re¬ 
markable about his 
work. The best 
_ Heaney allows intelli¬ 
gence to remain with¬ 
in the organic forms he 
evokes, rather than stepping 
bade." says fellow poet An¬ 
drew Motion. Citing Keacs, he 
says: “We hate poetry that has 
a palpable design on us." 
Heaney is strongest when he 
resists the temptation to tell 
us, within a poem, what it 

That scampish quality is in 
Heaney, too: in his refusal to 
take himself too seriously, his 
occasional terrible pun (of a 
love poem written for his wife 
Mane, railed The Otter, he 
says: “Ifs about ‘the otter 
half.” and grins apologetical¬ 
ly). his willingness to embrace 
the youthful curiosity about 
the world that kept him with 
his ear dose to the radio when 
he was growing up. the eldest 
of nine children, on his fa¬ 

ther’s farm. ‘The image I have 
now of my life is of ripples 
moving out, which encompass 
more the older you get and toe 
further you go, both intellectu¬ 
ally and physically — and that 
which is doing toe encompass¬ 
ing is an extension of your first 

“I like the sense that at the 
centre there’s still that child 
with the whirligig, running, 
but he knows more in one 
way. At a certain point you sat¬ 
isfy your curiosity about the 
world, you try to leam and 
then you realise that nobody 
can help. You’re left with your¬ 
self. This is the terrible thing, 
that you can then turn into 
yourself — that is the danger, 
when you become confident 
and a figure: that you turn toe 
last ripple into a fortification.'’ 

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T here seems little dan¬ 
ger of that, despite his 
awareness that he is 
considered “a figure", 
worrying that his work is over- 
examined: “I am grateful, but 
I must forget it," he says. His 
work in The Spirit Level his 
last volume of new poems pub¬ 
lished just after he won toe 
prize he can hardly bring him¬ 
self to name, is limber, sensu¬ 
ous. exact Now he has nearly 
completed a translation of Be¬ 
owulf — an exact translation, 
to be used as a parallel text by 
students: “None of your fancy 
stuff, none of your versions, 
none of your Christopher 
Logues.” he says ruefully, com¬ 
paring toe work to “breaking 
stones for pleasure". 

Once Beowulf is finished, he 
says: '1 have a notion. Of some- 
tiling 111 write. Lyric poetry is 
a matter of constant hope: but 
there have to be little projects, 
too, to keep yourself gong." 
He once said he was templed 
to call a volume of poems Keep¬ 
ing Going: he may have held 
bade from that, but we may all 
be glad that keeping going is 
just what he intends to do. 




Hong Kong 

N. Zealand 
S. Africa 

• Postscript appears■ in 
Opened Ground, published bv 
Faber (5 Faber, priced £20 
and £12.99 (paperback). 



22 * • 

Is your a 
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ministry for 

Daniel Johnson on a medieval 

media nun with attitude 

I t is a striking photograph: 
37 of the richest people in 
America, all media bar¬ 
ons and worth $1.4 trillion be¬ 
tween them, captured for pos¬ 
terity by Annie Leibovitz of 
Vanity Fair. But the most strik¬ 
ing tiling about it is that only 
one of these Croesuses is a 
woman: Katharine Graham, 
the octogenarian proprietress 
of The Washington Post. Her 
splendid isolation is a remind¬ 
er that, even at the end of the 
20 th century, men still call 
most of the'shots. Feminism, 
the sexual revolution, the rise 
of the career woman — they 
have changed the division of la¬ 
bour, far less that of power. 

This week I have been re¬ 
flecting on another exceptional 
woman, who made her name 
in a culture which made no 
pretence of sexual equality. 
Hildegard of Bingen, the 
prophetess, was bom 900 
years ago in (098 and died at 
the Nesrorian age of SI in 1179. 
Enclosed in a cell with an an¬ 
choress. Jutta, at the age of 
eight, she remained as a mem¬ 
ber and then head (she never 
called herself “abbess") of a 
growing community of nuns 
attached to the monastery of St 
Disibod. until in 1152 she led 
her noble virgins to found a 
new convent beside the Rhine. 

In her long, turbulent life 
she broke every taboo while 
remaining strictly within the 
rules of mother Church: ad¬ 
monishing Popes and emper¬ 
ors. travelling around the 
Rhineland on preaching fours, 
writing on science and medi¬ 
cine (the Causae er Curve), de¬ 
fying abbots and archibishops 
at v time of war between 
Church and State. Her mi¬ 
graine-like visions, which she 
(or a skilled artist working un¬ 
der her supervision) depicted 
vividly in the illuminated man¬ 
uscripts of her works, have 
been the subject of modem 
medical as well as theological 
study. She dispensed advice, 
therapy and futurology to the 
greatest and the humblest a 
12 th-century combination of 
Marge Proops, Mystic Meg 
and Mother Teresa. Her can¬ 
onisation was never complet¬ 
ed. but she has always been re¬ 
vered as a saint anyway. 

Hildegard's Ordo Virtutum. 
superbly performed at the 
Proms on Tuesday by the 
Cologne-based ensemble Se¬ 
quent! a. is the first morality 
play. Even if she had written 
or done nothing else, this mu¬ 
sic drama — a medieval pre¬ 
cursor of Wagner's “total work 
of art" — depicting the soul’s 
anguish, caught between the 
virtues and the Devil, would 
warrant a place in history for 
its author. As perfect an expres¬ 
sion of its own epoch as it is 
prescient of the future, it 
adapts the allegorical use of 
virtues and vices in the Psy- 
chomachia of the 4th-century 
poet Prudentius. but heightens 
its effect by contrasting the 
melodious female voices of the 
virtues and the soul with the 
spoken male voice of "the drag¬ 
on of old". Onio Virtutum fore¬ 
shadows such seminal myths 
as Faust and Don Juan, the 
moral dramas that nourished 
European civilisation from 
Dante to Dostoevsky. 

But there was much more to 
Hildegard than the Ordo Vir¬ 
tutum. She wrote some 60 sym- 
phoniae, or sacred songs, most 
of which Sequentia and other 
groups have now recorded. 

This corpus establishes her as 
a composer of the first rank, 
with a unique style that com¬ 
bines utmost simplicity with 
extraordinary melodic range 
and virtuosity. Her texts are 
no less her own. and show a 
similarly remarkable poetic 
genius, expect ally since her 
limited education vouchsafed 
her only a rough-and-ready 
grasp of Latin, and she saw 
herself as indocta, an ignorant 
woman. Modem (mostly 
male) scholars assumed that 
she could not possibly have 
written the books and musical 
compositions attributed to her, 
and that her faithful secretary, 
the monk Volmar, must have 
been her ghostwriter. Thar 
view rested more on prejudice 
than evidence. 

Indeed her fame among 
contemporaries rested on her 
reputation as a visionary wom¬ 
an of letters, the author of mas¬ 
sive works of moral and meta¬ 
physical speculation, which in 
turn would never have been 
taken seriously had she not 
held an important position in 
society. Except through birth 
or marriage, the role of abbess 
was the pinnacle of feminine 
ambition in 12th-century Eu¬ 
rope. Hildegard had passages 
from her first book of prophe¬ 
cy. the Savins (which incorpo¬ 
rates parts of the Ordo). read 
aloud by Rape Eugenius III at 
the Synod of Trier, where she 
W3s defended against suspi¬ 
cions of heresy by the great St 
Bernard of Clairvaux. She cor¬ 
responded with other Popes. 
too. including the only English 
one. Adrian IV. Given the pub¬ 
lic nature of medieval letters, 
which were the equivalent of 
newspapers, she was exercis¬ 
ing influence comparable to a 
modem media grande dame 
such as Katharine Graham. 

B ut celebrity came at a 
price. Hildegard con¬ 
stantly had humility en¬ 
joined upon her by male eccle¬ 
siastics. from St Bernard 
downwards. The superior of 
another convent Mistress 
Tengswich, even wrote her a 
sarcastic letter, caking her to 
task for the sin of pride by 
dressing her nuns in white silk 
veils and golden crowns, let¬ 
ting them wear their hair un¬ 
bound, and accepting only 
rich daughters of the nobility. 
Hildegard replied with a mag¬ 
isterial missive: “O, woman, 
what a splendid being you are! 
For you have set your founda¬ 
tion in the sun, and have con¬ 
quered the world." Virgins, un¬ 
sullied as they are, cannot be 
bound by restrictions on dress. 
They are God’s chosen. 

At the end of the Ordo Virtu¬ 
tum. the Devil has some good 
lines. He jeers at Chastity, and 
thereby at the nun’s condition: 
“For your belly is devoid of the 
beautiful form that woman re¬ 
ceives from man; in this you 
transgress the command that 
God enjoined in the sweet act 
of love; so you don’t even know 
what you arer Celibacy was 
the sacrifice that Hildegard 
and her sisters made' to 
achieve independence and. in 
her case, a rare creativity. Few 
modem women are bold 
enough to emulate her renunci¬ 
ation of the world, her con- 
temptus mundi. but they 
should hesitate to feel superior 
to it. Look again at those male 
tycoons, Hildegard implies: if 
you want to beat them, don't 
join them. 

■ Setting a car 

among the Pigeon 
and mutton pies ; 

I n Heaven tftereffl be no al¬ 
gebra,/ No Teaming, dates 
or names,/ But only play^ 

ing goWen harps/And reading 
Henry James. The beach, how¬ 
ever, requires samething less 
heavenly than Henry. His deep 
streamsof unconsdCT^cerdbta- 
non should be read from a gar-; 
den chair in a stately lawn on a; 
summer afternoon beside a 
rrrhhr oanushed leatabfe and a 

Start packing. Bill 

T he two black vans dial drove 
the Starr report to Capitol 
Hill on Wednesday are the 
hearses of the Clinton presi¬ 
dency. The end is not so much nigh 
as sitting around impatiently await¬ 
ing its moment The fat lady is not 
only singing but well into the second 
verse. Unless Kenneth Starr has pro¬ 
duced 445 pages of disappointment 
then the final arrival of his document 
is an unmitigated disaster for the 
White House. It will take a miracle 
on an epic scale to save Mr Clinton. 

Less than three weeks ago on these 
pages I argued that the Resident was 
finished. His tenure. I contended, 
would be over by Christmas. At the 
time I thought this was a rather risky 
line to take (although nowhere near 
as dangerous as offering suggestions 
for the modernisation of the monar¬ 
chy). It now appears that I was guilty 
of excessive caution. President Clin¬ 
ton will not be lighting the White 
House Christmas tree this year, f 
doubt whether he will preside over 
the Oval Office turkey at Thanksgiv¬ 
ing date November). At the rate ar 
which Democrats are abandoning 
him, I believe he has two more weeks 
left in Washington. 

The end will come as the Presi¬ 
dents enemies close in on several 
fronts. Mr Starr, the independent 
prosecutor, is stiff very much part of 
the picture. He has ordered back his 
grand jury to Washington and in¬ 
tends to continue his inquiries even 
though his handiwork is now with 
the House of Representatives. Ibis 
can only mean that he intends to seek 
indictments against those figures in 
and around the Clinton White House 
whom he now thinks he can prove as¬ 
sisted the President in an obstruction 
of justice. Bruce Lindsay, Mr Clin¬ 
ton's closest political confidant and 
Vernon Jordan, the first couple's most 
intimate private associate, must be 
very nervous men. They run the risk 
of imprisonment unless Mr Clinton 
pardons them as parr of a package 
that includes his own resignation. 

The House of Representatives will 
turn the screw' on the President Mem¬ 
bers of Congress would much rather 
Mr Clinton jumped than that they 
had to push him. In the name of free¬ 
dom of information they will release 
the core Starr report to press and pub¬ 
lic. They will also unveil enough of 
the corroborating material on Mr 
Clinton's apparently imaginative 
trysts with Monica Lewinsky to de¬ 
molish the President’s present ridicu- 

Clinton will blub, but it’s much too 
late for sentiment, argues Tim Hames 

lous contention that while Ms Lewin¬ 
sky had sex with hhn, he did no such 
thing with her. The House will hold 
back the really sensational material. 
This will prove an exceptionally use¬ 
ful bargaining chip in the days 
ahead. Newt Gingrich will then turn 
over the whole issue of impeachment 
to the Judiciary Committee of the 
House of Representatives and Henry 
Hyde, its widely respected chairman. 

The Starr report will thus saturate 
American television airwaves this 
weekend. More Democrats will come 
forward and profess their shock and 
outrage. The pundit class will dis¬ 
miss the claim of Mr Clinton's law¬ 
yers that whatever Mr _ 

Starr has discovered does 
not constitute grounds for 
impeachment The analo¬ 
gies with the Nixon era — rwyr 
inviting and powerful as 
they are — will be award- p 

ed a full outing. The com- 1111 o 
parison is. of course, deep- 
ly unfair. Mr Nixon did at ctu 

least have a redeeming for- ^ 

eign policy. 

After the prosecutor, the *• 
politicians, and the press JUS J 

will come the pollsters. ____ 

Americans will be asked: 

"Whatever you might think of the im¬ 
portance of the Monica Lewinsky af¬ 
fair. would the national interest now 
best be served through Mr Clinton's 
resignation?" Only the most loyal 
Arkansas hillbilly could possibly ar¬ 
rive at an answer other than the af¬ 
firmative. As soon as those numbers 
exceed 50 per cent — and they will — 
the Gintons can start packing. 

The President will not go down 
without a fight, or more accurately a 
sob. At some point soon Mr Clinton 
will address the American people 
once more and produce the mother of 
all apologies. The tears will flow as 
he throw’s himself at their feet, a mix¬ 
ture between the Prodigal Son and 
the Oprah Winfrey show. This is pre¬ 
cisely what he should have done in 
his original televised speech 25 days 
ago. He obeyed his lawyers then and 
attacked Mr Starr instead. The Presi¬ 
dent can blub on a truly interplane¬ 
tary scale but it will be too much, too 
late. Tt will only confirm that he has 
reached the point where it is impossi- 

If he goes 
now, he 
might be 
able to 
his name 

ble for him to soldier on with any sem¬ 
blance of credibility. 

At that point Hillary Clinton, who 
from the start has been a pivotal play¬ 
er in this saga, will again assume cen¬ 
tre stage. There will “be a small cabal 
at the White House mging the Presi¬ 
dent to dig his heels in and withhold 
his resignation. Take your case to the 
people, they will encourage him, 
tough it out until the mid-term elec¬ 
tions in November and make those 
contests a referendum on your future. 
The mere prospect of that campaign 
has already gone down with the Dem¬ 
ocrats like the proverbial lead air¬ 
ship. Nonetheless, it is possible that, 

__ if Mrs Clinton were part 

of this last-ditch camp, the 
£06S President might be tempt- 

& ed to dare Congress to im- 

1 -jp peach him. 

’ This may. though, be 

if-Up asking for one act of loyaJ- 

ll uc ty too far for the First 

, Lady. She is more than 

' smart enough to realise 

that the chances of her 
“•&C husband saving himself 

range from nil to nega- 
live. She may regard a 
free first- class ticket on a 
kamikaze flight as less 
than appealing. If she has any ambi¬ 
tions for a meaningful private life, 
never mind as some speculate a politi¬ 
cal career, then it is time for her to 
keep her distance. An improbable alli¬ 
ance of convenience between Mr 
Starr, Mr Gingrich and Mrs Clinton 
may yet emerge with the express pur¬ 
pose of ensuring an orderly transfer 
of power. If so. we really are in the 
last days of the Clinton era. 

It is not difficult to see how the men 
(and one woman) in grey suits will 
sell it to the President. If you go imme¬ 
diately. they will contend, there are 
numerous advantages. You will be 
seen as acting in the national inter¬ 
ests. There will still be many Ameri¬ 
cans inclined to sympathise with 
your plight You will retain some dig¬ 
nity as it would not be necessary for 
Congress to authorise the publication 
of every sordid sexual detail. You can 
pardon your friends. Mr Starr will 
promise not to pursue you through 
the courts. You will be acting in the in¬ 
terests of the Democratic Party. You 

will be offering your devoted Vice- 
President At Gore the max imum op¬ 
portunity to build Ids own record. 
Above aU else, the shooting party will 
note accurately, it will stfll be possible 
for you to start another career and 
even salvage your reputation much 
as Richard Nixon did after he lost 
office. The alternative is an impeach¬ 
ment melodrama that will utterly de¬ 
stroy you. 

This will be an almost unanswera¬ 
ble case, especially as Mr Clinton’s 
lawyers will be advising him that his 
legal situation is all but hopeless. 
From there will come the resignation 
speech, the last helicopter ride to lit¬ 
tle Rock, and Mr Gore’s inaugura¬ 
tion. In different form Mr Gore will 
echo Gerald Ford’s speech in similar 
circumstances 24 years ago when he 
told Americans thar“Our king nation¬ 
al nightmare is over. Our Constitu¬ 
tion works; our great Republic is a 
Government of laws and not men." 

D oubtless, there will then 
be endless analysis of 
what tiie whole Clinton- 
Lewinsky calamity can 
tell us about the meaning of modem 
America. A disproportionate amount 
of these accounts will be written by 
those from the Hollywood fraternity 
who will castigate a small set of reli¬ 
gious retards and accuse them of 
“moral McCarthyism". Bill Clinton's 
story, it will be said, is a tragedy wor¬ 
thy of the Ancients. A sad tale of a 
man with undoubted immense talent 
tempered by irresistible temptation. 
Only in the United States, many vase 
figures will intone, could any of this 

There certainly is a wader story 
here but it is almost embarrassingly 
simple, it has little to do with sex and 
everything to do with abuse of power. 
For most of this year commentators 
have informed us that a strong econo¬ 
my would save Mr Clinton from his 
ethical failings. The public, we were 
told, would not stomach the removal 
of Wall Street's preferred politician. It 
was even intimated that Americans 
had “become French" in their atti¬ 
tude towards sexual conduct. Perjury 
in the political sphere did not matter 
much either. All nonsense. To put it 
crudely, the United States has indeed 
witnessed a titanic struggle over the 
past eight months between the Ten 
Commandments and the Dow Jones 
index. The triumph of those few 
words — ’Thou shall not bear false 
witness" — is almost with us. 

Face value 

THAT proud peacock. Lord Glen Conner, has undergone a series of face¬ 
lifts. Vanity, however, is nor the main reason for his Narcissus complex. 
Rather, he is telling friends that he underwent plastic surgery in New 

York because he hopes a younger visage will help his business interests. 
The Glenconner coffers are so depleted after years of good living on the 
beach that he is planning to move into a tent on Mustique with his wife, a 
lady-in-waiting to Princess Margaret, to keep his running costs to a mini¬ 
mum. “He’s had several face-life," 

confirms Emma Tennant, his half- 
sister. Glenconner (right) turned 
Mustique. a barren, mosquito-rid¬ 
den rock, into a holiday camp for 
the jet-set and Princess Margaret 
in the Sixties. But in the Seventies 
he flogged most of the island for 
peanuts and moved into the hotel 
industry in nearby St Lucia with a 
bunch of Arabs. 

But they quarrelled and he was 
bought out. “He has that terrific im¬ 
agination of the aristocrat but no 
business sense," says an observer. 
“He virtually gave Mustique 
away." His state is so wobbly that 
during the Edinburgh Festival he 
performed with a gaggle of Carib¬ 
bean fire-eaters and limbo dancers 
to raise a bob. When 1 tried to call 
him in Mustique. his phone was 
out of order. 

• A TEAM apeing Paul Gas¬ 
coigne and co is forming . The 


Stage invites" big fat lardy-boys eat¬ 
ing pies and supping 15 pints a 
night, who do more dribbling with 
mouths than Jeer to join a Mid¬ 
dlesbrough XI. Lookalikes of Jim- 
my "Jive bellies" Gardner, Garza's 
thoughtful sidekick, are welcome. 

Song of life 

HOW embarrassed is George 
Michael about his arrest for lewd 
behaviour? The singer (right) has 
been scouring London parks for a 

suitable pitch to record a new video 
for his next single. Outside. Its lyr¬ 
ics give a whole new meaning to 
public service.' "Let’s go outside in 
the moonshine/ Take me to the 
places I love best/ And yes I’ve 
been bad/ You see I think about it 
all fhe time/ I’d service the commu¬ 
nity (But I already have you see)/1 
never really said it before.” 

• JOHN MAJOR has been re¬ 
placed by a board. Carlton Club 
visitors yesterday saw a portrait of 
Major hanging lopsided. Fears 
that Thatcherites had made a vio¬ 
lent gesture have been allayed. 
"He was displayed downstairs, but 
we need a mw'nmiceboard ." 

Worst of times 

GEORGE BEST has had a hard 
night. The thirsty former footballer 

says Ik was having a quick drink 
with his son Calum in his Chelsea 
local. The Phene Arms, “when the 
doors burst open and a dozen 
blokes charged in and set about 
us". Besiy tells me: "I think it’s the 
price of fame. Who wants to attack 
a 17-year-old because his Dad once 
played for Manchester United?" 

Calum. who I presume was on 
soft drinks, was unharmed, but 
Best received “a kaleidoscope of 
bruises”. Further domestic prob¬ 
lems: the young Mrs Best Alex, 
‘Tell over" and broke her arm work¬ 
ing in the new marital flat and is in 
hospital. A bottle of vodka to speed 
Besiy and his folks to recovery. 

• Peter Temple-Moms knew he 
should defect to Labour after be¬ 

ing hand bagged 20 years ago: "I 
published a pamphlet on abolish¬ 
ing the hereditary principle ," he 
writes in Tribune. “Thatcher 
wheeled around: ’Peter, I have 
read your pamphlet’, and marched 
off, handbag in hand. I did not see 
a happy future in the party." 

Party poopers 

IT WAS to be William Hague’s tri¬ 
umph — ensnaring lots of political 
virgins. He proclaimed a target of 
about 150,000 young members but 
an internal memo being tossed 
around Central Office, a copy of 
which has come my way. discloses 
that new members under 36 total a 
paltiy few hundred. Tory Central 
Office is disinclined to make the fig¬ 
ure public "We don’t have that in¬ 
formation." Handy, that. 

• CLAUS VON BULOW has been 
signed up by The Catholic Herald 
as a book reviewer. The dandy, who 
won an appeal against a convic¬ 
tion for trying to murder his wife, 
will specialise in histories. "He’s 
rather good." I am told. "He is one 
of about ten Danish Catholics." 

Private role 

SOPHIE WARD (above) is to come 
out to her peers. The actress left her 

husband for a muscular female 
with whom, cleverly, she now 
plans to have a baby. She will un¬ 
burden herself to the first meeting 
of the sexuality section of Equity. 
Open only to thespians. the 
evening at the YWCA in Holbom 
will discuss the “interests of lesbi¬ 
an. gay, bisexual and transsexual 
members". I am told: ‘They will be 
discussing issues of portrayaL Af¬ 
ter all, even Coronation Street has 
had a transsexual character.” Me 
thinks I’m busy that night 

Jasper Gerard 

couple of countesses. The beach 
na pe for a tight episodic book 
that can be dumped'fast in or¬ 
der to rescue toddler Ttam who 
has been dumped again by the 
rollers, or to build another 
Maeinot line in the sand 
a gain st the Atlantic. 

It should also provide an es¬ 
cape from the flash and crackle 
of contemporary news. My 
beach book was a bestseller 
about the supposed golden age 
of Victorian values 160 years 
ago. It propelled a pseudony¬ 
mous young hack into world ce¬ 
lebrity. And its plot concerns a 
stream of grotesque sexual en¬ 
counters, vicious mutual abuse 
by pniiririans. lawyers and edi¬ 
tors, continual misadventures 
on public transport and the 
propriety of eating cals. In a 
week when the media were fuff 
of shock-horror about a Vicen¬ 
za cookbook with recipes far 
mandated cat tins came as 
proof that there's nothing new 
under the sun on the beach. 

Fell voracity or cat-eating is 
not as new as we suppose. The 
traditional French nursery , 
rhyme, Cest la mire Michelle/ 
Qui a perdu son chat, ends m 
pussy pie. And there are those 
who raise an eyebrow at the 
diet of Wodehoose’s Claude 
Catsmeat POtter-PirbrighL He 
is famous for once hitting the 
cold “game” pie. set ori-a table 
in the imddte of tfte Drones din¬ 
ing room, six consecutive times 
with bread rolls thrown from a 
seat by the far window! They 
still speak of Catsmeaf s emo¬ 
tion when the bread roll he 
picked up squeaked loudly and 
a mouse, ran ouL Strong mm 
had to raDy round with bran¬ 
dy. But his nickname was prob¬ 
ably made up by wags at the 
Drones Club making fun of 
GaudeS second name, Catter- 
moie. (Heruy Brougham Gup¬ 
py’s Homes of Family Names 
in Great Britain. 1890, lists 
Cattermole as a name “pecu¬ 
liar" to Suffolk, but offers no 
guidance about its etymology.) 

But the locus dassiais of cat- 
eating took place at a picnic in 
Suffolk early in September, fic¬ 
tionally in 1828, published 
1836-7. “Werry good thing is 
weal pie. .when you know the 
lady as made it, and is quite 
sure it an t kittens; and arter all 
though, where’s the odds, when 
they’re so like weal that the 
wary piemen themselves don’t 
know the difference?” And Sam 
Weller plunges into one of his 
stories as tall and hairy as the 
Beast of Bodmin about how to 
season a tabby kitten to make a 
beefsteak, veal, mutton or steak 
and kidney pie at a minute’s no¬ 
tice, just as the market changes 
and appetites “wary”. 

T he misadventures of Mr 
Pickwick, the amorous 
M r Tupman and the cad 
Jingle with the fairer sex are 
not as sexually explicit as to¬ 
day's. And they have a political¬ 
ly incorrect Victorian tendency 
to find middle-aged spinsters 
funny. But Rachael Warcfle, 
Miss Witherfield (the middle- 
aged lady in yellow curlpapers 
whose bedroom is invaded by 
Pickwick). Martha Bardeli 
with her breach of promise ac¬ 
tion. and all the other comely 
or conniving females would be 
quite at home in a modern 
front-page splash. 

Pickwickian politicians are 
as pompous and indistinguish¬ 
able as today’s. Mr Pott, editor 
of the Eatanswiil Gazette. 
“with a face in which solemn 
importance was blended with a 
look of unfathomable profundi¬ 
ty”■ a>uid deputise for most of 
the editors of today's nationals. 
Mrs Leo Hunter's party for lit¬ 
erary Dons is just a modem 
book launch, with everybody 
looking over everybody elseS 
shoulder to see if there is some¬ 
body more important to talk to. 
And those frantic chases and ac¬ 
cidents [n post-chaises and wag¬ 
ons anticipate by two centuries 
our own dear Circle or North¬ 
ern lines. Stop with jerk ~tun- 
nel — ail faff down — driver 
says signal failure—station an¬ 
nouncer disagrees — suspect 
package — both inaudible — 
customers" packed like sar- 
^nes — dripping sweat not ral 
— late for work as usual. 

ft goes on too lt»g. The inter¬ 
polated ghost and offier Stories 
may be skipped. Bur Pickwick 
snows that the English charac¬ 
ter and English news have not • 
Ranged much in twojeentn- 
nes. Both are funny, in pans. ’ 

..i J 

V '*v 


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Key decisions for Congress 

as impeachment looms 

Sd ■ boasts world's oldest 

2U? fl ^ nct,orun g national constitu- 

ESJL?!?* brevity has been the reason for its 
and is the effective secret of the 
American Constitution. The language com- 

*2jS*J«** with (Serabfe 

ambiguity. That has allowed each genera¬ 
tion the opportunity to recast those words to 
of il ? tin*- fundamental 
tenete that James Madison and the other 
founding fathers imparted are as powerful 
today as they were in the 1780s. In that sense, 
Americans enjoy a living Constitution. The 
application of Madison's document is 
though, a matter of some flexibility. 

This is perhaps especially true of Article 
11, Section 4 of the Constitution. This states, 
in a simple fashion, that “The President 
Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office 
on impeachment for. and conviction of, 
treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors.” That phrase combines 
some specific offences with the open-ended 
notion of “misdemeanors". The meaning of 
that term will shortly become the centre of 
Washington political speculation. The Presi¬ 
dent's legal team has already claimed that a 
report -- that it has not yet had the 
opportunity to read — could not represent 
grounds for President Clinton’s 

There will be few outside the White House 
who can accept such a contention. The 
moving spirit of Madison’s text is that public 
officials should be removed for abuse of 
office. There can be little doubt that perjury 
and obstruction of justice, even in the context 
of a sexual liaison, fall within this definition. 
It will not help Mr Clinton if he complains 
that Franklin Roosevelt or John Kennedy 
conducted adultery without legal sanction. 
They were never asked to tell the truth on 
oath about these matters before a grand 
jury. The President needs to contest the facts. 

if he can. not take on the Constitution. The 
House of Representatives must now decide 
what to do with the report and boxes of 
material that Kenneth Starr, the indepen¬ 
dent counsel, has placed in their possession. 
This is a solemn occasion that must be shorn 
of all partisanship. Newt Gingrich, the 
Speaker of the House, has made an excellent 
start with the tone he has adopted. He is 
surely right to seek the release of the central 
Starr tome to a wider audience. That is 
much better than the thousand leaks that 
would have followed if he had taken any 
other decision. The public has a right to 
know what it is that Congress is considering. 

The central issues for the House now are 
those of procedure and timetable. The 
Judiciary Committee will now review what 
they have received and make more of it 
available. They will then devote the remain¬ 
der of this session — which was expected to 
end in little more than a month — deciding 
whether to ask the full House to vote on 
impeachment. That debate cannot realis¬ 
tically take place with mid-term elections in 
November as the backdrop. Nor can the 
question be delayed until the new Congress 
comes together in January 1999. The 
Speaker will have to be prepared to ask his 
colleagues to return to their duties shortly 
after the electorate has spoken. 

Even if matters proceed smoothly. Ameri¬ 
can public life will be paralysed in tbe 
interim. Neither domestic nor foreign policy 
can be conducted as usual. The impeach¬ 
ment mechanism might take a number of 
months to run its course, if the President can 
demonstrate that the charges of perjury and 
obstruction of justice are false, and do so in a 
manner that does not rely on incredible legal 
constructions, then he is entitled to remain 
in the White House and fight his comer. If 
he cannot, he would spare the United States 
and tite world an appalling ordeal if he pre¬ 
empted such events with his resignation. 


Conservatives for monetary union should speak up or shut up 

Tories who support the single currency 
adapted a new tactic this week: to abstain 
from the debate. William Hague’s decision 
to hold a snap ballot of all Tory members on 
the issue challenged tbe single currency^ 
enthusiasts to make their case. For years 
they have argued that'their views are shared 
by many Tories throughout the country, and 
must be reflected in Conservative European 
policy. But instead of picking up Mr 
Hague's gauntlet to prove this, they have 
walked away in a sulk, damaging their 
cause and credibility. 

The supporters of monetary union justify 
their strategy of non-cooperation in a 
number of ways. Their tenuous excuses 
smack of a schoolboy’s forged sicknote. Sir 
Edward Heath claims that Mr Hague is 
trying to get “his own way without proper 
discussion within the party". Sir Edward 
must have slept through the years of noisy 
internecine warfare that lost his party the 
last election. Far from there being too little 
debate, there has been too much. It has 
raged ever since John Major returned from 
Maastricht The arguments for and against 
Britain's membership have beat played out 
so often they have become the Tones' golden 
A clear victory for Mr Hague will 
allow the Tories a belated “proper discus¬ 
sion” about other important .issues, sudhas 
welfare reform, the constitution, the family. 

The next excuse of the single currencys 
supporters is based on party loyalty. The 
ballot's result is a foregone conclusion, they 
arcmt* as no loyal Tory would vote against 
the leadership- This will indeed bethecase if 
& no campaign to speUout ffie bgdfc 
of the single currency. Kenneth Clarke 
Haims that he “prefers campaign^ against 
party than members of my own 
manySnservatives think Mr 

support, will the former Chancellor continue 
to tour the television studios to attack the 
party’s position? 

The ballot will not as the former minister 
Ian Taylor claims, “lock in divisions within 
the party". It is likely to prove what many 
suspect that supporters of monetary union, 
who have forced their views upon Conser¬ 
vative European policy, represent a minority 
of Tories. Mr Hague could legitimately 
claim that these differences will only be 
“locked in" if his opponents choose to 
highlight them. 

The most valid criticism is that Mr 
Hague's ballot will not end the debate over 
the single currency. The Tory leader is 
indeed wrong if he believes the the result will 
ensure that Tory divisions are “a legacy of 
the past". But this does not mean the 
referendum is a worthless exercise- A good 
win for Mr Hague will give him the 
authority needed to claim that he, not Mr 
Clarke or Michael Heseltine, speaks for the 
majority of the Tory party. 

Advocates of EMU are afraid of this 
outcome. They are pinning their hopes on a 
low turnout so they can argue that the ballot 
was unrepresentative, thereby giving Mr 
Hague a pyrrhic victory. This strategy will 
backfire. They will be accused of lacking the 
courage of their convictions. If they dare not 
even put their views to their own party, why 
should the public listen to them? 

Refusal to participate in this debate is the 
worst course that Mr Clarke, Mr Heseltine 
and Lord Hurd of WestweU could take. If 
they care about principle and party as much 
as they claim, if they believe Mr Hague's 
opposition to a single currency is misguided, 
they should enter the fray. If they fail to do 
so, and then continue to snipe at Mr Hague’s 
policy from the back benches and board- 
rooms where they now lurk, they will 
deserve any scorn Tories will heap upon 
them. To adapt Gaitskell, they plan to ab¬ 
stain and abstain and abstain for the party 
they love. This is hardly an honourable 
strategy for the big beasts of the Tory jungle. 

hard science 

Experiments in the laboratory of the future 

vancement f ^ Cardiff The usual 
-iual festival in . snippets are 

dement of gjwgg* *35l. trot. 

erging: a “JJ f ^L agn etic man is trying to 


At the British Association festival in 1851. 
an established ethos was shattered by an 
argument over Darwinian evolution be¬ 
tween Bishop Wilberforce and Thomas 
Henry Huxley. Men who went to bed 
believing themselves superior spiritual be¬ 
ings awoke the next morning with the 
knowledge that they were only developed 
apes. Since then Darwinian theories have 
informed most understandings of society 
and its structures. 

In the present day, a scientific spokesman 
such as Richard Dawkins performs a 
similar function. He may be criticised for his 
aggressive stance against refigfon, butby 
Inflaming animosity or inspiring accord, he 
sharpens the cutting edge of dialogue. 
Knowledge does not arise from spontaneous 
intuition. Questions cannot be adequately 
answered by instinct or emotion. Under¬ 
standing arises from, a balance of scientific 
appraisal and philosophical judgment To 
foster a public understanding of science, 
therefore, is not simply to encourage an 
enriching enthusiasm, but to ; equip a 
generation to tackle the practical .problems 
Ind moral dilemmas it will face in the 
future. . 

% *-V?/NTT 


l Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone 0171-782 5000 

Healthcare under 
attack in Kosovo 

From the Chairman of the 
British Medical Association 
Ethics Committee 

Sir. There are daily press reports of 
arrests, disappearances and killings 
in Kosovo. No reasonable observer 
can be in any doubt that ethnic 
cleansing is taking place. What people 
may not realise is that the assault on 
human rights stretches into every 
aspect of daily life, including people's 
access to healthcare. 

The British Medical Association 
has a long-standing commitment to 
monitor and expose human rights 
abuses, particularly where these affect 
the healthcare of populations, or 
restrict doctors’ freedom to practise. 

Last week, the BMA received an 
authoritative report from the Johan¬ 
nes Wier Foundation, a Dutch medi¬ 
cal group for human rights, following 
a visit to Kosovo. The report details 
the effects that gross breaches of 
medical neutrality, and a policy of 
segregation of healthcare, have had 
on the health of ethnic Albanians. 

The Serb authorities have dis¬ 
missed Albanian health professionals, 
which means that ethnic Albanians 
now have access only to an informal 
health system, staffed largely by 
volunteers. They can provide at best a 
patchy, and at worst a severely 
substandard pattern of care. The 
report also documents the disappear¬ 
ance of doctors who have treated war 
casualties, particularly the Kosovo- 
Albanian military, and the detention 
of a prominent medical member of the 
local Red Cross. These actions are in 
contravention of the four Geneva 
Conventions and their additional 
protocols, and should be deplored. 

There is a serious lack of effective 
monitoring of breaches of medical 
neutrality, both in Kosovo and else¬ 
where. The BMA has, with other 
health and human rights organ¬ 
isations. called for the establishment 
of a UN Special Rapporteur on the 
Integrity and Independence of Health 

Meanwhile, the BMA urges the UK 
Government, as a member of the 
United Nations and the European 
Union, to ensure that these abuses of 
human rights are confronted, and 
those responsible brought to justice. 

Yours faithfully, 


Chairman, BMA Ethics Committee. 
British Medical Association, 

BMA House, 

Tavistock Square, WC1H 9JP. 
September 9. 

Advising the monarch 

From Ms Harriett Perry Robinson 

Sir. Tim Haines |report and article. 
September 7; see also letters. Septem¬ 
ber 9] would make the monarchy not 
the people’s voice but the Govern¬ 
ment’s poodle. He seems to want to 
replace the “minor aristocracy" in the 
Royal Household with a fashionable 
coterie of his own. 

The Royal Family have shown 
themselves recently much more re¬ 
sponsive to popular feeling than has 
any recent elected government The 
Royals are the archetypal cross- 
benchers. If reform of the House of 
Lords is to be carried through on 
party lines it is crucial that the 
monarchy retains its powers and the 
Royals choose their own advisers. 

Yours faithfully, 


34 Freshfield Street 

East Sussex BN2 2ZG. 

September 7. 

From Mr F. M. M. Steiner 

Sir. The idea of a plebiscite on the 
successor whenever a reign comes to 
an end is impracticable. One of the 
great advantages of hereditary mon¬ 
archy is the automatic, immediate 
and wholly predictable succession 
(“The King is dead; long live the 

To introduce uncertainty and delay 
through an inevitable hiatus makes 
nonsense of the whole system — 
unless that is the real aim of the 
authors of the Demos report Neither 
do they seem to have dealt with the 
embarrassing position of a head of 
state sworn in after approval by a 
referendum, with a sizeable minority 
of anti votes. 

Yours faithfully, 


5 Chapmans Lane. 

Deddington, Banbury, 

Oxfordshire 0X15 OSU. 

September 7. 

Menace of ‘toxic’ spread of bracken Church services 

From Professor Emeritus Jim Taylor. 
Chairman of the Bracken 
Advisory Commission 

Sir, Simon Jenkins (article, August 29) 
and your correspondents (September 
5) dispute the proposed spending by 
the National Trust of £3.5 million to 
buy Snowdon. There is a better Welsh 
cause , in my view, which could 
substantially improve conditions for 
hard-pressed hill fanners. I refer to 
the urgent and on-going need to tackle 
the encroachment on our countryside 
by bracken — a weed which curbs 
biodiversity and detracts from the 
traditional beauty of our landscape. 

Bracken is not only a persistent and 
obtrusive weed. It is also toxic and 
carcinogenic. It poses health risks to 
animals, both wild and domesticated 
(proven), and possibly to humans (not 
yet proven, but research continues) 
during the spotting period from 
approximately August 20 to approxi¬ 
mately September 21. Bracken areas 
are best avoided between these dates, 
and anyone who has to enter them at 
that time is advised to wear a simple 
face-mask which will avoid any intake 
and ingestion of spores. 

We await the delayed arrival, early 
in 1999. of the agri-environment 
scheme which includes grams for 

bracken spraying and still requires 
ratification by Brussels. In the mean¬ 
time. bracken advances unchecked in 
many areas, at rates of 1 per cent to 3 
per cent per annum; it covers 110.000 
hectares of Wales — equal to the 
combined areas of the Snowdonia 
National Park, the Pembroke Nat¬ 
ional Park and Anglesey. 

We should be aiming at reversing 
encroachment, not merely reducing it 
The Forest Authority has recently set 
the pace by providing substantial 
grants to remove deep bracken and 
introducing mixed tree plantings, 
with the emphasis on deciduous 
species. Parallel grant schemes are 
required to convert bracken zones into 
quality pastures. 

It would be difficult to identify a 
more deserving and rewarding cause 
than this for enhancing the Welsh 
countryside — restoring good slope- 
land. increasing farm productivity 
and profits, reducing environmental 
health risks and easing the burden for 
future generations. 

Yours etc, 

J. A TAYLOR. Chairman. 

The Bracken Advisory Commission, 
Glyn Ceiro. Dole, Bow Street 
Aberystwyth. Ceredigion SY24 5AE. 
September 6. 

High emotion at Manchester United 

From Mr Stuart D. Kershaw 

Sir. As an expatriate Mancunian who 
goes way back to the 1948 Cup Final. 
Mr Murdoch's impending purchase 
of Manchester United is the best news 
I have heard in years. Maybe, with 
him in charge. United can at last start 
punching its weight 

Over the last seven years or so, 
since it floated on the Stock Exchange, 
Manchester United pic has only been 
successful because the competition 
from other clubs, in management 
terms, was woeful. Now it is time to 
move on. 

1 suspect the fans who are hostile to 
this takeover are the same ones who 
bemoan the fact that the middle 
classes are about to take over at Old 
Trafford. Excellent. I say. Where else 
would the management tolerate a 
situation where the fans cannot get a 
ticket, or, even if they can. they cannot 
see die game because people refuse to 
sh down? This happens every week in 
the North Stand. 

Why would the management 
be happy to accommodate 56,000 
people every week, when 85.000 want 
to attend? 

Yours faithfully, 



9 Tretawn Park, 

Mill Hill. NW7 4PS. 


From Mrs June Hall 

Sir, My grandparents and parents 
were bom in Newton Heath. Man¬ 
chester, and 1 lived in the city as a 
child at the time of the Munich air 

Like many people who moved 
away, I have continued over the years 
to support “The Team” in spirit, 
alongside the majority of my family 
who remain in Manchester. 

After hearing yesterday's news I 
said something previously unthink¬ 
able over dinner to my husband. 1 told 
him I actually envied him his team. 
Having seen him reach the depths of 
despair as a Manchester City sup¬ 

porter. 1 suppose we can now wallow 
in misery together. 



3 Wingfield Close. 

Ewdme. Oxfordshire OXIO 6JY. 
September 7. 

From Mr David Newton 

Sir, When any company is listed it is a 
simple fact of free-market economics 
that the share price will fluctuate and 
companies may, from time to time, 
become the subject of interest to both 
buyers and sellers. 

People who have their heart in 
Manchester United Football Club 
could and should collectively have 
bought more than 50 per cent of the 
equity; then, and only then, they 
would have been in a strong enough 
position to decline the current advice 
of the board to accept BSkyB’s £625 
million offer and this emotional 
dilemma could have been averted. 

Yours very sincerely, 

(Non-shareholder of MUPC or 

The Willows, Cherry Park, 

Balloch, Inverness IV12HG. 
September 9. 

From Mr George Edwards 

Sir. I welcome the recent advances to 
Manchester United, and the contin¬ 
ued replacement of football in the 
mainstream TV schedules with “pay 
per view", which I can easily avoid. 

1 wonder if Mr Murdoch would 
consider bidding for the cricket Test 
matches, and removing them from 
BBC Radio 4 to a “pay per listen" 

Yours faithfully, 


20 Fairways Drive, 


North Yorkshire HG2 7ES. 
g edwards& 

September 7. 

Repelling the beasties 

From Mr Frank Day 

Sir, The midges at Lake Myvato 
(pronounced Mevat) in northeast 
Iceland (letter. September 9: see also 
letter. September 5) may well be 
closely related to those found in 
Scotland; but in general they do not 
bite, nor do they buzz like the 
mosquito, and they are usually only a 
problem for a short time during the 
summer months. 

They tend to swarm about the head 
and face, and crying to fan them away 
with one’s hand seems only to attract 
more of them. The secret is to raise the 
arm .high into the air and to extend 
one’s fingers, as the midges are 
attracted to the highest port of the 

Yours sincerely, 


(Accountant), Arctic Experience Ltd, 
29 Nork Way, 

Banstead, Surrey SM7 IPB. 
September 10. 

Stanching the tears 

From DrD.J. T. Wright 

Sir. While holidaying in the South of 
France this summer, and on being 
summoned prematurely from my 
customary 20 lengths of the pool by a 
request to prepare vegetables for the 
evening barbecue. 1 unwittingly stum¬ 
bled across the solution to a perennial 

How do you stop the chopping of 
onions from making your eyes water? 
The answer? Swimming goggles. 

1 offer this discovery to all future 
sous-chefs and, as a result, believe 
that the number of the world's minor 
irritants has now been reduced by 

I am. Sir. your obedient servant, 
yours faithfully. 


Yew Tree House. 

Longparish. Andover, 

Hampshire SP11 6PT. 

September S. 

Safety in the air 

From Sir Malcolm Field. Chairman 
of the Civil Aviation Authority 

Sir, In your leading article of Septem¬ 
ber 2you state that the West Drayton 
air control centre has “recorded too 
many near misses and air incidents 
for safety" (see also letters. September 
4). In point of fact, our assessment of 
the number of risk-bearing aircraft 
proximity incidents in which system 
failure or an error by one of our con¬ 
trollers was a causal factor is 16 in 
1996. ten in 1997 and eight so far this 

I would also point out that UK air 
traffic control is not responsible for 
tiie majority of the flight delays suffer¬ 
ed by passengers arriving at or leav¬ 
ing UK airports - fewer than 1 per¬ 
cent or those during J tme were attribu¬ 
table to UK restrictions. Progress has 

been made in opening up the corri¬ 
dors reserved for military aircraft, 
and a concept of flexible use of air¬ 
space has now been agreed by the 
Eurocontrol member states, although 
it is probably fair to say that some of 
them implement it more effectively 
than others. 

The air traffic control centre at West 
Drayton may be 30 years old, but its 
equipment systems have been up¬ 
graded several times and the terminal 
control room, managing traffic at 
Heathrow. Gatwick and Stansted. is 
one of the most modem facilities of its 
kind in Europe. 

Finally, you allege that the new cen¬ 
tre at Swan wick in Hampshire “may 
never become folly operational". This 

. Letters for publication may 
be faxed to 0171-782 5046. 
e-mail to: 

is not true; two leading computer 
specialists have said that the systems 
are fundamentally sound. However, 
the time allowed for installation and 
testing, and for the training of staff 
and transition to operational service, 
has not proved sufficient to deal with 
the problems inevitable with such a 
large and technologically demanding 

We very much regret the delay; but 
safety has always been and remains 
our top priority, and the Swanwick 
Centre wfll only come into operation 
when we are satisfied that everything 
is exactly right 

Yours faithfully, 



Civil Aviation Authority. 

CAA House, 

45-59 Kingsway, WC2B 6TE. 
September 4. 

‘on the cheap’ 

From the Reverend fan Gregory 

Sir, Of course the Shropshire vicar 
who overcharged for weddings and 
funerals should not have done so 
(report September 9). We are all 
under suspicion as a result and 
another undeserved black mark is 
added to the reputation of thousands 
of diligent honest clergymen. 

It would be interesting to find out 
however, how much those who were 
overcharged were prepared to spend 
on flowers, photographers, cars, 
printing, the reception and the honey¬ 
moon. In my experience the photo¬ 
grapher. for example, asks — and 
usually receives without question — a 
great deal more than the £25 which I 
receive for conducting a wedding: and 
that includes the preparation visits. I 
would gladly do it for nothing if I 
thought the happy couple seriously 
intended to fulfil their vows, or ever 
attend the church again. 

Most couples never return, which 
makes me think we are merely being 
used, and our services are therefore 
too cheap. Will there still be churches 
or clergy at all when their children 
want to enter “the holy estate of 
matrimony"? Or perhaps marriage 
will increasingly be a civil, secular, 
provisional, unholy alliance, and jolly 
expensive at that 

Yours sincerely, 


18 The Avenue, Basford. 1 

Newcastle. Staffordshire STS OLY. 
September 9. 

The Leach legacy 

From Mr Alan F. Gillam 

Sir, Jane Schopflin's reference (letter. 
September 4) to “that magic postwar 
gathering of artists in St Ives" may be 
valid but provides a restricted view of 
the town’s art scene today. 

As it has been for much of the last 
centuiy, St Ives is home to one of the 
most important art colonies in Eur¬ 
ope. With around 80 galleries, studios 
and shops selling original work, it is 
also reputed to be the third largest art 
market in the UK. Far from being 
“defunct", the Leach Pottery is part of 
this scene, with Trevor Corser and 
Joanna Wason. who both worked 
with the Leaches, producing and sell¬ 
ing work in the style of and with the 
same facilities and equipment which 
they used. In contrast. Barbara Hep- 
worth’s studio has become a static dis¬ 
play with “hordes of people traipsing 
through” as your correspondent cor¬ 
rectly observes. 

The suggestion that the Tate Gal¬ 
lery be involved in “saving" the Leach 
legacy is not new, although what is 
usually meant is actually its commer- 
dal development as a tourist site. Few 
would dispute the enormous commer¬ 
cial success of the Tate in St Ives or its 
benefits to the town’s economy; how¬ 
ever, its relevance to the current 
artistic life of the area is a hotly 
contested local issue. 

■ Perhaps the Leach Pottery build¬ 
ings are a bit run down and perhaps a 
more lively teaching rale could be 
developed for die site. But even if it did 
provide a boost to tourism, the 
conversion of a working pottery into 
another museum would do no favours 
for its current users or original 
creators, and in the long run would be 
of no benefit to St Ives. 

Yours faithfully. 


17 Tregenna Terrace. 

St Ives, Cornwall TR26 2ND. 

Oxford business school 

From Professor Bryan Reuben 

Sir, Jeremy Dixon, architect of the Ox¬ 
ford business school, is quoted (report, 
September 4) as saying of its proposed 
tower “Ours has to have a function 
and it will carry illuminated digital 
faces ... telling the time and the 
temperature." My recollection is that 
Queen’s and Christ Church already 
have dock towers, so that leaves only 
the temperature as unique. 

Surely the least we should expect 
from the school is the FTSE 100, the 
Dow Jones and the Nikkei indices 
plus the dollar-pound exchange rate. 
And what about the latest cricket 
score from the Parks, a minute-by- 
minute update of the Norrington 
league table of colleges and (please) 
the time of the next down train from 
the adjacent railway station? 

Yours sincerely. 


7 Clarence Avenue, SWA 8LA. 

Spirit Zone 

From Mr Nigel R. MacNicol 

Sir. Mr A. G. Phillips (letter. Septem¬ 
ber 9J claims that the practice of count¬ 
ing in multiples of ten has nothing to 
do with religion, and the millennium 
has more to do with metrication. 

Who then created mankind with ten 
digits, ensuring that from the earliest 
times all civilisations would reckon in 
decades, centuries and millennia, and 
enabling the psalmist (possibly Mo¬ 
ses) to declare that a thousand years in 
His sight were like a watch in the 
night? I offer no opinion as to whether 
the watch was digital, or had lumi¬ 
nous hands. 

Yours faithfully, 

9 Church Lane. Greetham, 

Oakham, Rutland LE15 7NF. 
September 9. 



wiu pnucipws 



September 10: The Prince Edward, 
President, the Commonwealth 
Games Federation, today carried 
out the following engagements in 
Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia, for the 
XVI Commonwealth Games. 

His Royal Highness this morn¬ 
ing visited the Selangor Turf Club 
cricket ground to watch the match 
between Barbados and Bangla¬ 
desh. before watching the squash 
preliminary rounds at the Squash 
Centre, National Sports Complex, 
Bukit Jalil 

The Prince Edward this after¬ 
noon attended a Lunch for the 
Commonwealth Games sponsors 
at die Corporate Hospitality Vil¬ 
lage. National Sports Complex. 

Bukit Jalil. His Rqyal Highness 
later visited the International 
Broadcasting Centre and after¬ 
wards visited the - Club Aman 
cricket ground to watch the match 
between South Africa and North¬ 
ern Ireland. 

The Prince Edward this evening 
attended the South African 
Commonwealth Reception at the 
Mines International Exhibition 

September 10: The Duke of Kent, 
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Regi¬ 
ment of Fusiliers, this morning 
received Lieutenant Colonel Philip 
Stadc upon assuming command of 
the 1st Battalion. 

Birthdays today 

Professor Norman Ashton, FRS. 
pathologist, R5: Mr Franz 
Beckenbauer, footballer S3; Sir 
Austin Bide, former chairman. 
Glaxo Holdings. Si Dame Mar¬ 
garet Booth, former High Court 
judge, 65; Mr Paul Cole, racehorse 
trainer, 57; Mr Brian De Palma, 
film director. 54: Mrs Mary Fagan, 
Lord-Lieu tenant of Hampshire. 59; 
Sir Bernard FWIden. architect. 79: 
Mr Eddie George, Governor. 
Bank of England .oft Lord Gibson- 
Wan. SO: Mr William Knight, 
senior partner. Simmons & 
Simmons, 51 Lord Mariesford, 67; 
Lord May hew ofTwysden. QC. 69; 
Mr Barry Sheene. former 
motorcycling champion. 4& Sir 
Neville Simms. Group Chief Exec¬ 
utive. Tarmac. 54; the Right Rev 
John Taylor, former Bishop of 
Winchester. 84; Mr Roger Udley. 
former rugby player. 49. 

Service luncheon 

Kiunaon Regiment 
Brigadier A.L Fowler presided at 
the annual luncheon of the 
Kumaon Regiment. Indian Army, 
held yesterday at Over-Seas 
House. St James*. Lieutenant- 
Colonel PJ. Emerson. Hon Sec¬ 
retary of the Indian Army 
Association, was among the 

Battle of St 
George's Cay 

The High Commissioner for Belize 
was the host last night at a 
bicentenary celebration of the nat¬ 
ional day of Belize (September 21). 
marked by a re-enadmeni of the 
Battle of St George* Cay (Septem¬ 
ber 10, 1798). a reading by Mr 
Robert Hardy and Beating Retreat 
on Horse Guards. Later, a recep¬ 
tion and Buccaneer's Ball took 
place at the Banqueting House, 
Whitehall. The Secretary of State 
for Defence. Mr Tony Uoyd. a 
Minister for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs. General 
Sir Michael Walker, Commander- 
in-Chier, Land Command, and 
Vice-Admiral AWJ. West were 
among the principal guests. 

Service dinner 

Royal Yeomanry 
General Sir Jeremy Blacker. 
Honorary Colonel of the Royal 
Yeomanry, presided at the inaugu¬ 
ral dinner of the Regiment's Offi¬ 
cers' Dining Club held last night at 
the Royal College of Surgeons of 
England. Lincoln* Inn Fields. 
Major-General Sir Desmond Rice, 
the Regiment* first Commanding 
Officer, was present. 

Memorial service 

Lord Swaytbling 

A memorial service will be held lor 
Lord Swayihlins at 5.00pm on 
Thursday. September 17. I9“S. at 
The Liberal Jewish Synagogue. 3S 
St John's Wood Road, London 


BIRTHS: Pierre de Ronsard. poet 
Vcndome. France. 1525; Henri de 
la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomtc de 
TUrenne. Marshal of France, Se¬ 
dan. 1611; Mrs Elizabeth Rowe, 
poet, llchester. Somerset 1674; 
James Thomson, poet and author 
of The Seasons. Ednam. Rox¬ 
burghshire. 1700; Arthur Young, 
agriculturist. London, 1741: 
Thomas Barnes, Editor of 77ie 
Times 1817-41. London. 1785: O. 
Henry (William Sydney R>rter). 
short-story writer. Green boro. 
North Carolina. 1862; Sir James 
Jeans, mathematician and astron¬ 
omer. London, 1877; D.H. Law¬ 
rence. novelist Eastwood. Notting¬ 
hamshire. 1885. 

DEATHS: James Harrington, pol¬ 
itical theorist London, 1677; 
Giovanni Cassini, astronomer. 
Paris. 1712; John Brand, antiquary 
and topographer, London. 1806; 
Sir Francis Baring, banker. Lee. 
Kent 1810; David Ricardo, econo¬ 
mist. Gaicombe Park. Gloucester¬ 
shire. 1823: Thomas Graham, 
chemist. London. 1869; Antherode 
QuentaJ. poet. Azores, 1891; 
Mohammed Ali Jinnah. first Gov¬ 
ernor-General of Pakistan 1947-48, 
Karachi, 1948; Jan Christian 
Smuts, Field Marshal. Prime Min¬ 
ister of South Africa 1919-24 and 
1939-48, near Pretoria. 1950; Robert 
Service, poet and novelist. 
Landeux. 1958: Nikita Khru¬ 
shchev, First Secretary of the 
Soviet Communist Party, 1953-61. 
Moscow, 1971: Salvador Allende. 
President of Chile 1970-73, killed 
during a coup. Santiago, 1973. 
English forces under General 
Howe defeated George Wash¬ 
ington* troops at the Battle of 
Brandywine Creek, 1777. 

Hie first commuter train began 
regular service between London 
and Brighton, 1841. 

Stravinsky* The Rake's Progress. 
with libretto by W.H. Auden, was 
first performed in Venice. 1951. 


Women in Advertising 
and Communications 
Mrs Caroline Mar land, Manag¬ 
ing Director of Guardian News¬ 
papers and President of Women in 
Advertising and Communications 
London, presided at a dinner held 
last night at Guildhall to mark the 
75th anniversary of WACL Ms 
Heather Rabbaits, Chief Executive 
of the London Borough of Lam¬ 
beth. Ms Janet Suzman, and Miss 
Barbara Husking, Deputy Chair¬ 
man of Wesicourmy Television 
and a member of WACL. were the 
speakers. Among others present 

The Chairman of Bates norland and 
President or the institute of 
Practitioner In Advertising, the 

Chairman or Abbott Mead vickers- 

BBDO. the Non-Executive Director of 

wpp Group and the Editorial 
Director or Campaign magazine. 

Institute of Measurement 
and Control 

Mr C.R. Howard. President of the 
Institute of Measurement and 
Control, was the host at a dinner 
held last night at Glaziers' Hail 
after ffte 1998 Thomson Lecture 
delivered by Professor Sir Al« 
Jcffrej*. FRS. 

Tbe new Bishop of Southwark, the Right Rev Tom Butler, left, meets the Bishop of London, (he Right Rev Richard Chartres, 
on London Bridge, where their dioceses meet The enthronement ceremony for the new bishop takes place tomorrow 

Saintly bones pass scientific tests 

By Norman Hammond, archaeology correspondent 

TO THE surprise of some 
scientists, but to the pleasure 
of the Roman Catholic 
Church, some of the reputed 
remains of SI Chad. Saxon 
Bishop of Mercia in die 7th 
century, seem to be the real 
thing. Venerated at St Chad's 
Cathedral in Birmingham for 
the past century and a half, at 
least three and perhaps five of 
the six human bones en¬ 
shrined in the saint’s reli¬ 
quary come from die same 
individual, and he was alive 
at the right time. 

A combination of carbon- 
dating, using minuscule sam¬ 
ples of bone dated at the 
Oxford Radiocarbon Acceler¬ 
ator Unit, and skeletal analy¬ 
sis was used to analyse the 
bones, which came to light in 
1839 in a Staffordshire bouse. 
The box in which they lay was 
made for diem in 1665 by 

Jesuits. They had acquired the 
relics from the family who 
had cared for them since 
shortly after the Dissolution 
of the Monasteries and the 
destruction of all of England's 
venerated shrines. 

St Chad's bones had a 
picaresque existence even be¬ 
fore the Reformation: after his 
death mi March 2. AD672, 
having been Bishop of the 
East Saxons and then the 
Mercians in the Midlands, he 
was buried at Lichfield. In 
AD700. however, his remains 
were transferred to a new 
church there, according to the 
Venerable Bede, an early in¬ 
stance of such a move. 

His cult burgeoned, and 
some of the bones were put 
into portable shrines for maxi¬ 
mum availability to the faith¬ 
ful; by 1176, ' Lichfield 
Cathedral’s endowments in¬ 

cluded six shillings rent to 
keep a light burning at Chad'S 
shrine, and by 1335 bis relics 
included tbe head in apainted 
wooden box. one arm in a 
reliquary, some bones in a 
portable shrine and tbe re¬ 
mains in the main shrine. On 
feast days the skull would be 

displayed to pilgrims. 

Both it arid the arm have 
vanished; and most of the rest 
were dispersed tinder Henry 
VI11. The surviving bones. 
Angela Boyle reports in 
Church Archaeology, include 
one right femur., two left 
femora, one right tibia and 
two left tibiae. 

Carbon-dating showed that 
the right femur, one of die left 
ones and the right tibia were 
identicial in age and could 
have come from the same 
person. The other left femur 
and at least one of the left 

tibiae must have come from 
somebody else. “At least two 
and possibly five individuals 
are represented: each of them 
belonged to an individual 
who lived in the 7th century.’’ 
Ms Boyle says, although tbe 
sixth bone is dated too late. 

“The likelihood of a group 
of bones of identical date 
coming together at a later date 
is slim," she says, indicating 
that die reputed bones of St 
Chad have probably been 
together for centuries. Tbe 
“extra” bones could have be¬ 
come mixed with those of the 
stunt in the ground or during 
disinterment In any case, the 
reputed relics of saints, so 
often dismissed as frauds on 
the pious, are dearly worthy 
of more rigorous scholarly 

□ Source: Church Archaeol- 
ogv 2:35-38. 

Legal appointments 

Sir Nicholas Phillips has been 
appointed a Lord of Appeal in 
Ordinary from January 12 replac¬ 
ing Lord Uoyd of Berwick who is 
retiring on December 31. 

Mr Justice Tuckey and Mr Justice 
Clarke have been appointed Lord 
Justices of Appeal from October I. 
They will replace Lord Justice 
Hobhouse and Lord Justice 
Millett, who will be appointed 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary from 

October 1. 

Mr Justice Laws and Mr Justice 
Salley have been appointed Lord 
Justices of Appeal from January 12. 
They will replace Lord Justice 
Hutchison, who is retiring on 
January 11. and Lord Justice 
Phillips, who will be appointed a 
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary from 
January 12. 

West Glamorgan 

The following have been appointed 
Deputy Lieutenants of the County 
of West Glamorgan: 

Mi* Ann Marilyn Harries, of 
Neath: Lieutenant-Commander 
Bruce Charles Bagley. of Swansea; 
Colonel Martin Geoffrey Goufson. 
of Swansea; Commander Brian 
John Thome, of Swansea. 

Church news 


The Rev David Bartholomew, 
Rector. Ettoo w Helpston and 
Maxey [Peterborough): to be Rec¬ 
tor, Burghdere w Newtown and 
Ecdunswdl w Sydmonton (Win¬ 

The Rev Vivien Elphick, PriesHn- 
Charge, Burlingham Sr Edmund 
w. Ling-wood, S trumps haw w 
Hassmgham and Buckenham 
(Norwich); to be also Rural Dean 
of Blofidd (same diooese). 

The Rev Canon Samir Habiby. 
Rector, Hinesvilfe St Philip. Geor¬ 
gia (ECUSA): to be Priest-tn- 
Charge. Lausanne Christ Church. 
Switzerland (Europe). 

The Rev Tim Herbert. Priest-in- 
Charge. Thanington. and Director 
of Ordinandi (Canterbury): to be 
Principal, Carlisle and Blackburn 
Diocesan Training Institute (Car¬ 

The Rev Maggi Jones. Curate, 
Sydenham Holy Trinity (South- 
work): to be Vicar, fengc St Paul 

The Rev Andrew Keep, Assistant 
Chaplain, Cranlrigh School. 
Surrey: to be Chaplain. Wells 
Cathedral School. 

The Rev Geoff Maughan. Team 
Vicar. Abingdon Christ Church 
(Oxford): to be Director of Min¬ 
istry. wydifleHall (same diocese). 
Tbe Rev Rupert Moncton, Assis¬ 
tant Chaplain. Costa Blanca 

Church of the Holy Slant. Spain 
(Europe): to be Chaplain, Helsinki 
St Nicholas, Finland (same 

Tbe Rev Linda Muni, Curate. 
Beverley St Nicholas (York): to be 
Chaplain. East Yorkshire Hos¬ 
pitals NHS Trust 
The Rev Owen Murphy, Assistant 
Curate. Watford St Michael and 
All Angels (St Albans): to be Priest- 
in-Charge, Shin field St Mary 

The Rev Richard Paget. Rector, 
Chatham St Mary and St John 
(Rochester): to be PHest-in-Charge, 
Brenchley All Saints (same 

The Rev David Pearson, Rector, 
Mattishall w Mattisholl Burgh. 
Wdborne and Yaxham (Norwich): 
to be also Rural Dean of Dereham 
in Milford (same diocese). 

The Rev Vaughan Roberts. Stu¬ 
dent Chaplain. Oxford St Ebbes 
(Oxford): to be Rector, same 

The Rev Janet Russell. Curate. 
Idatiekl (Oxford): to be Team 
Vicar, Wallingford with special 
responsibility for Crowham 
Gifford (same diocese). 

The Rev Gccrgie Simpson, NSM. 
Linlemore St Mary the Virgin and 
St Nicholas (Oxford): to be part- 
time Assistant Curate, Oxford Sr 
Giles. St Philip and St James and 
St Margaret (same diocese). 

Latest wills 

David John Joseph Bryars. of 
Great Glen. Leicester, left estate 
valued at £6,493.963 net 
Sir Colin Goad. Director of Inter¬ 
national Registries since 1980. of 
Arapney Cruris. Cirencester, 
Gloucestershire, left estate valued 
at £706,992 net He left his estate 
mostly to relatives. 

Lady Wofliugrr. of London SW6. 
left estate valued at £519.794 net. 

The Right Rev Monsignor Alfred 
Newman, of London SW6. left 
estate valued at EL270.628 net. 

He left shares In his residuary estate 
to Brentwood Roman Catholic 
Diocese. Oxford and Cambridge 
Catholic Education Board, London 
Oratory Charity. Converts' Aid 
Society and the Hospital of St John 
and SI Elizabeth. London NWS. 

Sir Reay Geddes, deputy chair¬ 
man M kBaud Bank 1978-84. direc¬ 
tor 1967-84. of London SWI, estate 
valued at £1,051X013 net. 

Lord Daintoo, Chancel lor. Shef¬ 

field University since 1978, left 
estate valued at E2I2.27S net 


Lord Mayor of Westminster 
The Lord Mayor and Lady May¬ 
oress of Westminster were the 
hosts at a reception held yesterday 
at City Hall for London Borough 
Mayors and Member: of the 
Executive Committee of the 
London Mayors' Association. 


marriages bTouche . 
ml MissM. Lawton 
he engagement is annemne^ 
etween Adrian, am of Mrs 
brtwia Hnohes. of Ratters Bar,. 

dr JC Larsen 
ad Miss F-C. Chance 
■he engagement is announced 
etween Kenneth, son of Mr and 
Ats ffistrin Larsen, of Bergen. 

Mr AJ. Lomsden 
and Miss BA. Pineda 
The engagement is announced 
between Tim, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs John B. Lumsden. of 
POnteland, Newcastie upon Tyne, 
and Angie, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Jos£ Luis Pineda Fregoso, of 
Mexico City. The marriage will 
tnb* place in November in Mexico. 

Captain D.M. Maxwefl 
and Miss R. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Cbtouel and 
Mrs Max MaxwdLof Heytesbury. 
Wiltshire, and Rachel, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Roger Brown, of 
BroflotL Cleveland. 

Mr C. Smith 
and Miss N. Bond 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs L Smith, of Hampton. 
Middlesex, and Nicola, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J. Bond, of Lower 
Kingswood, Surrey. 

Dr R. Sullivan 

and. Miss S.Tartonck 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of Mr* 
A Sullivan, of Hartley Wintney, 
Hampshire, and Samantha, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D. 
Tarbudk. of New Milton, 

Mr J.WJCT>yior 
and Miss A.M. Baddey 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy William Kirwan. 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs Max 
Taylor, of Notting Hill. London, 
and Armabdk Melissa, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Michael Buckley, 
of Hampstead Norreys. Berkshire. 

Mr J.E. Williamson 
and Miss A ZunWer 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Exley 
Williamson, of North Yorkshire, 
and Alexia Zirabier, of London. 

and Miss JA Dixon 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, rider son of 
Captain and Mrs Frederick.Willi 
of Anion’s Hill. Coidsmam; 
Berwickshire. ‘ and Juliet, eldest 

Mr R-C Wyatt 

and Miss L.C Ewing , 

The engagement is' announced 
between Robert, son oE Mr and 
Mrs Ronald Wyatt, of Solihull 
West Midland*, and 'Lucy, 
daughter of Mr and_Mrs_ Richard. 
Ewing, of Burgess. Hill. West 
Sussex. r 


Mr C.F. Lawtow-Smith 
and Miss KJE.F. Hestop 
The marriage took, place on'Sift 
unlay, September & in Lincoln* 
Inn ChapeL London, of Mr Chris¬ 
topher LawtorvSmith to MissKir- 
sren Heslop Canon William. 
Norman officiated 
The bride was attended by Miss 
Andrea O'Reilly and Miss Ratfie].- 

HesJop- Mr Dominic Lawton- 
Smith was best man. 

A reception was held at the Hyde 
Park Hotel London, and tbe 
honeymoon is being span abroad 

Mr J.R-S. Page 
and Miss J.R. Proctor 
The marriage took place ,on Sat 
unlay. August 29, at St Leonard*.' 
Swiihland, Leicestershire, of Mr 
Jason Page, only son of'Mr and 
Mrs Adam Page, of Swiihland 
Hall. Lacastershire, to Miss Jus¬ 
tine Proctor, youngest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Julian Proctor, of 
Onslow House, Long. Sutton. 
Linco lnshire. Canon Anne.Horton- 

The bride, who was given, in 
marriage by her father, was'at¬ 
tended by Mrs Jeremy Jeffs, Miss 
-Elinor Ptjyner and Miss Vanessa 
Proctor. Mr Peter Lefol was best 


A reception was held at the home 
of the bridegroom and the honey¬ 
moon is being spent in Indonesia. 

Goldsmiths College 

Honorary Fellowships will be con¬ 
ferred upon Professor Kenneth 
Gregory and Mr Antony Gormley 
at the graduation ceremonies for 
students at Goldsmiths Cobege, 
University of. London, today. . 

School news 

Caierham School 

The Autumn Term began an 

September 9, and ends on Friday. 
December II- Head Boy is William 
Pine. Head Giri is Kate., Fisher. 
Captain of Lacrosse — Susie 
Towsey, Captain of Rugby is 
Hafeez Lawal Open Mornings 
will be held on Saturdays, October 
17 and November 7. Sixth Form 
Open Evening will be held on 
Thursday. November 19. OC Day 
will be on Sunday. November 8. 
when there will be a reunion lunch 
for all 1940s leavers. Contact the 
school for further information. The 
Drama production Fiddler on the 
Roof wiU be performed on 
December 8. 9 and 10 and the 
school Carol Service will be held 
on Sunday, December 6. 

Ha3eybury& Imperial Service 

Christmas Term at Haiieybury 
began on September 8. The Head 
of School is CJ. Crauford (Tr), the 
Second Head of School is Victoria 
A Saxton (Aby) and the Senior 
College Prefect is RJ.E. Walker 
(Tr). AJS.G. Mann (H) is Captain 
of Rugby- On September 12 at 
I1.30am there is a Celebration to 
mark the admission of younger 
girls and the 25th Anniversary of 
the first entry of Sixth Form girls. 
The Eleventh Attlee Memorial 
Lecture will be given by the Right 
Hon Michaei Portillo on Monday, 
November IbalSJOpm.TheCarol 
Services are on December 6 and It. 
Open Days for both boys and girls 
will be held on September' 26. 
October 10. October 17. November 

7, November 28. details of which, 
together with information on entry 
and Scholarships, ore available 
Iran The Registrar. Haifeybuiy. 
Hertford. SGI3 7NU (01992 
4633531 (e-mail address: 
Term ends on:December 11 
Moreton HalL Shropshire 
M oretan Hall* term began on 
Sunday. September 6 and ends on 
Friday. December U. The Carol 
Service will be held .on Friday. 
December 11 at Ham. Half-term 
will be from Friday, October 23 to 
Sunday. November I. There will be 
a lower school produ cation of A 
Christmas Carol on Saturday. 
December 5 and Sunday. 
December 6, in die M us grave 
Centre. The Head Prefect is Anna 
Wilson, her deputies are Abigail 
Goddard and Sarah Scarran. The 
Captain of Lacrosse is Abigail 
Goddard. The Old Moretonians 
Association 85th Anniversary 
Reunion will take place on 
Saturday, September 19, in the 
school All Old Moretonians and 
partners are invited to attend. 
Please telephone the school for 
further information (01691 773671). 
Queen Anne* School Caversham 
Term started an Wednesday. 
September 9. and finishes with the 
Carol Services on Thursday. 
December 10. Open Day is on 
Saturday. September 19. Ail Old 
Girls and friends of the school are 
welcome at the Senior School Play 
The Nose on November 27 and 28. 
Please apply to the school for 

BMDS: 0171 680 6880 
PRIVATE: 0171 481 4000 


TRADE; 0171 481 1982 
FAX: 0171 481 9313 

w 0 lw» dogs ■rim is boI t: do 
dm, tool povis id ibs 
e ibay win oaty trample oa 
a, sad t ur n and tour too to 
» Uanbow 7 : 6 . 


ALLEN- On Tuesday 
September 1st to Jane and 
Neil, a daughter. Mollie 
Rose, a sister to Rebecca 
and Samuel 

BEN-HAIM - On September 
7 th at The Portland 
Hospital to Sabine and 
Ami i, a son. Ycnathan 
Abraham, a brother for 

BR01D - In Sydney on 8th 
September 1998. to Oliver 
and Karen, a son. Dominic 
John, a brother for 

BULL - On 4tfa September 
1998 to Julia inde Yatosl 
andTtm. their first child. 

a eon, Thomas Edwin. 

de WAAL - Oa Sunday 6th 
September to Emma tnde 
Cox) and Edward a 
daughter. Sophie Helen. 
KENNEDY - On September 
9tb 1998. to Rachael (tide 
French-Greens lade) and 
Simon, a son. Angus 
Patrick Maxwell, a brother 
for Charlotte. 

PARR - On September 10th 
1998 at St Thomas’ 
Hospital to Arabella (n6e 
Hammcmnl and Richard, 
a daughter. Imogen 

PHILPOTT - O* 57th August 
1SS8 to Lisa (n£e Valpyt 
and Russell twin sons. 
Scon and Joseph. 

September 6th 1998 to Ann 
and James, a son, Jeremy, 
at Charleston. South 
Carolina, U.S-A. 

September-1th, to Caroline 
(nee Tuck) and Charles, a 
daughter, Lucy Emma 
FjraMr, a sister for Kirs tv- 


WHTTROW - On Seplember 

4th 1998 to Carolyn (n£e 
Mnr.kinlny) and Tim. a son. 

Adam Timothy Mockinlay. 



September 11th 1938 at 
Holy Trinity Cathedral. 
Port of Spain, Trinidad. 
John to Barbara, now at 21 
The Cedars. W13 8JF, 



HARLANDdfOWSE - Cny and 

Veronica. 11th September 

1948 - 1988. 

Congratulations to Fred 
and Molly of Bo urn tan oath 
On SO golden years of 
marriage. From the family 
with lota of love. 


ADAM - Allyne Dorothy, oa 
September 5 th devoted 
wile of the late Ronald 
Adam, much loved mother 
of David and Jane, 
grandmother and great¬ 
grandmother. Donations, 
u desired, to The Princess 
Alice Hosplco, Esher. 


ASHTON - Elizabeth 
Plerrepolm ode Hewitt on 

September 9th 1998, after 

a long battle bravely 
fought. The dearly beloved 
wife of Philip, Funeral 
Tuesday September 15th 
1998 Service and 
Interment at Holy Trinity 
Parish Church Ralnow nr 
Macclesfield Cheshire at 
2pm. Family flowers only. 
Donations If desired to 
Macmillan Nurses or 
Cancer Research. 
Enquiries to Hooloy. 
Watson ft Buckley Tel: 
01625 422734. 

BADCOCK - Julian Knighton 
Bad cock MBE.AE.on 
September 9th aged 79, 
suddenly and peacefully In 
Cobham Surrey. Beloved 
husband of Sophie and 
loving father of Ashley, 
Jane and Alice. Dear and 
respected father-in-law to 
Richard, David and 
Fabianno and adored 
grandfather of Amy, 
Chloe, Dash. Leonie, 

Daisy, Sam and Henry. A 
unique man who will he 
greatly missed by all who 
knew him. Memorial 
service at utem on 
Wednesday loth 
September at St Mary* 
Church, Stoke DAbemen, 
following a private 
cremation. Family flowers 
only, donation* ifdesired 

to LoBtherboad and Mid- 

Surrey Samaritans, 7 

Church Road, 

Leather head, Surrey, 

KT22 BAT. All enquiries to 
James and Thomas 
Funeral Directors. 01932 

COOPER - Mona Alice Irene 

Cooper th5o Johnson, 
founder and principal of 

the "San Toy" School of 
Dancing for 60 years, 
tireless source of light love 
and happiness to 
genonatiou of children. 

their families and 

countless audiences, left ua 
all in tears Tuesday 8th 

September at 10.20 pm. 

Sendee to be held at St 

Clements Church, Leigb- 

oa-Sea. Essex Wednesday 

16th September at 2.30 


CRUSE - Violet Mary (Veel 
on September 8th 
peacefully in the care of 
the Old Rectory, Ewburat, 
Surrey. Beloved wife of the 
late Bishop Howard Cruse, 
loved by her slater Jean 

and all nor family end very 
many friends. Private 

cremation followed by 
Service of Remembrance 
at St Nicolas Church. 

Cranlei^h at 2-30pm.. 
Wednesday September 
16 th. Family flowers only 
but donations if wished to 
the Sava the Children 

Fund, cfa Cranleigh 
Funerals 01483 275758. 

FELLOWS - Ida Edith 
I Bunny j on 9th September 

1998. Much loved mother 

of Selina, dear friend of 
Brock, beloved titter of 

Biddy end adored wife of 

the late Philip- Cremation 
at Golden Green on 26th 

September at 3,15. Sendee 

at St Marys Church. 
Happisbnrgh, Norfolk on 
29th September at 12.30. 

Please send donations In 

lieu of flowers to 

FBUttER - On 8th September 

1998. John Scott Farrier 

C.B.E. Peacefully in the 

Old Rectory. Ewhurat. 
Loving husband of the lain 
Margaret (Peg), dear 
father, grandfather, great- 
ffrandfathur, unde and 
Mend to many. The 
Thanksgiving Service will 
take place at St Nicolas 

Chureh, Cranldgh on 
Tuesday 13th September 
at 3.15pm. Enquiries to 

Cranteigh Funerals 01483 


MEDLEY - On 29th August. 
Olwen FRSL. aider of the 
lata Patricia, end Dorothy 

KENT - Arthur William CMC 
OBE on 7th September 
peacefully in hospital after 
a short illness. Beloved 

husband, father and 

grandfather. Will be 
missed by many friends 
and family. Funeral 
Service at Haycombe 

Crematorium. Bathos 

14th September at noon. 

Family flowers only, 
donations if desired to 
British Lung Foundation. 

To place 
death notices, 
or notices please call 
0171 680 6880 

KNOWLES - Colin Henry 

Ryiands, MD, FRCPath. 

peacefully oa September 

8th 1998 aged 77 at King 

Edward V?1 Hospital 
Midhurrt. Dearly loved 
and loving husband for 54 

years of Cynthia (Bunty). 

Much loved father of 
Julian. Pip pa and Joanna, 
dear father-in-law of 
Marla. David and Bruce, 
proud and adored 
grandfather of Tom. Nick. 

Sam. Amy. Matthew. Jake. 

Joe; Francesca and Sophie. 

Funeral Service at St 
Mary* Church, Walberton, 
West Sussex 3.00 pm on 

Tuesday September 15th 

followed by cremation at 

Chichester (family only). 
No flowers by request. 
Donations if desired, to 
Friends of St Richardk 
Hospital. Chichester. 

1£WB - Ruth, widow of 
Manln Lewts, late 

Colonial Sorvice of 
Tanganyika, beloved 
mother of Christopher and 
Josephine, grandmother 
and great-grandmothor, on 
Bth September after p 
short iflaees. Funeral on 
Friday 18th September at 
St Mary Magdalene* 
{Parish Church! 

Richmond. Family flowers 
oily. Donations to The 
Vineyard Project. 
Richmond, o/o T H 
Sanders. 28-00 Kew Road. 
Richmond TW9 2NA- 

LOWir- Elizabeth, 
peacefully In Charing 
Cross Hospital on 
September 9th. Cremation 
at Mortlake Crematorium 
on September 17lh at 11.00 
am. Flowers and enquiries: 
Holme* ft Daughters, 481 
Upper Richmond Road. 
Eul Sheen SW14 7PU Teh 
0181 -W» 1017 

LUNN-Harty K. Jr., 
deceased August 21st 1998 

in Paris. Memorial service 

16th September 1998 at 6 

pm, American Cathedral 

Paris. 23 avenue George V. 

MARKS - Tbe Lord Michael 
Marks. 2nd Baron of 
Broughton, pas sed away at 
home on 9th September, 
aged 78, after a long illness 
during which be was 

surrounded by the love 

and care of hla wife, 
Marina, his family and ell 
those who know him. The 

funeral service will take 

place at the Greek 
Orthodox Cathedral of 

Saint Sophia at Moscow 

Rood. London W2 on 
Tuesday 15th September 
at llatn. Family flowers 
only. Donations to the 
Alzheimer* Disease 
Society or to a charity of 
your choice. 

PKJOT - His Honour Thomas 
Herbert Piget Q.C. - 
passed away an 10th 
September aged 77 years. 
Beloved husband ox Zena 
and father of Diana. Clara 
and Anna Funeral Sorvice 
to bo held on Tuesday 15 th 
September 1998, at 
Reading Crematorium at 
1 LOO am. No flow ere. 
donations If desired, to 
River-mead Rehabilitation 
Centre, Oxford. C/O 
Tomalin ft Son. 38 Reading 
Road. Henley-on-Thames. 
RC91AG. Tel: (01491] - 

MUWASH - Raj Shriniwas, 
suddenly on 6th 
September 1998. Dearly 
loved father of Justin. 

Sadly missed by hi* 
femlly. Funeral Service at 
Guildford Crematorium on 
Monday 14th September 
at 3.00pm. Enquiries 01483 

ROBINSON - Elisabeth 
Frances (Betty) ntfe Baird. 
Died suddenly on 
September 8th 1998 aged 
85 yean. Much loved by 
her family and friende. 
Funeral service at Insh 
Church Kincralg at 2pm 
on Ttteeday 15th 
September and thereafter 
to I nail Count ory. Close 
family flowers only. If 
desired donations to Alvie 
and Insh Parish Church. 

SMITH - On September 8th 
peacefully at his home in 
Bewertey. Pateley Bridge, 
aged 89 years, William, 
much loved husband of the 
late Mary Smith, dear 
father of Russel/ and rbe 
late Stovsa and loved 
grandpapa of Nicholas. 
Sebastian. Rebocca. 
Thomas and Alexandra. 
Funeral Service at St. 
Cuthbert* Church. Pateley 
Bridge oa Wednesday 
September 16th at 
ll.QOom, followed by 
cremation. Enquiries to 
W.Bowers Sendees to the 
Bereaved. Hampsthwaite. 
Harrogate. 01423 770258. 

SMITH - Nod H .on 
September 7 th aged 78. 
previously residing In 
MaidslOM. recently 
Basingstoke. Beloved 
husband of BeryL father of 
Neville, Carolyn. Gillian 
and Jonathon. WiU bo 
greatly missed. Funeral 
today at Basingstoke 
Crematorium at 2.15pm. 
Family flowers only but 
donations If desired to The 
British Heart Foundation 
or The British Diabetic 

WADDINGTON - Peacefully 
in Yorkshire on September 
7th 1998 Marie, ARBC, Ea- 
Uaim n*ptNr 



TURNER - Diana Jane. 
Funeral Service will be 
hold at the Garrison 
Church of Sl Alban the 
Martyr. LarkhlU. at 
2 . 00 pm on Wednesday 
September 16 th. 


BOTNAR - A Memorial 
Ceremony for Octav 
ItoraarEsq. will be held on 
Wednesday 21st October 
1998. at the Cametia 
Botnar Foundation, 

Cowfold. West Sussex, at 

addressed to Lota Beckon, 
Trust Secretary. Groat 
Ormond Street Hospital 
for Children NHSTnm. 
Great Ormond Street, 
London WC1N 3JH. 



SAMUEL - Edwin Herbert 
fWdbnSnd Viscount. 
Barn ! I September 1898 
Remembered with love by 
all hla family. 


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Vernon Hall, CVO. anaesthetist, 

Hos P itai London. 
1931-64. died on August 19 aged 93. 
He was born on August 25,1904. 

K nown universally from his 
student days as Sam. after 
Uie rather macabre music- 
hall song Sam Hall. Ver¬ 
non Hall was a pioneer in the rapidly 
changing science of anaesthesia and 
a doyen of medical education 
throughout his career. His 38years at 
King's College Hospital saw advanc¬ 
es from the use of (sometimes unsatis¬ 
factory) ether and (often potentially 
dangerous) choloform anaesthetics, 
delivered through an open gauze 
mask, to methods of infinitely greater 

The 1950s ushered in the introduc¬ 
tion of much safer gases such as 
trilene, while pentothal. adminis¬ 
tered intravenously, enabled patients 
to be anaesthetised rapidly before the 
gases were introduced into the proc¬ 
ess. The gains in the safety to ihe pa¬ 
tient of being put under general an¬ 
aesthesia were enormous. 

Bom in New Cross, South London, 
of parents who were both teachers. 
Vernon Hall was educated at Haber¬ 
dashers’ Asker's School. Uncertain 
what choice of career to make, he was 
guided towards medicine by his head¬ 
master, and went on to study at 
King’s College London and then 
King'S College Hospital Medical 
School, qualifying in 1927. He was a 
keen sportsman and was full back in 
the most successful rugby team that 
the hospital ever had. 

After qualifying he undertook 
some locum work in general practice, 
also picking up a part-time casualty 
officer post at King's. His first full¬ 
time appointment was as house sur¬ 
geon to Sir Lenthal Cheatle. a cele¬ 
brated breast surgeon of the day. 
This job included die gruesome task 
of carrying often poorly wrapped sur¬ 
gical specimens to the hospital labora¬ 
tory from outlying hospitals by bus — 
few young doctors had cars in those 

Hall soon began to take an interest 
in teaching and also in anaesthetics, 
and was appointed junior house 
anaesthetist to King’s College Hospi¬ 
tal in 1928. In 1931. at the age of 27. he 
was appointed consultant anaesthet¬ 
ist to the hospital. This was a post 

i '. vt- • 

Hall: a career which saw great advances in the safety of anaesthesia 

with no salary and income had to be 
earned from private cases done at the 
invitation of die surgeon, and from lo¬ 
oms outside the hospital Later Hall 
obtained a consultant post at South- 
end Hospital with a salary of £150 per 
annum for two sessions a week. Most 
anaesthetics were given by general 
practitioners in these days and spe¬ 
cialist anaesthetists were rather rare 

When thewar began be worked ini¬ 
tially at King's during the Blitz, and 
then joined the RAMC, in which his 
first posting was to Colombo. One of 
his first tasks was to go by Catalina 
flying boat to Addu Atoll, the south¬ 
ernmost island in the Maldives, to 
pick up a sick anaesthetist, a trip 
which entailed eighteen hours in the 
air as. en route, the flying boat also 
had the task of circling a merchant 

ship to protect it from submarines. 

He was then sent on an even longer 
journey to a small tented hospital in a 
jungle training area near Jhansi. in 
northern India. This was a hazard¬ 
ous posting, not because of any Japa¬ 
nese threat, but from the presence for 
training purposes of a number of trig¬ 
ger-happy Americans, veterans of the 
Guadalcanal campaign. Not having 
an enemy to fight, these troops were 
in the habit of loosing ofF at anything 
that moved, avian or terrestrial, and 
stray rounds were frequently whis¬ 
tling round the training area both by 
day and by night. When the Ameri¬ 
cans started taking potshots at hor¬ 
nets' nests, as they were apt to. the 
medical man was liable to find him¬ 
self with his hands full. 

Shortly afterwards, Hall was ap¬ 
pointed anaesthetic adviser to East¬ 
ern Command based in Calcutta. 
This post involved regular visits to 
the forward areas in northeast India 
and Burma, such as Shillong, Kohi- 
ma. Imphal and Chittagong, where 
the mam Japanese thrusts had just 
been stemmed in the early part of 
1944. Hall was then made anaesthet¬ 
ic adviser to Allied Forces South-East 
Asia, covering not only Burma but 
also Malaya. Java. Indonesia. Sumat¬ 
ra and adjacent areas. 

later in 1944 he was promoted to 
brigadier and made anaesthetic ad¬ 
viser to South-East Asia Command, 
taking control of anaesthetic postings 
in India as well as throughout South- 
East Asia. Keeping in contact with all 
parts of dus vast domain was ex¬ 
tremely difficult, and involved long, 
tiring journeys. 

After the war Hall returned to his 
consultant post at King's, and in 1948 
obtained his fellowship of the newly 
established Faculty of Anaesthetists 
of the Royal College of Surgeons and 
‘ became a founder member of its 
board. He also took an increasing in¬ 
terest in medical student education, 
being Vice-Dean of King's College 
Hospital Medical School. 1948-51. 
and then Dean from 1951 to 1965. He 
was chairman of the Board of Ad¬ 
vanced Medical Studies and a mem¬ 
ber or the Senate of London Universi¬ 
ty from 1952 to 1962. He quickly be¬ 
came a witty and accomplished after- 
dinner speaker. 

During his career he worked with 
many of the leading surgeons and ob¬ 

stetricians of his day. and was 
present at the births of all four royal 
children, working initially with Sir 
William Gilliatt and later with Sir 
John Peel. He also attended Princess 
Margaret and the Duchess of Kent 
and in 1960 was appointed CVO. 

In 1969 he retired to north Devon 
where he was able to pursue his inter¬ 
ests of walking, riding, reading and 
music. With the help of his wife he 
did much to inspire the building of 
the village hall at Brendon, near Lyn- 
ton, and was an active member and 
later a vice-president of the Exmoor 
Society. Even after moving back to 
Kent, ten years ago. he continued into 
his nineties to travel to Devon to at¬ 
tend the AGM of the society. 

His interest in the countryside and 
walking also took him many times to 
the famous mountaineers' inn at Pfen- 
y-Gwryd in North Wales. In 1982 he 
published A Scrapbook of Snowdon¬ 
ia . a history of the inn and the sur¬ 
rounding area. His other publica¬ 
tions included a History of King's Col¬ 
lege Hospital Dental School (1973) 
and, jointly with others, The Story of 
King's College Hospital and its Med¬ 
ical School (1991). 

More recently he wrote his largely 
autobiographical Reminiscences. 
published last year. In this book he re¬ 
flected upon changes in anaesthesia 
and healthcare during his working 
life and upon the difficulties in inte¬ 
grating a medical vocation with mar¬ 
ket-place economics. This was a sub¬ 
ject upon which he felt strongly and 
spoke with great clarity on his 90th 

He was particularly opposed to the 
view that doctors could give of their 
best while working to a strict timeta¬ 
ble. or that an operating theatre 
should dose for some logistical rea¬ 
son before a list was finished. 

Described by Paris Match on one 
occasion as “a typical Englishman of 
the strong silent type", he had be¬ 
neath his quiet exterior a vein of great 
human kindness and generosity. He 
was a disciplined man who liked 
punctuality, espedally in respect of 
his mealtimes, and continued to 
dress daily in a suit and tie until the 
day of his death. 

His wife Marcia, a paediatrician 
whom he met in their student days at 
King's, survives him with their son 
and two daughters. 



Margaret Poller, romantic 
novelist died in Oxford on 
August 26 aged 72. Sbe was 
born in Harrow on 
June 2L 1926. 

FEW established novelists 
could match Margaret Potter’s 
range of published work. Writ¬ 
ing as Anne Melville, Marga¬ 
ret Newman and Anne Bet¬ 
te ridge, as well as under her 
own name, she produced more 
than fifty novels in a variety of 
genres, and countless short sto¬ 
ries for collections and maga¬ 
zines. She traced her remarka¬ 
ble storytelling ability to an 
early stay in hospital, aged 
five, when she was unable to 
sleep and devised picture sto¬ 
ries fn her head to stave off 
nightmares. “I still lie awalte. 
creating characters and mak¬ 
ing up adventures for them to 
enjoy or to endure." she wrote 
in 1994. 

Margaret Newman was the 
eldest daughter of Bernard 
Newman, a dvil servant, lec¬ 
turer and traveller, and him¬ 
self the writer of more than a 
hundred books, including spy 
stories and travel guides. She 
won a scholarship to St 
Hugh's College. Oxford, 
where she first learnt the value 
of the meticulous research 
which would be a trademark 
of her historical novels. On 
graduation she taught in 
Egypt and edited a magazine 
while waiting for her hus- 
band-to-be. Jeremy, to finish 
his own studies and find work. 

Members of the Hampstead 
Choral Sodety. of which she 
was then secretary, would 
have recognised characters in 
her first published novel. Mur¬ 
der to Music (1959). This was 
followed by a series of novels 
published by Hurst and Black¬ 
ett, one of which brought her 
the Romantic Novelists' 
Award. She then found time 
for nine children's books 
while, from the mid-1970s, her 
considerable energy was devot¬ 

ed to family sagas. The six vol¬ 
umes of the Lorimer saga (be¬ 
ginning with The Lorimer 
Line) first attracted a large 
readership to her work, her 
readers' loyalty thereafter evi¬ 
denced by the considerable 
sums she received from hav¬ 
ing her books borrowed from 
public libraries under the rela¬ 
tively recent Public Lending 

In these sagas, as well as in 
her 1990s novels such as A 
Clean Break and Standing 
Alone . the interest in the lead 
female characters does not lie 

. A, w 


. Ssa V ; * 

in their love life or their mar¬ 
riage but in their independ¬ 
ence and determination to 
make what they can of chal¬ 
lenges and opportunities. 

Margaret Potter herself was 
lull of such spirit. When she 
was not writing, she gardened 
with enthusiasm, she sang un¬ 
til she felt her voice had faded, 
she played tennis weekly and 
she did voluntary work. Her 
husband Jeremy — magazine 
publisher, sportsman and au¬ 
thor — died in November last 
year: they were married for 47 
years. She leaves a daughter 
and a son. 

Her last book. Debutante 
Daughters by Anne Melville, 
will be published next year by 



Veronica Crabbie, CBE, 
voluntary worker and 
campaigner, died on August. 
17 aged 87. She was born on 
November 26,1910. 

Scottish chairman of the Wom¬ 
en's Royal Voluntary Service 
and a commandant in the Brit¬ 
ish Red Cross, but sbe will be 
best remembered as a pioneer¬ 
ing campaigner for better sup¬ 
port for single mothers. 

The youngest daughter of 
the judge, church reformer 
and author Lord Sands. Mar¬ 
garet Veronica Johnston at¬ 
tended St Denis School in 
Edinburgh and then boarded 
at Queen Margaret's School. 
Yorkshire, where she was 
head girl. 

She then took the “House¬ 
wife’s Course" at Athol Cres¬ 
cent, Edinburgh, and went on 
to chauffeur her father and 
provide secretarial support. 

An ardent love of camping, 
fostered by her years in the 
Girl Guides, led her to become 
a trainer and assistant to blind 
Guides. She retired from guid¬ 
ing on her marriage to the 
Edinburgh stockbroker, Pat 
Crabbie. in 1938. 

She worked as a Red Cross 
VAD (naval), and later re¬ 

C ’w 

called the strict discipline at 
the Royal Naval Hospital. 

On moving on to the RN 
Hospital. Haslar. near Ports¬ 
mouth, she found the hands- 
on approach more rewarding. 
She retired from the Red Cross 
in 1942 on the birth of her sec¬ 
ond child, by which time she 
was a commandant. 

Veronica Crabbie joined the 
committee of the Edinburgh 
Home for Mothers and In¬ 
fants at Claremont Park in 
1947. a natural progression 
from her voluntary work at 
the Children's Shelter in the 
dty^ Meadows, which she 
had begun when aged 20. 

She was also a member of 
the Edinburgh Children’s Wel¬ 
fare Group. She was appoint¬ 
ed chairman of the Claremont 
Park committee in 1952. and re¬ 
mained in the post for 14 years 
until she took the chair of the 
Scottish Council for the Un¬ 
married Mother and her 
Child, now the Scottish Coun¬ 
cil for Single Parents. 

In 1955 she had been a foun¬ 
der member or the Edinburgh 
Children's Home Organisa¬ 
tion. which represented sever¬ 
al voluntary homes in the city. 
On joining the Women’s Royal 
Voluntary Service in 1960 she 

was appointed children's wel¬ 
fare officer for southeast Scot¬ 
land, and later she took over 
the same post at Scottish head¬ 

Sbe became Scottish vice- 
chairman m 1966. before be¬ 
ing elected to the chair in 1972. 
She retired in 1977. 

Following her 50 years and 
more of voluntary service, she 
embarked on an Open Univer¬ 
sity degree, having always felt 
cheated out of the chance of 
higher education when she 
was younger. 

She graduated in 1982 at the 
age of 72. Her tutor was the 
SNP leader and MEP for 
North-East Scotland, Allan 
Macartney, who was a distant 
relative and who died last 

She and her husband were 
avid curlers, and she was past 
president of Edinburgh Ladies 
Curling Club. 

She was appointed CBE in 
1976, but felt some regret that 
the citation mentioned only 
her WRVS work: site felt that 
her work with the Scottish 
Council for the Unmarried 
Mother and her Child had 
been more important. 

Veronica Crabbie is sur¬ 
vived by her husband and 
their daughter and two sons. 

Charlie Feathers, rock’n'roll 
singer, died in Memphis, 
Tennessee, on August 29 
aged 66. He was born on 
June 12,1932 

present at the birth of rock*n’ 
rolL He co-wrote Elvis Pres¬ 
ley’S first hit. 1 Forgot To Re¬ 
member To Forget and, al¬ 
though his own commercial 
success was limited, over the 
years he grew into something 
approaching a legend as new 
generations rediscovered the 
early rockabilly music of 
which he was a pioneer and li¬ 
onised anyone who had 
shared a studio with the origi¬ 
nal rock'n'roll heroes. As a re¬ 
sult. his influence was far 
greater than his own record 
sales would suggest, and his 
popularity seemed to undergo 
ar least one revival per decade 
throughout a long and varied 

Raised on a tenanted farm 
near Holly Springs, Mississip¬ 
pi, as a toy Feathers sang in 
church and listened to country 
music on the Grand Ole Opry 
radio show. He heard blue- 
grass performers such as Bill 
Monroe when they passed 
through nearby Hudsonville 
and was taught to play the gui¬ 



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tar by a black sharecropper 
named Junior Kimbrough. In 
1948 he left home to work with 
his father on an oil pipeline in 
Texas, playing his guitar by 
night in local saloons in a ba¬ 
sic country style. 

He married at 18 and moved 
to Memphis in the early 1950s. 
working variously as a truck 
driver and factory hand. Yet 
he spent as much time as he 
coukt hanging out at Sam Phil¬ 
lips'S Sun Studios, where he 
got to know such blues musi¬ 
cians as Howlin' Wolf as well 
as the teenage hopefuls Elvis 
Presley, Johnny Cash and Jer¬ 
ry Lee Lewis. 

The exact nature of Feath¬ 
ers's contribution to the emer¬ 
gence of the rockabilly sound 
which became Sun’s trade¬ 
mark is disputed. Certainly, 
his background in country mu¬ 
sic and his acquaintance with 
black music meant he was per¬ 
fectly positioned musically, 
but extravagant claims he 
made over the years to have ar¬ 
ranged all of Elvis Presky's 
material, and to have given 
Lewis the idea for his pump¬ 
ing piano style, need to be tak¬ 
en with a pinch of salt His ear¬ 
ly demo of / Forget To Remem¬ 
ber To Forget became a hit for 
Presley but Feathers’s only 
record on Sun under his own 
name, a country number 
called Defrost Your Heart. 
was released in 1955 some 
months after Presley is debut. 

Sun rejected Feathers's next 
song. Tongue Tied Jill, and he 
took it instead to the Meteor la¬ 
bel, enjoying a local hit. It was 
to remain his best-known 
number. He next moved to 
King Records in Cincinnati, 
who attempted to sell him as 
their answer to Presley, but be¬ 
fore long he was back working 
with Phillips cutting demos 
and doing studio work. He 
continued to make records for 
a number of small labels 
throughout the late 1950s and 
early 1960s with his country 
voice, novelty vocal effects and 




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Charlie Feathers (with guitar) and members of his 1950s group, the Musical Warriors 

a rockabilly sound that veered 
towards light comedy, but 
without ever hitting the big 

Yet. despite such an appar¬ 
ently limited set of achieve¬ 
ments. the Feathers cult grew, 
partly because of the associa¬ 
tion with such giants as Pres¬ 
ley. Perkins and Lewis. He re¬ 
corded an album for the Bar¬ 
relhouse label in 1968 that in¬ 
troduced him to a new set of 
fans who were still in nappies 
when Sun Studios had been 
making musical history. 

In 1977 a single on the Roll in 
Rock label. That Certain 
Smile, backed with She Set 
Me Free, was seized upon by 

British rockabilly revivalists 
such as Dave Edmunds, and 
Feathers briefly enjoyed per¬ 
haps the most popular spell of 
his career. Although he was 
never one who could be ac¬ 
cused of false modesty, even 
Feathers must have been mild¬ 
ly surprised to find himself 
headlining a show at London's 
Rainbow Theatre and record¬ 
ing for EMI’s progressive rock 
label. HarvesL 
A compilation album. Rock¬ 
abilly Main man, in 1978 
helped to perpetuate the leg¬ 
end. Ten yeara later a similar 
collection entitled The living 
Legend signalled yet another 
revival of interest. The 1991 al¬ 

bum Charlie Feathers includ¬ 
ed a reworking of his classic I 
Forgot To Remember To For¬ 
get and in 1995 the appearance 
of an album of previously unre¬ 
leased 1950s demos, under the 
title Tip Top Daddy, created 
yet another mini-revival 
which led to a lavish and defin¬ 
itive double CD restrospective. 
Get With It. released only six 
weeks ago. 

He continued working al¬ 
most until the end. playing 
rock’n’roll classics in a band 
which included his son Bubba 
and daughter Wanda. He is 
survived by his wife Rose¬ 
mary, and by two sons and a 


The Royal Oak was yesterday launched in the 
presence of a vast concourse of spectators. 

Her propelling power wilt consist of a pair 
of 1,000-horse power (nominal) engines, by 
Messrs. Mandslay. Son. and Field. Already 
three tiers of armour plates have been bolted 
on to her port and starboard sides, but three 
additional rows will be given her. thus carry¬ 
ing the places from her gunwale to a distance 
of 5ft below her load water line. Each plate is 4 
inches in thickness, and weighs, on an aver¬ 
age, SOcwl These will cover the vessel to with¬ 
in about 40ft erf her stem and stem, when they 
will commence laperineoflio? inches in thick¬ 
ness at the stern and nows, excepting under 
the buttock, where the plates will only be 2 
inches thick. 

Up to the present lime the number of ar¬ 
mour-plates bolted to her sides is 70, the 
number required for the entire vessel being 
about 300. Eadh plate is bolted to a backing or 
teak and oak, of 24 inches in thickness, thus 
giving a solid thickness of 28 inches lo the 
ship’s broadsides. The bolts and mns under 
water, as well as those within a short distance 
of the load water line, are all galvanized. The 

upper deck is entirely encased with plale iron, 
the portions in the most exposed part being 


September 11,1862 

The launch of Warrior, Britain's first 
iron-dad warship in I860 , began a 
programme of naval expansion. Royal 
Oak was one of six iron-dads 
constructed in the 1860s. 

covered with 5/8ths inch iron, and in the other 
parts and inch, the whole firmly averted and 
bolted together, and covered with the ordi¬ 
nary planking secured to the iron beams by 
nuts and screws. She will carry her entire ar¬ 
mament, with the exception of a 110-pounder 
Armstrong at her siem and stem, on her main 
deck, the portholes being unusually small, 
their height being 3ft KHns. and width 2ft Her 
embrasures, however, are so formed that the 
guns will have a play of 32deg in each direc¬ 
tion, thus working in a radius of 64 deg. 

The main and lower decks will be ventilat¬ 
ed on an improved system, the invention of 

Captain Fanshawe, Superintendent of 
Chatham dockyard, it is intended to sheath 
the bottom of the Royal Oak with a new de¬ 
scription of metal, or rather combination of 
metals, according to the plan proposed by M. 
Mogle, chief officer of the metal mills ai 
Chatham dockyard. 

The launch was appointed to take place at a 
quarter before 2 o'clock, by which hour Miss 
Fanshawe, the daughter of Captain Fan¬ 
shawe, having been conducted to the bows of 
the ship, the stem of which was ornamented 
with a large bough of oak. dashed the bottle of 
wine against her bow?, and immediately after 
severed the silken cord which held the Iasi 
logs ho re. Contrary to general expectation, 
however, the Royal Oak. like the Mersey, the 
last vessel built on the same slip, obstinately 
refused to move. 

This arose, probably, from too many Mocks 
having been left under her. the calculation be¬ 
ing that her enormous weight would render 
this precaution necessary. About a quarter of 
an hour, therefore, was spent in removing the 
extra blocks: after which three powerful hy¬ 
draulic presses, one ol which was placed un¬ 
der her forefoot, and the others at each of her 
bQgeways. were brought into requisition: and 
at 2 o'clock the huge wssd glided easily down 
the launching-ways into the harbour, amid 
the cheers of the spectators, the band playing 
“Rule Britannia." 

"rte cal's wlfc'skersaSprite J L_ —- 

U * 1 * UUlli 


■■■ : ’J* "i**'*. 




The Net closes on Clinton after 
Starr delivers explosive verdict 

■ The report that could end the Clinton presidency was set to 
be disclosed to the world on the Internet as pressure grew for 
Bill Clinton to resign or face impeachment The sexually 
explicit report by the special prosecutor Kenneth Starr, is 
understood to allege that he is guilty of perjury, obstruction of 
justice, witness tampering and abuse of power. 

■ Hillary Clinton was sticking to business as usual, with an 
exhausting programme which may prove not just a distraction 
but a shrewd foundation for a political career of her own. 

■ Members of Congress met in the early hours to find away of 

handling the 445-page report Newt Gingrich, House Speaker, 
urged members to “abstain from language which is personally 
abusive to the President”.Pages L 2,3,5,22.23 

Arsenal bid talks 

The television company Carlton 
Communications was in takeover 
talks with Arsenal. The Premier¬ 
ship champions could be worth 
less than half the £623 million 
BSkyB agreed to pay for Man¬ 
chester United-Pages 1,5,52 

Meat for needy axed 

A scheme that gave the poor and 
homeless free supplies of meat 
from the European Union beef 
mountain has been axed by the 
Government. .Page* 

Ulster army cuts 

The Government is planning 
swift and extensive demilitari¬ 
sation in Northern Ireland to en¬ 
courage the IRA disarmament that 
must start soon if the peace pro¬ 
cess is to succeed...Page 6 

Viagra bill ‘only £50nT 

Viagra is to be sold to the NHS at 
£4.84 a tablet when it is licensed 
next week, meaning a total annu¬ 
al bill of about £50 million, the 
manufacturer said-Page 8 

Fatal navy drill 

A sixth-former drowned unno¬ 
ticed under a Liferaft while pupils 
above him oontinued a sea-sur¬ 
vival exercise supervised by Roy¬ 
al Navy specialists.Page 9 

Weekend jails plan 

Minor offenders could be allowed 
to keep their jobs and serve their 
sentences at weekends, under 
ideas from MBs to ease pressure 
on jails.-.Page 13 

MPs oppose TA cut 

The Government's plan to cut the 
size of the Territorial Army by 
more than a third was con¬ 
demned by MPs as shortsighted 
and misconceived.- Page 14 

Diagnosis revolution 

A breath test that allows doctors 
to diagnose common illnesses 
without having to wait days far 
blood or urine sample results 
could be available within two 
years- Page 15 

New test plan for BSE 

Government advisers have rec¬ 
ommended new tests for cows 
that appear healthy but may be 
carrying the agents that cause 
“mad cow" disease-Page 16 

Yeltsin compromises 

President Yeltsin bowed to parlia¬ 
ment and selected his former For¬ 
eign Minister to be Russia’s next 
Prime Minister.Page 17 

Pope blesses menu 

The Vatican gave its blessing to a 
millennium menu for visitors to 
Rome in 2000 that will include 
medallions of beef a la cardinal. 
Sistine Chapel mushrooms and 
pilgrims'pudding Rage 17 

Vote on test ban 

l^akistan summoned an emergen¬ 
cy joint session of parliament to 
approve a decision to sign the 
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, 
which may lead to the lifting of 
economic sanctions imposed after 
its nudear tests.Plage 18 

Flying dog brought down to earth 

■ She jumped out of aircraft and went scuba diving, but had to 
end her hobbies when she fefl out of bed. For Hooch is a seven- 
year-old dog and the vet barred any more escapades when she 
broke a leg jumping off the bed of her owner. Hooch, a cross 
between a cattle dog and King Charles spaniel made 53 
parachute jumps and 14 scuba dives--Page 18 


KaH r. 


I In a disgusting fashion, com¬ 
pletely empty? (6). 

4 Artful character leading astray 
lost boys (8). 

10 Seat in bar would be unusual for 
him (9}. 

11 Ruminant similar to fawn (5). 

12 Accountant who uses sound 
sense? (7J. 

13 Expert's tautology about higher 
degrees? (7). 

14 How Nemesis pursues one—and 

i howl (4,1,9). 

19 Ghost of KLM pilot? (6.8). 

21 Animal operation requiring very 
large amount of money (7). 

24 Explorer backed by Colorado or 
Virginia (7). 

1 26 Creamre with, unusually, one 
hom (5). 

3 Solution to Puzzle No 20893 


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0BB0S 8001300131110 

27 Carry on with words that are 
straightforward and dever (9). 

28 English batting always to plan (8). 

29 Drawing of second sailing vessel 

( 6 ). 


1 Wrap up without a rumpus (6). 

2 Standing around platform to 
voice encouragement for the 
fallen p-1-5). 

3 Inclined to speak fast (5). 

5 Make uncertain moves—difficult 
position to be left in (5). 

6 Projection from speaker showing 
dollar with real power (4-5). 

7 Sound of brass band laddng a 
certain zing (5). 

8 Sprinkle salt initially over dish 

( 8 ). 

9 In- conclusion, tomb is inscribed 

( 8 ). 

15 Passes on with no difficulty (5,4). 

16 Swimming race — volunteers 
needed to enter (8). 

17 Lack or any relations? It's not 
important (2-7). 

18 Naturally, greenkeeper is in 
charge thus (2,6). 

20 Patriarch's kid holding the old 
record (6). 

22 Old footballer yet to be paid (5). 

23 Chap receiving little money for 
tree (5). 

25 Opportunity to take a breather (5). 

Times Two Crossword, page 52 

j 1 v.— "• - r~ '■ >«r:- - 

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Keiko. star of the film Free Willy, being lowered into its native waters off Iceland yesterday after I? years in captivity-The whale, 
transported by aircraft ami boat from the United States, will live in a sea pen until it is judged ready for return to the wua 

On the alert The chairman of the 
Government's Action 2000 group 
has met Home Office officials to 
discuss what to do if private and 
public infrastructure goes into 
meltdown because of the millenni¬ 
um bug.—.-.—Page 27 

BTFfc Shares in die engineering 
group slumped IS per cent after 
half-year profits fell under pressure 
from the strong pound and weak 

overseas markets-Page 27 

Eco n om y ; The Bank of England's 
Monetary Policy Committee defied 
calls from industry to cut base rates 
but provided the assurance long 
sought by exporters that it will not 
raise diem__Page 27 

Markets: The FTSE100 fell 174.7 to 
close at 5136.6. Sterling’s trade- 
weighted index foil to 102.9 Page 30 

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VWUnm 414 SIS 

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NVUen 414 339 

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World City Weather 

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Europe Covury by Country 03X4401 BOS 
European fur* (OB 0330 401 084 

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Seaport mfcnmoon 0334 401 802 

OtancyUM Pam 0314401 400 

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629 am 

A M Moon seS 

RMl 12.41 pm 

Laa quarter September 13 
London 7 25 pm to 6 30 am 
Bristol 7 as pm to 6 «0 am 
Edinburgh 7 42 pm lo & 38 am 
MancftesJer 735 pm io 6 37 am 
Penzance 7 43 pm to 6 54 am 

Sun sock 
725 pm 

Moon lisas 
1026 pm 


fiscycfed paper mxto up 
Jl 4% oi the material 

lor UK. newspapers si me 
r»a Iran dwr 

Football: Carlton Television, which 
is in takeover talks with Arsenal, 
has also had preliminary discus¬ 
sions with Tottenham Hotspur as 
the race for television riches be¬ 
comes a headlong dash —Page 52 

Cricket Leicestershire strength¬ 
ened their position on top of the Bri¬ 
tannic Assurance Championship as 
they swept towards seemingly inev¬ 
itable win over Essex-Page 52 

Golf: Darren Clarke led the way 
with a five-under-par 67 m difficult 
conditions on the opening day of 
the One 2 One British Masters at 

the Forest of Arden_Page 52 

Tennis: Venus Williams reversed 
an early tide of errors to overwhelm 
Arantxa SAnchez-Vicario 2-6.6-1.6- 
1 to reach the semi-finals of the US 
Open-Page 50 




Tom Wolfe reveals 
his Bonfire 

of the Nineties 

Natalie Merchant 
on life after 

10,000 Maniacs 

Week in the Arts: “Cut out the fake 
outrage, guys: get down to hard 
talking and turn the new Covent 
Garden into an opera house that 
makes Britain proud." writes Rich¬ 
ard Morrison-Page 35 

Pop on Friday. Jade Dangers, the 
brains behind Meat Beat Manifes¬ 
to. is the man everyone wants to 
sample..._Page 36 

New pop afbtank Manic Street 
Preachers release their eagerly 
awaited fifth album, but the new 
sounds are conservative and for¬ 
mulaic. while Marilyn Man son’s 
latest effort is destined to be 

forgotten_Page 37 

Tragic dame: Diana Rigg tackles 
the title role in Racine's Ptedre in a 
new West End staging and gets it 
absolutely right..Page 38 


□ General: colder with rain at times. 

□ London, SE A Central S Eng¬ 
land, E Anglia: scattered showers 
and sunny spells. Wind moderate, 
SW. Max 18C (64F). 

□ E Midlands, E England: scat¬ 
tered showers and sunny spells. Wind 
moderate, W to SW. Max 17C (63F). 

□ W Midlands, NW England, Lake 
District, Isle of Man: showery 
morning, brighter and drier later. Wind 
moderate. W to NW Max 16C (61F). 

□ Channel Isles, SW England, 
Wales: showers, sunny spells later. 
Wind fresh, NW. Max 17C (63F). 

□ Central N, NE England: mostly 
cloudy, rain at times. Wind moderate, 
W lo NW. Max 16C (61F). 

□ Borders, Edinburgh & Dundee, 
Aberdeen, Central Highlands, Mo¬ 
ray Ftrtfi, NE Scotland: storting 
mainly cloudy with rain, brighter later. 
Wind moderate, W to NW. Max 15C 

□ SW & NW Scotland, Glasgow, 
Argyll: sunny spells and showers. 
Wind fresh, NW. Max 15C (59F). 

□ Orkney, Shetland: mostly dry, 
some bright spells. Wind moderate to 
fresh. NW. Max 14C (57F). 

□ N Ireland: sunny spells, but cool 
and breezy with showers. Wind fresh, 
NW. Max 14C (57F). 

□ Republic of Ireland: sunny inter¬ 
vals and showers. Wind moderate or 
hash, NW. Max 17C (63F). 

□ Outlook: cool, windy some rain. 

at hts to 5 pm: b-JJrtgftC c=doutf; d^drtzzkr; ds^dust Some du=dJt; f-tar, ig=fog: g-gakr, 
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Isle ot Man 
Isle at Wign 


Tomperauxcs a moaay teal emc on Wcdnmojy X - nor avaiattc 


1998 constantly comfortable, 1999 constantly comfortable, 
2000 constantly comfortable, 2001... 

Virgin birth: "We decided to change 
the name of the mail order busi¬ 
ness; Slipped Disc was a favourite. 
Then one of the girls said, 
*What about Virgin? We’re com¬ 
plete virgins at business.’" The fi¬ 
nal extract from Richard Branson’s 
autobiography-Page 19 

Metre man: Seamus Heaney, the 
Irish poet who won the 1995 Nobel 
Prize for Literature, is interviewed 
by Erica Wagner— Page 21 

Mhror reflections: The wild days of 
the paper are oven it has now 
become a very serious tabloid, ac¬ 
cording to its chief executive, David 
Montgomery -Page 39 

Pitched battle: “From the moment 
that Manchester United was float¬ 
ed on the Stock Exchange, toe di¬ 
rectors' responsibility was to repre¬ 
sent the interests of shareholders 
rather than fans.” Raymond Snoddy 
on the BSkyB deal-Page 4! 

■^ v I 1 

Private lessons: John O’Leary ex¬ 
plains how the private sector has 
been edging doser to running state 
schools___Page 45 

President Clinton is becoming an 
abandoned and isolated figure — a 
dangerous position for the leader of 
the free world to be in 

— II Messaggero, Rome 

Preview Nigel Hawre is the new 
police surgeon ist'Dangerfield 
(BBCl. 930pm). Review: Paul 
Hoasart on tile hazards of talking 

Madison’s monism. V; 

The moving spirit of the American 
Constitution is that officials should 
be removed for abuse of office. There 
can be tittle doafat tfaatpeijuiyajid 
obstruction of justice, even in the 
context ofasexuaUiaispn, fallwi th¬ 
in this definition.-..-—Page 23 

Trappist Tories . . 

Refusal to participate in the ballot 
cm the singte currency is the worst 
course that Mr Clarke, Mr Hesel- 
tineand Douglas Hurd couki : take. 
If they care about principle , and 
party as much as they-dafra they 
should enter the fray ...—Page 23 

Hard science 

To foster a public understanding of 
science is not simply to encourage 

an enriching enthusiasm, but to 
equip a generation to tackle the 
practical problems and moral dr- 
lemmas it will face-23 


President Clinton will not be fight¬ 
ing the White House Christmas 
tree this year ... I believe that he 
has two more weeks in 

Washington-- Page 22 


Hiidegard of Bingen dispensed ad¬ 
vice, therapy and futurology to. 
the greatest and the humblest: a 
12th-century combination of;Majje 
Proops, Mystic Meg and Mother 

Teresa — .... Page 22 

Felivorachy or cat-eating is not as- 
new as we suppose. The traditional 
French nursery rhyme. Cest la. 
mere MickeUe/Qui a perdu son 
chat, ends in pussy pie.—Page 22 

Vernon Halt anaesthetist; Marga¬ 
ret Potter, author: Charlie Raft¬ 
ers, rock'n'roll musician; Veronica 
Crabbic, voluntary workerPageS 

Medical neufrality in Kosovo; dan¬ 
gers of bracken; :cost ot church 
sente; chopping onions .Page 23 


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How Russia’s 
mafia affects 
its economy 

PAGE 31 


Hardly Manic: 
the Welsh trio’s 
flat new album 

PAGES 35-38 


Clarke continues 
to leave 
rivals in shade 

PAGES 4662 


BUSINESS EDITOR Patience Wheatcroft 


Fears of 


By Chius Ayres 

chairman of the Govern¬ 
ment's Action 2000 group, 
has met senior Home Office 
officials to discuss what to 
do if Britain’s private and 
public infrastnicture goes 
into meltdown because of 
the millennium bug. 

The former head of Oftel. 
the telecoms watchdog, re¬ 
vealed that the Government 
had been preparing for a 
worst-case scenario after a 
meeting yesterday with busi¬ 
ness leaders, regulators and 
tivil servants. It is thought 
that senior representatives 
from British Telecom, Cable 
& Wireless. Transco and 
Shell attended. 

The Government also pub¬ 
lished a report by Ernst & 
Young yesterday. The re¬ 
port examined to what ex¬ 
tent industries are depend¬ 
ent on each other and how a 
complete computer break¬ 
down could affect Britain. 

Mr Cruickshank said that 
he could still not give an as¬ 
surance that Britain's busi¬ 
nesses and public organisa¬ 
tions would be able to pro¬ 
vide "normal services" after 
January 1.2000. 

He added, however. £har 
he was satisfied with the 
progress most organisa¬ 
tions were making towards 
tackling the problem. 

Mr Cruickshank said that 
one of die biggest problems 
Action 2000 faced was per¬ 
suading businesses to snare 
information with each other 
about the millennium bug. 
Disclosure is also vital be-' 
tween British and foreign 
companies, he said. He add- ! 
ed that regulators could 
take away licences from 
companies if they failed to 
make adequate prepara¬ 
tions for dealing with the l 
millennium bug. i 

Special agents: from left, Stuart Higgins, media consultant Robert Gutowslti. chief executive, and Jon Holmes, manag ing director, of Marquee UK 

MFC sends signal on 

interest rate stability 

By Janet Bush 

Commentary, page 29 

THE Bank of England’s 
Monetary Policy Committee 
yesterday defied growing 
pressure from industry to cut 
base rates but provided the 
assurance long sought by ex¬ 
porters that it will not raise 
them again. 

The MFC. announcing that 
it had left base rates un¬ 
changed at 7 5 per cent, clearly 
felt sufficiently sensitive to 
growing fears that Britain will 
be dragged down by turbu¬ 
lence in the world economy to 
publish a statement. This is 
the first time it has elucidated 
on a no-change derision since 
it was set up 16 months ago. 

It said:“Although the Com¬ 
mittee judges that the current 
level of interest rates is neces¬ 
sary to meet the inflation tar¬ 
get, it recognises thai the dete¬ 
rioration in the international 
economy could increase the 
risk of inflation falling below 
the target The Committee will 
continue to monitor these 

The markets interpreted this 
as a strong signal that rates 
have peaked- In the British 
Government bond market the 
yield on benchmark ten-year 
bonds fell to 522 per cent the 
lowest level seen since the 
1960s. The pound slid to its 
weakest level against the mark 
for more than ten months on 
the conviction that base rates 

are heading lower. It was quot¬ 
ed as low as DM2JJ380 from 
earlier highs above DM2J16. 

Far from drawing comfort 
from the hint of lower rates at 
some stage, the stock market 
was disappointed that there 
was no cut yesterday. The 
FTSE 100 index dosed 174.7 
points lower at 5,136.6, a 
slump of more than 3 per cent. 

The City was caught in a vi¬ 
cious cross wind from Wail 
Street where share prices 
plunged by 2 per cent in early 
trading on fears of an end to 
the Clinton presidency. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was down 271 points 
in mid-session, further affect¬ 
ed by news of America’s larg- 
est-ever current account deficit 

in the second quarter, a $565 
billion gap. 

Manufacturers rounded on 
the MPC yesterday for not cut¬ 
ting rates on a day when the 
Confederation of British Indus¬ 
try's latest distributive trades 
survey showed that confidence 
in the business environment 
had plunged to its lowest level 
since the recessionary condi¬ 
tions of November 1992. 

Kate Barker, chief economic 
adviser at the CBI, said: “A rate 
cut is urgently needed in view 
of the depressed outlook for the 
UK economy over the next 18 
months — the international un¬ 
certainties should not have 
been a reason to hesitate." 

She added: “The latest evi¬ 
dence on inflation has gener¬ 

ally supported the view that 
the upward risk to inflation is 
subsiding, whereas the down¬ 
ward risk to growth is becom¬ 
ing more serious.” 

The survey showed growth 
in retail sales volumes in Au¬ 
gust was at a virtual standstill 
for the first time since Septem¬ 
ber 1995. Average selling pric¬ 
es slowed considerably to 
show the weakest rate of 
growth since February 1995. 

Geoffrey Dicks, UK econo¬ 
mist at Greenwich NatWest, 
said: "The rip has gone out of 
the high street If there was 
any justice in this world, rates 
Iwould have been) cut on the 
back of this survey.” 

Commentary, page 29 

British Gas sets 

sights on 3.5m 
. power customers 

BTR warns of further 
factory closures 

By Adam Jones 

By Christine Buckley, industrial correspondent 

BRITISH GAS is aiming to 
sell electricity to more than 35 
million customers after claim¬ 
ing that nearly two million peo- 
ple have already registered an 
interest in buying its power. 

Next week it will launch an 
advertising blitz and is set to 
announce selling partnerships 
with several businesses- 

Roy Gardner, chief execu¬ 
tive. said 440.000 people had 
signed up to buy electnaty 
from British Gas wble a fur¬ 
ther 15 million said they want * 
ed information. .. 

Competition in hmjsehold 
plecrriatv begins on Monday 

onlv 750.000 people. British 
Gas estimates it will sp^^> 
to £40 a head for each ^On Q 
ty customer it gains tHrougH 
an advertising campaign and 

investment in ,ts .^fSid' talks 

The company has held nuts 

with National P^-er and Pmv- 
erGen about buymgpw«r sta¬ 
tions so that it can produce the 

electricity it sells. The genera¬ 
tors are soon to be forced to 
sell some capacity. 

Mr Gardner set out his am¬ 
bitions for selling electricity as 
Centrica, British Gas’s hold¬ 
ing company, recorded its first 
pre-tax profit and gave a 
strong signal that a dividend 
payment is likely next year. 

The company made £90 mil¬ 
lion pre-tax profits for the six 
months to June 30 compared 
with a loss of £149 million for 
the same period in 1997. The 
turnaround came despite los¬ 
ing £59 million because of un- 
seasonaJJy mild weather earli¬ 
er this year. Earnings per 
share were 12p compared 
with a 4.9p loss last year. : 
□ BG. the gas pipehne busi¬ 
ness, is to be forced to sell its 
storage facilities. It has bowed 
to pressure from the regulator 
for a gradual sale of its capaci¬ 
ty to competitors. _ 

Tempos, page 30 

BTR shares slumped 18 per 
cent yesterday after half-year 
profits fell under pressure 
from the strong pound and 
weak markets in South Ameri¬ 
ca and South-East Asia. 

The poor performance, 
which continues a prolonged 
decline in the former conglom¬ 
erate’s share price, prompted 
BTR to say it may close more 
factories, it is also speeding up 
plans to move more jobs away 
from “high-cost” countries. 

In the past 18 months, II fac¬ 
tories have been closed in the 
automotive division, with pro¬ 
duction capacity moved from 
the US and Germany to East¬ 
ern Europe or Asia. 

Ian Strachan. chief execu¬ 
tive. also said the return of 
£500 million to shareholders 
will be brought forward from 
April 1999 to take advantage of 
the company’s historically low 
share price, with immediate ef¬ 
fect- This was not enough to 
stop analysts downgrading 
profits forecasts for the year. 

BTR. which is now classed 
as an engineering company, re¬ 

ported a pre-tax loss erf £45 mil¬ 
lion, compared with a £516 mil¬ 
lion profit, but this latest fig¬ 
ure indudes a £407 million 
loss on disposals. 

BTR’s automotive, power 
drives and specialist engineer¬ 
ing divirions all saw profits 
fall. The strength of sterling re¬ 
duced the profits of the core en¬ 
gineering activities by £20 mil¬ 
lion. compared with the first 
half last year. 

One analyst said BTR was 
enduring “the worst of all pos¬ 

sible worlds”. He said the com¬ 
pany’s new strategy of being 
prepared to sacrifice its tradi¬ 
tionally high margins is fail¬ 
ing to deliver organic sales 
growth in its key businesses. 
Another said that the weak fig¬ 
ures were inevitable because 
of global market conditions. 

The loss per share of 6.3p 
compares with earnings of 
9.1p. The interim dividend is 
unchanged at 4p per share. 

of PFI 

By Christine Buckley 

Tempus, page 30 


(re based) 


share price 


* . ■ ■■ 

' \ rf 430 

- 400 

?.,■*—!—-vsT- ■ :* .300 


84 85 86 ‘ 87 ’ 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 

Wassail launches £35 lm TLG bid 

BY Paul DurmaN 


the US. __how to re- 

SSE TssjgsESse 

fieation of coopera 



lion adding to the 15 per cent stake it 
had buDt up in TLG since the start of 
ES year. Cooper, which has varied 
Sfctrical activities, has an 8.3 percent 
holding. The shares ended 8p higher at 
j77wp yesterday. 

to raise its 

Henderson Crostbwaite said: “If Coop¬ 
er comes bade and pays 190p then.Was¬ 
sail will have got 30p more than it oth¬ 
erwise would have. 1 t hink it has got an 
each-way bet" 

However,'Chris Miller, WassaU's 
duef executive, insisted that it was a se¬ 
rious offer: “We want to own TLG at 
175p.” He said the reason Wassail had 
:npt talked to TLG (hiring the past two 
months—when the lighting group was 
known to be discusring a takeover — 
was that it wanted to keep its options 

open, without being bound by any let¬ 
ters of confidentiality. 

Although Wassail has cash of more 
than £300 million, it intends to finance 
the TLG purchase with borrowings of 
up to £150 million. It will consider 
bringing in other equity investors to 
take a stake in the acquired business. 

Mr Miller said Wassail believed 
TLG could improve its performance: it 
had good market shares, well-known 
brand names and could support “a cer¬ 
tain amount of debt”. 

UNION leaders are squaring 
up to attack on the Govern¬ 
ment about the Private Fi¬ 
nance Initiative (PH) after 
John Monks, the TUC general 
secretary, failed to exclude a 
critical motion from next 
week’s TUC conference. 

The general council — the 
TUCs ruling body — over¬ 
ruled Mr Monks as he tried to 
slop a motion by the Associa¬ 
tion of Magisterial Officers. It 
calls for an end to the PFI and 
Private/Public Partnerships 
and for the Government to “re¬ 
instate proper capital funding 
to ensure the future infrastruc¬ 
ture of the public services in a 
way which does not damage 
jobs and services". 

Mr Monks said: “1 recom¬ 
mended we oppose the motion 
but the general council derid¬ 
ed to leave it up to Congress.” 

Some unions have urged an 
end lo the involvement of pri¬ 
vate cash in public building. 
Mr Monks believes the union 
movement should take a more 
pragmatic approach to the PFI 
and accept that some private 
money is useful in govern¬ 
ment projects. 

Meanwhile the TUC ap¬ 
pealed to employees to assert 
their rights under the working 
time directive, whidi takes ef¬ 
fect next month. The TUC said 
companies are pushing em¬ 
ployees to opt out of new rules 
which will restrict the working 
week to 48 hours. If most peo¬ 
ple in a company whidi does 
not recognise unions opt out of 
the working time directive 
then all workers there will for¬ 
feit the right 

sells star 
stable to 
for £2.1m 




FTSE IDO_ 5136.6 (-174.7) 

Yield_ 3.21% 

FTSE AH Share.... 2395.67 (-€8-93) 

NiWftt..14666.03 (-89.51} 

New York: 

Dow Jones_ 7647J0(-217.B21' 

S&P Composite.- 982.99 (-23-21)* 

By Jason Nisse 

us rate 

TONY STEPHENS, the agent 
who represents three of the big¬ 
gest names in British football 
— Alan Shearer. Michael 
Owen and David Beckham — 
yesterday sold his business to 
The Marquee Group, the US 
sports management company 
whose clients indude Gary 
Lineker, Greg Rusedski and 
Will Carling. 

The deal, worth $3.5 million 
(£2.1 million), will create one of 
the most powerful sports man¬ 
agement companies in Eu¬ 
rope, bringing together Mr 
Stephens, Jon Holmes, who 
sold his Park Associates busi¬ 
ness to Marquee earlier this 
year, and Donald Dell, the 
former US Davis Cup captain, 
one of the founders of the pro¬ 
fessional tennis circuit. 

Marquee has also signed up 
Stuart Higgins, who recently 
stepped down as editor of The 
Sun. as media consultant 
Marquee is also in the midst of 
a $100 million merger with 
SFX Entertainments, a compa¬ 
ny that owns a series of sports 
and entertainment events in 
the US as well as representing 
Michael Jordan, the basket¬ 
ball star who is the world’s 
highest-paid sportsman. 

The deal follows the acquisi¬ 
tion earlier this year of A PA 
the sports management group 
founded by Alan Pascoe, the 
former Olympic sprinter, by 
Interpublic, the US marketing 
services giant. It makes Mar¬ 
quee one of the world's three 
largest sports management 
groups along with Mark Mc¬ 
Cormack’s IMG and Octagon, 
the Interpublic business. 

Mr Holmes said that as the 
business of sport becomes 
more sophisticated and afflu¬ 
ent, so agents had to become 
more professional and shed 
their image of being dodgy 
dealers driving sports cars 
and waving mobile phones. 
“We are almost acquiring an 
aura of respectability," he 

Federal Funds_ 5Vfc* 

Lonq bond_ 104V 

Yield. 5.22%* 


3-mth interbank... 
LMe long got 
future (Dec )...— 

113.69 (112.79) 


New York: 


_ 1.6823* 



. 1.6812 



.-... 2.B444 



-. 9.5409 



....... 2.3367 



.. 225.89 


£ Index_ 

. 102.9 




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.. 1.6923* 





.. 1.3903* 




$ index. 

. 109.5 


Tokyo dose Yen 13569 

! j NORTH SEA 'QU. ~ 

Brent 15-day (Nov) 513.65 ($13.10) 

^ ; 


London dose -.... $290.75(5284.75) 

r denotes midday trading prices 


Hanson, the construction ma¬ 
terials group, issued an up¬ 
beat trading statement after 
Cornerstone, its fast-growing 
American aggregates busi¬ 
ness, helped to swell half-year 
profits. The company also 
said it had E700 million for ac¬ 
quisitions. Page 28 

Rio Tinto 

Rio Tinto, the world's largest 
raining group, limited the fall 
in its first-half profits to 7 per 
cent The group also attacked 
dealing rules on the metal 
market which allowed specu¬ 
lators to drive down the cop¬ 
per price. Page 32 

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Lounge access is just one of the many benefits enjoyed 
by Diners Club Cardholders every time they travel. 

To receive your FREE pass and for more information, 
call this number or return the coupon today. 


and quote reft 6569 

Thi punned mil Oaofe»r 3 In 19W EtomtCU/StfnttrKMiw 
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FREEPOST LON 13211, London EC1B1HL 

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spells out 

By Fraser Nelson 

BOOKER, the struggling 
food producer in merger 
talks with Bud gens, briefed 
the City on how it would 
cope with the future if ft re¬ 
mained independent- 

Jonathan Taylor, chair¬ 
man. said that he has a 
short-list of candidates who 
could become chief execu¬ 
tive immediately should the 
Budgens talks fall through. 

He said; “If the Budgens 
deal does not go ahead, we 
will move very fast-" He 
added that talks to sell its 
fish processing and Daehn- 
feldt divisions are in "ad¬ 
vanced stages" although 
the sale of its Scottish salm¬ 
on farms is not imminent 

Some analysts thought 
Mr Taylor was preparing 
the ground for a break¬ 
down in the Budgens talks, 
which are expected to con¬ 
clude next week. Booker 
shares dropped ll!*p to a 
low of I40p and Budgens 
held at 70p. 

One said: ‘There are few 
synergies in the Budgens 
deal — if they want a new 
chief executive they should 
pay John von Sprecke/sen 
{the Budgens chief execu¬ 
tive] £10 million and save 
themselves £100 million." 

Michael Lancfymore. an¬ 
alyst at Henderson Cros- 
thwaite, said that Booker's 
balance sheet — which de¬ 
tailed cash of £106 million 
and borrowings of £98 mil¬ 
lion — was not as had as 
many had feared. 

The company's underly¬ 
ing profit halved to £11.1 
million (122 million) for the 
24 weeks to June 13 after an 
expected sharp profits 
downturn at its core food 
wholesaling division. Its 
Cash & Cary shops saw un¬ 
derlying sales increase by 7 
per cent, although a reduc¬ 
tion in selling space left 
overall turnover down by 
4.9 per cent 

Headline earnings were 
halved to 3.3p (6.7p) and 
the interim dividend drops 
to 42p (8.3p). 

Riding high: Hanson’s Andrew Dougal, right, and Jonathan Nichols, finance director, are on the acquisition trail after impressive half-year profits 

Cornerstone gives Hanson 
foundations for expansion 

By Adam Jones 

HANSON, the construction 
materials group, issued an up¬ 
beat trading statement after 
Cornerstone, its US aggre¬ 
gates business, helped to swell 
half-year profits. 

Andrew Dougal. chief execu¬ 
tive. said Hanson can afford to 
spend between £700 million 
and £800 million on acquisi¬ 
tions without approaching 
shareholders for more funds. 
However he said this money 
would not be used for the kind 
of massive deal favoured by 

Hanson when it was a con¬ 

Several potential bolt-on ac¬ 
quisitions worth up to $100 
million (£60 million) apiece, 
mainly in US aggregates and 
concrete, are being considered 
by Hanson management 
Interim profits ~ before tax 
rose from £47.8 million last 
year to £78.8 million. Although 
Hanson was aided by a reduc¬ 
tion in exceptional disposal 
charges, trading profits at Cor¬ 
nerstone rose 61 per cent to 
E40.6 million. 

Mr Dougal said Cornerstone 

will enjoy the benefits of the 
US Federal Government’s lat¬ 
est road building plans over a 
period of six years. The trans¬ 
port infrastructure pro¬ 
gramme is 54 per cent larger 
than its predecessor. 

Mr Dougal said that ARC. 
the UK concrete and aggre¬ 
gates group, will have a strong¬ 
er second half. Trading profit 
was relatively flat In the first 
half, partly held back by wet 
UK weather. He also said that 
ARC should be able to in¬ 
crease prices next year. 

Hanson said the UK Govern¬ 

ment's recent road review 
'Ties, on balance, improved 
the outlook for this part of the 
business, but the timing of the 
benefit is uncertain". 

Mr Dougal said he thought 
the UK market for new hous¬ 
ing and home repairs should re¬ 
main stable, protecting its 
brick-making division, which 
saw trading profits foil from 
£20.7 million to £18.1 million in 
the first half. He said: “We 
don’t see [the market] foiling 
away but we don't see it rising." 

However. Hanson still faces 
a weak market in Belgium, 

Mirror Group confident Microsoft strikes back 
about cable TV profits against ‘gang of four’ 

By Raymond Snoddy. media editor 

From Oliver August in new york 

MIRROR Group forecast yester¬ 
day that it would start making a 
monthly operating profit on its 
National live cable television 
service by the end of next year. 

The publisher of the Daily 
Mirror also said it had signed 
programming deal with Heart 
of Midlothian, last year’s Scot¬ 
tish Cup winners, with its City 
TV station in Edinburgh. 

The group plans to change 
the formats of its City TV sta¬ 
tions away from local news 
coverage to more "upbeat" pro¬ 
gramming that advertisers are 
prepared to pay for. 

The change of direction 
came as Mirror Group an¬ 
nounced an 11 per cent rise in 
pre-tax profits to £49 million 
for the six months to July 5 be¬ 
fore exceptional. 

Turnover rose by 2 per cent 
on a like-for-like basis and 
was up 31 per cent to £355 mil¬ 
lion when acquisitions such as 
Midland Independent News¬ 
papers are included. Earnings 
per share rose by 3 per cent to 
7.6p from 7.4p. 

The share price fell by 8vip 
to IS3l^p on fears of pressure 
on advertising yields and circu¬ 

lations and partly because of 
caution from Victor Blank, the 
new chairman, about advertis¬ 
ing levels. 

However, Mr Blank said: 
“In the face of economic uncer¬ 
tainty our core activities are 
relatively less exposed to down¬ 
side risk." 

The company hoped to re¬ 
search new formats for a re¬ 
launch of The Sporting Life lat¬ 
er in the autumn. 

Analysts now forecast pre¬ 
tax profits of between £100 mil¬ 
lion and £102 million for the 
full vear. 

MICROSOFT has launched a 
counterattack in its US anti¬ 
trust battle by claiming its ri¬ 
vals formed a “gang of lour" to 
thwart its progress. 

It alleges that IBM, Net¬ 
scape. Sun Microsystems and 
Oracle conspired against it, us¬ 
ing the same anti-competitve 
measures of which it is ac¬ 
cused by the Justice Depart¬ 
ment. It has issued a subpoena 
on all communications be¬ 
tween the four companies that 
mention Microsoft. They have 
been asked to surrender the 
documents bj' today. 

A Microsoft spokesman 
said: “We intend to demon¬ 
strate that Microsoft competi¬ 
tors are doing everything the 
government accuses us of do¬ 
ing. and then some." 

The company specifically 
mentioned plans by Netscape, 
a rival browser maker, to form 
an industry alliance with Ap¬ 
ple and IBM to develop tech¬ 
nology while excluding Micro¬ 
soft from the group. 

In the Justice Department 
suit, Microsoft is accused of 
threatening and bullying ri¬ 
vals to maintain its dominant 

The "Shell" Transport and 
Trading Company, 

Public Limited Company 

Interim Dividend 1998 

Notice is hereby given that a balance of the Register 
will be struck on Friday, 2nd October, 1998 for the 
preparation of warrants for an Interim dividend for 
the year 1998 of 5.3p per 25p Ordinary share payable 
on Monday, 2nd November, 1998. The Interim 
dividend will be paid as a foreign income dividend. 

For transferees to receive this dividend, their transfers 
must be lodged with the Company's Registran- 
Lloyds Bank Registrars, The Causeway, Worthing, 

West Sussex BN99 6DA, not later than 3pm on Friday, 
2nd October, 1998. 

Share Warrants to Bearer 

The Coupon to be presented for the above dividend 
will be No. 202 which must be deposited at LJoyds 
Bank Registrars, Corporate Actions, Ground Floor, P.O. 
Box 1000, Anthofin House, 71 Queen Street, London 
EC4N 1SL (not later than 3pm on Wednesday, 21st 
October, 1998, to receive payment on Monday, 

2nd November, 1998) or may be surrendered through 
Messieurs Lazard Freres et Cie, 121 boulevard 
Haussmann, 75382, Paris Cedex 08. 

By Order of the Board 
Miss J.E, Munsiff 

Shell Centre, 

London SE1 7NA 
10th September, 1998 

CBI chief calls for 
debate on EMU 

By Our Business Staff 

THE recent financial instabili¬ 
ty across the world has high¬ 
lighted the need for serious de¬ 
bate on European Monetary 
Union, the Director-General 
of the Confederation of British 
Industry said last night 

Adair Turner said that Brit¬ 
ain needed considered debate 
looking atthe detailed econom¬ 
ic arguments for and against a 
single currency. 

Joining EM U could help ad¬ 
dress the biggest cause for con¬ 
cern in the global economy — 
over-reaction in ihe financial 
markets to crises such as those 
in Russia, he told the annual 
dinner of CBI Scotland. 

'The debate about the euro 
has to be based on serious 

analysis of the economic case 
for and against, a recognition 
that ir going in carries some 
real risks, staying our will 
have serious disadvantages," 
he said. 

Benefits of a single currency 
included a single European- 
wide capital market, transpar¬ 
ent prices and reduced invest¬ 
ment risks which could spur 
more intense competition and 
improved productivity. 

Arguments against the 
euro, he said, included eco¬ 
nomic risks such as regional 
unemployment brought about 
by a single interest rate and 
the difficulties of getting the 
UK's economic cycle in line 
with those of Europe. 

where day block prices have 
been hit tty widespread indus¬ 
try overcapacity. 

During the six months, Han¬ 
son managed to rid itself of the 
liabilities arising from pollu¬ 
tion in the US by signing a re¬ 
insurance deaL The cost of this 
will be taken in the second- 
half accounts. 

Earnings per share before ex¬ 
ceptional items rose from 12Kp 
to I53p. An interim dividend 
of 4p per share, the same as 
last year, has been declared. 
The shares rose from 333p to 
342p yesterday. 

Laird Group slips , 
41 % over first half 

nTItiUio^oJ^ared with profits of 

SSuS. C SrthL-“^‘were incurred on capacity in- 
SSsfeSeand Spain. «nd Laird has also hadproh 

costs down-m 


5 _ 4 p persharehas been dedared unchangaj tromlatfjtan 

fore we get any results. Their scrapping levels are far too . 
High. It is quite a complicated engineenng 
seal that fits. At the moment their strapping rate is about 50 . 
per cent compared with the normal level of 15 per cent. 

Mitsubishi settles 

THE American subsidiary of Mitsubishi, the Japanese car 
maker, has agreed to a $3 million (£1.79 million) settlement of 
a disability discrimination case involving 87 applicants. The 
f ift]] struck with the federal Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission, is the largest out-of-court monetary settlement 
of a disability case under the Americans with Disabilities Act 
of 1992. The firm is to pay the applicants, who were denied em- 

ployrnoit because they were perceived to be disabled, awards ' 

ranging front $10,000 to $ 120 , 000 . 

Hammerson suitors 

HAMMERSON. the property company, confirmed that ft 
has received approaches for its Canadian business although ' 
the shares fell 4pto 397fcp. Ronald Spinney, the Hammerson 
chief executive, said: "During 1998. we have received ap- 
proaches from several investors interested in acquiring Ham- 
merson’s Canadian business. We are cunenity carrying out a 

pre limin ary review of these approaches and examining the 
strategic options open to the group." The statement followed: 
speculation in the Canadian press that a deal was likely. ■ 

Peterhouse profitable 

PRE-TAX profits at Peterhouse Group, the builder based in 
West Yorkshire and best known for itsTotty construction op¬ 
erations, jumped from £400,000 to £1.4 million an turnover 
up fivefold at £33-3 million in the six months to June 30. 
Earnings per share were up 51 per cent to 5.9p and the inter¬ 
im dividend is to be increased tty 23 per cent to 2.lp. David 
Jackson, the chairman, said that current trading remains 
buoyant and that the order book is strong. The shares fell 
yesterday from 86Vip to 82Wp. 

James Beattie better 

JAMES BEATTIE, the store group, raised pre-tax profits by 
22 per cent to £2.7 million on sales up by 2 per cent to £445 

market positions. It says its 
practices are common in die 
fast-expanding industry. 

In a seperate move, Oracle 
alleged yesterday that it lost a 
contract with Digital for 
500,000network computers af¬ 
ter Bill Gates, the Microsoft 
chairman, put pressure on 
Robert Palmer, the Digital 
chairman, to drop the the con¬ 
tract or lose its Microsoft 

The anti-trust trial is sched¬ 
uled to stan on September 23 
but the Microsoft subpoena 
could delay the proceedings. 

New spirit 
at Allied 

ALLIED DOMECQ. the inter- 
national drinks group, an¬ 
nounced it was restructuring 
its spirits business in the USA. 

ft is to combine the sales, 
marketing and administrative 
functions of Hiram Walker 
and Domecq Importers into a 
new organisation to be called 
Allied Domecq Spirits. USA, 
based in Connecticut and led 
by Martin Jones, previously 
president of Domecq Import¬ 

George McCarthy, presi¬ 
dent of the Americas for Allied 
Domecq Spirits & Wine said: 
’This restructuring will allow 
a greater focus on our core 
brands, while also allowing us 
to better service our eusiom- 

to 4.4p a share and a rise in the half-year dividend from 2#p 
to 3p a share is proposed. On current trading, the company 
says that in August sales rase 8 per cent on the same period 
last year. The shares rose 5Hp to 1531-ip. Beattie said that 
gross margin has been maintained and. given trading condi¬ 
tions, costs have been even more tightly controlled. 

Doulton shares slide 

SHARES in Royal Dad ton fell 27J6p to a new low of 106p yes- 

ed a 37 per cent drop in underlying profits to £2.72 million be¬ 
fore tax. Adjusted earnings fell 41 per cent to 32p a share. The 
interim dividend is held at 23p a share but the company gave 
warning that payment of future dividends will depend on the 
conclusion of a business review to be completed at die end of 
this year. It said that its stock reduction programme, begun 
last year, was “an essential part of improving efficiency’. 

Wessex deal cleared 

THE £1.4 billion takeover of Wessex Water by Enron, the 
American utility group, has been given the green light by Pe¬ 
ter Mande/son. the Trade and Industry Secretary, after Enron 
gave assurances that Wessex would tie kept ring-fenced from 
the rest of the group. The conditions are to ensure that Wessex 
can still be regulated clearly by the Director-General of Water I 
Services. The takeover valued Wessex at630p a share. It is En- ! 
mo's first venture into the water business and Enron Wafer 
has been set up as a vehicle for its water ambitions. 

Premium bonds win 

PREMIUM bonds remain the public's most popular invest¬ 
ment. with the sales record being broken for the second time 
this year, National Savings has said. Sales reached E384 mil¬ 
lion in July. breaking the record set in April. Sales exceeded 
£3 billion in 1997-98. On average premium bonds yield anan- 
nual tax-free income oF 5 per cent in prizes, outdoing most 
forms of saving, but the unique appeal is the £1 million prize 
draw. The bonds attract serious investors — 150.000 people 
hold £20.000. the maximum allowed. 

Yorkshire weakens 

\ ORKSHIRE GROUP, the speciality chemical company, saw 
pre-tax profits drop from £55 million to £3.1 million in the half 
year to June 30. Sales fell from £65.7 million to £32.8 million be¬ 
cause of divestments, although sales in the continuing textile 
dye and chemical business declined by £4.8 million. Earnings . 
per share fell to 5.1 p (8.6p). The dividend is held at 3.05p. The 
shares dropped from 149p to J33;/-p. Yorkshire said: ’The 

short-term outlook is far from encouraging_we are redou- 

blingour efforts to... restore adequate levels of profitability.” 

Nat Express in Australian bid 


NATIONAL Express, Britain's 
largest train and coach opera¬ 
tor, is to bid for five privatised 
bus. tram and rail networks in 
Melbourne. Australia. 

Roger Salmon, the former 
UK rail franchising director, 
has helped Melbourne's au¬ 
thorities break the transport 
network into two commuter 
train companies, two tram 
companies and a long-distance 
railway. Each new company 
will own its own vehicles and 
infrastructure, and be run on a 
UK-style franchise basis. 

Phil White, chief executive 
of National Express, said: 
“Any bidder can only win one 
train and one tram company, 
so we wifi trv for them all." If 

On track: Phil White, left and Colin Child, finance director 

successful, the company 
would sub-con tract any infra¬ 
structure work. 

Mr White said the company 
is focusing its international ex¬ 
pansion on Australia and the 
US — where it intends to buy 

more airports after being 
named preferred bidder for 
Stewart airport 60 miles north 
of New York. 

Shares of National Express 
defied the falling market to 
jump 58p to 939pas it returned 

pre-tax profits up 49 per cent 
to E35.I million. This was large¬ 
ly attributed to its five UK 
train franchises, the profits of 
which jumped to £8.4 million 
(£1-1 million) on their first full 
six months with the company. 
Almost all improved both 
punctuality and reliability. 

The introduction of frequent 
shuttle services on its UK 
coach routes helped the divi¬ 
sion's profits rise 54 per cent to 
£1.6 million. A fifth of all tick¬ 
ets are now' booked through its 
new' phone-in system. 

Mr White said that money 
from its share of the Eurostar 
contract will not make much 
difference to its results until 
next year. 

Bank Barf* 

Buys " Sdfc 

AuUKJfciS. 2.93 2.7* 

, Austria ScH23-02 19.36 

Fr......_6L81 56J£ 

gntfaj..... . 2.663 2-4J5 

Cyprus Cyp L 083*1 0.5126 

?wwnor*.i»r..^. 1L42 10.93 

Eom- . Eu&5 &31 

Finland Ml*_ Mi a<6 

franca*. 10.00 -932 

Germany Dm_ 3.007 2-765 

Greece Dr. _ 516 477 

HongKongS- I3AJ 12.6* 

kWano__ 129 109 

Imtand Pt.__ 1.188B 1.0995 

fWJtfSM........ 6.85 6.W 

toJ/bra.2983 77«6 

.. 240.30 222.77 

Mote-... 0.669 &SI0 

NcJhertds(ad_. 3,401 3105 

New ZMtatf 3.40- . 3J§ 

Norway ttf fi gp 1245 

.- 303.73 28J.75 

S Africa Rd—~_.... iiX8 ifl.13 

SwknPta™._ 252-84 23L05 

Sweden Kr... j4.u> ■ 

Siwswand Fr- _ 2.490 . 2.272 , 

Tutketma.- 473837 .442155 

.. 1.786 I** 3 

Gates fa smofl denomination UeiiWufw 
owy as uppRed By BSnSWftwh. aS«* 
">*8 apply w water's cheques, twos*, 

City Diary, page 31 { twang yeae** 


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i <? 







T he Monetary Policy com- 
nuttee has done a Green- 

dav fn?rt?' I i ss,ai . erae ntyesier- 
edaed L? e tune acknowl- 
conrem about the deterio¬ 
rating WOrIH MVinnnu. >1 

aoout tne detei _ 

^^il eC0n ° my -j ust 35 ^ 

d,d Ia« week. 

Sympathy without solace 

p^*u -Z.T^ niian Qia last week. 
£$L*»5** were immediate- 
ty_w>unced on by the markets as 
evidence that interest rates are 
011 their way down. 

C *P?-. how ever. the cen¬ 
tral banks did little more than ex- 
J^Pathy for the con¬ 
demned man without any firm 
promise of loosening the mone¬ 
tary noose. There is little doubt 

SUJSw.nMB on both sides 
of the Atlantic have peaked, but 
much doubt about when the first 
cut will come. 

Alan Greenspan was his usual 
balanced self last week, admit- 
tin S that the international scene 
could do the American economy 
harm but still emphasising his 
concern about domestic inflation¬ 
ary pressures. The MPC said 
that a deterioration in the world 
pmUwk could increase the risk of 
inflation falling below target and 
that it would continue to monitor 
these risks. The wording sug¬ 
gests that as of now, the Implo¬ 
sion in emerging markets is not 
enough to warrant a rate cut and 
that things will have to get worse 
before one will be countenanced 

It may be that the Fed and the 
MPC are forced by ever-nastier 
evidence of disinflation and fail¬ 
ing growth around the world to 
cut rates sooner than either envis¬ 

age at this juncture. There is a 
considerable body of opinion 
which believes that the world out¬ 
look is miserable enough to war¬ 
rant immediate action and that 
central bankers are being woeful¬ 
ly complacent. Time wifi tell. 

Although British industry was 
furious that rates were not cut, it 
should at least be grateful that 
the MPC has proved sensitive 
enough to smell the stench out¬ 
side its ivory tower and. not be¬ 
fore time, signal that British 
rates have peaked. 

Its decision to speak may sim¬ 
ply mean that Eddie George is 
scared that angry out-of-work 
men will start marching from 
J arrow to Dulwich. Judging by 
the fury that greeted yesterday's 
rate announcement, a soothing 
statement was the minimum re¬ 
quired for a committee that is try¬ 
ing to nurture a reputation with 
the public. Cynics might also sug¬ 
gest that invoking the great un- 
knowables of the world economy 
arthis stage may give the MPC a 
get out if the economy goes belly- 
up. The world economy is always 
a usefully uncontrollable scape¬ 

A less sceptical interpretation 
is that the MPC, wilfully oblivi¬ 
ous of world events for so long, is 


by our City Editor 

finally genuinely worried. It is no¬ 
table that the s 

statement came 
when the pound was already fall¬ 
ing. Given that the Bank has 
been so paranoid about a precipi¬ 
tous decline in the exchange rate, 
one must conclude that it is now 
actively seeking a sterling depre¬ 
dation. Nevertheless, it is still a 
good bet that, while talking the 
pound lower, the committee will 
control the speed of its slide by 
keeping rates where they are. 

Retailers to get 
their fingers burnt 

T he country's latest glitzy 
shopping mall threw open 
its doors yesterday. All the 
familiar high street names have 
rushed to take space in the Traf- 
ford Centre, at rents that soar as 
far as £350 per square foot for the 
most sought after space. 

It seems mean to spoil the par¬ 
ty mood, but do they realise they 
are taking on these commit¬ 

ments just as the retail scene 
turns really nasty? 

The latest survey from the CBI 
contains a message of true 
gloom. August was a lousy 
month on the high street, the 
worst for three years. On bal¬ 
ance, the respondents are hoping 
for a tittle uplift in September, 
but that is only because they reck¬ 
on that September last year was 
particularly depressed by shop¬ 
pers' preoccupation with the 
death of Diana. Princess of 
Wales. Even in this hope they are 
betraying the notorious opti¬ 
mism of the breed. 

The grim truth is more evident 
in Merrill Lynch's sliced forecast 

for Marks & Spencer, taking prof- 
£1 billion. Flan- 

its back below 
ning for the long term sees the 
company caught with funding 
large capital expenditure just as 
shoppers decide to cut their 
spending. The racks of reduced- 
price clothes in M&S stores re¬ 
cently have indicated that M&S. 
has not been immune from the 

difficulties that hit the high street 
this summer. 

But things will get worse. Faced 
with daily news of job losses 
while funding increased taxes 
and mortgages, consumers are in¬ 
evitably becoming more cautious. 

Sir Richard Green bury can af¬ 
ford to take a long-term view, al¬ 
though it is commend ably gener¬ 
ous of him to do so. considering 
that he will not be running the 
company when the benefits of its 
current expansion programme 
show through. Not every retailer 
now rushing to take space in 
Manchester's new mega-mall is 
so well cushioned. 

The traditional 25-year lease 
with five-yearly reviews enabling 
the rent to move only upwards, 
never down, have crucified many 
an ambitious retailer. There can 
be no doubt that this downturn 
will daim more victims. 

Because shoppers favour the 
big out-of-town centres over tradi¬ 
tional high streets, retailers feel 
they cannot afford not to be repre¬ 

sented there and so the rent levels 
surge in places like Trafford Park 
and lakeside. But if the CBI sur¬ 
vey is anything to go by, there will 
be some tenants who soon regret 
their enthusiasm to commit to 
such high levels of outgoings. 
And foe traditional retail lease al¬ 
lows for no change of mind. 

A government 
bug warning 

W here will you be as 1999 
turns into 2000? Ask 
even the sanest and so¬ 
berest of individuals this ques¬ 
tion and the unanimous conclu¬ 
sion is that wherever else they 
may be, they most certainly wifi 
not be taking to the skies for a 
few days over the end of that year 
and beginning of foe next 
The threat of foe millennium 
bug is now. belatedly, being tak¬ 
en seriously by Government. 
Don Cruickshank was being coy 
yesterday about foe content of 
his discussions with the Home 
Office but the likelihood is that 
he warned of foe need to be pre¬ 
pared for mayhem. In the worst 
case scenario, unities may fail to 
function and public unrest could 
take to the streets. 

The Bank of England is now 
looking hard at foe possible im¬ 
plications of the bug. While in¬ 
dustrialists folly expect it to have 
an effect on their activities, the 
Government has apparently still 
to factor into its forecasts any ele¬ 
ment of a slowdown caused by 
Lhepesky creature. 

The high street banks are ago¬ 
nising over how best to deal with 
the public relations side of the is¬ 
sue. They maintain that their sys¬ 
tems will be alright on the night 
but how can they get that message 
across without alarming some cus¬ 
tomers to the prospect that there 
might even be a question mark 
over the matter? If even a small 
proportion of customers take the 
view that they will feel happier if 
their accounts were empty over 
the burial weekend, they, and not 
the bug. would wreak havoc. 

Snack sized UB 

UNITED BISCUITS has at last 
produced a set of figures that 
have out-performed the analysts' 
expectations. Eric Nicoli. foe 
chief executive, may be saved 
from having to make foe embar¬ 
rassing call to the headhunters, 
which at one stage seemed an al¬ 
most inevitable conclusion to his 
disappointing reign. But now the 
Penguin producer is on the up. 
its new ranges apparently hitting 
the spot with hungry customers. 
UB is reduced to a snack size ver¬ 
sion of its former self, but at least 
it is a healthy one. 

UB exceeds 


with £51.2m 

By Matthew Barbour 

A TIGHTER focus on its 
branded biscuits division and 
increased spending on market¬ 
ing helped United Biscuits, the 
UK food producer, to exceed 
half-year profit forecasts. 

The group, which has been 
through a restructuring pro¬ 
gramme after reporting a 
marked slow-down in growth 
last year, announced pre-tax 
profits for six months to July 
IS up 14 per cent at £512 mil¬ 
lion (£45.1 million last time), 
about 7 per cent higher than 

John Warren, finance direc¬ 
tor, said: “We are now back on 
an even keeL Apart from small 
bolt-on deals, we're happy to 
concentrate on organic sales 
growth which we hope to in¬ 
crease from 3 to around 5 per 

During foe past six months 
the group has sold its snack 
foods operations in Australia 
and Europe and bought bis¬ 
cuit operations from Campbell 
Soup and PepsiCo. 

Mr Warren said: “We are 
much more focused now and 
by investing in new plants. 

new equipment and especially 
marketing to support our 
brands, feel we will be able to 
punch much harder than our 

The group has increased its 
marketing budget from 11.6 
per cent to 13.1 per cent of 
sales, or £108 million. 

McVitie’S Group performed 
in line with expectations, in¬ 
creasing sales by 6 per cent, ac¬ 
counting for about two thirds 
of overall group sales. 

UK Foods had mixed for¬ 
tunes.over the half-year, with 
its successful savoury snacks 
operation offset by rising fish 
prices, which affected the sea¬ 
food business. 

Because of the economic tur¬ 
moil in the Far East, foe group 
has also derided to dose its In¬ 
donesian operation. 

Turnover on continuing op¬ 
erations climbed 5 per cent to 
£825.5 million. 

The interim dividend has 
been increased to 3.6p (from 
3.5p). Earnings per share are 

up 13 per cent at 7p (62p). Unit¬ 
ed Biscuits shares rose 8p to 

2Q3p at yesterday's dose. 

first half 


By Fraser Nelson 

SHARES of Goldsmiths fell to 
a three-year low yesterday as 
the jewellery company said its 
sales growth had slowed from 
10 per cent to 7 per cent. 

The company’s traditional 
first-half loss deepened from 
E305.000 to £588.000 in the six 
months to August I. which (t 
blamed on foe absence of wind¬ 
fall spending. 

Its shares dropped 22-5p to 
187 _sp yesterday, mainly on 
fears that it is spending too 
much on store openings while 

foe retail climate worsens. 

It opened ten stores over foe 
soring and summer, and in¬ 
tends - to open another five in 
the coming months, Jtsdebt 
has now almost 10 

£20.1 million (£ 11.6 million). 

The company saidIsales 
arowth picked up to 82 per 
£ent over foe past six weeks. 

- analysts shaved 


fxioooo from forecasts and 

per cent to 3p a share. 

in share 

By Robert Cole 

GALIAHER, foe cigarette 
company, is planning to buy 
back up to 5 per cent of the 
firm’s shares. If it bought foe 
full 5 per cent at yesterday’s 
share price, foe exercise 
would cost £130 million. 

The announcement helped 
Gallaher to absorb a fall in 
pre-tax profits and news that 
Gallaher'S UK share of foe 
UK cigarette market dipped 
from 39S to 39.1 per cent 

Headline pre-tax profits fell 
from E167 million to £128 mil¬ 
lion. Underlying operating 
profit was down just £3 mil¬ 
lion at £170 million. Gallaher 
cited foe rise in cheap, illegal 
imports of cigarettes, and in¬ 
creasing tax levies, as reasons 
for foe slip. 

The interim dividend is 6.8p 
sharply down from 9.625p. 
However, Gallaher empha¬ 
sised that foe lower payment 
was part of a readjustment of 
foe way foe dividend payment 
was divided. 

Tempos, page 30 

Marston in talks with 
Nomura International 



owner, is aboUt foe se- 
SiriSSJon of its 000 tenant 

could deal, 

million '•’""Sloped . a 

groups share price. The 
shares leapt 42ttp to a high of. 
251 p in speculative trade be¬ 
fore dosing at at 224p. 

Marston declined to say what 
it plans to do with cash raised 
by securitisation. There was 
speculation foe deal asiJd free 
thebrewer to makeaequistions. 

Nomura now owns around 
10 per cent of Britain's pubs, af¬ 
ter foe £12 billion acquisition 
of foe Inntrejweneur and 
Soring Inns chain of pubs in 
Septem ber 1997 for m A* 

T -'T T 

WhmBT brought you 1471, 
we also brought you the uninterrupted bathtime. 

1471 is a free service introduced to the UK by BT. Now you can talk at your own convenience, not someone else’s. This is 
just one of the many reasons for being with BT. If you’d like to know more, Freefone 0800 800 800 or find us on 

Working for you every minute of the day. 

1 »>ecarswh i skejs;Spri te j . 



Stock Market Writer 
of the Year 

M&S suffers on back of 
probable profits reverse 

about to suffer its first profits 
setback in more than 30years. 
The blue chip retailer fell 20p 
to 474p on turnover of 85 
million shares as at least three 
brokers downgraded their 
profit forecasts. 

Merrill Lynch has cut its 
forecast from £1.06 billion to 
less than £1 billion. That 
compares with the pre-tax 
profit of £ 1.16 billion in the 
year to March 31 1998. The 
broker has also cut its num¬ 
bers for 1999 from £1.15 billion 
to El.04 billion. 

Rival HSBC cut its estimate 
from £1.05 billion to £1.02 
billion while Credit Suisse 
First Boston is reckoned to be 
looking for only £1 billion. 

A spokesman for M&S said 
he could not recall a time in 
the past 30 years when the 
group's profits had fallen. But 
he added: "There has proba¬ 
bly never been a time when 
we’ve been spending so much 
money growing the busi¬ 

Last year M&S spent £197 
million on buying 19 outlets 
from Littlewoods. “We are 
planning for this business in 
the long term, and we're not 
expecting to see full return on 
the investment weve made 
until 2000 or 2001 - 

Share prices generally 
dosed just above their lows of 
the day with dealers fearing 
that the London market will 
soon be testing the 5.000 level. 
It followed the decision of the 
Bank of England Monetary 
Policy Committee to peg rates 
and further sharp opening 
falls on Wall Street 

The FTSE 100 index tum¬ 
bled 174.7 to close at 5,136.6 
with the FTSE 250 index down 
59.9 at 4.751.8. Total turnover 
topped one billion shares. 

In whar is seen as a defen¬ 
sive move. Cazenove, the bro¬ 
ker, has been tipping the 
utilities. It likes Yorkshire 
Water, up 4 * 2 p at 490p. Uni¬ 
ted Utilities, 3p better at 868 p. 
Scottish Hydro, 19p higher at 
603p. and Southern Electric, 
up 17p at 60Sp. 

Pieter Mandelson, Trade 
and Industry Secretary, has 
given the go-ahead to Enron’s 
El.4 billion bid for Wessex 
Water. The shares celebrated 
with a rise of 36p at 625^. 

BAT Industries Finally suc¬ 
cumbed to profit taking losing 
Z7h p at 451*2? after its split 
with Allied Zurich, which has 
failed to attract support and 
ended 83*2? down at 646*2p. 

Those companies that lost 
their place as constituents of 


Sep_I (my 1036 Dec-1175-1173 

Dec-1071-1070 Mur_1107-1IQ5 

Mar-1100-1Oop May ..— unq 

May-1117-1116 Jul__ 


Sep- 1154-1153 Volume 4850 


s«p --1713-1710 May_1582-1580 

IWI--IbSO-U. 73 Jul-1572 SLR 

Im-I632-IU9 Sep_unq 

Mar-ltO>IW Volume 3852 


Reuters May 231.9290 

Spot'225.1 Aup-235.1-350 

oa -116 6-15* OCT-Z41 0-?M) 

Dec_221 J> 2011 Dec_240 (HI.1 

Mar .... 228.1-25.1 volume 5380 


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Roy Gardner, chief executive of Centrica, the gas supplier, 
wmch is successfully expanding into the electricity market 

the FTSE 100 index earlier this 
week came under renewed 
selling pressure. British Steel 
retreated 2*2 p to 103p, with 
RMC Group also 24p off at 
722p, Rank Group ll 3 ip at 
259p, Enterprise OD 9p at 
332p, and Lasmo 3p to 15Ip. 

Colt Telecom, which has 
been promoted to the top 100 , 
fell 22 bp to 602bp on profit 
taking. Lehman Brothers, the 

US securities house, has set a 
target price of 9S0p. 

Smith Kline Beech am 
dropped 32p to 688*2 p after ETT 
Alex Brown, the broker, low¬ 
ered its recommendation on 
the shares from “buy" to 
“market perform". 

A return to the black at 
Centrica for the first time 
since last year’s demerger was 
rewarded with a rise of 9U p at 


FTSE altsbare i 
Index (robased) I 


^ :":t ""Sse^ai ^\j| 

v retail banks .-Lj^.Tl’j 
• ■■ ■, ■ index ■ ii.I‘K-11 

j 1 *.' 1- 1 ' .r V. I '_- v^ * 

V— _i- - ■■—r-— r - ,—:■.,3- 0,000 

Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jut Aug Sep 

IT WAS a bad day for the 
banks with dealers reliving 
their nightmares from the 
1980s when the Latin Amer¬ 
ican debt crisis knocked 
them for six. 

This time it is not just 
South America that is giv¬ 
ing cause for concern. Rus¬ 
sia and the Far East are 
also taking their toll on 
investors’ nerves. 

Barclays led the way 
lower with a foil of 106p at 
£11.74. It has already re¬ 
vealed losses of £250 mil¬ 
lion relating to its exposure 
to Russia. 

Others to lose ground 
included Standard Char- 

ICTS-LOR (London 6.00pm) 

Brent Physical- 12.85 *0.35 

Brent 15 day (Oct)_ 13.45 *0.40 

Brent 15 dav (Nov)- IM«5 *030 

W Texas lmerrnediaffi Iddl 14.85 *0.45 
W Texas Intermediate (Nov) isoo *040 


Spot CIF NW Europe (prompt delivery) 

Bid Offer 
Premium Unld... 142 ftwq 145 (-i> 

Gasoil EEC- 121 l*M 122,<*-»1 

i5 Fuel Oil_ 57 |n/ei to IrHd 

Naphtha_ 114 f*M llbtn/o 


Oa_13*. 25*2450 Jan.. unq 

Npv — 1*50-26.75 Feb 134J5-34.50 
D« — I29J5-2950 Vot 37064 

BRENT (UlOpita) 

OCT._ 13.35-13-37 Jan ..._ 1408 SLR 

Nov_ L) 4 i 3 -l 3 64 FCb _ 14.15-1429 

Dec_13.90 BID Vd:4jl70 

tered down 26 *2 p to 442p, 
HSBC 66 pto£Iim Lloyds 
TSB 32p to 685p, and 
NatWest 42p to 952p. 

It followed the shock 
news that banks such as 
Credit Suisse First Boston 
and Sotifte G 6 n^rale are 
being forced to write of 
billions of dollars because 
of their exposure to Russia. 

Neil Fletcher at Dresdner 
Klein wort Benson, the bro¬ 
ker, urged investors to sit 
tight “You don’t want to 
sell Barclays at these levels. 
The mortgage banks have 
actually been outperform¬ 
ing and are seen as a 
defensive play.” 



(dote E/q (dove C/Q 

Srp_ 73.10 s«-p_71.75 

Nov---74.15 Nov -7175 

Jan-- 76.15 jan-74,oo 

Mar .....—.... 77.65 Mar —__ 76J0 

May_3925 May-77 jn 

Volume o71 Volume. 55 

UFFE POTATO (t/i) Open Clow 

Spv - uru) SOD 

Mar_ 1165 

Apr_16UJ IcOO 

volume: <0 

RUBBER (No I RSS Cif p/k] 

Oa__ 4725-47.75 


Htgh Ixnv Close 
Sep 98 870 870 870 

OCT 08 935 9.10 935 

Nov •» - - 150 

Jan 96 - - 075 

Vol: ifl lots Open Imercsr ibte 

Index 946 *7 

10 Sp — making it the best 
performer among the top 100 . 
The company is holding onto 
its market share and has 
already signed up 500,000 
electricity customers. 

A “buy” recommendation 
by Credit Suisse First Boston, 
the broker, lifted Perpetual 
102 * 2 ? to £34.55 after a meet¬ 
ing earlier in the week. It has 
set a target a price of £40. 

It was fun and games on 
Ofex where Premier League 
champions Arsenal surged 
£1.100 to £4,000 on learning of 
the bid approach from Mich¬ 
ael Green’s Carlton Com¬ 
munications, 2 p firmer at 
423p. City speculators said 
any offer is likely to be pitched 
at about £5,600 valuing the 
entire club at E275 million. 

The move comes just days 
after BSkyB, 6 p lighter at 
476p, launched an agreed bid 
for another Proreier side 
Manchester United, obp 
dearer at 222 p. 

Meanwhile, Aston VTfla 
jumped 27*2 p to 660p, with 
Leeds firming 3p to 19 3 4p, 
Sunderland 7bp to 507*2? 
and Tottenham Hotspur 2p to 
66 p. Alan Sugar, chairman of 
Spurs, has already put his 40 
per cent stake up for sale. 

A profits warning left AIM- 
listed Fibcrnet nursing a fall 
of53p at 338*2p.. 

Geo Interactive retreated 
4p to 37*2 p with revenues not 
now expected to exceed 1997 
levels. Difficult summer mar¬ 
kets are also taking a heavy 
toll of Ferguson Internation¬ 
al. down 6 p at 39p. 

yields fell sharply on the back 
of a weak CBI survey and 
comments made by the Bank 
of England Monetary Policy 
Committee after its decision to 
peg rales. The Government's 
inflation target may now un¬ 
dershoot after the slowdown 
in the world economy. Dealers 
say it could be the signal for 
future rate cuts. 

In the futures pit the De¬ 
cember series of the long gilt 
soared £1.17 to £113.96 as the 
total number of contracts com¬ 
pleted reached 69,000. The 
short dated gilt also rose £0.70 
to E106-50. In the cash market 
Treasury 8 per cent 2021 
surged E2*« to £139 9 32, while 
in shorts Treasury 1 per cent 
2002 put on £‘ 7 3 z to £104 2, ja. 

□ NEW YORK: The threat of 
impeachment hanging over 
President Clinton sent Wall 
Street sharply lower. At mid¬ 
day the Dow Jones industrial 
average was down 217.82 
points at 7,64720. 

nmuH Average - 

Hong Kang: 

Hang Seng 


AEX Index __ 


ao ---- 








CAC-40 .J__ 


ska Gen- 

I4dfi&t0 {-89.51} 

784496 f-55.49) 

... 1021.31 (-5128) 



. 865.00 (-20461 

_ 3204.93 t-100-80) 

3S89J5 (-172.78) 

1240.70 (-&LS0) 


FT 30 _3217.91-116.7) 

FTSE 100 _5M&6 (-(74.77 

FTSE 250_ 4751J (-99.91 

FTSE 350_ 2467.6 (-74J] 

FTSE Earotop 100_ 242183 (-11&BS) 

FTSE All-Share_2395*7 (-66.93) 

FTSE Non Financials _ 2480.74 (-58.731 

FTSE Fixed Intern 

FTSE Govt Secs_ 

Bargains _ 

SEAQ volume_ 


_ I49J6ML89) 
109.731* 1.12) 


_ 1096.6m 

1.6817 {*001851 

German Mark_2.M54 t-tuxoa 

P»r>wnpi Index___ 102.9 (-OA) 

Bank or England official close (4pm) 



RET_163.0 Jul (3.5%) Jan 1987=100 

RP1X-1605 Jul 126%) Jan 1967^100 



- 834 

CTiancerA wts 


Coca-Cola (16(9 


- 34 

Enterprise Cap B pf 


Firestone Diamonds 


G EC Put warrants 


+ 214 

inter LInX Foods 





MEPC Non Cum Pf B 




- 2 . 

Murray Ext Rtn Cap 


— 4 

Murray Ext Ren Inc 


Murray Ext Zero Dv 


Parallel Pictures 


Private & Com Fin 


Sodra Petroleum 


- 2 




Syndct Cp Wl 98102 


- I 



4- l 

Tribune IT In flex 


- 5 

Walker G reen bank B 


wilmsJow Group 


Cammed Lrd a/p (52D) 3'i 


ShefWCXXJ mn. 925p(+100p) 

Bed Bros -_ 133'jp (+1 D’^p) 

Diptome ..IBS 1 ^ (■*-12’=p> 

Davis Service.353'jp (+23'jp) 

Nad Express . 939p (+5^J) 

Bovis Homes . 1B2p(+9pJ 

Union Parti.. 385p (+17p) 

JLaing...SBffjp (+15p) 

Mounlwew . 1850p(+75p) 

Dialog .. 184'?p{+12p) 


Roy^ Doutton .106p (-27'jp) 

Clyde Blowers ... ..50’4J (-11 p) 

Ftoemel .338(-53p) 

Telaoec.85p (-12’sp) 

Royal & Sun All.461p |-€lp) 

Schroders. 1040p(-136p) 

Caim Energy.123’.*p (-16p) 

AIDed Zurich_ 646’.-p 

Lon Forfaiting.113 '-t) (-14pl 

Micro FOCUS. 295p (-35pJ 

Sema Group. 580p (-67p) 

Qosing Prices Page 33 

Tired BTR 

AN analyst summed u p BT R rattier cruelly 
yesterday. He said: “If BTR was a horse, it 
would be taken out and shot. OK, so it is a bit 
of an overstatement, but investors might want 

to find out the number of the nearest glue 

factory, just in case. 

The former conglomerate’s shares are now 
trading on a multiple of about 0.7 tunes sale. 
Given that all the unwanted businesses sold 
since 1996 have been flogged for an averageof 
12 times sales, this appears to be a pretty 
damning judgment on the core activities that 
have been retained. 

It is hard on Ian Strachan. the chief 
executive, who. it is widely agreed, has got a 
good price for the businesses he has sold. His 
strategy, which is not stupid, has been to 
move BTR away from its traditional focus on 
keeping margins high. He doesn't mind 

thinner margins-so long as sales, are 
St "unfortmiaiely. in. 

i tc t h P onlv sales growth from the Key 
b^e!^^ acquisitions, BTR 

struggled particularly in Australia.itsbase 

Thereare also lingering fears that tfrekmdofr 
margin, decline that has been accepted mthe 
SiStive part of the business wffl-spread 

unchecked to the other divisions. f 

BTR badly needs to show rt can make the. 
reformation work. Analysts, howe ver, were 
downgrading thefrfUll-yeari^fetor^^ 
vesterday. Expectations are that Bril’S earn- 
u^sper share will be \25p notl*L 5 pputtu^ 
the shares on a price earnings multiple of 8.6 
times. That is pitiful, but the upside, even at 

this 14-year low. Is hard to foresee. 


GIVEN the challenges of 
operating against hostile 
forces mostiy in the mature 
UK market the company 
that makes S0k Cut will 
struggle to grow. 

The company says that 
after years of decline, smoker 
numbers have now stabil¬ 
ised. However, long-term 
pressure on Gallaber’s core 
developed market the result 
of the health risks of smok¬ 
ing, still remain. 

The wide disparity in to¬ 
bacco taxes between Britain 
and Europe means smug¬ 
gling continues to impinge 
on performance and the 
imminent curtailment and 
abolition of cigarette adver¬ 
tising will make Gallaher’s 
tie more difficult too. 

Growth, if it comes, will be 
outside the UK. It will not be 
easy to achieve although the 
skill and experience of 


WHAT a tumround at 
Centrica. Nor only has the 
company delivered a pre-tax 
profit in the first half but 
there is also the strong hint of 
a dividend, or some other 
form of shareholder return, 
next year. It is a far cry from 
the days when old British 
Gas (from which Centrica 
emerged) faced near collapse 
through the combination of 
atrocious service and finan¬ 
cially crippling take-or-pay 
contracts. Even the boiler 
repair side has started to 
make money, helped by sub¬ 
stantial investment in new 
technology and an overdue 
jump in productivity. 

But while the transforma¬ 
tion is, question 
marks Unger over the long¬ 
term prospects for the gas 
supplier. The whole domestic 
energy market is becoming 
more competitive. In gas . 
where deregulation is compl¬ 
ete. the fomer monopoly sup¬ 
plier has undoubtedly 
suffered. The degree of pain it 

Gallaher’s management 
-should comfort investors. 

The key investment attrac¬ 
tion, however, is not based 
on die possible growth of ti» 
business but from the in¬ 
come it generates. That in¬ 
come, given the addictive 
nature of this company’s 
product, is also reliable. The 
price/earnings ratio may 
give the impression of fair 

value but the dividend yield 
of 6 pec cent makes the 
shares look cheap. 

Share buybacks, made 
possible thanks to healthy, 
cash flows, reinforce the 
positive argument and yes¬ 
terday’s announcement of a 5 
percent buyback may not be 

the last 

Ethical considerations 
aside, Gallaher is a buy. 


eaUahat Group! 
share price , 






FTSEaJWshare ;V ( . 

“• Jv; ,:'r v Index (rebased) : .! 
Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May' Jun Jul Aug Sep 

ultimately feds depends on 
how successful it is in gain¬ 
ing electricity customers in a 
deregulation process that is 
only just starting. Centrica is 
ambitious and is pumping 
millions of pounds into pro¬ 
moting itself. 

Yet while compe ti tion in 
energy is tough, and the 
restructuring has for to go, 
Centrica is proving itself to 
be a pugnacious competitor 
and operates from a position 
of strength. Hold. 


THE sighs of disappoint¬ 
ment at yesterday’s interims 
from Sema were almost audi¬ 
ble. They certainly lacked the 
fizz of logica’s figures earlier 
in the week, and did not de¬ 
liver what you would expect 
from a company with such a 
high share price rating. After 
all. it is now a serious faux 
pasinthe IT sector to deliver 
anything other than double¬ 
digit sales growth. Semaks 9.1 
per cent simply will not do. 

The City is losing patience. 

and Sema shares fell sharply 
from 647p to 5S0p yesterday. 
The shares have dived from 
825p since July, and at this 
rate its membership of the ex¬ 
clusive FTSE 100 * dub. to 
which it gained admission 
this week, could be the 
shortest possible. 

The £77 million sale of its 
50 per cent stake in 
BAeSEMA — its joint ven¬ 
ture with British Aerospace 
— should have improved 
matters, but instead it cast 
doubt over the future of its 
other defence interests in 
Germany and France. 

Shareholders may also 
wonder about the logic be¬ 
hind Sema telling the world 
that it wants to make a$l bil¬ 
lion acquisition in the US. 
possibly of a mobile tele-' 
phone company. Now every¬ 
one knows this, Sema is 
highly unlikely to pick up 
any bargains. 

It is another risk factor that 
will continue to drive the 
share price down. Sell. 

Edited by Robert Cole 

(Official) (Volute prr» da# 

Cupper cue a iinotincl- 

Lead O/lormej- 

Zinc Spec HI we (SJionng.. 

Tin tf'ioiutcj-- 

Aluminium HI Gdc (jnonnci 

Nldtel tf'iurmej -- 


CaA: I6830-I6S4J3 3aah: 17UZ.O-1 X.1H 



5515 O55Z0£l 
1346 j0-I346l5 

5390 05385 JJ 

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Vol jnofflpo 










Long Gilt 

Sep 98 







Pietdous open Interesl I55«JI 








German Govt Bond (Bund) 








Previous open 1 merest 5482 





Five Year Gill 




Previous open inteiea 2275 

Dec 98 



Italian Govt Bond (BTP) 





III 12 


Prertous open imeresi 7*340 

Mar? 1 




Japanese Govt Bond (JGB) 

Dec 99 


137 60 

137. W 






- Three Mth Sterling 

Sep 99 







Due 99 







Previous open imeresi 1 197093 


9.1 ICO 





Three Mth Euromark 


99 510 

9b. 530 




Previous open iraeres 27i>»26 

Dec os 

96 450 

9b. 495 




Three Mth Eurolira 

scp 08 


95 050 

95 010 



Previous open Iraervst 

Dec IS 







Three Mlh 

Sep 9S 






Previous open imeresi 225JVJ 







Three Mlh Euro 

Sup 93 






Previous open Inicrea 5J474 


96 355 




FTSE 100 

Sep 98 





5132 0 


FTpvkJUS open iRlorcsi 222332 

_ ____ 







Australia —-— 

Austria ——-- 

Belgium icomt_ 


Denmark- — 


Germans —-- 





Malaysia - 







Switzerland ..__ 

„ 16877-1.6891 
— 11.91-11.92 
_ 34.93-34.97 


.. 64400-6 +4511 
. 5rt78l-SJ«80l 
. 1 ■6042.1.694? 
. 7.7490-7.7500 
, | 47S6-148Db 
. 1672J3-I67J.S 
. IJ4.29.I34.U 
.. J 80CI(V.l 8100 
. 1.9110-1.91(5 
. 7.6220-7 6J20 
. I7J.S4-I7360 
. I.7JO0-I.7J30 
, l43Jt2-l4\02 
. 7.9290-7.9J49 
. l.J90b-I..W(6 






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Ibr Sep Dec Bar 

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(-257^ X0 

Br ieni 390 

1-398) «0 

Bi Tetar 750 

rrre-r) boo 

Catoy 850 


Canon Cm; 420 

(-42+1 480 

toW 550 

(•565M 600 

tow S) BOO 

a 850 


(-412) 420 

SC <60 

C«D 500 

Itanan S3) 

(*341) 360 

tmrrt sob 

CSIff:) 550 

rojtfl 5oo 

('5101 525 

Usbo 140 

CI51M (« 

Lafctote 30 

C231) 2« 

InezXx ISO 

l*(99l 200 

teO 850 

rGT-1 700 

Pintail BOO 

(W:i m 

Hu Trio 600 

1*6009) 650 

R-ROtfe 180 

r»* 14 IP.- IT*.- 15 I9 1 .- 

6 - - IB - - 




19 264 

Sarin Sep Dec Mar 


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[ lOTottt 43227 uis 19551 Pots. 34296 

Base Rales: Clearing Banks 7<, Finance Hr 8 

Domain Martin Loans: OMlgJu high: 7', Low iv : Wei* n*«l* 7*- 

Treasory Bids (DttBuy*. 2 rmh 6 ,- »: 3 mUt tr*. Sell: 2 mth 6 >’»: 3 mih: o’’-. 

Local Aollioriiy Depc 
Sterling CDv: 


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6 mb 

12 mb 








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Ausimlla dollar.. 

Bahrain dinar- 

Brazil real*.. 

China yuan- 

Cyprus pound- 

Finland markka —... 
Greece drachma — 
Honfi Kong dollar 

India rupee. 

Indonesia rupiah .... 
Kuwait dinar KD .— 
Malaysia ringgit 
New Zealand dollar. 

PJklsian rupee_ 

Saudi Arabia rtyal 
Singapore dollar.. . 
s Africa rand (com) - 

U a E dirham .. 

Barclays Tmnary * 

- I.OS2M.6«<S 



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AMP Jor 



AMR Curp 


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Abbou Lite 



Advanced Micro 



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Air Prw & Cher 



AlrTouch Comm 

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Allied SJjmal 



Alum Co of Am 


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Amerada Hess 

SI - . 

S2 - . 




Amer Express 



Amor r^ni corp 



S2 - . 

Amer inti 


Amer Online 


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Amer Stores 



Anwr SumUrd 





4a - . 





4iidrrm Corp 




An houser Busch 



Apple Computer 


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Archer Dsn Ids 






Armstmg wrki 




Ail Rxtiflrtd 



Amwi Core 

J 1 , 

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AUlo Data Pro 



Avery Donnbon 


Avon Produce- 



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Hfca D4B sy> 34 3SV 
Emenon Elec 57'. » 
Enetnam corp isv i«r, 
Enron Cotp U". 44', 
Emergy 2 »”. 29*. 

Ertnl Carp 4V 

Exxon 68V t>8. 

rDX Haulnc V*. 49’. 
FMCCbrp S4V 

FPL Cmap Vi. Vi. 
FIRh Third Bine 54*. S5’V 
Flea Flnl Grp 72-. 74 
Fluor Corp 3o’. 3». 

Fart Motor 44V 15". 
Fon James ZS", 2gc, 
Fortune Brands S’. 28-. 

6ao r rs :aa.- 

655 Vr 57 79 
5C0 ar:1jl.-!'5*r 
800 4*r * 1?1 

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K3 6 .- )4’.- 50 .- 

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240 !3 22’* 

500 5!Tj 7> S3-.- 

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355 4SB 544 V 

55 «8 514’, 

35V 398V 484V 

35V 363 455 

2SV Ml 425 

FTSE ROB (*5135) 



514V - 93 

23SV 340 425 

a® 710V 305 

54V 184V 2E4V 365’: 637V 227 

3a#)lftet ID Tat* 6483 me 3437 Fate 3046 

335 «!■: 446V 661 

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low S2MiV2S4 75 AM: JStf n5 PM: S29a50 

KrnRCiTsadi San.0O.29ru.T0 (t 174 UM7600I 

Platinnnr $3o£BO (t2(o **» saim5iF>5 ultoisj PtfbdteK$2ttUK>(Ei7ZK9 


MU Rales lor Sept 10 Range Cto* 1 month 3 modth 

AjnsieTdani- 3JO»-3^297 3.2080-32112 lVInr 3’r3'>pr 

Brussels -- SrtWVJ'MW) 59*59.5*755 22 -1 Tar t>l-54pr 

Copenhagen.— 1U.819-I0.W7 10JUI-UU144 V’.pr 

Dublin.. U3S-I.14R. 1.1341-1.1385 Hrldpr swapr 

Frantfun_ 183Wl»lo iw.l4-2.s4fr, v, pr 

Lisbon_ JJOW-MJS ■91..V291.67 V'.pr >v’',pr 

Madrid__ 241.13-243.02 241.44-24) xO bR-55pr lOJ-iTbpr 

Milan- rTW-V-ZB-WS 2SJ7^2SIi | Sluiipr 177-IWpr 

Montreal - 2_52SO-2.54«i2 2.S412-2MJJ D4(K)..Upr (X8i<L7ipr 

.Newyorit- ].f>70r>-iJi816 l.«C8-U)Rlb 02tr1>2*pr 0.77S-O.747pr 

Oslo_ 12.7KM285I l2.79f-li8W V<is vi 

Pails_ 9J19 CHj.59(jO 1.5.W1 M4H 3Vlpr 9V9p r 

Stockholm_ 13-271-13.332 I3J17-I3J32 ’ r '.pr ivVpr 

Tobv _ 22^X2^77377 22S.3tr22SSS JVl’.pr 4‘ 

Vienna..... |9.«775-20.1.W 204)07-30.02? V'.-pr J-i.rjr 

Zurich.— 2J32I-2-M72 2.335>2J38l _ IVIpr S'rf’.or 

Surtr Eittf Premium - pr. nirenunt - ifi. 

M 802 

ASDAGp 2.481 
Abbey Nil 2.150 
Allnce* Lclc 1.180 
Allied rx>m 2a>7? 
Allied 2rch IOJSO 
Atnvescap 2.442 
AB Foods 96? 
BfcnfScoi 4Ji70 
SAA 1.430 

Barclays 4.552 
Bass 2—473 

BG IP, 107 

Bllllion 5,120 
Blue circle 2.452 
BOC 444 

Boms 1.898 
BAc Xfflr. 

BA 2.759 

Bn Am Tob 5,449 
Bill EtWTRy 3.142 
Br Land 822 
W 8.536 

Bril Srerf 3,457 
BSkyB ix5lfi 
BT 7.782 

BTR 22,71*1 

ecu 3*sa 

Cubic Wire 5.7» 
Cadbury WJ24 
Cartion Cms Ia><5 
Cemrica 29.741 
Compass Gp Ijiru 

EniciprOll Ull 
Gen tlec 8.20 
GXN 1JJ76 

GlasoWcK 4.405 
Granada 3*73 
GUS 13.430 

GRE 8.4S2 

IC1 1.725 

HSBC 9.803 
Halifax 28.1-fo 
Hays 1.445 
Ungflihcr 44 C 4 
Lad broke .1.217 
Land sees I J*7 
U>al s Gn >.4ti5 

Lloyds TSB 7.685 
•LurasVarlTy 9_m? 
Marks Spr a.4oo 
Misys W 

Nal Grid 3.098 
(Va( Power 5MK 
NalWst Bk b.437 
Norwich Un 5JI2 
Njxrtid Amr 3J59 
Orange 3.071 
PftO 2JUfi 

Pearson 856 
PowerCen 1.401 
Prudential 5.9M 
Rail truck 1585 

Rank Group 1.739 
Reckin Col 370 
Reed Inti 1330 
Remold I 5145 
Reuters 4dtS9 
RIO TlntO 1772 
RMC 357 

Rolls aoyce imm 
Ryl&Sun 4,172 
RylBhSct 1351 
Safeway (.584 
Safrsbury 4^79 
Scnmdcn 372 
SOW a New 1.448 
Scut Power 3X17 
Svm Trent f.t3z 
Shell Trans 23.723 
Slebo 4X88 

Smiths ind 1772 
smKI BOi r.W 
StoRecoach 5SO 
Std Ctinnd 7.575 
Sun Lire 300 
Tqqj t.VjOTS 
Thames W 1T9 
TomUns 5.92) 
Unilever 8.45J 
L’ta New* 3J12 
md uunucs 17J5 
Vodalune 1317 3 
WPP 324ft 

Wftlibread 1255 
william. 1838 
Woolwich 5.767 
Zeneca U28 

Baker Hupite? jo.- 
Biinro Gas 6 El xr. 
Bins Ok 4f*. 
BankAmmcg ws 
Bulk ot NY 2T. 

tun keti Tr Crp oO v 

AlUKfl A UKnb 40*. 
Surer tail 56', 

Kcin Dtcknsn jtr~ 
Ml AiumIc 4Jv 
BdlSnnh b?s 

Beal Fooaa 4SV 

Stock <1 OccMf 45V 
BiOCk fHAEI 40-. 

Bnrtna IF, 

bow caacmlc sr. 

Boainn sek-n i ft. 

Brfatol Myra Sq IDS’. I 
Browning Fenta JVV 
Brunswick i«*. 
BuiUneHn Ninn n 
CMS EnntN Coi» VY* 
CSX y*. 

CBS Corp Z4‘, 

umooeii Soup «r- 
Carrilna ivr 4j „ 
Cue Cotp 13V 

Caterpillar « 

Central & sw 
Chain Won UiU II. 
Chou Manrin 41*. 
Chevron Curp bo>v 
C hrvsicr 51'. 

Chubb Curp M*. 

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Lionn vj". 

Coalal Corp ir- 
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Coca Cull EM a,v 
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ColomtOaHCA 2I’> 
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Cimik-ra r*. 

Coda Ednutl 4ft V 
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Conprr [rids 17- * 
Coniine Inc 24*. 
CWfle Cud* J7*. 
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Crown Cork to 
Daimler bz APR 91'. 
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battnn Hudson Jr*. 
Dene 37. 

□ell Com pater 5P. 
DdD Air Linn m 
Hcftur rojj) 7»"» 
Dillard Pew 51 **■ 

□i«p«f mbi 27. 
Dnoilnlnn Res 41 
Donelley (RM 31- 

Prwer curp 2CrV 
DflW ChemiCll 77V 
Dow Jones 4S*- 
nresser 2*v 

Dote Enrrts oP- 
IM ram KrS 

EaiiiTun Chem 51V 
Uhroan kodak sv. 

Eaton crop t*r< i 

Franklin Rro 2 bV 2 »v 

GTE corp ■r*'. 

Gannett So’. !*•. 

Gap Inc Del 57’.. W, 

Gaiewa) 200 is*, w. 

Gen Dynamics « 6 V o. 

GCTl ElCTUIC 77 1 - sw, 

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GCTl Muiors SS 1 . S7, 

Gen Reinsurance 199 ms 
Gen SIkiuI JoV 

Genuine Furs jr. Ji”, 

GfOtSM Fx 4141V 

Gilletie .*» 4 iv 

GL-UO Werti APB to t£t, 
Goodrich IBF 1 jv. jo. 

Goodvcar Tire 4T. 

error Lakes jv . vy. 

HalHUunon 24 2 *V 

Hareouti Grnvrol 4ft', w. 

Hdru iHD 54 H « 55'. 

Hercules 3 28'. 

ffenftcy Foods «, nr. 

Hcwkn Packara ST*'. 

Hilton Hotels in-, jr. 

Home Depot to-, 41 

Homtsukc king irv u 

Honejweu 65-, do”. 

Household Inti .«?*, jj-, 

Hinson ind> 2f(*'- 28'. 

Humana it*, u 1 - 

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Inn-noil Rand tav to*, 

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Kimberly-Clark rr. j« 

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Ulty (LUl 72’. 73V 

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Uncoln Nji *v_ 

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Uwtolana Rac w. Jr, 

Lk-au Tech 75", 77 . 

MCI C.>mm Jt, iff. 

Kanpdner Inc 3»- 2 W. 

Maiuupan Cp M » 

Mamou (ni a 27V 27'. 

Marsh A kldjin 4V. so". 
Masco crop Jr. 2 tv 

May Dept SI W. 5TV 

Mayiay: Corp w. tbV 

McDonalds pjv 6 ?. 

McCenr HIU 7S-. 

Mradc-rro w. zr, 

MrduOnc Group 4 P» to'. 
Muiuu- t Carp uv it-. 

Maumnlc S5". 57 , 

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MiCromll 100 ". raj. 

Mlnncau Mine 72-. rr, 

Mftaw two re: )y. w, 

Mobil Cera 72". 7T. 

MOmanlo Jf. .7 

Morjan (in SS - . 87 

MouvdU inr 4 IV ti-. 

M»lan Lah» !"V 

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Na« Senier ind y.-. 
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NTnnics 3 aft'. 

-fcvroaoi Mae 3*. ijj. 

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NL inCiRinr. ;r. j... 

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MAn Stott pvt a,". Jr. 

Norow Corp jf„ 

CTiTICtiirai »i it-v i«. 

onice Depor jx. ij-. 

55". 57. 
52. ft*. 
123'. ia»v 
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72**. 7T. 
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Drade 23 V 21 v 

Oryx Enetw Co 12 1 - liv 
Owens OorrUng 34V -Jff. 
PPG tndnnna W« 5ft 
FM 1 Group 5ft. 54“» 
Psc Bank 43 4T< 
PTW. Res 2 T- 23 V 
Padftarrp 22 ". zr. 

PoineWeftber 31 33*. 

ran cotp 21 zj'i 

Parker Hannifin 29 1 , &V 
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PeniRott 3ft JJ"» 

Pepskc 29, JO . 

Pfizer 9ft 

Pharm a Uplhn 44*. 4SV. 
Phelps DCdBe 47. 4ft 
Philip Moms tr, 4T- 
Phillips m 4 f, 4P« 
Pitney Bones ST* 

muroid a*, zr- 

Prnoer A Gmbl MV 7IV 
Proeldten 55% » 

Pub S«V E A G 3*°. ,3PV 
Quaker Ctois 54', 
RakUHi Purina 2 fT. 26T* 
Raycbeiti Corn 29 tt‘ 
Raytheon B 44V 44% 
Rcebot hid UV U% 
Mlaaar Fin 315 J- 

Rejnows Moots 50 S 6 > 

Rockwell (ml 7 ^ tff- 

fiobni A Haas 2ft 26% 
Royal Dutch ttfV 4ft 
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SBC Com on 38 WV 
5UecoCfen> 47* «"* 

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sdierlmt FtouEh id’* 9J'« 
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Scars ROdnsk 44-. 46*- 

Shea Trans -. 34", 

Sheroln wBms 2 J". 2 T> 
SHlcon Graphics HP, 1ft 
Snap-CW-TdOh XT- 3JFV 
SauMCTl Ct» 27. 2ft 
Soathlnm 3ft Jtv 

5prim Corp 6 ft h*% . 
Siflnky Works 3*“. 39% 
Sarmd HSR Jff, 3T- 
Sun Company 31% 

Sun Mtatays 455 fti 

Sunmtsi W- 5jv ■ 

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Tenneco 1ft ££■ 

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Mark Galeotti links the mafiya to the current economic crisis 

The three faces of Russian crime 

W hen the full histo¬ 
ry of the present 
Russian collapse 
is pieced togeth- 
er, ine country's own mafiva 
will be seen iq have had an im- 
ponant role — just as this cri¬ 
sis is playing hs pan in reshap¬ 
ing Russian organised crime. 
Bur what is this mafiya ? From 
time to time, practical people 
from various law enforcement 
agencies raise the name of one 
Russian or another with me 
and ask what they often feel is 
a simple question: "Is he a ma¬ 
fioso?" Rarely can 1 give the 
yes-or-no answer they seek. 
The Russian mafiya is not a 
structured, disciplined organi¬ 
sation such as the Sicilian Ma¬ 
fia or Japanese Yakuza. 

Indeed, one of the most dis¬ 
tinctive things about Russian 
organised crime is precisely 
how disorganised it is. It rang¬ 
es from swaggering Chechen 
gangsters to seemingly legiti¬ 
mate Russian entrepreneurs 
whose business empires have 
been built on the bade of mon¬ 
ey laundering and rigged pri¬ 
vatisation auctions. Along 
with overtly criminal activities 
such as protection racketeer¬ 
ing, drug smuggling and pros¬ 
titution, most are also in¬ 
volved in much legal busin ess 
Indeed, the most important 
criminal godfathers now work 
mainly within the legal or 
largely legal sectors. 

They may fiddle their taxes 
(not a sin limited to Russians) 
or establish illegal cartels. But 
they have long since hived off 
their protection rackets and 
narcotics rings to hungry pro¬ 
teges. Further, if one looks at 
the so-called “oligarchs" and 
the business empires currently 
dominating Russia, few do not 
have skeletons in their cup 
boards, and in some cases still 
sitting in their boardrooms. 

Dunng the tsarist era. these 
people built state-protected mo¬ 
nopolies or lived as tax farmers 
off the back of the peasantry. 
Under Soviet rule, they joined 
the Party and enjoyed both the 
legal and illegal perks of their 
positions. Today, there is fright¬ 
eningly little distinguishing 
the new generation of crimi¬ 
nal-businesspeople from their 


/ m 

17 J 

Kl -rip 


lo • V; \ 

r —j 

the trend, pulling the money 
he salted abroad back into Rus¬ 
sia. He is going on a buying 
spree, snapping up small and 
medium-sized businesses and 
real estate from bankrupied 
owners. He did quite well out 
of the initial privatisation cam¬ 
paigns that followed the col¬ 
lapse of the USSR, but he is 
now a much more experienced 
businessman. Then, he — like 
most criminal-businesspeople 
— relied on cherrypicking 
what looked like individual 
profitable assets: he is now 
looking to round out and ra¬ 
tionalise his holdings. 

Sasha fits the Central Cast¬ 
ing model of the Russian mafi¬ 
oso. from his heavy gold jewel¬ 
lery to his entourage of thugs, 
molls and hangers-on. Back in 
Vladivostok, his gang ran a 
firm that bemght copper to be 
smuggled over the border into 
China and sold for about 25 
times its original value. Their 
main activities were parasitic, 
especially racketeering. 

It is men such as Sasha who 
force Russian business to pay 
on average 10 per cent of their 
profits for protection or up to 
30 to 40 per cent of profits on 


legitimate counterparts. 

Both tend to be flexible, able 
and entrepreneuriaL The crimi¬ 
nals simply see crime often as 
the quickest and fastest route to 
money, power and security, but 
have no objection to working 
lititly if the balance of danger 
against opportunity is right 

The tales of three criminals 
— all true but anonymous for 
obvious reasons — illustrate 
the role the mafiya has played 
in the collapse’and what it 
means for them. 

Ivan is not quite one of the ol¬ 
igarchs, but a powerful mover 
and shaker in Moscow. In his 
rapid rise his first bank was 
largely built on the financial 
dealings of the Sobitsevo 
gang. Russia's largest and 

V •' *■ • • “ " . * 


j:-v *7 .RiSfrt 

Organised criminals, disorganised crime: the mafiya is not a single unit but a collection of individuals, ranging from the mover and shaker, through the ‘businessman'. to the thug 

most entrepreneurial criminal 
combine. Ivan was never a 
gangster, but when he was 
younger he worked with them, 
laundering their cash and us¬ 
ing their drugs and protection 
profits as investment capital. 
Today he has moved on. hob¬ 
nobs with the great and the 
good and heads a diversified fi¬ 
nancial empire. 

Solntsevo money still moves 
through his banks on the way 
to Cyprus. Israel and Austria 
(and. often, via London to 

Spain or North America). How¬ 
ever. mafiya money accounts 
for at most 25 per cent of the to¬ 
tal capital flight from Russia. 
Figures are, again, often mis¬ 
leading. but capital flight prob¬ 
ably has totalled $25 (£15 bil¬ 
lion) to $35 billion since 1992. 
Some of this (about a third, av¬ 
eraged over the past four 
years) has rotated back into 
Russia. In some cases, this has 
been money laundering, pure 
and simple, but it also repre¬ 
sents the desire of many firms 

to appear to have won Western 
investment (sometimes simply 
to lure unwary Russian inves¬ 
tors). This capital flight has 
been central to Ivan’s prosperi¬ 
ty. a prosperity untroubled by 
tax problems. 

Ivan relies on clever account¬ 
ants and well-placed bribes to 
divert revenue agents. He also 
has local and national politi¬ 
cians in his circle. He does not 
“own" them — everyone is a 
private entrepreneur in their 
own right in today's Russia — 

but there are understandings. 
Ironically, this self-proclaimed 
"ultra-capitalist" bankrolls 
Communist and liberal Demo¬ 
crat politicians in the Duma. 
They have useful local connec¬ 
tions but Ivan also has benefits 
from the very lack of legal and 
economic stability in Russia 
and ihe freedom for manoeu¬ 
vre it gives him. Today he feels 
relaxed: if there is a return to 
tighter state control, he is confi¬ 
dent that he can strike a deal 
with any likely government 

and his business empire runs 
not on roubles but dollars (and 
he has high hopes for the 
euro). Even most criminals are 
no threat: his empire has 2,000 
armed security officers in Mos¬ 
cow rep on alone, and one sen¬ 
ior local police chiefs daughter 
has a very well-paid sinecure 
in one of his firms. 

Boris is the very model of 
the modem mafioso. Instead 
of the tattoos of the old-style 
godfathers of the' Thieves-with- 
in-code" he favours designer 

label suit jackers and Levi's. 
He describes himself as an en¬ 
trepreneur; within the mafiya 
he is an avtoriteu an “authori¬ 
ty”. He has a gang in St Peters¬ 
burg. but they hide behind var¬ 
ious facades. During the day. 
his leg-breakers wear the uni¬ 
forms of his private security 
company and his drug ped¬ 
dlers operate kiosks selling 
sweets and alcohol. 

Boris also has substantial 
business interests, though. At 
the moment, Boris is bucking 

S asha's education was 
hard won in the prison 
system, and he knows 
always to have escape 
routes. He bought a house in 
Highbury on one shopping 
trip abroad, harbouring hopes 
of sending his soas to a British 
private school to become prop¬ 
er “dzhentlemen". He also has 
properties in Vienna and Mar- 
bella. and a Greek passport. 
He has not given up on Rus¬ 
sia, and the lieutenant he has 
left in charge back in Vladivos¬ 
tok has been warned that Sa¬ 
sha still has eyes and friends 
everywhere. For the moment 
he feels it is time to move on, 
though. He is already on his 
way to Spain with his family 
(and his favourite bullet-proof 
Jeep Cherokee), and looks for¬ 
ward to enjoying the sun and 
the company of fellow interna¬ 
tional criminals there. 

The Ivans, Borises and Sa¬ 
shas have dominated the Rus¬ 
sian economic and political 
system, from the banks to the 
gutters. The often-repeated fig¬ 
ure that 40 per cent of the Rus¬ 
sian economy is dominated by 
organised crime is essentially 
meaningless when Ivans can 
drain the state or revenue and 
stymie economic reform. Boris¬ 
es can distort the market and 
turn privatisation into kieptoo- 
racy and Sashas can force rwo 
thirds of businesses to pay pro¬ 
tection. In their own ways, 
they have all contributed to 
Russia's crisis — and in their 
own ways they are all benefit¬ 
ing from it. 

Dr Mark Galeotti is Director 
of the Organised Russian €< 
Eurasian Crime Research 
Unit at Keele University. 


LLIONS of pounds of City 
s are up for grabs after the 
rger of Commercial Union 
i General Accident into the 
s euphoniously named 
U. The merger was com- 
ted in June and the compa- 
has started beauty contests 
i arrow down the two sets of 
risers into one. 

*his does not always hap- 
i in such mergers — a large 
Tiber of Guinness and 
a/id Metropolitan advisers 
m to have stuck around 
h Diageo, for example, 
ich seems to have a brace of 
st advisers. But the insur¬ 
ant a more ruthless lot. 
Morgan Stanley. Klem- 
rts, Hoare Govetu Cazen- 
. and PrieewaterhouseCoop- 
have an anxious wait on 
CU side, while it is nail-bit- 
ume for Schroders. Gold- 

n Sachs. Merrill Lyruh. 
t agjnand KPMG for GA. 
odthing- Keeps them on 

the luckless fan Strachan. By 
a pleasant symmetry , Pilking- 
ton shares are themselves a 
touch lower than when BTR 
launched the bid. From which 
one can only conclude that it 
would have made no differ¬ 
ence who had won. 

c price is now 
was before the 
rribly conten- 
Pilkington in 
e best efforts of 

Single fare 

A POP group called the Divine 
Comedy has recorded' a swig 
called National Express. So 
bowled over is the bus compa¬ 
ny that the trade was played at 
yesterday's results briefing, 
copies of the CD went to every¬ 
one present and they even 
printed out the lyric sheet. 
‘When you’re sad and Feeling 
blue AVith nothing better to do/ 
DonT just sit there feeling 
stressed/Take a trip on the Na¬ 
tional Express." Berlin. Fbrter 
and Carmichael can rest easy 
in their graves. 

But it gets worse- The tune is 
out as a single in the New Year 
and the board has contacted 
the group to offer help in mak¬ 
ing a video. With a cameo role 
for Phil White, the chief execu¬ 
tive. they hope. A case of de¬ 
layed adolescence? 

it on TV. By the time the flight 
was called Arsenal were lead¬ 
ing 1-0. Green refused to 
beard until the final whistle, 
and because his luggage had 
already been loaded on to the 
aircraft they could not take off 
without him. 

AND now, some City archeolo¬ 
gy. Half a century ago there 
was a broker called Joseph Se- 
bag, one of the Cit/s biggest 
The firm is. alas, no more, but 
Gerry Bealer, who worked 
there for 36 years, is retiring at 
the end of the month after 54 
years in the City. 

His son Nick, a trader at 
Quartz Capital and occasion¬ 
al visitor to this column, is ar¬ 
ranging a party for Gerry, who 
is leaving broker JM Finn at 
the age oft®, and is trying to 
track down anyone who 
worked with his father at the 
firm or at its successor, Carr 
Sebag. There must still be a 
few out there. “ It's going to be 
a challenge for him to find 
things to do — the City has 
been his life,” Nick tells me. 

rN THE wake of the Manches¬ 
ter United takeover, the joke 
doing the rounds is that rival 
Manchester City, second divi¬ 
sion and languishing, is also 
going to be bought by a me¬ 
dia concern — the Cartoon 

Garbage in 


S THe 


Extra time 

■* V 


be an Arsenal fan. but 1 can re¬ 
veal that his brother David, 
who runs the posh wallpaper 
makers Colefax & Fowler, is. 
David once had a flight to 
Nice held up at the airport be¬ 
cause he wanted to watch an 
old Arsenal game. 

It was no ordinary Arsenal 
game, to be fair, but the 1989 
match when his team won 2-0 
at Anfield to secure the cham¬ 
pionship. Green’s flight was 
delayed and he settled down in 
an armchair in the executive 
lounge at Heathrow to watch 

The Queen is buying her elec¬ 
tricity from British Gas. Well, 
after alL her highness has to 
economise these days and Brit¬ 
ish Gas does pr o mise a 12 per 
cent discount on current bills. 
Or could it be that Simon 
Lewis, ex-media boss at the 
gas giant, is doing a bir of 
sales work in his two-year se¬ 
condment as royal spin doctor. 

Actually the supply of electric¬ 
ity to Windsor Castle is a his¬ 
torical legacy acquired when 
British Gas bought a business 
which had the contract to sup¬ 
ply the Berkshire royal resi¬ 

Given Windsor Castle’s trou¬ 
bled past the Queen may want 
to take advantage of British 
Gas's insurance services. 

IT IS a good thing that the 
next tranche of data protection 
legislation has been delayed 
from October until some time 
next spring. Much of it stems 
from the implementation of 
more European directives, 
and to no one’s great surprise 
some silly anomalies are crop¬ 
ping up all over the place. 

According to a seminar at 
City lawyers Simmons & Sim¬ 
mons this week, even electron¬ 
ic address books are likely to 
fall fool. Apparently, if you 
have your Psion about your 
person and head for New York 
you will be guilty of transmit¬ 
ting personal data out of the 
European Union into a coun¬ 
try which does not have com¬ 
parable legislation. This 
would be contrary to the new 
Act and, I suppose, therefore a 
criminal offence. Not a prob¬ 
lem you have with scribbles on 
the back of a cigarette packet. 

tire chairman’s job at Bankers 
Trust International, which 
now contains the equities arm 
of NatWest Markets, and he 
will have overall charge of Eu¬ 
ropean operations. But hang 
on, the same Peter Levene is 
standing for election as the 
next Lord Mayor of the City of 
London, a full-time job for a 
year, and has about as much 
chance of being defeated by 
the due electoral process as 
Saddam Hussein. One job too 
many, surely? 

“I’m starting on Monday, 
which gives me a couple of 
months to get my feet under 
the table." he tells me. “It’s 
true, the vast majority of my 
time has to be spent as Lord 
Mayor, but at the worst I’m 
only ten minutes away, and 
there’s always the telephone.” 
His new employer has no prob¬ 
lem with the arrangement, he 

But n does mean that the 
man whose iast-but-one job 
was championing the delights 
of Canary Wharf as its chair¬ 
man and chief executive is go¬ 
ing to a bank that is shortly ex¬ 
pected to reject a move there in 
favour of staying in the City. 
Levene says he knows nothing 
about the rumoured move to 
the Spitalfields site but if that 
is the case, “that's how the 
cookie crumbles." 

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LORD LEVENE of Portsoken, 
currently a senior adviser at 
Morgan Stanley, has landed 


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3 S 8 


Cable £• Wireless i: s Efiusli company wtsdi •; a wo Mwvir provider of:riot3*. «4tc and datr, joJulciu 
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Rio Tinto critical 
of copper hedge 
fund speculators 




RIO TINTO. the world’s larg¬ 
est mining group, survived the 
plunge in metal prices during 
the first half or this year, regis¬ 
tering a fall in net profit of 7 
per cent to $551 million (£327 
million). The company, howev¬ 
er, launched an attack on 
hedge fund speculators who 
have plagued the copper mar¬ 

The shares reacted with a 
fall from 622p to 598p. Robert 
Wilson, the chairman, said 
that Rio Tinto had benefited 
from greater efficiency, ex¬ 
change rate improvements 
and volume gains. 

But he held out little hope of 
an early recovery in the global 
economy. He said: “Outside 
the major markets of America 
and Europe much of the world 
is in economic difficulty and 
perhaps the best we can hope 
for is lower but nonetheless 
positive global growth in the 
next 12 months." 

Rio Tinto has had to cope 
with the lowest copper price in 
real terms for more than 65 
years. David Humphreys, the 
chief economist at Rio Tinto.' 
blamed the copper price woe 
on an onslaught of speculative 
short selling by hedge ftznds. 

The funds have in excess of 
$120 billion under manage- 

By George Sivell 

ment, and Mr Humphreys 
makes the point that the funds 
are allowed to take short posi¬ 
tions in the copper market of a 
size that would be prohibited 
on the long side. 

Earlier this year the London 
Metal Exchange acted against 
dealers that were thought to be 
abusing long positions in the 
market taken in anticipation 
of metal prices going up. The 
LME even eased the pain for 
dealers who had anticipated a 
price fail and had gone short 
of metal. 

The present fall in commodi¬ 
ty prices is the first to occur. 

Wilson: positive growth 

however, with the large hedge 
funds active as big payers on 
the metal markets. 

Rio Tinto said that it gained 
$107 million from further effi¬ 
ciencies such as job cuts and 
better use of capital around 
the group. 

Exchange rates provided an 
extra $124 million ofbelp. Cur¬ 
rencies of commodity-rich 
countries, such as Australia 
and South Africa, weaken 
when commodity prices fall, 
helping Rio Tinto which 
draws up its accounts in Amer¬ 
ican dollars. The company 
does not hedge its exposure to 
currencies. Rio Tinto squeezed 
a further $16 millitm of benefit 
from an improvement in vol¬ 

Sales fell 5 per cent to $4,461 
million and earnings per 
share fell 7 per cent to 39.4 
cents. The half-year dividend 
is calculated by Rio Tinto in 
dollar terms and is held at 16 l 5 
cents a share. In sterling 
terms, however, the dividend 
falls from 10-37p to 9.96p. 

Rio Tinto added that cost 
savings from initiatives com¬ 
pleted since the 1995 merger of 
CRA of Australia and RTZ of 
Britain were now running in 
excess of $350 million before 





Limelight Group, the bath¬ 
rooms. bedrooms and kitch¬ 
ens suppliCT, is again passing 
the payment of an interim divi¬ 
dend despite a recovery in 
profits in the first half. An¬ 
drew Stanway, chief execu- 

0171-782 7344 

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Jns>T 1997. Will ItcdinM: 2 So | «on t) 0> 

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Manning and G P Squire* botb of IhBWofVprintiBg tkaM- 
WKZmmiuiUWQ m n nu r l o h rtwi o H — InhaW: V*o*»- 
Straaf, London. H1X VDF {OfHe* mbcUnricud 
Haidar Noe 6477 nd 7860. Doll bq OOtan ii hal |oto 

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BagtoT Mod Ramb y I7214S».l«o- 2376/01 ft 8S70A1] I node* of tba aMtissa and wM to 

tmt* borfnatE topateopd tote- AddreonOO 8 Bata Snoot. notify cUmand/of studsboald 

»u>» of Water and Bygina donWlMlIM. 

SfppUtt Tab Cbalflrirfrin 23. to* n. >■■■ » . BuQdUuk 41 Soezb- 
Ma Of appointment of Msrinlo- _ ^ 

tadn mhac 7th SopUmbor °™P- 

1998. Km of pnrmi app ointin g 
Um Mnlt ih u nlw hal i tni Da¬ 
rt! A Ralph and Stapban R L Cork 
(Otncw holder Nn 5930 and 
8427} both of Home Stejdunu 
Booth Whtu. 1 Snow Hm, London 



The Secretary of Slate hereby gives notice as follows. 

1. He proposes to grant licences under the Telecommunications Act 1984 (“the Act") to 
Belgacom UK Limited, Cyberlight Europe pk. Alpha Telecom Limited, MFNRAC 
Limited. Level 3 Communications Limited, NTT Europe Limited. Call-Net (UK) 
Limited and Zcreaa Limited, (“the Licensees”) to run telecommunication systems in 
the United Kingdom. The licences will be for a period of si* months, thereafter being 
subject to revocation on one month's notice. 

2. The principal effect of each licence will be to enable each Licensee to install and ran 
telecommunication systems in the United Kingdom which may be connected to 
telecommunication systems outside the United Kingdom, and to provide a wide range 
of services but not any domestic services (ix. services Involving the conveyance of 
messages which originate and arc subsequently to terminate in the United Kingdom) 
or mobile radio services. Each licence authorises connection to a wide range of other 
systems, including earth orbiting apparatus. 

3. Each licence will be subject to conditions such that section 8 of the Act will apply to 
it. thereby making each of the systems run under each licence eligible for designation 
as a public telecommunication system under section 9 of the Act. ft is the intention of 
the Secretary or State to designate each of the licensees' systems as a public 
telecommunication system. 

4. The Secretary of Slate proposes to grant each licence in response to an application 
from each Licensee for such a licence because he considers that it will help to satisfy 
demands in the Untied Kingdom for the provision of services of the type authorised, 
will promote the interest of consumers in respect of the quality and variety of such 
services, and will maintain and promote effective competition between those engaged 
in the provision of telecommunication services. 

5. He proposes to apply the telecommunications code (“the Code”) to Level 3 
Communications Limited and Zereau Limited subject to certain exceptions and 
conditions throughout the United Kingdom. The effect af the exceptions and 
conditions lo the application of the Code is that the Licensee will have duties: 

(a) to comply with various safety and environmental conditions, in particular (with 
certain exceptions) to install lines underground or only on such above-ground 
apparatus as is already installed for any purpose; 
lb) to comply with conditions designed to ensure efficiency and economy on the part 
of the Licensee, in connection with the execution of works on land concerning the 
installation, maintenance, repair or alteration of its apparatus; 

(c) to consult certain public bodies before exercising particular powers under the 
Code, including the local planning and highway authorities and English Nature. 
Scottish Natural Heritage, the Countryside Council for Wales, the National Trust 
and the National Trust for Scotland, as well as relevant electricity suppliers; 
id) to keep and make available records of the location of underground apparatus and 
copies of the exceptions and conditions in its licence lo its powers under the 
Code*, and 

ic) to ensure that sufficient funds are available to meet certain liabilities arising from 
the execution of street works. 

6. The reason why the Secretary of State proposes to apply the Code to Level 3 
Communications Limited and Zereau Limited is that it will need the statutory p ow e rs 
in the Code to install and maintain the Ickcomnuuiication systems which are to be 
installed and ran under its proposed licence. 

7. The reasons nhy it is proposed that the Code os applied should have effect subject to 
the exceptions and conditions referred to above are that they are considered requisite 
or expedient for die purpose of securing that the physical environment is protected, 
that there is no greater damage to land than necessary, that the systems are installed as 
safely and economically as possible, and that the Licensee to whom the Code is 
applied can meet (and relevant persons can enforce) liabilities arising from the 
execution or works. 

S. Re p resentations or objections may be made in respect of the proposed licences, the 
application of the Code to Level 3 Communications Limited and Zereau Limited and the 
proposed exceptions and conditions referred to above. They should be made in writing 
by 12 October 1998 and addressed to the undersigned at the D e p ar t m e n t or Trade and 
Industry, Communications and Information Industries Directorate, 2.74 Grey, 151 
Buckingham Palace Road. London. SW1W9SS. Copies of the proposed licences can be 
freely obtained by writing to the Department or by calling 0171 215 1756. 

Anthony J. Eden-Broun 

Department of Trade and Industry 11 September 1998 

SM dm on 19 Fofcmay 199® 
(Batata about fSOjDOO) 

ELLIOTT, Brunt Effion lata of 
WRatWA Limrtrq 3E17«Uod tfcaia 
oa 21 1991 CBmare atom 



University College Dubfin 
Registrar's Office 
ftficftael Tierney Boikfing 
Betflefd, Dublin 4, Ireland 


Proposals addressed to the Registrar, University 
College Dublin, and receivable up Id 5.00pm on 
Friday 23 October 1998 are Invited tor me supply of 
a new Identify Card Management System in 
accordance with specifications and concStions of 

Proposals must be based on existing and proven 
hardware and software solutions already In operation 
in large organisations and, more desirably, (he third 
level education sector. Suppliers should slate ciearty 
where their proposal varies from their standard 

The award crit eria will be the most economicafly 
advantageous tender in terms of price, quality and 
proven track record. 

A‘Request tor proposals'document may be obtained 
from Ms Nora Murphy, Registrar's Oftice, at the above 
address, telephone (3531) 7061344. The final date 
for request of documents is Friday 25 September 

It win be a condition tor the award of the contract that 
a firm must be able to produce promptly a Tax 
Clearance Certificate (resident tenderers} or a 
statement of suitability on Tax Clearance groirtds 
from the Revenue Commissioners (non-resident 

UCD Is not obfiged to accept the lowest or any tender. 
UCD also reserves the right to select a tender in tufl 
or in part. 

Urawraay Catoga DiiSn -KaSonai Umwafey of Wand, Drifln 

live, yesterday said pre-tax 
profits rose to £4.1 million 
from £94,000 in the six 
months to June 30. Earnings 
were 2.9p a share; op from 
0.6p. Sales were up 7.5 per 
cent yearon-year. . 

wins rights 
to name 

By Matthew Barbour 

COURTAULDS Textiles has 
finally won exclusive rights to 
the internationally renowned 
Courtaulds name eight years 
after demerging from Cour- 
taukJs. Akzo Nobel the Dutch 
chemical company that 
fraught the Courtaulds chemi¬ 
cals company in July for £1J8 
billion, yesterday announced 
that it is changing the name of 
Courtaulds to Akao Nobel UK. 

Akzo added that it will also 
be announcing a new name 
for the combined fibre busi-. 
ness of Courtaulds and Akzo. 
which h intends to sell-off for 
about £1 billion next year. 

- The announcement came as 
shares in Courtaulds Textiles, 
a leading supplier of lingerie 
and underwear to Marks & 
Spencer, fell 4 per cent to 
I56v4p after Colin Dryer, chief. 
executive, said he did not fore¬ 
see growth in full-year profits. 

Fbr the six months to June 
30,' pre-tax profits at Cour¬ 
taulds Textiles rose 30 per cant 
to million (£10.4 million) 
on sales down 5 per cent at 
£39&2 million (£420.9 million). 

"Our order books are 
healthy, but declining consum¬ 
er confidence in die UK gives 
us reason for caution,” be said. * 

However, he said internation¬ 
al business, which accounts for 
56 per cent of sales, had held up 
well. The interi m dividend is 
unchanged at 52p. Earnings 
per share rose to 8.4p (7.1p). 

Queens Moat 
Houses denies 
bid rumours 

By Robert Cole, city correspondent 

ANDREW COPPEL. chief ex¬ 
ecutive of Queens Moat Hous¬ 
es. the hotels group that tee¬ 
tered on the brink of collapse 
in the early 1990s. has played 
down rumours that the compa¬ 
ny was likely to be bid for. 

Hotel companies have at¬ 
tracted considerable predatory 
interest in recent months and 
while some deals, including 
Nomura’s putative £1.6 billion 
bid for Thistle Hotels, have 
fallen through, others, such as 
the purchase of Savoy, have ex¬ 
cited speculation about the fu¬ 
ture of QMH. 

Mr Coppel’s cooling com¬ 
ments came as QMH, which 
remains heavily indebted with 
borrowing of £800 million, 
more than doubled first-half 
pre-tax profits. In the six 
months to June 28 QMH 
made £12_S million, up from 
£5.2 million. Mr Coppel said 
trading had slowed in the 
third quarter but was still 
ahead of the comparable peri¬ 
od. “Our businesses are sound¬ 
ly based and are positioned to 
generate further advances in 
the second half year," he said. 

QM H owns 50 hotels in Brit¬ 
ain, 34 in Germany and 22 in 
The Netherlands. It sold its 11 
French and Belgian hotels ear¬ 
lier this week for £42 million. 

The company said it would not 
make any more disposals but 
Mr Coppel said this sale put 
the group well up with its debt 
repayment commitments. 

The cost of servicing the 
debt has been lowered because 
of interest paymoit holidays 
agreed with the company’s 
bankers as part of the rescue 
plan. Helped also by interest 
rate movements the interest 
bill fell from £20.8 million to 
£18-2 million in the half year. 
However, a rise in interest pay¬ 
ments is anticipated as some 
of the preferential interest ar¬ 
rangements end next July. 

Again, there is no dividend. 

Coppel: further advances 

Sema shares hit by 
lacklustre’ results 

By Chris Ayres 

SHARES in Sema Group con¬ 
tinued their steep decline yes¬ 
terday after the Anglo-French 
computing company revealed 
modest results and its with¬ 
drawal from a joint venture 
with British Aerospace. 

The group’s shares fell 10 
per cent to 580p — compared 
with a high of 825p in July — 
despite this week’s inclusion in 
the FTSE 100 index. Analysis 
blamed the fall on Serna’s 
1 ’lacklustre” results. 

Sema said it would sell its 50 
per cent interest in BAeSEMA, 
plus its South African military 

logistics subsidiary, to British 
Aerospace for £77 million in 

Pierre Bonelli, Serna’s chief 
executive, said pre-tax profits 
at the company had risen 18.8 
per cent during the six months 
to June 30 from E26.2 million 
to E31.1 million. Sales rose 9.1 
per cent from E559 million to 
£611 million, while earnings 
per share rose 205 per cent 
from 4.01p to 4.83p. 

A dividend of 0.84p (from 
0,7p) is payable on November 2 

Tempus. page 30 

M&S plans to open 
store in White City 

marks & SPENCER s: 

as part of a E450miUiM MarbleArch branch will continue to 

^U M rSk 5 S retailer's biggest mrtlets when it opens 
ӣEaSid has signed a 2fryear lepe with the 

will be converted into luxury apartments and soia. Cmtsfield 
is also accelerating capital expenditure on the redA^nent. 

to £11-2 mflfion. while net assets " 
£ 653.8 million. There is an mtenm Up ^pVpmd 

out of earnings per share that rose 9 per cent to 3.6p.Dhels--. 
Mds^SKfellen more than 40 per eott frm^r^te 
February peak on fears of a slowdown m the economy. .. 

Heywood builds up 

HEYWOOD WILLIAMS, the building products Com pany;/' 
lifted operating profits to a record £20.4 miUionfrom £18.4 
rmUionto the half year to June 30. However, preriaxprofits 
fell to £1939 million (£21.8 million) as a result of restructur¬ 
ing. The interim dividend is held at 5p a shar^-payable from 
earnings that fell to lZ5p from 14.4p. The company acquired 
Spectus-Kestrel, a blending and PVC-U window and door pro- 
fife extrusion business, for £58 million and has sold Auto 
Windscreens for £77 million, completing a refocos.oi its UK 
and American building products businesses. 

Trafficmaster ahead 

TRAFFICMASTER. the company that operates atrafficinfor¬ 
mation network, returned a profit of £t million for die six 
months to June 30, against a loss of £594,000. m the previous 
comparable period. Sales rose from £238 million to-£4.16 mil¬ 
lion and earnings of 33p a share were recorded against losses 
of Zip. David MartelL chief executive, said: "As^the in-car ; 
telematics market continues to evolve and grow,: further stra- " 
tegic relationships can be expected. Trafficmaster isvery well 
placed to add substantial value to and to benefit from this 
marketplace.” The shares fell Ip to 416p: 

Biocompatibles boost 

BIOCOMPATTBLES International, the medical coatings - 
company, is to begin European marketing of the nylon bal¬ 
loon delrvery system for Its stents, the small metal tubes used 
to support damaged blood vessels. The move follows the com¬ 
pany's receipt of European CE Mark approval for its Fen- 
Chant pre-mounted stent delivery system. Biocompatibles, a 
former stock market high-flyer, is already marketing stents 
with its body-friendly coaling in 18 countries. Sales of the 
stents will start this week. The shares managed a lp rise to 
76Kp amid yesterday’s market fall. 

Pendragon cautious 

PENDRAGON. the motor dealer, is bracing itself for a de¬ 
cline in new car sales despite a robust performance by the UK 
car market in the first half. Yesterday the company reported a 
56 per cent rise in pretax profits to £10.4 mtilkffi for the six 
months to June 30. Earnings rose 9 per cent to H.7p a share. 
The interim dividend is lifted 11 per cent to 4p a share: Borrow¬ 
ings have risen from £25Z million at die Decemberyear-end 
to £342 million at June 30, but the company hopes to reduce 
its costs as it adopts the market area approach. The shares fell 
8fcp to I56£p. having traded at 312Wp in March. 

John Laing advances 

RECORD profits from housebuilding and a strong advance 
in income from property development helped John Laing to 
lift pre-tax profits 48 per cent In the first half. The construc¬ 
tion, housing, property and investment group earned £18.4 
million before tax in the six months to June 30. up from £12.4 
million. Earnings were 3.75p (3.5p) a share, payable from 
earnings of 13.6p (9p). Sir Martin Laing. chairman, said that 
although he was confident about the outlook for the rest of 
1998. prospects for 1999 were vulnerable to "a more pro¬ 
nounced slowdown in the global economy”. 

Mowlem stronger 

JOHN MOWLEM. the construction company, lifted pre-tax 
profits to £13.S million from an adjusted E9JS million in the 
half to June 30. Turnover was little changed at £714 million 
but operating profits rose 13 per cent to £!Z7 million. The par¬ 
tial flotation of its subsidiary SGB. a Eurobond repaymoit 
and careful cash management eliminated net interest charg¬ 
es- Net interest receipts were £ 1.1 million, compared with a 
£1.7 million charge previously. The interim dividend rises to 
2p a share (l-5p), from earnings of 4.lp (3.8p. adjusted). 

Forecast hits Ferguson 

SHARES of Ferguson International fell a further7tfp to 37Kp 
yesterday after the labels supplier said it would only break 
even in the first half of the year and that the outlook for the 
second half remained uncertain. The company, whose shares 
have fallen from a five-year high of 428p. blamed "difficult 
summer market conditions". Ferguson has concluded a four- 
month review of its operations and has decided to seek a buy¬ 
er for its textiles labelling division. 

CNP stake to be sold 

FRANCE launched a partial privatisation of the Gaisse Na- 
tiOTiale de Prevoyance (CNP) Assurances yesterday, aiming to 
jty®* cenl ^ capital and reducing its direct holding 
from 42.5 per cent to 1 per cent The sale is to be accompanied 
by the issue of FFr15 bOlion (£157 million) of new capital to fi- 
final Price will be set on September 
24. CNP Assurances is the biggest personal insurance compa¬ 
ny m France. 

City welcomes promotion of 36-year-old Bonfield 

New financial chief for SB 

By Paul Dvrman 

ed Andrew Bonfield to take over as chief fi¬ 
nancial officer from Hugh Collum, who 
will retire after 12 years with the pharma¬ 
ceutical group at the end of the year. 

At 36, Mr Bonfield will be one of the 
youngest finance directors of a FTSE 100 
company and. at 6*3". one of the tallest 
He could be paid as much as £300.000. 
though his salary is yet to be decided. 

Although Mr Bonfield is already depu¬ 
ty finance director, Mr Collum, 58. said he 

pressure SB is under in the aftermath of 
its failed merger with Glaxo Wellcome, 
Mr Collum said Jan Leschly. chief execu¬ 
tive, "considered it important for us to be 
selecting absolutely the right man". 

Mr BonfiekPs promotion had been ex¬ 
pected by analysts. Nigel Barnes, at Mer¬ 
rill Lynch, said: "It's very positive. Wc 
know Andrew well. He’s a very good guy 
and knows the business well.^ 

Mr Bonfield has worked with SB since 
1989, when he was one of the accountants 
seconded from Price Waterhouse to work 
on Bacchant's merger with SmithKlinc 

He qualified as a chartered accountant 
with Price Waterhouse in South Africa, 
where he lived for 15 years until 1987. He. 
said it had always been his ambition m be¬ 
come SB’s chief financial officer: “It'S a 
pJaoe that gives me a buzz going rd work 
m the morning." 

Mr Collum will remain involved with 
the pharmaceutical sector through Chfro- 
screno, where he takes over as-drairman 
next month. He is also abound join the 
board of Sicbc, the engineering group. He 
is a director of M&G Group. Safeway and 
Whitehead Mann, and will be looking for 

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the previous days dose, but adjustments axe made when a stock is ex-dividend. Changes, yields and 
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Diana Rigg’s 
v :rnagnificent 
Greek passiqn 

PAGE 38 . : " - 

A s the laic John Lennon so 
memorably put it: “I read 
the news today, oh boy." 
Ana which stories caught my eye 
this week? More and more British 
people, ii seems, are taking pills to 
counter bouts of depression. And 
the RoyaJ Opera House is in tur¬ 
moil again. Are these matters con¬ 
nected? You have io wonder. 

For anyone who loves opera, the 
Covent Garden affair has been a 
depressing saga. What did they 
once say about the British? Some¬ 
thing about our genius for compro¬ 
mise? Our gift for finding pragmat¬ 
ic solutions to knotty dilemmas? 
That we make the world’s best dip¬ 
lomats? Ah. nostalgic compli¬ 
ments! The recent history of Gov¬ 
ern Garden suggests that at 
present we couldn't negotiate our 
way out of a paper bag. 

.And this week's spectacle - Cbv- 
em Garden's management and un¬ 
ions engaging in a series of public 
headbutts, like dinosaurs oblivious 
to imminent extinction — deepens 
the despair. Pass me those big pink 
pills, nurse, f fed a severe bout of 
operatisgloomis coming on. 

Time’s up in the last-chance Crush Bar 

On Wednesday Sir Colin South- 
gate. the chairman of die opera 
house, announced his “radical 
plan” to save Covent Garden. It'S 
quite a piece of work. In a nutshell, 
everyone gets sacked: only those 
who promise to work harder for 
less money get rehired: next year’s 
opera programme is written off as 
a dead loss: the new studio theatre 
is declared null and void even be¬ 
fore it opens its doors: the perform¬ 
ance schedule for the redeveloped 
opera house is cut by a third; and 
taxpayers end up forking out more 
subsidy for fewer performances. 
On the other hand, ticket prices 
will come down, and that's what 
everyone said they wanted. 

You can understand the anger of 
Covem Garden’s workforce. For a 
man who says that he has inherit¬ 
ed “an outdated culture of confron¬ 
tational industrial relations". 
Southgate seems to have concocted 
a pretty good imitation of an old- 

fashioned lockout to solve his prob¬ 
lems. If he doesn't think his own 
plan is “confrontational'’ he should 
spend the weekend wandering 
around incognito, like Henry V be¬ 
fore Agincourt among his homy- 
handed stagehands. 

But what the stage crews think is 
neither here nor there. Southgate 
says that without drastic action the 
opera house simply won’t reopen. 
He is Dying to “do a Wapping”: 
make a dean break from past man¬ 
agerial weakness and incompe¬ 
tence. and start afresh in a new 
building with new equipment and 
a newly motivated workforce. 

And, as with Wapping, the Gov¬ 
ernment seems openly delighted io 
see union power smashed. Chris 
Smith, the Culture Secretary, tells 
Southgate in an open letter this 
week that “your plans for reform¬ 
ing the ROH are wholly consistent 
with (government] aims", and that 
Covent Garden can therefore ex- 

era share the reopened Covent Gar¬ 
den with the Royal Opera and Bal¬ 
let — on the ground that this would 
greatly reduce the total number of 
performances in London, the opera 
house has now been forced to cut 
the shows anyway. The truth is 
that, whichever way you slice the 
subsidy, there isn’t enough to sup¬ 
port two large-scale opera compa¬ 
nies in London. Never has been, 
never will be. 


peer “substantial additional fund¬ 
ing". The only slight surprise is 
that this is a Labour Government. 
FUnny old world, innit? 

That’s one irony of the Covent 
Garden upheaval. Another is that, 
having squealed indignantly at 
Smith's infamous suggestion last 
year — that English National Op- 

O f course Covent Garden 
regularly gets “saved” by 
bold executive action. It 
seems like only last winter, and in¬ 
deed it was. that Mary Allen was 
telling The Times how her cool 
head and firm hand had averted fi¬ 
nancial disaster and established a 
proper business plan for Covent 
Garden. 1 remember the article 
well, because our regrettably un- 
prophetir headline was “A fine 
mess, but we’ll fix it”. 

Now Ms Fixit has gone and Sir 
Colin Fixit has arrived but the fine 
mess remains obstinately unfixed. 
The difference this time, however, 
is that the opera house managers 
and its 500 workers (500! And it 
used to be 900) really are drinking 
in the last-chanoe Crush Bar. 

Yes. it is inconceivable that the 
redeveloped Covem Garden won’t 
open in December 1999. The pub¬ 
lic, which overwhelmingly resent¬ 
ed donating £78 million of lottery 
money to the redevelopment in the 
first place, would be scandalised if 
the new Covent Garden stood emp¬ 
ty and purposeless. 

But if the Royal Opera’s manage¬ 
ment and unions can’t sit down 
like the reasonable, cultured peo¬ 
ple they are alleged to be. and 
thrash out an agreement that 
opens up the new Covent Garden 
to new audiences and frequent tele 
vision transmissions, there is a 
very fine opera company just down 

the road that would surely be de¬ 
lighted to swap its crumbling, near 
unworkable old theatre for pristine 
state-of-the-art premises. Its name 
is English National Opera. 

With its inspiring young music 
director. Paul Daniel, its brilliant 
outreach programme, its afforda¬ 
ble ticket prices, its imaginative 
production style and its loyal audi¬ 
ence that cuts right across the class 
and age barriers which bedevil the 
Royal Opera. ENO would turn the 
new Covem Garden into a marvel¬ 
lously vibrant place. 

I’m kidding, areni I? Not entire¬ 
ly. The fact is that London has al¬ 
ready learnt to live quite cheerfully 
without a resident Royal Opera, 
and next year the company won’t 
exist in any shape at all. Indispen¬ 
sable it ain't. Nobody at Covent 
Garden should forget that. espe¬ 
cially during these next crudaJ 
weeks. Cut out the fake outrage 
and macho posturing, guys: get 
down to hard talking: and turn the 
new Covent Garden into an opera 
house that makes Britain proud to 
own iL Use it or lose iL The years of 
living outrageously are over. 


Each day this week Richard Cork 
selects paintings from the forth¬ 
coming Royal Academy show 

The Japanese Bridge, c.l9l£-24 
PROBABLY completed within 
wo years of Monet’s death, this 
seismic work shows how unfet¬ 
tered the octogenarian artist had 
become. The entire surface of the 
canvas is alive with restless, flick¬ 
ering marks. Assailed by cataract 
problems Monet nevertheless per¬ 
sisted in returning time and again 
to his beloved lily pond. 

Bridge, flowers and foliage are. 
however, hard to identify within 
the welter of orgiastic brush¬ 
strokes. The forms have dissolved 
into a web of colour, conveying 
above all the obsessive intensity of 
the old man’s response to nature. 
The emotional impact of this vi¬ 
sionary canvas is complex, encom¬ 
passing Monet s rage at the immi¬ 
nence of death as well as his per¬ 
petual ecstasy in front of the nirva¬ 
na he cherished. 

• Times readers have priority 
booking for the Royal Acade¬ 
my’s Monet in the 20th Century 
show (Jan 23-ApriI 19), ‘ spon¬ 
sored by Ernst & Young. Tele¬ 
phone Ftretcall (0870 842 2200, 
booking fee £1.80 per ticket on 
first five tickets; £1.40 thereafter) 

Elegy for a daughter 

JUST as the Austrian compos¬ 
er Franz Schmidt was getting 
into his stride, the time was 
turning seriously out of joinL 
The 1938 premiere of his last 
great work, the oratorio The 
Book of the Seven Seals, was 
turned into a National Social¬ 
ist event, and his reputation 
took decades to recover. In¬ 
deed. it wasn't until Wednes¬ 
day that his Fourth and last 
symphony, written in 1932-33. 
made its Proms debut 

This was music which was 
certainly far too conservative 
to be snared as Entartete. or 
degenerate. So Schmidt mis¬ 
sed out on that unique selling 
point, too. But the Bourne¬ 
mouth Symphony Orchestra 
and its conductor Yakov Kreiz- 
berg made a convincing 
enough case for the rehabilita¬ 
tion of this elegiac, single-span 
work in which a direct person¬ 
al voice speaks through the ar¬ 
dently assimilated language of 
Brahms and Bruckner. Not 
without cause has this work 
been considered the final mas¬ 
terpiece of the AustroOerman 
symphonic tradition. 

It wears that mantle lightly. 


The symphony’s guiding spirit 
seems to be that of Schmidt’s 
beloved only daughter, who 
died in childbirth as he began 
to write the score. Its centre of 
gravity is the dimax of a mas¬ 
sive funeral march which acts 
as the Adagio, and which was 
so powerfully buih and sus¬ 
tained by Kreizberg. This is ap¬ 
proached by an opening stur¬ 
dy and conventional enough of 
form and harmony, but discon¬ 
certing in its use of a solo trum¬ 
pet to announce a long, subtly 
chromatic source idea. The cel¬ 
lo is an equally eloquent solo 

The trumpet ends the work 
too. Its theme has meanwhile 
been elaborated in long pas¬ 
sages of melody, sometimes 
counterpointed. sometimes ab¬ 
ruptly truncated, sometimes 
engulfed. Quietly distanced 

from the musical ferment of its 
time, Schmidt's music makes 
for thought-provoking listen¬ 
ing. especially in a perform¬ 
ance as committed as this. 

The Schmidt symphony 
brought a degree of ballast to 
the evening. The first half had 
been dominated by the Rus¬ 
sian pianist Arcadi Volodos, 
whose presence had doubtless 
filled the Albert Hall. After his 
debut disc, his Wigmore recit¬ 
al and his Rachmaninov Two 
at last year's Proms, expecta¬ 
tions were high. But his Rach¬ 
maninov Third Piano Concer¬ 
to was a disappointment. 

There were beguiling mo¬ 
ments: the suspended whisper¬ 
ing of the opening, the hard, 
bright light of the left hand as 
it led the orchestra in: the Inter¬ 
mezzo's clear song. Volodos’s 
technical security and exuber¬ 
ant colour sense carry him 
through a good many notes. 
But that’s not enough. Volodos 
seemed to he on a helter-skel¬ 
ter of monomaniaca! virtuosi¬ 
ty, and woe betide any instru¬ 
ment which got in his way. 

Hilary Finch 

The sparklers 
that Pablo left out 

GALLERIES: A jewellery exhibition draws its inspiration 

from Picasso’s portraits of women. Simon Tait reports 

Semi-precious stones: the 

set of 19 rings for Nude 
Woman in a Red Armchair 

Geometric: the srt of 

for Nude Sitting 


niass tears: a necklace 


N obody painted 
women like Picas¬ 
so did. 
painter had wom¬ 
en to paint like Picasso had — 
all beautiful but each striking- 
ly different in looks and per¬ 
sonality. One thing these mis¬ 
tresses. wives and friends 
have in common, though, is 
that apart from occasional 
hats their beauty is una¬ 
dorned. Any clothes were sim¬ 
ple: there might be a hair rib¬ 
bon or a humble string of 
beads, but seldom anything 
that could be described as deco¬ 

Wendy Ramshaw. the lead¬ 
ing British artist-jeweller, 
used this as inspiration for Pi¬ 
casso's Ladies: 66 pieces which 
are now being shown at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum. 
It is the largest ever display of 
a living jewellery designer’s 
work at the museum. 

“I’d always loved the Picas¬ 
so women," Ramshaw says. 
Ibis project began at the Mu¬ 
seum of Modern Art during a 
crip to New York. “1 bought a 
bundle of postcards of the por¬ 
traits. and l thought 1 could de¬ 
sign from them. It wasn’t that 
I thought the pictures weren’t 
finished, or that 1 wanted to 
embellish them: it was an in¬ 
spiration to make something 
of my own.” It turned into a 
ten-year odyssey during which 
she has changed her scale of 
work, her style, and also sur¬ 
vived canoer — an experience 
which has influenced this col¬ 
lection. . 

Picasso’s most famous mod¬ 
els from the late 1920s to the 
early 1950s. and some from 
earlier, are represented here: 
Marie-Therise Walter, Dora 
Maar, Nusch Ehtard. Fran- 
coise Gilot. Jacqueline Roque. 
There is even Gertrude Stein 
from the earlier portrait in 
which she wears a tiny red 
brooch, ft inspired Ramshaw 
to make five silver bracelets 
with curves punctuated by 
ri ny golden bails. 

There is Sylvette. the pony- 
tailed girl m the 1954 Portrait 
of a Young Woman, whose 

profile created a look for the 
1950s. later made flesh by 
Brigitte Bardot and Franqoise 
Hardy. “At first 1 thought ear¬ 
rings would be the answer to 
this particular portrait with 
its elongated neck, and I made 
a series of drawings," Ram¬ 
shaw says. “But the wonderful 
heavy head of hair made me 
decide on a series of combs in 
silver, purple, red and blue 
stones such as amethyst lapis 
laniii and garnet to pick up 
and complement the colours of 
the portrait” 

And there is even a piece 

c I bought 
and I thought 
I could 
design from 
them 9 

drawn from the controversial 
and fascinating early series 
Les Desmoiselles tPAvignon. 
In a study for the 1907 paint¬ 
ings Ramshaw found refer¬ 
ence to Picasso'S interest in Af¬ 
rican art She made a blade 
necklace of ferspex beads 
wfrh silver gilt inlays. “Hus is 
die primitive versus the mod¬ 
em lor me," Ramshaw says. 

The most striking exhibit is 
foe broodies of coloured tears 
for one of foe mosr familiar Pi¬ 
casso images of Dora Maar, 
foe Weeping Woman. “In 
terms of a painting with such 
radiance and colour, it is hard 
to think of jewellery as any¬ 
thing but joyous " she says. 
She had a series of-brilliantly 
coloured stones cut and then 
turned them into a group of 
dropjhaped stones which de¬ 
veloped into two large, cascad¬ 
ing brooches. 

The piece represents a new 
phase for Ramshaw. Since foe 
start of foe project her work 
has developed into the larger 

scale. She has designed gates 
for St John’s College. Oxford, 
a huge screen for foe V&A. 
and murals and sculptures for 
two passenger liners. 

The contrast of size contin¬ 
ues to interest her. “On the 
large scale," she says, “the 
work is something that in¬ 
volves a large number of peo¬ 
ple at different levels at the 
same time, so it's the very op¬ 
posite of jewellery, which is a 
one-to-one relationship. You 
don't lose the body relation¬ 
ship, bur it’s reversed because 
the body relates to the large ob¬ 
ject which creates its own con¬ 
text, while the small object re¬ 
lates to the body." 

Three years ago Ramshaw 
contracted breast cancer, 
which has responded to treat¬ 
ment so far, but casts a perpet¬ 
ual shadow. She says the expe¬ 
rience gives one a reason to be 
brave in other areas of life. It is 
an experience which helped 
her to make the Weeping 
Woman broodies. 

“The composition is disor¬ 
ganised. but lve got balance 
by contrasting the stones 
against each other. There is a 
moment of movement frozen 
in the painting, an instant of 
anguish which 1 wouldn’t 
have had the courage to work 
with when the project started, 
irs a waterfall of tears." 

Even in the large scale, the 
signature geometric Oder and 
linear patterns which draw 
the eye in her jewellery are un¬ 
mistakably present, but in the 
later Picasso jewellery there is 
an unfamiliar abandon, a new 
freedom of movement 

‘The early works in the col¬ 
lection are very recognisably 
mine, but as you get an you 
lose touch with the familiar, 
and that is because 1 have 
used a Jot of foe old language 
up,” she says. “As an artist you 
have to expand the language 
you've got because you can’t 
make a new one, and that’s 
what you can see here." 

• Picassos Ladies: Jewellery by 
Wendy Ramshaw is at the Victoria 
and Albert until February 15 


tnc^ VUI UC, Ujfkypy WBu»b Hgiu-' ■ 

■■•.'s t ’ 17 .? : v*'• 




' The cars 'vhiskers-. Spnte / i _ 


It’s cool to be coy 




Gram Parsons recalled 

Between rock and a 

Courtney Love could learn a thing 
or two about infamy from Belle & 
Sebastian, Caitiin Moran suggests 

G effen Records 
spent more than $1 
million on the 
Hole comeback al¬ 
bum — a big, brash, wonder¬ 
ful Hollywood thing, de¬ 
signed to be sold only in its 
millions. Unfortunately, the 
first single from it went in at a 
very poor No 19 on Sunday. 

On Monday, Belle & Sebas¬ 
tian — an underground Glas¬ 
wegian eight-piece so fey that 
they have recorder solos — 
played one of the most aston¬ 
ishing gigs I've ever seen, and 
nearly provoked a riot. 

Both bands have that real, 
magical liquid genius about 
them, which is unstoppable 
and undeniable, and freezes 
the breath in your body. How¬ 
ever. it's quite likely you don’t 
know about this, as they sim¬ 
ply don't deal with the press. 
In Belle & Sebastian's case, 
this means no photo shoots, 
no interviews; the guy from 
The New York Times was 
stood up in a Glasgow pub in 
1996. One magazine was 
promised an exclusive first 
ever photo shoot with them 
last year—and ended up with 
a picture of one of the band's 
mates doing the ironing. 

Belle & Sebastian simply 
don't care about being fa¬ 
mous: they sell enough 
records and T-shirts to pay 
the rent and everything else is 
just yellowing scrapbooks full 
of misquotes in the end. 

Hole, on the other hand. 

have waved around so many 
contracts and conditions that 
the campaign for their cur¬ 
rent comeback album con¬ 
sists of a buried feature in a 
broadsheet and a brief inter¬ 
view with The Big Issue. 

Interviewers have to agree 
not to ask questions about 
Kurt Cobam, Nick Broom¬ 
field'S Kurt and Courtney doc¬ 
umentary. Love's father and 
“any half-truths/rumours" re¬ 
garding the band. Hole also 
placed restrictions on their TV 
and radio interviews, causing 
a very bad-humoured three 
minutes on The O-Zone, and 
a las t-mi nute cancellation of 
their TFI Friday appearanoe. 

Most of the British media 
are roundly hacked off with 
the band, and in the absence 
of an interview have tilled 
space with exasperated com¬ 
ments on Love’s Hollywood 
spin-doctoring. What should 
have been a glittering come¬ 
back has turned into a rather 
sour debate on freedom of 
speech. This is probably why 
the Hole single stalled and the 
album is predicted to go in at 
a very icky No 10 on Sunday. 
If you’re selective about your 
publicity, you only get a selec¬ 
tive audience; and no one ever 
bought a big pink Jaguar on 
selective audience sales. 

Belle & Sebastian's blanket 
refusal is the far more success¬ 
ful tack. By deciding they 
didn't want to be questioned 
from the outset (and it’s impor¬ 

music become intemctive and 
passionate again.evehfor one 
evening, is rather Bee-finding 

gold on Mars. 

As Belle & Sebastian, ended, 
their gig with five seconds of ; 
stunned silence, followed by a 
roar that had the people in foe 
balconies vibrating, foewom¬ 
an next to me bemoaned foe 
band’s reluctance to d&mtav 
views. “Do you think it? that 
they’re shy?' she wondered. I 
doubt it a band that can play 
recorder solos through a 
near-riot have trousers bolg- - 
ing with contents the Prodigy. 
can only dream of- T rather 
think it’s that they know this: 
the main thing about press is- 
being seen to be sucdessfot 
and when you know you acre, 
it becomes kind of unneces¬ 

T he real tragedy of foe . 
botched Hole'album 
launch is that Court¬ 
ney Love, for all her 
Amazon Hollywood diva^ng, - 
still sees bersetf as musically. 
unsuccessful. She:wants to be 
vindicated, and by foe same 
UK press she used fo devour 
as a teenager: 

So withdrawing from the 
media entirely, a la Bede & Se¬ 
bastian, isn’t an option for her 
— but then neither is answer^ 
ing a dozen unwelcome ques¬ 
tions. And as Love, famously; 
wants to “be the girl with Are - 
most cake”, the only option 
she has left is trying to have 
her cake, and contractually en¬ 
suring that she can also eat it 
ai a later date. . . 

• Both Hole’s Celebrity Skin (GO- 
fen) and Belle O Sebastian's The 

Here are Belle & Sebastian. This is strange, because there are three people in the picture — and as many as eight in foe group Belle & Sebastian 

tant to remember that musi¬ 
cians don't have to be ques¬ 
tioned — they're not politi¬ 
cians or monopolists), they've 
built up a relationship with 
their audience that's pretty 

The cosmic cowboy 

T oo subversive to be 
country, too safe-home 
to be rock. Gram Par¬ 
sons was the missing link be¬ 
tween Hank Williams and the 
Rolling Stones — a cosmic cow¬ 
boy with a rock'n’roll heart 
“Gram redefined the possi¬ 
bilities of country music for 
me.” Keith Richards told Par¬ 
sons’s biographer, Ben Fong- 
Torres. “If he had lived he 
probably would have rede¬ 
fined it for everybody." 

Parsons was pronounced 
dead at 12.30am on September 
19,1973, following a drug over¬ 
dose in the Joshua Tree Inn in 
the Californian desert He was 
47 days short of his 27th birth¬ 
day. A quarter of a century lat¬ 
er, people are still exploring 
the possibilities of the soul- 
country-blues Parsons termed 
Cosmic American Music. 

His long-time champions in¬ 
clude Emmylou Harris, Elvis 
Costello.Tom ftrtty, REM. Pri¬ 
mal Scream and Evan Dando. 

Ann Scanlon 

pays tribute to 
the myth and 
memory of 
Gram Parsons 

but his influence is evident in 
everything from alternative 
country to Beck and the Verve. 

“I spent a lot of time listen¬ 
ing to Parsons in the early 
hours of the morning.” says 
the Verve's Richard Ashcroft. 
“His version of Love Hurts is a 
classic example of how great 
country music can be — it’s 
very simple, but you can’t deny 
how you feel when you've 
heard it” 

The impenetrable sadness 
that runs through Parsons’s 
music can be traced back to a 
rich Southern childhood that 

CLARK * ~ ii4 


Alan Clark, the Tory MP. historian and celebrated 
diarist will be speaking on his new book, The Tories: 
Conservatives and the Nation State 1922-1997 
(Weidenfeld & Nicolson, £20) at a Times/Dillons 
Forum on Wednesday, September 23,1998, 

The forum will be chaired by Peter Stothard, Editor of 
The Times, and there will be an opportunity to put 
questions to the former Minister. 

The forum, the 50th in the Times/Dillons Forum 
series, will take place at 7.30pm at the Institute of 
Education, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1. The 
admission price of £10 (concessions £7.50 for 
students, pensioners and foe unemployed on 
production of valid I.O.) includes a reduction of £2 on 
copies of The Tories. 

Please book me... ticket (s) at £10 and/or... Bek at (s) @ £7.50 
(cones) for The Times/DlRons Alan Clark Forum: 


was straight out of Tennessee 
Williams. Bom Ingram Cecil 
Connor III. he inherited vast 
wealth from his mother and 
deep melancholy from his fa¬ 
ther, who shot himself when 
Gram was just 12. His mother 
remarried a salesman called 
Bob Parsons before drinking 
herself to death. 

The teenage Parsons found 
comfort in country music. Af¬ 
ter a brief stint in the Byrds — 
long enough to record the al¬ 
bum Sweetheart Of The Ro¬ 
deo — he became friends with 
Keith Richards and dreamt of 
forming a country version of 
the Rolling Stones. He came 
dose when the Flying Bunito 
Brothers recorded The Gilded 
Palace Of Sin in 1969. 

On tour. Parsons’s cracked, 
fragile voice — which wavered 
even more when Fuelled by 
drink and drugs — regularly 
reduced people to tears, “ft's 
simply a way of saying, 1 Find a 
way to love."' Parsons said of 
the Burritos’ sound. “It's goose- 
bump music" 

However, disillusioned by 
lack of success. Parsons went 



I enclose my chcue made payable to Dillons the Bookstore 

Value E.Cheque . 

(PfesRC wria? jour ramc. address and caid number nn [he hack of the cheque! 

Or. please debit my Visa/Mastercard /Amec/ Switch/ Delta card N°: 

Expiry dale: ..Issue N°_.(Switch cards onJyi 




Please post coupon and remittance to: 

The Times/ Dillons Alan Clark Forum 
Dillons, 82 Gower Street London WC1E 6EQ 
Tel: 01714671613 (24-hr/7-day answerline} 

Please note that tickets mil be posted until September 9 only. 
Tickets booked after this date will be held for collection on the 
night at the veniie. If you do not receive your tickets please call 
0171 tub IS77 to confirm your booking. 

$ Tift 

Gram Parsons, who died 

25 years ago this month 

to Europe with the Stones. He 
showed them how to play coun¬ 
try with fading and intro¬ 
duced them to his pedal steel 
guitarist. They 1 returned ihe fa¬ 
vour by letting him record 
Wild Horses before they did. 

Bored with the Burritos, Par¬ 
sons met an unknown singer 
called Emmylou Harris. They 
sang an impromptu duet and 
he knew that he had found the 
Tammy Wynette to his George 
Jones. With the help of Harris 
and Elvis Presley's band. Par¬ 
sons recorded two extraordi¬ 
nary' solo albums. GP and 
Grievous A ngel. 

But before the latter was re¬ 
leased. he was dead. In order 
to carry out Parsons’s wish to 
be cremated in the desert, his 
tour manager Phil Kaufman 
borrowed a hearse, stole the 
coffin, drove out io the Joshua 
Tree and set the body alight. H 
was the perfect finale. 

• A tribute to Gram Parsons takes 
place ai Ihe Garage. London.N5. 
on Sepi 19 Hickory Wind: The Life 
£< Timas Of Gram Faisons by Ben 
Fong-Tomra is published by Si 
Martin's Press onOaD 

unique in the 1990s. At their 
sweltering Shepherd's Bush 
Empire gig on Monday, they 
took to the stage an hour Late 
and walked into a wail of 
piqued devotees booing. 

As foe gig progressed, and 
they unfolded each of their 
Fabergfc clockwork miracles, 
foe audience divided into 
those who forgave the band 
for their lateness and those 

They quote 
me here, 
they quote 
me there 

Jack Dangers is the man everyone 
wants to sample. lisa Verrico 
meets Mr Meat Beat Manifesto 

J ack Dangers should be 
bitter. The Swindon- 
bom, San Francisco- 
based musician has been sam¬ 
pled by the cream of the UK 
dance scene for over a decade, 
yet his name is barely known 
even in clubland. While the 
Prodigy. Chemical Brothers. 
Fatboy Slim and Future 
Sound Of London have all 
made big money from hit sin¬ 
gles based on snippeLs of his 
songs, he has not received a 
penny of the profits. Moreo¬ 
ver, although it was Dangers 
who taught his peers how io 
turn experimental, electronic 
music into commercial pop, 
his own band. Meat Beat Man¬ 
ifesto, has never been in the 
British charts. 

According to the 34-year-old 
techno pioneer, however, nei¬ 
ther recognition nor a healthy 
bank balance have ever been 
important Influenced by the 
likes of Kraftwerk. Can. John 

Calc and Shcf- _ 

field's industrial 

noise merchants C 7V/f\ 

Cabaret Voltaire. 

Dangers claims i 

not io care that a n 

new generation of 
dance acts is cur- 
rently claiming 
credit far the sam- Vioo 

pie-based, big beat Dec 

sound which he al¬ 
most certainly in- jfls 

"My aim has al- rvt'hi 

ways been to in- '-'LIll 

spire other people _______ 

to listen to more 
music.” says Dangers, a shy. 

softly spoken, balding man, 
who sloops when he walks, as 
if to counter his skinny, b*2” 
frame. “If my songs can make 
someone checkout a few of my 
own favourite albums. I’m 
happy. When I first heard Cab¬ 
aret Voltaire, a new world of 
music opened up to me. Be¬ 
cause 1 was fascinated with 
that band, i derided to investi¬ 
gate their influences, which in¬ 
troduced me io the likes of 
Kraftwerk. Stockhausen. Xen¬ 
akis and Cage." 

The first band to make a 
mark on Dangers was Swin¬ 
don's XTC. Having just left 
school aged 16, he was offered 
a jab as a tea boy in his home¬ 
towns sole recording studio. 

6 My aim 

been to 
others * 

who continued to heckle. 
These tactions then started on 
each other. The theatre 
turned into a yelping 3-D de- 
bating-chamber—kids on foe 
floor heckled those hanging 

from the balconies: those at 
foe bad: heckled those at the 
front, and those in the middle 
passed on. insults from both 
sides. It was genuinely thrill¬ 
ing: being able to watch pop 

Boy With The Arab Strap f/eep- 
ster Records) albums are out now 

At the time. XTC, whose sing¬ 
er Andy Partridge had grown 
up almost next door to Dan¬ 
gers, was rehearsing for what 
was to prove the band's final, 
ill-fated tour. “I think only a 
couple of those shows actually 
happened,” says Dangers. 
"Andy had some sort of break¬ 
down and the band split up. I 
was fortunate to witness what 
they were like live near foe 
end. After seeing that, I knew l 
had to work In music." 

A year later Dangers start¬ 
ed writing his own songs un¬ 
der the name Meal Beat 'Mani¬ 
festo. although it was not until 
he was in his mid twenties 
that his influence on the Brit¬ 
ish dance scene began to be 
felt. The turning point was a 
dub-heavy, breakbeat track ti¬ 
tled Radio Babylon. Released 
in 1987. the seminal song had 
the hard drum sound and 
dense production style of 
American hip hop acts such as 

_ Public Enemy and 

Eric B and Rakim. 
aim Ou t of step with the 

then fashion for 
sparser house and 
S techno, Radio Ba by- 

lon was initially ig- 
t VS nored. In the early 

J 1990s. however, a 

to teenage Liam How- 

lett fell for the 
„ track. Howlett. 

ire who had formed 

the Prodigy the pre- 
-o 5 rious year, contaa- 

k ed Dangers to 

remix a trade from 
his debut EP, What 

Evil Lurks. 

“Liam sent me a letter and a 
load of demo tapes." recalls 
Dangers. “I don’t rememher 
what 1 thought of them, hut 1 
didn’t do foe remix because I 
was loo busy on tour. A few 
months later i was walking 
down the street in Swindon 
when J heard one of my lx:als 
playing on a ghetto Waster. It 
was my beat all right, but it 
wasn't my song." 

In fact, what Dangers heard 
was Charly. foe childlike rave 
tune which launched the Prodi¬ 
gy's career in spectacular style 
by entering the UK charts al 
No 2. He even bought the sin¬ 
gle just to be sure that it was 
based on Radio Babvlon. 
Then he did noihing, despite 

‘I have never sued anyone for sampling my records without asking,” says Jack Dangers 

the fact that he had neither 
been asked his permission nor 
was due to benefit financially 
from the ranges success. 

“I have never sued anyone 
for sampling my records with¬ 
out asking.” says Dangers. 
"It’s not in my nature. I know 
this sounds ridiculous, but I 
don't want to be seen as some 
money-grabbing musician. It 
doesn't even annoy me. Nor 
do I feel nattered by it. What I 
do get is a sense of achieve¬ 
ment. 1 give myself a quick pat 
on the back, then return to 
what I was doing. It also keeps 
me on my feet. I have to keep 
pushing music on so that I'm 
always one step ahead.” 

S hortly after Charly was 
a hit. a nascent Future 
Sound Of London also 
broke into ihc pop charts with 
the help or Radio Babylon. By 
chance. Dangers turned an 
his TV to see a Top Of The 
Pops performance of the elec¬ 
tronic outfit's only big hit, Pa¬ 
pua New Guinea. 

‘That track was 50 per cent 
mine,” says Dangers. “But 
when my publisher tried to 
persuade me to sue, 1 denied 
that it sampled my song. I 
didn’t mind, although 1 was 
angry when the tend paid a 
dozen DJs io do remixes, but 
never bothered to ask me." 

Subsequently, dozens of suc¬ 
cessful dance artists have free¬ 
ly borrowed from Meat Beat 
Manifesto's hack catalogue, 
which contains six albums 
worth of varied music, rang¬ 
ing from hardcore breakbeat 
to jazz and ambient In recent 
months. Dangers has remixed 
the likes of Fun Lovin’ Crimi- I 
nals and Public Enemy, be- | 
gun work with the Orb and j 
supported the Prodigy on a sta- 
dium tour of the United 
Stares. On Monday. Meat | 

Beat Manifesto releases its sev¬ 
enth album. Actual Sounds * 
Voices. A difficult, occasional¬ 
ly inaccessible, but always in¬ 
triguing collection of densely 
produced songs, it was culled 
from more than 60 hours of 
studio sessions. 

Unfortunately. Actual 
Sounds * Voices is unlikely to 
bring Dangers the commer¬ 
cial success he deserves. Re¬ 
maining underground, howev¬ 
er. means he can continue to 
get away with sampling some 

of his all-time favourite artists 
without paying royalties T 
have been sued only once. It 
was for using a jazz break 
from a 1950s Blue Note classic 
by Horace Silver. I see sam¬ 
pling as the aural. equivalent 
of pop art: It involves taking 
something that already exists, 
then altering it to create a new 
product Sadly, few people 
share my opinions on sam¬ 
pling. The worst pan of releas- ; 
ing records is waiting for the 
phone calls from my lawyer." 

asgard presents■ 

nick lowe 

With Special guest* 

spooner oldham & dan penn 


B/O: 0171 404 SOH 

Sunday 29th November 199S 
"DiA My Mood" out now on Demon Records. 



Preachers’ latest 



Titanic ditties 

Far more HJ 
mainstream 1§ 
than manic §£ 

MEW pop ALBUMS: The eagerly awaited fifth release by >r sE 
Manic Street Preachers is formulaic, says David Sinclair 


tx ■' ± t s, *i&rm 


This Is My Truth Tell Me 

(Epic 4917036, £15.99) 

THEY are revered as oracles 
of alternative pop wisdom de¬ 
spite their unreliable haircuts. 
But behind all the pseudo-revo¬ 
lutionary rhetoric. Manic 
Street Preachers have always 
peddled a fairly conservative 
musical formula, and never 
more so than on their fifth al¬ 
bum This Is My Truth Tell Me 

Defined by the orthodox 
arena-rock guitar sound of 
James Dean Bradfield and the 
heavy drum fills of Sean 
Moore, the album is given fur¬ 
ther mainstream polish by 
string arrangements on sever¬ 
al tracks and the uplifting, au¬ 
thentic choruses of numbers 
such as Vie Everlasting and 
You Stole The Sun From My 

But while the music has a 
bold, grown-up air about it, 
the lyncs. written by bassist 
Nicky Wire, continue to Dow 
from a seemingly bottomless 
well of teenage art-srudent 
angst. Mistaking polemic for 
poetry. Wire doesn’t so much 
write verse as weave together 
slogans inspired by his frank¬ 

ly hysterical musings on such 
pressing issues of concern as 
the Spanish Civil War \ff You 
Tolerate This Your Children 
Will Be Next), the Hillsbor¬ 
ough football stadium disaster 
(South Yorkshire Mass Mur¬ 
derer) and “Welsh self-destruc¬ 
tion" \JReady For Drowning). 

Bradfield, the man charged 
with the job of actually singing 
such deeply unsexy lines as: 
"The subtext of this songVJve 
thought about ft for so long" 
does his bit with commenda¬ 
ble gusto. But there is such an 
air of weary narcissism per¬ 
vading numbers such as My 
Little Empire film bored of be¬ 
ing bored") and Bom A Girl 
pi wish I had been bom a girl/ 
And not this mess of a man") 
that you begin to wonder at 
what point the righteous an¬ 
ger of youth turns into the 
sanctimonious bluster of the 
professionally disaffected. 

Mechanical Animals 
(Nothrng/lnterscope INTO 
90273, E15.99) 

A SHOCK-ROCK huckster in 
the tradition of Alice Cooper. 
Marilyn Manson and his 
group of the same name can 
hardly be surprised that no 
one has taken their music very 

seriously before now. Their 
fourth album. Mechanical An¬ 
imals. is adorned with a pro¬ 
vocative “nude" photograph of 
their avowedly Satanist lead¬ 
er. a 29-year-old man once 
known as Brian who now ap¬ 
pears to have mutated into a 
red-eyed hermaphrodite eu¬ 

But this time around Man- 
son has attempted to put some 
musical flesh on the bones of 
his carefully contrived image, 
enlisting producer Michael 
Beinhom. who is known for 
his work with the Red Hot Chi¬ 
li Peppers, Hole and Sound- 

The result is a collection of 
cartoon electro^lam-rock 
songs such as Rock Is Dead 
and / Don't Like The Drugs. 
that will sit comfortably on the 
shelf alongside those almost- 
forgotten albums by Babylon 
Zoo and Gary N urn an. Heavi¬ 
ly influenced by Ziggy Star¬ 
dust-era David Bowie, num¬ 
bers such as Disassodative 
and Last Day On Earth Are 
steeped in predictable sci-fi im¬ 
agery. while User Friendly 
comes garnished with strange¬ 
ly innocuous dusters of the F- 

“I’m as fake as a wedding 
cake," Manson sings in New 
Model, somewhat giving the 
game away, but banging on 
happily regardless. 


Step One (Jive 0519112, £15.99) 
“LIFE is always sunny in 
Stepsworld" according to the 
Steps press release, a docu¬ 
ment so relentlessly upbeat it 
would probably give Nicky 
Wire heart failure. 

A five-piece group of fresh- 
faced girls and boys recruited 
by manager Tim Byrne via an 

CDs reviewed in The 
Times can be ordered 
from the Tunes Music 
Shop on 0345 023498 

Si**’ Z 


. rTML 1 Jt ; Hm 

fp" 1 ■' 


W;.>. - >v >u :.. <' - 

Manic Street Preachers: hailed as orades of alternative pop wisdom, the band trade in pseudo-revolutionary rhetoric that masks conservative lyrics 

advertisement in The Stage , 
and helped on their way by 
1980s pop Svengali Pete Water¬ 
man. Steps have already dem¬ 
onstrated an eerie populist ap¬ 
peal with a string of hit singles 
— 5jbJj8, Last Thing On My 
Mind and One For Sorrow — 
all induded here. 

But it is interesting to note 
how much care and pride has 
gone into assembling the rest 
of their first album. Step One. 
A collection of infectious disco 
tunes and smoochy ballads, 
all very modem-sounding but 
influenced here and there by 
Abba, if is clearly destined for 
extended success in what is 
rapidly turning into a golden 
era of post-Spice pop. 

All The Young Dudes — The 

(Columbia 491 400; three 
discs, £35.99) 

GARISH, loutish and 
lumpen, yet tremendously en¬ 
dearing. Mott The Hoople 
were the quintessential Eng¬ 
lish rock’n’roll band of the 

1970s. Their idea was to com¬ 
bine die swagger of the Roll¬ 
ing Stones with the poetic ap¬ 
peal of Bob Dylan, but in the 
end it was David Bowie who 
provided them with their big¬ 
gest hit All The Young Dudes, 
thereby inspiring them to ad¬ 
vance. at quite a late stage in 
their career, beyond the 

realms of pub-rock mediocri¬ 

All the highs and more than 
enough of the lows are indud¬ 
ed on this painstakingly anno¬ 
tated and lavishly illustrated 
three-CD boxed set. The re¬ 
mastered hits, including All 
The Way From Memphis, Roll 
Away Vie Stone and the sub¬ 

lime Saturday Gigs, sound 
wonderful, while die 37 "previ- 
ously unreleased" tracks have 
a certain awful curiosity value. 

A book. Mott The Hoople 
And lan Hunter— Vic Biogra¬ 
phy by Campbell Devine is 
published by Cherry Red to tie 
in with the anthology's re¬ 



Guru of glam rode Marilyn Malison's latest effort, 
\dechamau Animals, is destined to be quickly forgotten 

1 (1) WMNWkBdNf 

2 (2) MwConwn- 

3 (3) Sewage Oantan - 

4 (S) Mw 

5 (11) Tubular BeOs HI - 

B (4) life Boas On- 

7 (9) Ub Una a Lana. 
» (8) 10O% Ctdonbhm. 
B (-» Six- 

10 M Oaa Ntgbt Only . 

. Boyzone (Poiydor) 

.———Cons (Atlantic) 
.Savage Garden (Columbia) 

-Simply Red (East West) 

_Mfte OkJfiekJ (WEAJ 

-Sash! (Multiply) 

-Robbie Williams (Chrysalis) 

i Lowin’ Cnminsls (Chrysalis) 

—.Mansun (Parlophone) 
-Bee Gees (Poiydor) 


• Figure in brackets indicates last week's position 

Showcase for a new generation 




gahZahgCD 980 6) Gaagrn 

mblished generation in UK juices fn 
^ t^album. ledbytnom- Garland 
peter Damon Brown, is hard 

“mSdWon fo his crisp, fleet ten 
mimnet it also features a su- blues ai 

SSfmhesive core band:.the bmkdj 

5>S-S^jiS3£^ STKS 
PSSbSKspw-os; SiS 

SSwsms » 

■ ins of The Titanic was a recurrent 
M. wines and country music be¬ 
thel wS- The stock song. It Was 
tween foe ware g Went Down. 

Sad ^JLS^dermanycbSerent titles 
^ wcorfBdonJTOTV^i ^ 

and by ■‘ be heard on Ti- 

white- Many ^L- rf> 22798). a CD com- 
tanic Song* Joe Showier 

which wellS three recorded by 

1928 andl^JSas Gray only a few 

English WZjSSSwrin 1912. ' 

months ranees from the down- 

Tbe Johnson on 

home blues erf ™™, ater to themorere- 

/C is also which has Captain 

buteniertaininB heavyweight btwer 


Gascoyne and drummer Win¬ 
ston Orfford. 

With telling guest appear¬ 
ances from saxophonists Tim 
Garland and Christian Brew¬ 
er and pianist Jonathan Gee. 
with a bag of original composi¬ 
tions ranging from sinuous 
blues and light funk to the 
brisk chases across neat ac¬ 
commodating chord sequenc¬ 
es favoured by hard bop, this 
is a highly auspicious debut 
from one of the UK’s most ver¬ 
satile younger musicians. 


(Concord Jazz CCD-4506-2) 
LIKE his label-mate, saxo¬ 
phonist Chris Potter (who alter¬ 
nates on tenor with Michael 
Brecker on this album), bass¬ 
ist John Patitucri is not only a 
world-class side man — most 
famously with Chick Corea — 
but is also a fast-rising leader/ 
composer in his own right. 

Eight of Now’s ten tracks are 
from his pen,'ranging from 
the gently insistent Labor Day 

through the swirling Espresso 
to the reflective solo-bass thren¬ 
ody Miya, and his use of what 
he terms the extra sonic space 
resulting from the presence of 
John Scofield’s guitar in place 
of the more conventional key¬ 
board is particularly felicitous. 

With drummer Bill Stewart 
underpinning Patituori’s big, 
booming bass sound, and with 
almost an embarrassment of 
riches in the soloing depart¬ 
ment, this is top-flight 1990s 
jazz: rich and subtle, vigorous 
and unfussily virtuosic 

Chris Parker 

Great ship 
and good 


nesissue of the album he cut for Capitol 
records in Hollywood in 1944, Huddle 
Ledbetter’s Best (Beat Goes On 
BGOCD403). With his 12-strmg guitar he 
powers his way through, his best-known 
songs including Goodnight Irene, Ella 
Speed, Take This Hammer and Rock Is¬ 
land Line. What blues writer Tony Rus¬ 
sell calls LeadbeUy^s “elemental, power 
and emotion" is also evident on the two 
solo-piano tracks he recorded at foe ses¬ 
sion. 77ie £og/e Rocks and Eagle Rock 
Rag (basically the same number with vo¬ 
cals) recall, with their thunderously per¬ 
cussive rhythms, the music he played in 

rural juke joints. Another blues legend. 
Big Bill Broonzy. has the cream of his 
prewar work collected on Warm, Witty & 
Wise (Columbia 489893 2). Although 
many trf foe tracks have been reissued be¬ 
fore irs good to have classics like Just A 
Dream. Southern Flood, I Can't Be Satis¬ 
fied and Trucking Little Woman availa¬ 
ble again from one of foe most dextrous 
guitar pickers and expressive vocalists of 
foe 1930s and 1940s. 

A d ec a de or so later the home of deep 
soul music was undoubtedly Memphis 
Tennessee, and Stax Records. 5000 Volts 
of Stax (Stax CDSXD 116) collects tracks 
cut during that era, but which have until 
now remained unissued- Rufus Thomas 
applies his gruff, gutbucket vocals to the 
Johnnie Taylor hit Who's MaJdn's Love. 
his daughter Carla tackles foe William 
Bdl and Judy Clay number My Baby Spe¬ 
cialises. and Detroit blues men Little Scrrv 
nty tells us that Things Ain't Kosher. Bui 
the most poignant track is the instrumen¬ 
tal Sissy, cut by the Bar-Kays in March 
1967. Eight months later four of foe six- 
strong group would die in the plane crash 
that kiUed Otis Redding. 


the full 

The Times. Now only 30p weekdays. 

h n o :■ www.rhe-times.c o. u k 


ibueen 3D»‘ mtu ujcir inunuemusiy per- f I 

ada month in a cusshre rhythms, foe music he played in JOHN L.LARKE [ Only applicable in mainland Britain. 

C t£dbeUy 11 ^^ i()1 . DiC" WIUC. PJUJPS OUi|mb; aiyvt.- • uj umiM.g,- - ji,iHuv,ih«n.< HVVM u Jiluuuun 

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38 _ 


A new Otello from ENO 



— '■theatre 

Royal nuptials debunked 


Guide to arts and entertainment compiled by Marit Hargle 


esc PROMS: in tfte peixiWmata 
conceit d the season Nikolaus 
Harnoncourt and the CharoOef 
Orc h estr a ol Europe make a rare 
London appearance wflti e perfor¬ 
mance ol Beethoven's jubilant mass, 
the MCssa Sotemras (ionigtu. 

7.30pm). The last night c< the Proms 
(tomorrow, 7.15pm) oftets the 

tradttonal teste* programma of Arne 

and Etffar as wea as a setecbon of 
evemreen ciassits from tavourita 
composera. Andrew Davis conducts 
the BSC Symphony Orchestra and 
Chorus aid the BBC Srrgers. The 
baritone Thomas Hampson is soloist. 
Albert Hall (0171-589 B21Z). B 

COUSEUU: The company's drat new 
production the autumn is Vena's 
QtfiCa an mating cciOaboratfon horn 
long-standing partners Pair Darnel 
and David Freeman. David RendaB 
sings the tide rote lor the first tens 
with Susan Buttock making her rote 
debut as Desdemona. 

Cofiaoum (0171-832 8300). Opens 
tonight 7.30pm. S 

MIDORI: The feed vfofirKl makes 
her long-awaited visit to the Wigmore 
with a programme ol Beethoven, 
Fame. Szymanowski and Brahms. 
She is accompanied by the pianist 
Robert McDonald. 

WHpnora HaE (0171-935 2141). 
Sunday. 7pm. B 


CARDIFF: Walsh National Opera 
opens 3s autumn season with a new 
production of Jcrnrfa with Rosalind 
Sutherland and Nigel Robson 
heading the cast m Janeoek's eerie 
three-ader. Dankfl Hanfing conducts, 
with Katie MitcheH directing her 
second production tor WNO. 

Daniel Harding conducts 
WNO’s Jenufa in Cardiff 

St David'S Hall K>1222 B7B444). 
Opens t utnunow. 7.15pm. B 

EDINBURGH: Lc Lochhead's new 
comedy Britannia Rules Mows 
three Clydebank evacuees and a girl 
from the "Big House' from the 
Second World War fo Coronation 

Royal Lyceum (0131-246 4846). 
Opens tonight, 7.4Spm. Until Oct 3. 

MANCHESTER: In Jake’s Women, a 
new autobiographical comedy from 
Neil Simon, the hero Imagines 
conversations with the various 
women in his Ha 
Ltbrary Theatre (0161-236 7110). 
Pravtaws from lorvghL 8pm. Opens 
Sept 14.720pm. B 


Jeremy Kingston's choice of theatre showing in London 
■ House fun. returns only H Some seats available □ Seals at aO prices 

K) AMADEUS: David Suchet plays 
the envious Salieri in Peter HaS's 
production. Mtehaei Sheen and Lucy 
Whybrcw ploy Mozart and 
Constanze. Tonight and tomorrow 
before going on a national tour. 
Richmond (D18>-940 0088) ® 

□ CRAVE: Sarah Kane's i mp res si ve 
(day for four speakers, letting ol love 
and allied troubles. Vicky Feather- 
stone directs tor Paines Plough. 
Ambassadors (0171-565 5000). 

National Theatre of Brent presents ns 
proloundty po-faced trtoute to the 
matrimonial proceedings of Charles 
and Dr. Much appreciated at 

Bush, W12 (0181-743 3388). Until 
September 26. 

famous example of Chinese music 
drama (written in 1598) has its British 
premiere, rfcected by Peter Seflars. 
with added synthesizers. Nine 
performances only. 

Barbican, EC2 (0171 ^36 8891). B 

production of the Steam industry's 
so-catiad DisopOne Season: Phfl 
waimott directs Rodney Acldand's 
version of Dostoevsky. 

Fhtborough (0171-373 3842). 

□ PERSONALS: Love via the smr* 
ads: British premiere lor New York 
comedy muscal revue by the team 
who went on to write Friends. 

New End. NW3 (0171-794 0022). B 

H PHEDRE: Diana Rlgg heads a 
superb cast in Jonathan Kent's 
production of Racine's tragedy. New 
translation by Ted Hughes. 

Albety (0171-369 1730). 

□ VIA DOLOROSA: David Hare 
perfume, n his own one-man play 
co n fronting the experience of a lira 
visit to Israel and Palestine. Stephen 
□aldry directs. 

Duke Of York's (0171-565 5000). B 

□ FULL GALLOP: Mary Louse 
Wilson's performance as Diana 
Vreeland, the Vogue diva, earned hw 
an Obte Award on Broadway. 
Hampstead, NW3 (0171 722 9301). 


Geoff Brown's choice of the latest movies 


BABYMOTHER (15): Single mother 
dreams ol being a DJ queen. Clumsy 
but fivaty British Bm, exploring the 
danoehal scene With Anjeia Lauren 
Smith. Director. Julian Hermquee. 

COUSIN BETTE (15): Adaptation ol 
Balzac's novel about a scheming 
vixen (Jessica Lange): colourful, but 
lacking conviction. With Elisabeth 
Shue and KeOy Macdonald. Director, 

men nsk their lives In the Second 
World War to save one. Spielberg's 
awesomely credible war film. Tom 
Hanks stars with Edward Bums. Matt 
Damon and Tom Sizemore. 

LA VIE DE JESUS: Rigorous but 
lender French film about aimless 
youth in rural France. An impressive 
debut tor director Bruno Dumont. 


HANDS IPG): Poetic, testing, 
dialogue-tree Russian rftm 
documenting society's outcasts In the 
town of Kishinev. 

HE GOT GAME (18). Errant lather 
needs to make peace with his son. a 
qitted basketball player. Endearing 

oddity from Spike Lea. with Denzel 
Washington, Ray Aden, and Aaron 
Copland's musia 

Wordy entanglements of college 
graduates in a New York dance dub. 
FTne cast, good period sounds, but 
no pep. Whd Stamen directs Chine 
Sevtgny. Kate Beddnsate. and Chris 

I n uf u aan g ly fatuous adaptation ol 
Nicholas Evans's best-setter about a 
heater of damaged horses and a 
smart New Yorker. Robert Radford 
dfreas and stars with Kristin Scott 

Naive scientist gets drawn trio a con 
trick. Spry entertainment from 
writer-rfirector David Mamet, with 
Campbell Scad, Sieve Martin, and 
Rebecca Pidgeon 

L£ BOSSU (15): Enjoyable French 
swashbuckler, with Dental Auteui as 
the swordsman deiemwed to bring 
down Fabrics Luchinrs upstart 

THE X-FILES (15); Mulder end Sctfty 
tumble upon an extra-tenestnai vous 
Mora an extended TV epraode than a 
Mock busier movie With David 
Duchovny and Gflfcan An demon. 

In thrall 
to her 


O n Wednesday night Diana 
Rigg tackled the role of 
Phedre for the second time 
and got it right, or as right 
as any performance of Racine's jag- 
gedly wired queen could reasonably 
or unreasonably be expected to be. 

That wasn’t the case 20 years ago 
ai the Old Vic partly because she was 
acting in a production which suggest¬ 
ed that Racine's first name was Rud- 
yard, not Jean. The play had been 
transposed from the time less ness of 
Troezen to British India, not a place 
obviously associated with big, mythic 
passions. You never felt that Fhfidre 
saw her love for her stepson Hippoly- 
tus as a malignant disease, still less 
that she was some tormented cancer 
patient, desperately failing to gouge 
out her growth with her own hands. 

But that's how Radne. even more 
than Euripides before him, saw the 
lady's plight, and that's how Rigg 
plays her. She stumbles into Mana 
Bjomson's tall, murky reworking of 
the antechamber where neodassicaJ 
tragedies unerringly occur, her dress 
long and black, her face creased and 
white beneath a straggle of red hair. 
Bent and bunched, she moves slowly 
forward, hugging the wall as if she 
hopes to disappear into it or is literal¬ 
ly enough blind with love not to know 
her way. She huddles beneath a bank 
of cloudy panes through which sun¬ 
light thinly slants, and, when she 
speaks, it is with disbelieving anger 
at her own irresistible humiliation. 

If she misses anything, it is what 
she caught last rime out. the pathos of 
an older woman yearning for a sensa¬ 
tionally unsuitable younger man. 

Now the horror of incest and betrayal 
dominates a performance which, 
however, never seems samey. 

There is. after all. nothing monoto¬ 
nous or monochrome about a cor¬ 
nered, sickly but still dangerous ti¬ 
ger, and thars what Rigg is when she 
snarls, chokes or wails out her love, 
first to her confidante Oenonc, and 
then, adding an all-too-human des¬ 
pair. to Toby Stephens’s appalled 
Hippolytus. It is a performance to 
match her recent Medea; unsentimen¬ 
tal to the point of being feral and, like 
Jonathan Kent's production as a 
whole, too intense to be accused of be¬ 
ing overblown. 

The company comes from Isling¬ 
ton's Almeida and. if its impending 
staging of Racine’s Britannicus is as 
strong, one wonders whether die Al- 
berys walls will survive the strain. Af¬ 
ter alL the supporting players don’t 
only include Stephens, who (rightly) 
leaves us feeling that Radne's Hippol¬ 
ytus is a sturdier, bolder man than 
Euripides’s prim, frigid original. 

Barbara Jefford. herself a notable 
Phfidre in her day, is a fine, fierce 
Oenone. Julian Glover's Theseus is a 
majestic brute. And David Bradley's 
Theramene, his face spotlit as blade 
thunderclouds gather outside, rivets 
you with his description of the gro¬ 
tesque results of that curse. 

Wild at heart* Diana Rigg as Phfcdre with Toby Stephens as Hippolytus in the Almeida's staging of Radne 

The translator is none other than 
Ted Hughes, at whose opening collo¬ 
quialisms some may quail. “life here 
in Troezen is extremely pleasant,” an¬ 
nounces Hippolytus, “but 1 can’t 
hang around doing nothing.” Well. 
Radne’s simple yet stately Alexan¬ 

drines are probably impossible to 
render in English buu as it turns out 
Hughes’s direct imfussy lines grab 
the attention in the right way only. 
They liberate the actors to show us 
neo-classidsm's prevailing wisdom 
and a moral not without aptness in 

our era. As Hippolytus says: “When 
passion boils, reason evaporates.** 



• This review appea red in late edi¬ 
tions yesterday 

A right royal mismatch 

T he National Theatre of 
Brent (founder, artistic 
director, chief execu¬ 
tive, author and leading actor: 
Desmond Olivier Dingle) 
went into hibernation ten 
years ago. to the grief of all lov¬ 
ers of judidous mockery. The 
company was due to make its 
comeback last autumn with 
this not-whoUy-respectful trib¬ 
ute to the marriage of the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, 
but when the real world inter¬ 
vened it was postponed. 

A year later Mr Dingle 
(sometimes known as Patrick 
Barlow) has sensed thai the 
National Mood of Britain will 
now pennit his particular qual¬ 
ity of tribute, and grateful audi¬ 
ences can therefore watch this 
royally romantic tale unfold, 
from that fateful order uttered 
by the Prince's MajesticaF 
Mother f'Marry!") through 
the years of discordance to the 
last-chance meeting of the di¬ 

vorced couple in Savile Row — 
“Goodbye, then.” "Goodbye.” 

Mr Dingle’s po-faced con¬ 
cern to educate his audience is. 
as always, let down by a range 
of absurd shortcomings. First, 
the NTOB company consists 
only of himself and his anx¬ 
ious ass istan L Raymond (John 
Ramm). and the two of them 
must therefore play not only 
the prindpal characters but all 
the other royals as well. 

Then Mr Dingle's language 
skills are fatally undermined, 
on the one hand by his awe¬ 
struck veneration for royalty, 
so that such words as “beaut¬ 
eous”, “liege " and “unbe¬ 
knownst” weigh down his 
speeches, while on the other 

hand both he and Raymond 
consistently come a cropper on 
titles, forget cues and general¬ 
ly mess up their lines. 

Directed by Martin Dun¬ 
can, Barlow has the demean¬ 
our of a humourless tax inspec¬ 
tor, seldom pleased with the 
dishevelled Ramin'S attempts 
at thespian conviction. Their 
show is often ridiculously fun¬ 
ny. but what proves unexpect¬ 
edly successful are the three 
quietly serious moments: Lady 
Di's early declaration of love 
that astonishes a reluctant 
Charles: the tenderly written 
exchange between the boy 
Princes, overhearing their par¬ 
ents quarrelling in the next 
room: and the (real life?) meet¬ 
ing in Savile Row at the end. 
These scenes honour the pain 
within what was, after all, a 
profoundly distressing entan¬ 

Jeremy Kingston 

I n the small auditorium at 
die Norwegian National 
Theatre a large scenic 
backdrop hung upon the walL 
It would have served well for 
an old-fashioned production of 
Brand. And indeed an actress 
with a copy' of Ibsen's play did 
start reading its stage direc¬ 
tions at one point The Oslo au¬ 
dience seemed to be in for a 
generous helping of middle-pe¬ 
riod Ibsen. In fact they were 
watching a new play about 
Ludvig Wittgenstein. Cam¬ 
bridge's Austrian philosopher, 
who spent long periods of his 
life in Brand country’, living a 
hermit's life on the Sognefjord. 

The play is by the Norwe¬ 
gian dramatist Cerilie Leiveid 
and is called Austria after Witt¬ 
genstein’s cabin by the fiord. It 
should probably have been 
about Brand himself. Commis¬ 
sioned by the National Thea¬ 
tre to write a play inspired by 
Ibsen for this year's Interna¬ 
tional Ibsen Stage Festival, the 
playwright found the going dif¬ 
ficult: then Wittgenstein ar¬ 
rived on the scene. Lpveid calls 



the result “an overpainting” of 
Ibsen. But it is really a fresh 
work dominated by Wittgen¬ 
stein with echoes of Ibsen’S un¬ 
compromising hero. 

Having isolated himself in 
this remote comer of Europe, 
Wittgenstein gi ves way to lone¬ 
liness and writes to a young 
woman in Vienna, asking her 
to join him. The play shows 
her arrival, her unfulfilled rela¬ 
tionship with him and her de¬ 
parture. Their relationship 
has been crippled because 
Wittgenstein mourns a young 
Englishman who died at 20. 
The final character in the play 
is the young gardener who 
serves as a companion and 

rows Wittgenstein's fiancee to 
and from bis remote cabin. 

The bride-tthbe is named 
Agnes, after Brand’s wife. The 
dramatist also underscores 
the parallel between the two 
couples in other ways. Above 
all. there is Wittgenstein's psy¬ 
chological similarity to Ibsen’s 
hero: both commit themselves 
to their missions on an all-or- 
nothing basis, and both find 
that dedication a torment. But 
in the end this play belongs to 
Wittgenstein and to the wom¬ 
an who might have mattered. 

Director Jon Tom bre has or¬ 
chestrated the performance 
with great care and kept the 
staging simple. But the suc¬ 
cess of the production was due 
largely to the fine playing of 
Henrik Mestad’s Wittgenstein 
and Gprild Mausetivs Agnes. 

As Lpveid’s plays are invari¬ 
ably translated into English, 
productions here should soon 
be possible. Will Wittgenstein 
someday return to Cambridge 
I wonder, fiord and all? 

Louis Muinzer 


Modern British & New Work 
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THE CRUCIBLE by Arthur Miller 

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? * 


It’s Monty’s 

I f you pull out a newspaper, 
particularly a tabloid, in the 
shuttle lounge at Heathrow, 
Belfast or Glasgow airports 
you could quickly be engaged in 
conversation by a dapper figure 
with an Ulster accent and an inordi¬ 
nate interest in what you are read¬ 
ing. He’ll want to know in detail 
what you liked about today’s paper 
and which stories you read. 

If I ani in the Belfast lounge I 
don’t need an introduction. They 
know me once I start talking. But 
they don’t know me in Scotland and 
1 only say who i am if they ask. I 
just strike up a conversation,” says 
David Montgomery, chief executive 
of the Mirror Group, publishers of 
T7ie Mirror, Sunday Mirror The 
People , Scouish Daily Record and 
the Racing Post. 

He avoids the business-class 
lounge, where the papers are free, 
to conduct research among the 
newspaper-buying classes. In an 
age of gently declining national 
newspaper circulations he finds his 
airport conversations encouraging. 
Pfeople, he discovers, like their 
papers, believe them to be good 
value, carry them around and refer 
to them, and have strong opinions 
about the world. 

‘The thing that distinguishes all 
newspaper readers is rhat they are 
individuals who make up their 
minds about life. Regrettably, it’s 
the people who don’t read newspa¬ 
pers who need help in this country,” 
says Montgomery. 

From his ad hoc research and the' 
appearance of his victims. Mont¬ 
gomery believes it is impossible to 
distinguish, in class terms, the read¬ 
ers of The Mirror, the Record, 
Daily Mail or The Express from 
each other. It lends support to his 
theory that The Mirror should not 
just be in a struggle with The Sun 
but should be targeting the entire 
tabloid market with a Mirror that 
treats the main stories of the day in 
a more serious manner. ■ 

■‘All middle-class readers are po¬ 
tential readers of The Mirror," says 
Montgomery, who admits that he 
interfered editorially last week over 
a Mirror headline. He didn’t like 
the way the plan to move News at 
Ten was headlined by a series of 
front page “Bongs”. It was out of 
kilter, he thought, with the new. 
more serious Mirror. 

"I like amusing headlines. I 
made my living writing them for a 
while. But let's be witty and stylish 
at the same time if the paper is-be¬ 
coming more serious." he says. 

Montgomery points to The Mir¬ 
ror’s coverage of the Swissair crash 
to illustrate what he means. The 
Sun. he points out, printed a colour¬ 
ful version of the last minute in the 
cockpit of the doomed plane when 
the paper couldn’t have known 
what happened. The Mirror didn’t 
There has also been, Montgomery 
says, a fall in complaints about the 
paper. And recently when the edito¬ 
rial management heard there were 
allegations that a reporter had bro¬ 
ken into a house in search of infor¬ 
mation the allegations were taken 
to the police. “There is a culture 

The wild days of The Mirror are 
over, says chief executive David 
Montgomery. It’s now upfront and 
a very serious tabloid. Ray Snoddy 

asks if the culture 

now developing that you don't push 
stories beyond where you can stand 
them up. Instead you use your 
brains to project them in an exciting 
and dramatic fashion.” says Mont- 

There is impressive posthumous 
support for the new line. Viscount 
Rothermere told a friend just before 
his death earlier this month that he 
thought The Mirror was a much im¬ 
proved newspaper and perhaps 
more of a competitive threat. 

Today the latest circulation fig¬ 
ures are expected to show that for 
the third month running there has 
been a modest Mirror sales rise of a 
few thousand — hardly anything to 
cheer about but, if confirmed, evi¬ 
dence of greater stability in the mar¬ 
ket. Yesterday the Mirror Group 
was able to announce an II per cent 

increase in profits, before tax and ex¬ 
ceptional items, to £49 million in 
the six months to July 5 on turnover 
that was up only 2 per cent. 

It was a brief moment of respite, 
if you believe the headlines, for a 
chief executive who is on the way- 
out following the fiasco of the post¬ 
poned relaunch of The Sporting 
Life. This follows the acrimonious 
sacking of its prelaunch Editor 
John MulhoUand. formerly of The 
Guardian, and the apparent lade of 
a future strategy after the decision 
by the Axel Springer group of Ger¬ 
many not to go ahead with a formal 
bid for the Mirror Group. 

Montgomery, a former sub-edi¬ 
tor on the Daily Mirror and Editor 
of Today, and. The News of the 
World, says he is getting on with 
his strategy of reducing the group’s 
dependence on national news¬ 
papers and contesting what he be¬ 
lieves are damaging and inaccurate 
articles about the group’s affairs. 

“The reporting is extreme and is 
intended to do companies commer¬ 
cial damage.” says Montgomery, 
who has visited Lord Wakeham, 
chairman of the Press Complaints 
Commission, to see if anything can 
be done, although he has not made 
a formal complaint against any indi¬ 
vidual newspaper. Lord Wakeman, 
it is believed, plans to write to edi¬ 
tors to see whether there is general 
concern about how newspapers 
cover the affairs of rivals. 

The combative Montgomery Ls 
most incensed about the coverage 

change can work 

of The Sporting Life affair: “We had 
an editor who found his work (on a 
dummy edition) was criticised — 
not by us. he was supported by us. 
But the first research results found 
that it lacked vitality and that seems 
to have been a flashpoint The other 
flashpoint was that he was asked to 
do better and the next day we read 
about it in The Guardian.'' 

John Mulholland insists he was 
allowed to hire people after the deci¬ 
sion had been taken to postpone the 
launch. Yesterday Victor Blank, the 
Mirror chairman, said the compa¬ 
ny hoped to research formats for a 
new Sporting life in the autumn. It 
will he a broadly based daily de¬ 
signed to cover the lifestyle of sports 
fans rather than just being a jock¬ 
strap” publication. 

“it will take into account the fact 
that some days of sport are busier 
than others and that you don't have 
to be the same size every day or the 
same price,” Montgomery says. 

B ut this week's battle is 
against Tony O’Reilly, 
chairman of the Independ¬ 
ent group, publishers of 
both The Independent in Britain, 
and the Irish Independent. In an 
interview, O'Reilly heaped blame 
on his former partners at The Inde¬ 
pendent. the Mirror Group. His 
company had wanted to invest in 
the future of The Independent and 
the Mirror vetoed it. says O’Reilly. 

‘Total crap," says Montgomery, 
“because the collective board of The 
Independent made a decision last 
year to invest in the relaunch — not 
The Independent, not The Mirror 
but the board, backed by manage¬ 
ment and we gave Andrew Mart 
(the former Editor) the money and 
the board backed that. 

“At the last moment I said that 
the dummy stinks and we shouldn’t 
do this but it went ahead because 
we couldn't pull back, and it didn’t 
work. Tony O’Reilly was always at 
my shoulder saying every business 
could be downsized and although 
we want a quality product we don’t 
want to pay any more for it” 
Montgomery says he loves his 
job and will stay on as long as the 
board and shareholders want him. 
He also says he is more proud of 
the Mirror tides than at any time in 
the past “I am much happier with 
them today than I would have been 
five yean ago and through my earli¬ 
er career with Mirror Group.” he 
says. "1 felt they were too dependent 
on history and were living on their 
laurels. Now we have editors with 
minds of their own who want to 
change their papers and leave their 
stamp on them, and that modernis¬ 
ing process is more fulfilling for eve¬ 
rybody in the company." 


David Montgomery, chief executive of the Mirror Group: ‘All middle-class readers are potential readers of The Mirror* 

Murdoch is not 
as a philanthro- 
le is simply a 
with a defined 
i constantly and 
jng to further 
-for exam- 

in just the 
[ British Air- 
Telecom and 
ler companies 

the intended 
iChester Unit- 
group will be 
Jin this coun- 

ition is a logi- 
icaster and it 
ise that Car 1- 
J — is in 

te it or not. 
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ien a Second 
lied Newton 
nkmpt and 
rfthe 1901-02 
be reformed 

iert Murdo- 
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, a three- 

its rights 


ie forth- 

Heads I win, tails I win 

Big business takes over on the terraces: Michael Green, of Carlton, is in talks with Arsenal, while Rupert Murdoch is moving in on Manchester United’s Old TraffordL centre 

imraa UVO UU UIC laiwxs ivutoan unxil. Ul UUWII, IS HUM nnu ruiiuuu, "UUV “ “*”'•**to 

Media tycoons running sports super-teams is nothing unusual, says Richard Russell 

cations of 

j-s most 
ing i«lf 
g world’s 

the .v 

premise that a European Su¬ 
per League or revamped 
Champions’ League will defi¬ 
nitely happen. BSkyB, by vir¬ 
tue of owning Manchester 
United, would te in a position 
to have both an input into the 
format of the new competition 
and instant access to its tele¬ 
vision rights. 

The same would apply, of 
course, to Carlton should it ac¬ 
quire Arsenal. 

Thirdly, because Manches¬ 
ter United is the world's best- 
jenown football dub, owner¬ 
ship would help Mr Murdoch 
jo attract subscribers world¬ 
wide- BSkyB’s existing agree¬ 

ment with the Premier League 
comes under the scrutiny of 
the Restrictive Practices Court 
in early January with the 
charge that the Premier 
League acted as a “cartel" by 
negotiating en-Woc for its con¬ 
stituent dubs. 

The deal, due to expire at the 
end of the 2000-01 season, 
could well be teemed unac¬ 
ceptable by the court, which 
would have the power to strike 
out the agreement and ban 
any such collective agree¬ 
ments In future. There is no ap¬ 
peal on matters of fact from 
the court. 

By owning Manchester 

rr -, 

United, BSkyB immediately 
becomes privy to all discus¬ 
sions on both sides of all 
future negotiating tables. 

Similarly, in 2001 or earlier, 
should the court dedde, 
BSkyB would hold a very 
strong card should the Pre¬ 
mier League opt to start its 
own channel. 

Should the court rule the ex¬ 
isting agreonenr to be anti* 
competitive, then BSkyB is 
again a winner by owning the 
Premier League's most prestig¬ 
ious club and all as sedated 

That said, football does 
need a situation whereby, for 

example, BSkyB — a satellite 
broadcaster — owns and con¬ 
trols Manchester United 
whereas Arsenal, for example, 
is owned by Carlton Commu¬ 
nications —an analogue terres¬ 
trial and digital terrestrial 

Logically, the match at Old 
Trafford would be pay-per- 
view on BSkyB, with the High¬ 
bury’ fixture shown on terrestri¬ 
al television. Exdusivity 
would, therefore, become syn¬ 
onymous with a dub rather 
than a league, as at present 

Fbr some time now the Euro¬ 
pean Commission has been 
concerned with “cartels" and 

“anticompetitive practices" 
with the effect that leading foot¬ 
ball dubs in Italy, France and 
Germany are now seeking or 
being directed to negotiate in¬ 

The acquisition of football 
dubs is a business philosophy 
that has existed elsewhere for 
several years. 

Canal Plus — a highly suc¬ 
cessful pay television broad¬ 
caster across Europe — has a 
controlling interest in Paris 
Saint-Germain and Servette. 
in Switzerland. 

Additionally, the Parisian 
team also advertises the Canal 
Plus brand on its shirts. In Ita¬ 

ly, Silvio Berlusconi controls 
AC Milan as well as all three 
commercial broadcasters. 

In America, the Disney Cor¬ 
poration — which controls 
both the ABC terrestrial net¬ 
work and the ESPN cable out¬ 
lets — owns a National Ice 
Hockey League team (Ana¬ 
heim Mighty Ducks), plus Ma¬ 
jor League Baseball’s Ana¬ 
heim Angels. 

Murdoch’s investments in- 
dudethe Los Angeles Dodgers 
(baseball), the LA Kings lice 
hockey). New York Knicks 
(basketball) and the New York 
Rangers (ice hockey). 

It is perfectly understand- 


Thecal's wftfsftet&S] 



able, therefore, that when a 
broadcaster such as BSkyB 
buys the biggest club in the 
land, we have concerns. 
BSkyB could, by owning the 
country's biggest dub. offer its 
home matches on pay-per- 
view via MU PC. which was 
launched yesterday, and 
charge any price it chooses. 

But the economic maxim of 
supply and demand will al¬ 
ways exist and it is in BSkyB’s 
besr interest to make viewing 
financially attractive. 

Canal Hus. which has more 
than ten million analogue and 
digital subscribers across Eu¬ 
rope and Africa, has already 
moved some way ahead of 
Murdoch when it comes to its 
involvement in European foot¬ 

I n addition to controlling 
Servette and Paris Saint- 
Germain. it has just an¬ 
nounced that on behalf of its 
90 per cem-owned Tele+ outlet 
in Italy, it has acquired the 
pay television and pay-per- 
view rights to Juventus, AC 
Milan. Internationale and Na- 
I»li which, in the 1997-98 sea¬ 
son. accounted for 70 per cent 
of the total pay revenues de¬ 
rived from Serie A teams. 

As a further part of the deal. 
Canal Plus has acquired the 
exclusive worldwide television 
rights — including those for 
free-to-air, pay and pay-per- 
view, to Juventus. Internation¬ 
ale and AC Milan from 
September 1999 until June 

Additionally. Juventus will 
wear the D+ logo of Canal 
Plus's Italian digital service 
during Serie A matches and 
the Te!e+ logo for Champions 
League games. 

AS Roma, who finished 
fourth last season — and quali¬ 
fied for the Uefa Cup — is not 
included and have reportedly 
been put up for sale. 

• Richa rd Russell b the writer 
and publbherof the independ¬ 
ent monthly publication 
Sports Television: Hie Ever 
Changing Face 


Hard lesson when 
dog bites dog 

J ournalists 
do their jobs 
every day 
without any 
understanding- of 
how their daily 
work will affect die 
lives of the subjects 
of their reports. As 
Simon Hoggart noted in The 
Guardian last week, to most 
of us — even those in the trade 
— news is something out 
there, something we look on 
through a glass screen. 

If is nor often, therefore, that 
journalists find themselves on 
the other side or that glass 
screen and at the sharp and 
suffering end of the newspa¬ 
per craft. Yet as Tun Hames, a 
leader writer on The Times 
and co-author of the Demos 
pamphlet Modernising the 
Monarchy, which made front 
page headlines on Sunday and 
Monday, discovered this 
week, it is hard work being the 
subject of a hot news story. A 
journalist quickly learns 
sharp lessons about the mod¬ 
em media industry when he 
becomes poacher turned game- 
keeper and Hames is now a 
sadder and wiser man. 

One of those lessons, now 
that there are so many nation¬ 
al and local radio and TV sta¬ 
tions and newspapers have 
grown so big. is die insatiable 
appetite of modem news edi¬ 
tors. They need to fill all those 
hours with talk or all those 
empty editorial pages with 
new articles — and a controver¬ 
sial subject such as the Royal 
Family is manna from a news 
editor's heaven. 

That was the hard work, 
even in the cause of self-promo¬ 
tion. On Monday. Haines’s 
day stalled at the BBC's Radio 
Oxford at 6.30am. took in The 
Jimmy Young Show, and end - 
ed at lOJOpm with BBC Radio 
North. By the end of the day 
he had given nearly 50 inter¬ 
views. He had also spoken to 
audiences in Canada, Austral¬ 
ia and New Zealand. Before 


that he had written articles for 
77ze Independent on Sunday. 
The Times and Newsweek. 

Another saddening lesson is 
that journalises rarely write 
the story that the subject had 
in mind — which is why ex¬ 
perts often complain that 
when they read about their 
subject in newspapers, journal¬ 
ists always get it wrong. Space 
is always tight, which means 
that most reports will merely 
skim the contents of a political 

‘Hames was 
surprised by the 
spin the tabloids 
gave it — which 
was not the spin 
he wanted* 

pamphlet, and journalists will 
also seek the angle on a story 
that will deliver the most ar¬ 
resting headline. 

As a journalist himself. 
Hames knew the spin that he 
and co-author Mark Leonard 
wanted to put on the Demos 
pamphlet They did not want 
the story to appear on the dead 
news day of Saturday. So they 
deliberately embargoed the re¬ 
port for Monday, meanwhile 
agreeing a scoop with The In¬ 
dependent on Sunday. It was 
a good deal for both parties. 
Hames and Leonard got 1.500 
words to tell their own unedit¬ 
ed stop', most of another page 
was given over to an analysis 
of the pamphlet, and The Inde- 

Mirror? #.\ 

— — - 


pendent on Sun¬ 
day commissioned 
a MORI poD to 
flesh the story out 
The loS knew that 
it had a potential 
front page splash 
in the bag. Even 
professional spin- 
doctors. however, find that 
journalists aren't lapdogs. So 
did Hames. He thought the 
best angle was MORI’S find¬ 
ing that 60 per cent of the Brit¬ 
ish thought the monarchy 
should be modernised — and 
that 49 per cent believed the 
Queen should relinquish her 
political role. 

On the day, however, Kim 
Fletcher, Editor of the loS, de¬ 
cided differently. Influenced 
by newspaper readers' com¬ 
plaints about the saturation 
coverage of the anniversary of 
the death of Diana. Princess of 
Wales, only a week earlier, 
which had also included many 
opinion polls, he derided to 
splash on a report that doctors 
would not be allowed to pre¬ 
scribe Viagra on the JJHS, in¬ 
stead of the Demos pamphlet 
He then derided to lead 
Haines’s story on the angle of 
a veto on the succession of 
Prince Charles instead of the 
opinion poll. 

Haines was "flabbergast¬ 
ed”. His response was to call 
The Mail on Sunday where he 
briefed political correspondent 
Chris McLaughlin, who was 
preparing a long article on the 
pamphlet it was a successful 
stratagem. Hames was quoted 
comprehensively in the article 
published across two pages 
next morning and the paper 
led its front page on the story, 
as did the Sunday Mirror. 

Hames was also surprised 
by the spin the tabloids gave to 
their stories — which was cer¬ 
tainly not the spin that he had 
wanted. He is no left-wing rad¬ 
ical but a Conservative. Yet all 
the tabloid reports said that 
“plans” for the “virtual aboli¬ 
tion” of the monarchy had 

ag a-saa ag«if 

Big splash: die reaction to Tim Haines's royal pamphlet 

been unveiled by a think-tank 
“with strong links to Tony 

It is difficult fo fault the accu¬ 
racy of such reports. They are 
both true and not quite true. 
Yes, Geoff Mulgan, the found¬ 
er of Demos, works in Down¬ 
ing Street. But he did not write 
the report and Hames sus¬ 
pects he was even embar¬ 
rassed by it Yes. some Demos 
reports have been influential 
in the making of new Labour 
policy and, yes. Tony Blair 
probably sympathises with 
some of the pamphlet’s milder 
recommendations. But the 
Prime Minister was almost 
certainly unaware of the pam¬ 
phlet and Downing Street 
quickly distanced him from it 

Hames admits ruefully that 
he was perhaps naive to expect 
better but says nevertheless 
that some of the reporting was 
“flagrantly and knowingly dis¬ 
honest" in its desperation to 

convert the pamphlet into a 
new Labour enterprise. 

Yet whatever the distor¬ 
tions. the amount of coverage 
Modernising the Monarchy re¬ 
ceived was a remarkable trib¬ 
ute to the power of the political 
pamphlet If the ideas es¬ 
poused by Demos took root 
said Polly Toynbee in The 
Guardian, historians may 
look back and mark its pam¬ 
phlet as one of the stations on 
the road to abolition. The print 
order was only 500 but some 
of its main recommendations 
have now. thanks to news¬ 
papers. been read by millions. 

'Yet for Haines, the leader 
writer, the greatest joy of his 
five minutes of fame was be¬ 
ing described by Toynbee as a 
"political theorist". His next 
pamphlet is being written for 
Foliteia on the British constitu¬ 
tion. He will be lucky, he says, 
if that gets reported on page 
two of the Financial Times. 


than loyal fans 

B SkyB had a huge stroke of hick on 
Wednesday that had little to do with 
being able to announce a recomm¬ 
ended E623.4 million offer for Manchester 
United. , 

The financial negotiations were tense and 
went into extra time as Greg Dyke, the club's 
non-executive director, managed to get an im¬ 
pressive away result for the "Red Devils” by 
blocking the move until another £50 million 
or » was added to the purchase price. 

Outplaying merchant bankers is one 
thing, getting a result on the pitch at Old Traf- 
ford quite another. If Charlton had beaten 
Manchester United in the Premiership 
match on Wednesday night the 
fans would had a lot more to. boo 

As Manchester United won 4-1. 
it can safely be predicted that Mar¬ 
tin Edwards, the Manchester 
United chief.executive, will now-' 
not be strung up by his support¬ 
ers and. as long as the dub man¬ 
ages to keep winning over the 
next few weeks, there will indeed 
tie a new era in British football. 

- Some people see difficulties in 
my writing about BSkyB's bid be¬ 
cause, as die rest of the media en¬ 
joys pointing out The Times is 
owned by News International, which in turn 
owns 40 per cent of the satellite broadcaster. 
But it is very easy to gather together a few 
facts to set beside the emotion and hysteria. 

An unnamed supporter put it wdl on 
Wednesday from the fans’ point of view: “The 
romance that started with the Munich air 
crash [that killed several of the Busby Babes] 
ended tonight.” 

The comment seems at first sight to hold a 
sad truth: the Manchester United that was 
“owned” by the fans and is a natural expres¬ 
sion of their hopes and fears is now just some¬ 
thing to be snapped up by an international 
media empire with complex motives. 

In fact, if money is the antithesis of ro¬ 
mance, the romance died not this week but in 
1991 when Manchester United was floated on 
the Stock Exchange and money started to 
talk loudly. From that moment, the main re¬ 
sponsibility of directors was to represent the 
interests of shareholders rather than of fans, 
and they had a legal responsibility to agree to 
an offer that compares favourably with the 
less than £20 million the dub was worth a 
decade ago. 

The next criticism BSkyB faces is that it 
will either run the dub into the ground and 


V n ^ : 

J | 


extract more and more money-fromjtiie;; 
supporters, or will-invest ^ mut^rnbrwy- 
and make Manchester United too powerful 

^The firsus^nuch less likely than the latter. 
Jt is massively in the satellite company* intern. 
est for the dub to be a winner, but ir wpuld - 
also be financially damaging if the Premier >. 
League were to become the boring, predict^ ■ 
ble plaything of a few large dubs- ■ - " 

But would owning Manchester unitea 
give BSkyB a “stranglehold” on Premier 
League television rights as the conventional - 
wisdom goes? It is see how this 
would work, despite Manchester United's ob : . 

vious influence, because each of 
the 20 dubs has a single vote and . 
there is no reason for them all fo : 
do one dub's bidding. - 
The Office of Fair Trading 
should and will thoroughly iaves- J 
tigate the deal—in particular the.-; 
increased vertical integration in¬ 
volved. Manchester United, the- 
BSkyB subsidiary, will be selling 
its football rights to its parent 
company. The claim that Man- ’■ 
Chester United will be free to-de^. 
ride to whom to self its rights, } 
does not seem credible: 

A condition of the deal going 

through should be that in Premier League ne¬ 
gotiations on television rights Manchester 
United will be allowed to express its viewtut 
will not have a vote on any proposal. Apart 
from that, it is not easy to see on what compe-, 
tition grounds the deaf would be blocked. Af¬ 
ter all. Canal Plus, the French pay TV compa- »- 
ny, already owns the leading French dub Far-; 
is Saint Germain, apparently in harmony 
with European competition law. 

A lthough nobody is admitting it in pub¬ 
lic, the deal is primarily an insurance 
policy to salvage at least something if 
the Restrictive Practices Court rules next year 
that the present agreement between BSkyB, 
the BBC and the Premier League is illegal, or 
if in 2001, when the television rights deal ex¬ 
pires, the dubs decide to buy satellite space 
and transmit their own football channels, cut¬ 
ting out the middleman. 

If the Manchester United acquisition is 
cleared by the regulators, other, digital televi¬ 
sion operators will be piling into the market 
—just in case. i 

Midtael Green's Carlton Communications 
has begun talks with. Arsenal. Let the battle 




0171 782 7826 

Director of Membership 
& Director of Marketing 

North West 

£35,000 + benefits 

In Ocidtvr. a merger between Ballon and Bury Chamber of Commerce and BoIiod Bury Training and Enterprise Council will create 
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.1 membership-based mpam-saiton. preferably in the business 
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Excellent networking :ind interpersonal skills arc required as 
wel( as air ability to contribute at a strategic level to the 
development ol the new organisation. Management experience in a 
salKs/marlcJini; role would be an advantage. tRvff 607) 


Building on the cusiomer-cenircd culture of the two 
organisations, this post will be responsible both foT strategic 
marketing activity and the development of the CCTE and iu 
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A wdl qualified and experienced marker ins professional is 
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role and be able to think and operate strategically within ihc senior 
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ll you believe y« are able to achieve visible success in either of these challenging roles, apply now. with full CV and quoting the 
appropriate reference number, to Tim Harris at Aside) Search & Selection. The Graf tons. Stamford New Read. Altrincham. Cheshire 
Vt .M4 1 DO l : **r more inlurmaimn about these roles, visit our web site at or call Tim Hams on Q161 927 7290. 


International media-sales executives 
£14,750 + substantial bonus + benefits 

Sterling Publishing Group PLC is the UK’s mosc successful and long 

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■ • Fcr an initial informal discussion and application form 

p'case telephone: 017) 2t>2 4832 f 0171 262 4784 



Experienced administrator required for 
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Good communicator and tetpheone 

Computer literate essential 
Great working atmosp here. 

Send/fox cv wftti tel. number to 

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TO: BOX No. 

clo TIMES 
P.O.BOX 3553, 



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A unique opportunity to join one of the Easiest growing mediji owners. •_ 

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s lo 


oya, fan s ; [Television 

' dm'/.; 


*y- -,s 

that battles 

On through 

the chaos 

I t is six in the evening and Channel-3 
is putting together its nightly news 
bulletin, Stolitza. This is television 
in its pioneering prime. The studio 
backdrop has been lashed up from a slat¬ 
ted window blind and the presenter, Ange¬ 
la Askabova, has to sit on a stack of books 
to Bring her up to camera level. Angela, 
26, is also the station’s general manager 
and news editor. 

Channels is the independent television 
station for Syktyvkar (population: 
250,000). foe capital of the Komi Republic 
in Russia’s frozen north. 

Across the country — from Siberia to 
the Black Sea — there are an estimated 
500 dty-based stations, pumping out a dai¬ 
ly are of news, features, quizzes, soaps, 
mwies and commercials. Competing 
against the two state networks, ORT and 
RTR. state-financed regional channels 
and a number of independent networks, 
they are an expression of both democracy 
andcapitalism. Today their rote has never 
been more important — or more threat¬ 
en ec 

Such stations started almost by acci¬ 
dent Most Russian apartment blocks 
have a master antenna on foe roof which 
nrarFmits programmes to individual flats. 
Entiepreneunal occupants realised they 
couli relay tapes of pirated films and 
American soaps plucked from the sky to 
theii neighbours for a small charge. Add 
to tHs a camcorder for some personalised 
linkng material and you have a television 

Russia’s pioneering 
city television is 
fighting for 
survival, says 

Michael Delahaye 

New television stations in Russia, such as Channel-3, sometimes find that the struggle to stay on air is at the cost of their hard-won independence 

From that it is a small step to hire or 
hoist a transmitter, and beam farther 

Channel-3*s six-hour evening schedule 
is a respectable mix of the bought-in, spon¬ 
sored and home-grown. But its flagsWp is 
its nightly news. 

Tonight's bulletin comprises six stories: 
a local opera diva has returned from a 
masterclass in Moscow: a saw mill is in¬ 
stalling new Western machinery; there 
have been a couple of killings; and, for the 
republic’s border guards, today is an ex¬ 
cuse to get well lubricated on their annual 

The entire package will be prerecorded 
two hours before broadcast. Fortunately 
there aren't many breaking stories in 
Syktyvkar. In fact, during July and Au¬ 
gust foe news service closes 

Channel-3‘s half dozen reporters, all 
women in their twenties, are skilled jour¬ 
nalists and almost all of them are familiar 
with working on computers. The three 
cameramen lack formal training, but they 
turn in broadcast-quality material using 

Super-VHS cameras costing a tenth of the 
Sony Betacams favoured by the "trig 

Channel-3 is one of foe more accurate of 
the home-grown stations. It is lucky in 
having a local university with a progres¬ 
sive faculty of journalism from which to 

For 70 years in Russia a "journalist” 
was someone who lightly edited the latest 
government handout and. in their ap¬ 
proach to reporting, many dty-based sta¬ 
tions still take their cue from the old Sovi¬ 
et handbook. The result can be a visual 
version of Pravda. with a reluctance to hu¬ 
manise sodal issues and focus on individ¬ 
uals. Nor do stations always distinguish 
between news and adverts. Paying to ap¬ 
pear in a news item is not unknown. 

Few stations can live by commercials 
and sponsorship alone. Unlike in Britain, 
where television advertising is more lucra¬ 
tive than both prim and radio, in Russia it 
is foe cheapest of the three. A station is do¬ 
ing well if it gets more than $100 for a one- 
minute slot in prime time. And often the 

payment will be not in cash, but in barter. 

Many stations end up doing a deal with 
their local municipality for subsidised ac¬ 
commodation or a contribution to operat¬ 
ing costs. In return, foe authorities may 
demand a right of access to foe airwaves, 
which can come dangerously dose to edi¬ 
torial interference. 

The only other source of income is the 
sale of airtime to candidates in Russia's 
seemingly endless local, parliamentary 
and presidential elections. At up to $500 a 
minute, it can prove irresistible. Some sta¬ 
tions generate more than half their in¬ 
come this way. But there are dangers: at 
best pressure on foe station to be less 
than impartial; at worst the inclusion of 
paid-for propaganda within news bulle¬ 

In the present economic climate, a na¬ 
tional shake-out is inevitable. Some larger 
Russian cities now have five or more local 
channels, and a station has to broadcast 
for most of the evening to hold its audi¬ 
ence. There are only three options: show 
pirated material (risky), produce its own 

programmes (costly), or sign up with a 
“network provider’’ to fiU the hole, often in 
return for a stake in the company. 

TNT, pan of the influential Media- 
Most Group, which also owns Russia's 
best-known independent channel. NTV, is 
one of the newest — and most aggressive 
—network providers. It already has about 
a hundred stations on its books arid owns 
a few of them outright. Its latest acquisi¬ 
tion is Syktyvkar's Channel-3. 

Once part of a group, it is even harder 
for the dty-based stations to maintain 
their freewheeling independence. 

Igor Malashenko, NTV's general direc¬ 
tor, denies they would ever use their TNT 
affiliates as political tools: “We always ad¬ 
vise our partners to be as distanced or de¬ 
tached from political parties as much as 
they can." 

Yet during the 19% presidential elec¬ 
tions, NTV — along with most other 
broadcasters — was seen as actively pro¬ 
moting Boris Yeltsin’s candidacy against 
the Communists. The charitably inclined 
argue that this support was less for Mr 

Yeltsin than for Russia’s fledgeling demo¬ 
cracy, as represented by Mr Ye/tsin. 

Mr Malashenko believes that there 
would be no justification for supporting in¬ 
dividual candidates next time: ”1 do' noi 
think that in the year 2000 the choice is go¬ 
ing to be as dramatic or as historical as it 
was in 19%, when there was still a linear 
of some return to Communism.” 

That was before the political turmoil of 
recent weeks. Mr Malashenko and his col¬ 
leagues in the independent sector may yet 
find themselves forced into a more overtly 
political role. For the dty-based stations, 
though, the more immediate worry is less 
of editorial compromise than of finandal 
ruin as Russia's market economy self- 
destructs. The only consolation will be 
journalistic that of living in interesting 
times. Certainly there will be no lack of 
news for the evening bulletins. 

• Michael Delahaye’s visit ms financed 
by the Know How Fund, and organised by 
The Thomson Foundation and Interne ks 
R ussia. 

You’ve read the 

magazine, now 
see the TV show 

N ext Thursday at 
11.05pm a small yet 
important revolution 
will rate place on Channel 4. 
For theirst time on British ter¬ 
restrial television, a magazine 
— the trendy style and culture 
monthly Dazed and Confused 
— will broadcast its own pro¬ 
gramme, under its own name. 

Although the BBC has been 
lucrative!' spinning-off maga¬ 
zines fron programmes for 
years, foe Independent Televi¬ 
sion Comnission has prewnt- 
ed commewal channels from 
turning the formula on its 
head anc devising pro¬ 
grammes jased on maga¬ 
zines, for feu - that publishers 
would simply create extended 
advertisemeits for their titles. 

This ban vas lifted from ca¬ 
ble and satellite channels a 
year ago. and from terrestrial 
channels two veeks ago. after 
intense pressure from pubhsh- 
ers including Mtdwej Hewi 
tine, the former Presidenlor 
foe Board of Trade and a forec- 
tor of Haymartet Punishing. 

The only P"^owjs 

“masthead" programmes did 

not carry exartlyti^nieam- 

tent as the 

were based on. and that refer¬ 
ences to the publications were 
kept to a minimum 
The first to hit he screen 

Viewers will soon be watching 
programmes based on popular 
publications. Chris Ayres reports 

will be a two-hour programme 
devised by foe creators of 
Dazed and Confused, its 
27-year-old Editor, Jefferson 
Hack, and Rankin Waddell, a 
33-year-old photographer. 

The programme, a one-off, 
will be shown on Channel 4 on 
Thursday as part of its Rene¬ 
gade 7V season, under the title 
■RenegadeTV gets Dazed". At 
its first public airing, at the Ed¬ 
inburgh Television Ftestival 
last month, Waddell told his 
audience that television was 
boring, particularly youth-ori¬ 
entated shows such as Chris 
Evans'S 777 Friday. “Irony 
and irreverence are what pro- 
gramme-makers use to dis¬ 
guise lack of content." he said. 

The rrC will be heartened to 
know that Waddell’s attempt 
to right this is not an obvious 
advertisement for his maga¬ 
zine. In fact, it takes significant 
commitment to sit through the 
programme, given that mhch 
of it consists of interference 
and white noise crammed be¬ 
tween tiringly arty short films. 
The programme claims to 

demonstrate that television 
does not have to patronise, pi¬ 
geonhole and be comfortable,' 
but much of it looks disap¬ 
pointingly familiar. 

Hack and Waddell do. how¬ 
ever, occasionally deliver 
some interesting material 
There is a funny sketch by the 
camedisn Paul Kaye, a serious 
documentary on musical mini¬ 
malists presented by the sing¬ 
er Bjork, and a brilliantly ec¬ 
centric profile of an organisa¬ 
tion which plots custard-pie at¬ 
tacks on public figures such as 
Microsoft's Bill Gales. Apart 
from the occasional graphic of 
the word Dazed, there is no ob¬ 
vious plug for the magazine. 

Whatever the viewing fig¬ 
ures. Dazed and Confused 
has stolen a march on its rom¬ 
ped tors. Condi NasT, foe pub¬ 
lisher of Vogue and Vanity 
Fair, and Emap, which pro¬ 
duces titles such as FHM and 
Just Seventeen, plan similar 
ventures. In its own dishev¬ 
elled and slightly pretentious 
way Dazed and Confused has 
beaten them to it 

Telly which 

your parents 
will hate 

Jefferson Hack and-Rankin Waddell left their rivals standing in the dash to television 

able channel kicks off with a corker 

■ THE dispute bver BSkyB's bid 

happy BWL°L™ 0 j -ntsun. 
former sports ec mi/IV, the 

Nowchiefexeod re o ^ w a 


Cable TV launch- __ ^ chan- 

lt was prow”? delayed rights 
lScu matches, and is 
i cookery 

simple: rights to Man 
United games. 

Then the BSkyi* beating 

and d« 

down *1*?® in marketing.” 

down th? °jr| marketing.” he 
word 1 all sides of 

the controversy. , ^ pretending 

we’re not ot The Mirror- 

ftw' 5 “^n^i'archio? on Old 

■ iTN^s presenters 
and top staff have been 
told to pencil in Mon¬ 
day, January 4, for the 
replacement of News at 
Ten with News at 
630pm: a sign of confi¬ 
dence that approval will be given by 
the Independent Televisual t-omnus- 
cion for this historic change. But Ri¬ 
chard Eyre, rm personable chief 
executive, who is masterminding the 
lobbying, is clearly better at appeas¬ 
ing advertisers than charming the 
politicians, the mam opponents of 

the move. . . . 

He made a guest appearance at 

the institute of Practitioners in Ad¬ 
vertising council meeting late -last 
vrtSik, to bring us members up to 

executive, Peter Rogers, to mark the 
-publication ofvolume five of a mam¬ 
moth history of 1TV — just weeks be-, 
fore the commission-meets to say yes 
or no to the change. 

further neat move. Eyre is co¬ 
hosting a party with the HCs chief 

■ VISCOUNT Rothermere's foner- 
■al this week (followed by a stylish 
champagne wake at the Savoy) was 
accompanied by much speculation 
about which editors will suffer as 
Paul Dacre flexes his muscles. But 
foe real action is taking place a little 
further down the food chain. Max 
Hastings acted with dispatch on 
Monday: he removed Adam Ed¬ 

wards, the Editor of 
ES. the Evening Stand¬ 
ard’s Friday supple¬ 
ment. just a year after 
he revamped it as a less 
laddish, more girlie 
read. It's an odd move 
since Edwards is matey 
with Rothermere's son 
and heir. Jonathan, 
and was ’booked to play golf with 
him later litis month near his coun¬ 
try house in East Sussex. 

The signs are that the new ES will 
be a meatier read, though as Ed¬ 
wards observes: ‘The paper has nev¬ 
er solved this conundrum; is the 
Standard for commuters going out 
Of London, or for those rushing in to 
Soho?" His take? "Soho definitely.” 

land, former media editor of The 
Guardian, worked closely with Rog¬ 
er Alton, The Observers new Editor, 
and although Observer journalists 
are worried about potential tension 
between their now two deputy edi¬ 
tors (Paul Webster is already in 
place), it would seem that since they 
are all from The Guardian, they are 
likely to be team players. 

Meanwhile, The Observer has an¬ 
nounced another ten redundancies 
among journalists. 

efforts to breathe life into a new dai¬ 
ly Sporting Life were scotched by 
David Montgomery, is joining The 
Observer as a deputy editor. Mulhol- 

■ NEWS broke this week — 
through penny-pinching Lord Hoi- 
lick's United News & Media — that 
Channel 5 was notching up larger 
than expected losses. 

1 hope he didn't get to hear of yes¬ 
terday's jolly. All the staff at Chan¬ 
nel S’s slick Covent Garden head¬ 
quarters were invited to Chessing- 
ton World of Adventure to bond on 
its rides. It’s dearly hard work being 
modem and mainstream. 

I f comedy is foe new 
rock and roll the ma¬ 
jor labels — in this case 
the television companies — 
have made it increasingly 
difficult for fresh perform¬ 
ers to break into the busi¬ 
ness. Val Sampson writes. 

It is now widely acknowl¬ 
edged in foe TV industry 
that it is virtually impossi¬ 
ble to get a sitcom made 
that does not have a star 
•name attached, or which 
doesn't adhere to a proven 
ratings-winning formula. 

But as foe original alter¬ 
native comedians such as 
French and Saunders or 
Reeves and Mortimer be¬ 
come mainstream. TV com¬ 
edy looks set to wither with¬ 
out new blood. _ 

There is a glim¬ 
mer of hope for ‘Thei 
new talent in the 
form of Comedy 
Nation, a late- tO D 

night offering 
from BBC2, 
which begins its COH 
second 13-part 
run tonight at - 
12.05am. JUS' 

Aimed at view¬ 
ers in their twen- t L. .. 
ties, the series j 

will showcase _____ 
more than 70 
performers, ranging from 
the avant-garde perform¬ 
ance artist The Divine Dav¬ 
id and his impression of 
Christ on the Cross, to foe 
quirky Sheiagh Martin, 
wondering if dormice got 
their name by doing securi¬ 
ty at mouse discos. 

An outlet for character- 
based comedians rather 
than stand-up performers, 
foe sketches have a raw 
feel, partly because much of 
the material is made on a 
limited budget and partly 
because some of the gags 
would never make it on to 
the screen before midnight 
The biker. Jimmy James 
(played by James Holmes), 
in therapy to. deal with his 
PMT — pre-Millennial ten¬ 
sion — makes probably the 
first jokes about Diana. 
Princess of Wales, on televi¬ 
sion. And there are refer¬ 
ences to sex and drugs that 
might make foe National 
Viewers and listeners’ As¬ 
sociation blanch. 

“There should always be 
TV your parents hate;" says 
Jon Plowman, the BBC's 

There has 

to be TV 

just for 
the young’ 

Head of Comedy Entertain¬ 
ment He is hopeful that 
some of foe participants in 
Comedy Nation will contin¬ 
ue the honourable tradition 
of Monty Python by creat¬ 
ing comedy that a younger 
generation feels it owns. 

“ft is interesting to see the 
concerns of a different gen¬ 
eration,” says Plowman. 
“We hope that at that time 
of night there are people 
watching who like edgier 
comedy, and who are toler¬ 
ant of experimentation.” 

Comedy Nation’s produc¬ 
ers have tried to operate an 
open-door policy. As well as 
trawling the comedy cir¬ 
cuit. a paragraph in Time 
Out requesting material re- 

_ suited in more 

than 300 sketch- 

;has “. arTi 2 ns * 

their office. In 
view of the 
TV show’s small 

budget, perform- 
, ers areasked to 

3U.y provide their 

own clothes and 

fnr pr BB S - 

1 LI 1 The main ad¬ 

vantage of this 
9 mo* hand-to-mouth 

approach is the 
_____ speed with 

which new mate¬ 
rial can get on air. Jon Plow¬ 
man says: “The develop¬ 
ment time in television is 
notorious. You talk lo end¬ 
less people who say ‘it took 
18 months and we got a 
maybe’. With Comedy Na¬ 
tion. a sketch that arrives 
on Monday may be on air 
the following Friday." 

The chance to fail is one 
of the most crucial elements 
in the mix. The producers 
have been told that the ques¬ 
tion “is it trying something 
new?" is more important 
than “is it side-sptittingly 

Its success will be judged 
by foe number of spin-offs, 
pilots or performers who 
make the transition to earli¬ 
er timeslots. Two pilot 
shows have developed from 
the first series and one per¬ 
former is already being 
groomed for bigger things. 
‘The achievement of Come¬ 
dy Nation is opening foe 
door and getting things 
on," Plowman says. ‘If the 
stuff is laugh-oul-loud fun¬ 
ny as well. Ill throw my hat 
in the air." 

caft whisker&St 


S ounding out a career in 

There is something in the 
airwaves that the young find 
irresistible. In the third 
part of his guide to the media, 
Michael Leapman looks at 
careers in broadcasting 

F or listeners and broad¬ 
casters. radio is a flex¬ 
ible friend who trav¬ 
els light No oomplex. 
costly equipment is required to 
transmit or to receive pro¬ 

A job in radio may be less 
glamorous — and usually jess 
well paid — than in television, 
its sexier younger sister. The 
attraction is that the free and 

easy nature of _ 

radio offers 

chances for jj fe F g 

young people to i I F 

gain experience i K r £ 

from the begin- 

ning. And after 

digital radio 

hits its stride 

next year, there 

will be more sta- 

tions and more 


“It’s a young li&sgffl 
industry, much 
younger than 
TV' or newspapers." says Rich¬ 
ard Huntingford. chief execu¬ 
tive of Chrysalis Radio, which 
owns the five Heart and Gal¬ 
axy independent stations, “it 
attracts young people because 
ir's immediate. If you have an 
idea in the morning you can 
get it on air in the afternoon.” 

'tou do not need a degree to 
succeed in radio — Mr Hunt- 
inaford does not have one. 
“It's more to do with creative 
talent." he says. “And you 
have to be adaptable. A lot of 
people think they’re going to 
be the next Chris Evans and 
find that what they’re good at 
is marketing." 

For other jobs in the busi¬ 
ness. training is needed. Radio 
journalists need the same qual¬ 
ifications as in print and TV. 
For production and editing 
posts technical knowledge is 
needed, while a business quali¬ 
fication helps to break into ad¬ 
vertising sales or marketing. 

How do 1 apply direct to a 
radio station? 

The Radio Authority, the 
regulator of commercial radio, 
publishes a fact sheet. Careers 
in Broadcasting, with informa¬ 
tion and advice, and a Pocket 
Book with addresses and 
phone numbers of all commer¬ 
cial radio stations and news 
services. Contact the Authority 
on 0171-430 2724 or 

if you want to be a present¬ 
er. send a tape to a station to 
show off your on-air persona. 
Local independent and BBC 
stations get dozens of these 
each week, so their threshold 
of resistance is high. It helps if 
you can show commitment by 
haring done unpaid work in 
hospital, community or stu¬ 
dent radio, or as a DJ. There 
are more than 300 hospital ra¬ 
dio stations — so they provide 
experience in presenting, com¬ 
mentating and journalism. 
Several big names began their 
careers in hospital radio. Ring 
the Hospital Broadcasting As¬ 
sociation on 012S3 561111.' 

Community Radio is run by 
non-profitmaking groups to 



support community and social 
objectives. For details ring die 
Community Media Associa¬ 
tion on 0114-279 5219. There 
are around 80 student stations 
and you need not be a media 
student to work at one. The an¬ 
nual conference of the Student 
Radio Association is attended 
by many industry executives 
seeking talent. Details from 
the Radio Academy (0171-255 
2010). Several 
--" scClSI groups of inde- 

S ’fr f pendent sta- 
y L tions have their 
, p own training 
schemes. Gal- 
axy. for in- 

*S=f-: stance, runs a 
free course iast- 
J ing ten weeks, 
t* largely aimed 

at !he 15-17 a § e 
ifrUM group, in Bris- 
to). Manches- 
ter, Leeds and 
soon Birming¬ 
ham. Ring 0117-901 0101. 
Emap radio, with 20 local sta¬ 
tions, has new graduate re¬ 
cruitment and apprenticeship 
schemes, phone 0161-288 5000. 

What about the BBC? 

BBC local stations recruit in 
a similar way as independent 
stations for junior positions, 
but to aim higher you have to 
tackle the formidable bureauc¬ 
racy of the BBC appointments 
system. It has a number of 
elite training schemes for grad¬ 
uates. always oversubscribed. 
BBC Regional Broadcasting re¬ 
ceived more than 2,000 appli¬ 
cations last years for 13 places. 
BBC World Service has a spe¬ 
cialised need for linguists and 
foreign affairs specialists on 
its language services. For de¬ 
tails of ail BBC job opportuni¬ 
ties ring their interactive line 
on 0181-576 0639, see Ceefax 
page 6% or visit its website at 

How do I find a course? 

Several universities and col¬ 
leges run degree courses in 
journalism or media studies 
that let students specialise in 
radio. There are also a num¬ 
ber of postgraduate courses. 
For a list get A Student's 
Guide to Entry to Media Stud¬ 
ies, published by GCAS (01242 
222444) at EJO. The Broadcast 
Journalism Training Council 
(0171-727 95221 has a list of 16 
approved courses in radio jour¬ 
nalism. Visit its website at 
The best courses are over¬ 
subscribed. so for acceptance 
on a worthwhile one you will 
need three good A levels. The 
choice of subjects is not criti¬ 
cal. The interviewer will be 
testing verbal and social skills. 
Make sure your chosen col¬ 
lege has a modem radio 
studio and that students get 
pnple access. One of the best 
in London is the University of 
Westminster (0171-911 5000: Fambor- 
ough College of Technology 
(01252407270) runs postgradu¬ 
ate courses that cover all radio 
skills, not just journalism. 

- ~~~ 

John Fed is a legendary figure as a DJ and p resenter. Hie advent of digital radio wifi create many more stations—and more jobs — in a medium that is informaL t 

immediate and 

The inside story 

A Classic route to the top 

U ntil 1973. legitimate ra¬ 
dio was monopolised 
by the BBC. with its 
four national networks, region¬ 
al services, a network of local 
radio stations in large dries 
and the External Services, 
now the World Service. There 
were also a few offshore pirate 
music stations. Licensed com¬ 
mercial radio began in 1973. 

Now the Radio Authority li¬ 
censes 219 local commercial 
stations and three national 
services: Classic, Virgin and 
Talk. Most specialise in music 
of a particular kind — rock, 
golden oldies, modem dance, 
and so on — and provide vary¬ 
ing amounts of local news and 
information. The BBC’s 38 lo¬ 
cal radio stations place more 
emphasis on news and infor¬ 

The BBC’s national net¬ 
works are themed: Radio 1 has 
music for the young. Radio 2 
serves the older generation. 
Radio 3 plays mainly dassical 
music. Radio 4 is speech-based 
news, drama and current af¬ 
fairs — while Radio 5 gives a 
24-hour service of news and 

BBC domestic radio is fund¬ 
ed through the licence fee. The 

BBC World Service broad¬ 
casts to an estimated interna¬ 
tional audience of 138 million, 
and is funded by the Foreign 

Digital radio 

Digital transmission wfll al¬ 
low much clearer sound quali- 
• ty than the present analogue 
system. New receivers will be 
needed to listen to digital pro¬ 
grammes. The technology al¬ 
lows many more stations to ex¬ 

Existing BBC and commer¬ 
cial stations will be available 
on both digital and analogue 
for the next few years. The Ra¬ 
dio Authority will license eight 
national digital commercial 
channels, including the three 
existing national services. Over 
the next few years local digital 
services will also be estab¬ 

Who does what? 

The producer organises the 
programme, decides on the 
running order, arranges sfti- 
dio guests and makes sure any 
taped material is to hand at 
the right time. In music pro¬ 
grammes the DJ helps the pro¬ 
ducer to choose the records. 

News and current affairs 
slots may additionally have an 
editor, as on a newspaper, 
who will decide what stories 
need covering and assign re¬ 
porters. In small local radio 
stations one person may cover 
a variety of jobs — producing, 
editing, newsreading, present¬ 
ing, researching and even go¬ 
ing out with a tape recorder to 
report news siories or make 

National and foreign news 
come to local stations either 
from wire services, or from 
dedicated radio news provid¬ 
ers who supply their own voice 
reports. Chief among them is 
Independent Radio News 
fIRN), a division of Independ¬ 
ent Television News (ITN). 

At least one technician is on 
duty during transmission time 
to keep the studio in working 
order. In commercial radio the 
advertising sales staff play a 
key role, providing the reve¬ 
nue to keep the company in 
business. They often operate 
on a group-wide basis.Thejob 
of the marketing department 
is to place the station in the 
public eye by organising pub¬ 
licity and participation in local 

Susannah Simons, presenter at 
Classic FM and executive of 
GWR radio group 

Ms Simons studied first for the 
theatre but switched to radio and 
was accepted on a BBC training 
course and became a sound effects 
studio manager. “I spent a lot of 
time opening and dosing doors, 
making rustling noises for sheets 
and pretending to be a vampire.” she recalls. 
"I had a wonderful time.” 

Her next joab was at Leeds, on a northern 
arts programme for Radio 3. When commer¬ 
cial radio began in 1973 she was recruited by 
Capital Radio. Then she joined the all-speech 

LBC before going bade to he 
BBC for her first job in TV, bn 
the current affairs programme 
Tonight After a stint with Ratio 
4 she went to Channel 4. wifere 
she joined the board of a compa¬ 
ny producing the channel’s chily 
business programme. Shejoned 
Classic FM as a music presenter 
and now conducts a weekly inter¬ 
view and is head ofcorporatdiai- 
son for the GWR group, the company that 
owns Classic and 30 Itxal independent sta¬ 
tions. Her advice to presenters: “Be prerared 
to start at the bottom. Be determined. Have 
your own personality and pur if in the pro¬ 
gramme.” / 

First Oxford, then the worli 


Sam Younger, managing diree- 
tor of BBC World Service 

Mr Younger, an Oxford gradu- : 

ate with a degree in philosophy. JKr^ 
polities and economics, worked 
first as deputy editor of the 
monthly journal Middle East In- 

In 1979 he became a talks writ- KgH!* 
er on the BBC World Service, 
dealing mainly with the Middle East 

In 1984 he became a current affairs produc¬ 
er for Radio 4. before returning to the World 
Service in various production roles. In 1987 
he was made head of current affairs, then 
head of the Arabic Service. 

“After nine months in pie job, 
the Iraqis invaded Kuwait and 
thar put the Arabic Servii at cen- 
m tre stage." he says. It mint that 
^ W he caught the eye of senijr execu- 

«. *’ lives and in 1992 he ups made 

controller of the oversets servic¬ 
es. then director of braidcasting 
and in 1994 managing lirector of 
die World Service’ ' / 

“I don’t think l wodd be able 
to join the BBC today with the quaifications I 
had in 1979." he says. “Today wyre looking 
for more evidence of real commitment to 
broadcasting and journalism. I 
“I always advise people to gql an intern¬ 
ship with a newspaper or a radp station.” 

One last gasp from the tobacco giants 

■ ONE effect of the Govern¬ 
ment’s dithering over a ban 
on tobacco advertising is that 
the big tobacco companies 
have time to conduct one last 

So don’t be surprised by a 
new advertising blitz from 
Rothmans as it launches its 
Winfield brand in the UK this 
month. This week Rothmans 
handed that task to a grateful 
Saatchi & Saatchi. along with 
the European accounts for 
Rothman’s King Size and 
Dunhiil and Carrier ciga¬ 

Rothmans’ millions fills a 

big hole at Saarchis that has 
existed ever since rhe Mau¬ 
rice Saatchi breakaway result¬ 
ed in Gallaher moving its 
Silk Cut business to the new 
M & C Saatchi. 

Most of it will go behind 
Winfield, the number one cig¬ 
arette in Australia, and a 
brand being launched across 
Europe. Rothmans has al¬ 
ready demonstrated its com¬ 
mitment to Winfield by plas¬ 
tering its name all over Wil¬ 
liams Formula One cars. 

And. although Rothmans, 
like other cigarette manufac¬ 
turers. will go out with an ad¬ 


Rothmans: promoting Winfield through Formula One 

vertising bang. Saatchl’s ap¬ 
pointment is almost as much 
about the need to find future 
alternatives to mainstream 

Gallaher. like Rothmans, 
has moved to sponsor Formu¬ 
la One with its Benson & 
Hedges brand. It has also 
briefly tried a contract pub¬ 
lishing magazine for Silk Cut. 
Marlboro and Camel have 
led the push into leisure 

But. now that the fuss 
about Bemie Ecclestone and 
Labour Party donations has 
died down, how long exactly 
has tobacco got? The EU di¬ 
rective banning tobacco ad¬ 
vertising is expected to be 
passed in rhe next Parliamen¬ 
tary' session. Poster ads will 
be banned in June 2000. press 
ads a year later (commercials 
are already banned). Sponsor¬ 
ship is to be outlawed in 2003. 

but sponsorship of worldwide 
events would be allowed to 
continue until 2006. 

So, until then, expea the to¬ 
bacco companies and their 
agencies to spend what they 
can — unless the Government 
manages to redisco vents 

■ Advertising agencies don't 
often fire their clients in the 
way they did in the good old 
arrogant 1970s. Margins are 
being constantly eroded, and 
they need the volume. As find¬ 
ing new business is an expen¬ 
sive, risky process, most agen¬ 
cies deride it’s better to stick 
with the devil they know. 

So. when Grey Advertis¬ 
ings managing director. Ste- 
ve Blamer, resigned his Mat¬ 
thew Clark client (Diamond 
White and Blackthorn riders) 
and publidy expressed his an¬ 
ger. one can wily wonder 

what had been going on be¬ 
hind the scenes. 

“This is about principle,* in¬ 
sisted Blamer. claiming his 
client had “misled* the agency 
and gone behind his back to 
seek new ideas from other 
agencies for Blackthorn rider. 
For once the client hit back. 
Matthew Clark issued a state¬ 
ment. claiming it had been 
forced to go public because of 
Blamer talking to the advertis¬ 
ing press. 

'As a general poinL" the 
statement began mildly, “it is 
the case that a relationship be¬ 
tween client and agency rare¬ 
ly breaks down when good 
creative work is being gener¬ 
ated and it is the inability of 
Grey to produce excellent cre¬ 
ative work to our standards 
- and that can then be execut¬ 
ed —which is the nub of the is¬ 

Ouch! Looks like Grey 
came up with an idea that 
they couldn’t get on-air for le¬ 
gal reasons. Matthew Clark 
got fed up waiting, and start¬ 
ed looking around. This 
shows both how much pres¬ 
sure ihe client is under in the 
context of the cider market s 
well-publicised difficulties. 
And, how fragile so many cli¬ 

ent-agency relationships are. 

■ Would that someone 
would go as public in the case 
of Barclaycard’s decision to 
look beyond BMP DDB. its 
agency of nine years, for new 
ideas on its £15 million adver¬ 

Paul Parmentcr, Barday- 
card’s marketing director, at- 
ed the Rowan Atkinson cam¬ 
paign that lasted six years 
and the 'don’t put it off, put it 
on' ads that began last year as 
highlights of the 'exceptional 
advertising* BMP produced. 

So w hy look around, then? 
Looking forward to 1999, it is 
dear that this Is an ideal time 
for Bardaycird to consider 
some new ideas* 

Ah, the Millennium! Thai’s 
a relief. For a moment you 
could have thought mistaken¬ 
ly that the problem was Bar- 
daycard’s 22.9 per cent inter¬ 
est rate and £10 annual 
charge, when new cards are 
being launched with interest 
rates as low as 9.9 per cent 
(AmEx Blue). Either way. the 
current advertising’s the fall 


Stefano Hatfield is the Edi¬ 
tor of Campaign 

AT present, most consumers 
remain fairly dueJess abour 
digital TV (DTV), but in the 
coming weeks the main play¬ 
ers are to wind up their sub¬ 
scriber-enticing campaigns. 
By the end of the year there 
should not be a TV-watching 
household in the land that has 
not heard the merits of digital. 

So what is on offer? On ter¬ 
restrial television wc have 
ONdigitaf. a service owned by 
Carlton and Granada, which 
is planning a 15-channel serv¬ 
ice when it launches in the au¬ 
tumn. ONdigital’s program¬ 
ming will come from BBC/ 
Flextech, the two ITV compa¬ 
nies. with a few channels from 
Sky. ONdigital is also hoping 

__1 Digital 
; SatteWto I 
I witeottj ore* i 

1 2-0 

J I ; Terrestrial f. 0 5 » 

— subscribers* *tj 

r* o.o . 

'98 99 2000 01 02 2003 j 

6 -SMwMwem9o«wC»*i!«i -1 

■ •^OUICT- M»ma irtwi J 

to secure the rights to Premier 
League focrafi. 

The other fnain contender is 
BSkyB, vhich launches its 
Sky Digital service on October 
I. Sky hasari unveiled 80 chan¬ 
nels, wheh wiU be available 
across si: different subscrip¬ 
tion packiges. 

There h still the feeling that 
digital will get off to a slow 
start. According to Merrill 
Lynch. OS digital will reached 
1.6 million subscribers by the 
2003. achieving a 6.5 per cent 
penetrati-m of households. 
Sky Digital is predicted to beat 
this, with3.6 million subscrib¬ 
ers by 20)3. according to Mor¬ 
gan Staney Dean Witter. 

Earlierthis week. FTV urged 
the Govemmenr to deride bn a 
switch-of date for analogue 
TV as early as possible. The In¬ 
stitute at Practitioners ib Ad¬ 
vertising (IPA), however, has 
given warning that it is too ear¬ 
ly tn set 1 date for turning off 
the tranimissions. The insti¬ 
tute says' that "to contemplate 
now a cfete when those view-' 
ers either unable or unwilling 
to buy isto digital may he de¬ 
prived ol their analogue servic¬ 
es seem? unwarranted". - 

Mediat&s online. informa¬ 
tion and analysis is-accessed 
on: http/ l mediateLcb. 
uk Telephone: 0171-439757 5 .. 



- 1--I 
• ,1.,, 


0171680 6800 



0171 782 7899 

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eecrpucnal buiiKss quofifkatinn: the Bath MBA. 

The University or Bath School of Management it one oT 
only five Briliib MBA School; u> receive lop Funding 
Council rating* far both (caching and research. So ynu can 
be jure of excellent teaching, programme content 
and academic juppon. 

All 3 variants of the Baih MBA. FULL-TIME. Fax: ++4 (0) 1225 B26473 

EXECUTIVE and MODULAR, are accredited by the Cm ,n . *^^oii5inanageineiu-baiJi^e-iik 

Associaliun of MBAs. 

For full derail,, including our regular Open ht.pVAnvwJalh^.uWDepann^nuMmwgemen, 

□ayVfot-nings. ennua us quoting Ref. T2/99. School of Management, Dept- TIU2. Unh-erdn of Badi. 

Tel: +44 fOI 1225 S26152(F/T). 82621 UE.XE.Cl, ClavcnonOown.Bath BAS7AV 

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For fuTher information Dlease 
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Ashridge’s one- or two-year MBA programmes are 
based on real life assignments and a major strategic 
consultancy projecL Small class sizes, faculty who are 
all experienced business-people, an international 
participant mix and a strung focus on persona) 
development add up to a powerful preparation for 
the challenge of leadership. 

Don't leave your career development to 
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Doris Boyle or lane Tobin 

Telephone: +44 (0)1442 841143 Facsimile: +44 (0)1442 841144 
Email: Internet: 

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' Develop yciiursdf throu^t our we# established, AMBA accnecfeed programme, 
raced'exceflerr'. This is a flewbie projyarnrne over two yeas, designed for 
professional managers vrfro want do combine study with a busy work schedule. 

Kingston Business School is situated on a wooded site, easSy accessible to the 
heart of London, the M25. Heathrow and Gaowidt Airports. 

Open Learning: Intensive tuition one weekend per month commencing 
September and February 

Evening: WfeeJdy attendance commencing September 

For more information contact us by telephone: 0181 547 7615/7120/7035 
Fisc 0181547 7452. Emai mb^klngstoaacuk web httpVAwAwkjn^tmacuk/n^ 

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U H I V E i S I 1 Y 


The University of Reading 

The Management Unit 



The University of Reading Open Learning MBA has been specially designed for experienced 
qualified managers. Subject to meeting our admission criteria, you will be exempt from the 
18 month Diploma Programme and eligible for our 22 month MBA 

The Programmes offer 

• Flexibility • Work related assignments • Monthly practical workshops 
■ Full tutorial support • Updatable modules • Continuous assessment 

• Frequent start dates throughout the year 

Other Programmes include: 

* Certificate and Diploma in Management * 3 & 5 month MBA modules, a 

Why not attend one of our FREE introductory workshops? 

For more details, please contact 

The Management Unit, Tbe University of Reefing, BuBding 22, London Road, jM H&R 

Reading RG1SAQ. Tei: 0118 9318180124 His). Fax: 0118 931 6539. 

&Ma3: URL http'Jhnm.rdg^uk/KGT 

0191 487 1422 

Durham is one of the few Business Schools to offer three, intemationafly 
regarded, AMBA accredited MBA study options - Full-Time, Part-Time 
and Distance Learning - all designed to extend your knowledge and 
develop your management skills: These highly flexible options give 
even the busiest of managers a real opportunity to improve their career 
potential. So if you're ambitious enough to 
become one of the world's best managers, 

phone today for the brochure of your choice.--— 

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.ii***^ Business and Management 
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• acaedrted by the Association of MBAs 

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Telmpboae tSUam Baa on 01582 143945 W 
Qvfattae MatdwHn an 81582 489085 
Fax 01582 482889 - Email j»aaJmn&utw 


















A high quality modular MBA 
from one of the. country's 
leading Universities. 


vCT-r “ v ^V_. 

>T •%. 

H...pcpdemicalfy rigorous and 

orientated towards the needs 
of the practitioner.! » ‘ 

For more infomution about this nr one 
of Ihe school's eight other Masters 
programmes, telephone 101703) 595352 
or write to: 

School of Management 
(Marketing Unit) 

University of Southampton 
Southampton SO!71BJ 

of Southampton 

University of Hull 

Executive MBA 

in London 

The University at HuB IffiA de^ee stutfied 
at Greenwich. 

• Specialisations: 


HeaUh Services Management 
•24 month duration (13 weekend modules) 
•Ftaribfe starting dabs 

15 minute by NeteoA SooCwast Iran Owing Cross, 

Vfeterkoo or Lontan Bnege, a 8nu9h Grearntt W 

tmnd kora btarel Gardens (Doddanb6 lig« FteSwaf). 

Greemvich School of Management 
Meridian House, Royal ffifl, Greenwich, 
London, SE108RD 

Tel: 0181-516 7800 



Greenwich School of Management 
university business education 

of education in the 21st Century 


Jk Hrr% A Part time. Pull time, 
VI K A Open Access, 

X? I I /xl Distance learning 

T I 71/r for graduates in Law, 

I 1 1 J iVI tanght & by research 


• In Management, for recent graduates 

• In Human Resource Management 

• In Financial Services 

• In Marketing 

• In Direct Marketing 

• in Facilities Management 

• In Operations & Logistics Management 

Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH 
Td: 01483 259347 . 'tf&Stir 

Fax: 01483 259511 •; 

E-Mail: ^ - 

Your Future in Management 

The University of North London 
Business School offers a range of 
challenging and stimulating postgraduate 
and post experience courses, both 
full-time and part-nme. These include: 
ar MBA full or part-time. 

MBA Executive: part-nme evenings 
or Weekend Management School. 

■r MA Management Practice (senior 
management development 

^ Diploma in Management Studies 
(DMS) leading to MBA. 

«r MA Marketing. 

MA International/European 1 

Business Law. 

ar MA Employment Studies and 
Human Resource Management, 
wr MA International Finance 
Funding support and U' relief may be available. 
Hotline open: weekdays 9.0Clanv5.OOpm. 
Open Evenings; 

Every Wednesday in September. 5-Bpm. 

The Learning Centre. 236-250 Holloway 
Road W (Opposite Holloway Road 
tube station). 

Lornlnn S’.V7 ,?PC - ijK. Tfleplionu 017T-5S1 dS39/b&4 5GfJS 
Fax Q171-5M 34Qt> F-rn;ii| Atlmissions-? 

0171 753 3333 

« Advance your career at a 
^ leading Business School 

• BABA by part-time study 

■ Helping managers achieve excellence 

• Quality MBAs: accredited by the Association of MBAs 

The Evening BABA s based mainly on evening attendance with summer and autumn 
four-day schools. You can join the Evening MBA in October; January and September. 

The Executive NBA is based on three-day modules. You can next join the Executive 
MBA in October tS58 or April 1999. 

These two year part-time MBA programmes, accredited by the Association of MBAs, 
bring together managers from a variety of backgrounds forming valuable network Gnki 

For a brochure and application form please contact The MBA Office, Leeds University 
Business School University of Leeds, Leeds L52 9JT 
or tel: 0113 233 2G10 or fax 0113 233 4355, 
email: ntisenq0lubs.leeds.aujk 


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Beginner io MBA 
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Accredited and Recommended Courses 
Whether you intend tu pursue a part- or full-time 
career as a Hypnotherapist, or simply have an 
imeresi in the subject, we will give you the skills 
and confidence to practise as a qualified professional- 


For a prospectus, please call (OfSIj 675-1598 or 
leave your name, address & ’phone number on 
our 24-hour answering service, or write to: 

The Institute of Clinical Hypnosis, 

llTj A fatmdtr meahrrvf VKRHO 

IVi ~JT SSTantallon Rend, London 5W128DC. 

Tel: 0181-6751598 Fax: 0181-6732230. 
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Study Electronic 
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Engineering in | 

Study of electronics is exciting and can be fun: jTT 
when you learri *by doing’. Graduates from olim 
programmes now fill well-paid positions, world-^flle. 
where the skills of problem solving, use of IT ar*™e 
ability to make informed judgements gained frofA 
their time at Middlesex are particularly valued. 
HND/BSc/BEng courses in electronic engineering 
at Middlesex University include: *9L, 


■ Foundation Year course in Engineering Systems 
provides alternative entry route for those without* 
usual entry qualifications 

■ Two years full-time [one A level entry) HND or 
three/four years sandwich degree programmes 

■ Courses leading to highly paid careers in the 
fast-growing IT sector 

■ Combined degree offers a career in management 
A few places may still remain for late applicants for 
the above courses. Call free on: 

0800 980 7167 i 

or drop in and see us at Middlesex University, 1 
Bounds Green Road, London N11 2NQ J A 

Ref: C518C k -Ok 



10am-4pm Monday to Friday 
at our Bounds Green campus 




For a First Class Degree 


Gary Maydon from Holbom College gained 
a First Class LLB (Hons) in the University 
of London's Examination and won a 
scholarship on our Barfinals. 


For further information and a prospectus, please contact: 



200 Greyhound 

VC' • * :’V TEL, 017 1 385 33 7 7 

•don W14 9RY 

3377 FAX 0171 381 337/ 

e oil: hlt-3. : ho*L. rr.GU’ • ;r;-..L * 

h D O •;/ V,r W VV 1 b t O! i n q p Jk 

available for September 

King Alfred's is situated on a wooded hillside overlooking the beautiful 
cathedral city of Winchester, and within 10 minutes walk of the city centre. 
Cane and Join our exciting student community. 

BA/BSc Single or Combined 
Honours Degree Programmes 

• American Studies 

• Archaeology 

• Business Administration (S) 

(for HND holders, 1 year plus 
additional time for Honours} 

• Business Management with Business 
Communications (S) 

• Business Studies (C) 

• Dance Studies (Q 

• Drama Studies (Q 

• Education Studies (Cl 

• English 

• Geography (C) 

• History 

•Japanese Language fwhh Business 
Studies) (Q 

• Learning Disabilities (S) 

• Media and Rbn Studies (Q 

• Psychology (Q 

• Religious Studies (Q 

• Social Biology (Q 

• Sports Studies (C) 

• Theology (BTh) 

(5“Sflglc Hoocwo orti C“Gac*Mncii Ikmoun only? 
BA Hons Primary Education (QTS) with 
special subject Design & Technology or 


Accommodation still 
available on campus 

King Alfred’s 

Unersky CollegeVfridiestcr 

01962 827234 

Lines Open 9 am - 6 pm Monday to Friday 
Tke btstUutkm is a ntystend charity and ehstt Soldi to prodde education fx&Ocs to Sk canmtwWr 

by tube 

(even fester 

the tunnel) 

A comer of France 
South Kensington 

Our courses start 
28 September 

14 CramweB Place 
London SW7 2JR 
Tel: 0171.581.2701 

insofar fcuifxisl 


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01865 793333 


Oxford Tutorial College 
1 Itog Kwatd St, (Wort 0X1 4HT 
fax {01665)793233 



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0171 616 4400 






A i^a t uin aldy twelve 

Sdnlmfaips we' offered for 
pTyt ciiM i mn e study in die 
year 1999-2000 at 
Hervanl VwyantJ and tbe 
M*fBachus«n Inwinun of 

■ Small class sizes. 

■ High quality tuition from 
experienced academic staff. 

M A-level students guaranteed 
a University degree place. 

■ Scholarships available. 

For further details, [aTl SSSS T 

contact Philip Moen IS! tTL * " 

Xbtje Scholarships are 
available to cm&dXEi vbo arc 
British fh i.rM who have been 
in the UR and who 
will have graduated from a 
British tmvenity.bjf On tone at 
MWng op » award in 1999. 
Applicants who graduated 
exUer than July 1996 will not. 

Value of Scfadanhips 516,000 
stipend pfrts tmtion and health 
fees and cost of trcnntkmtic 

m.a, of dgOffity and 
oppOcataxs inutot from 
the Registrars of Cnfver^Ues, 
or fnkrys or Bran the 
Secretary, Kennedy Memorial 
Trust, 48 Westminster Patera 
gardens, Artffiery Row, 
Loadon SW1P 1RR. Ptexse 
send SAE (26p) 

AppBcsiSnm ara made via tbe 
candidate’s British Uoiveaily. 
rwng dale far appHcsdous 
to reach Pulmd Oes or 
COOe^a 23rd October 1998. 

The Governors invite applications for the post of / ■ 

Rector | 

From 1st August 1999 >• .fi 

on the retirement of Mr % f • 

Tf« present Rector is a member of H.M.U. .* 

Hutchesons’ is an independent co^ucatfonilday^ipot: 
with 1940 pupils aged 5-18. Tte school eojoys^n £ . 
outstanding reputation for exceUencein acadenuc,. * 
cultural and sporting pursuits. ; J; • . ‘ 

For further details and an application forti*; contact r y 
Mr Ian B Tainsh, Secretary to the Governor - ■ £ 
Hutchesons' Educational Trust, 21 Beaton Boad,- 
Glasgow 041 4NW. Telephone; 0141423 2933 - ' ,. ? 

Closing date 2 October 1998.: ; • ,J ; ? 


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Incorporated Asaodxdo a of PiefiwxhHy Schods • '■ 


AppOcafions are invfied tor this important seniorpost in tfw headquaitea offic»of. 

ttwlsa^pro^sionalassociaion for HearisancLDeputy Heads ol independent 
preparatory schools in the UK and overseas. .• ’■ i 

An experienced school manager, preferably at Headship or Bursaiial level, is ' 
required to assist the GeneiM Secretary In provkfing an acMsory service to 
Heeds and schools on contractual, conditions of service, pupfl woSebb and other 
ad n ri n fet ra ti u e and bursariaf masters. The port requires a genuine interest in and - 
knowledge of school ad m in istrative and technical matters, as well asa w8ftng- 
ness to undertake taMdual casework. ' . ' . 

Salarywffl be foedte the Bght of qualifications and experience. ' 

Further detafls from the GenerafSecretary, JAPS, 11 Waterloo Ptece, - 
Leamington Spa CV32 5LA.Tel: 01926 887833 Faxr ; 0192&888014 - ... 
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The Purcell School 

Priiron: HRH The Prince of Wales 
President: Sir Simon Ralde.GBE . 

Alliance Fraugaise de Loodres I Dorset Square, Loodoa NW1 ffU 
Email: info@aIliaiKx&aDcaiseloadres^RS.iik 

Only one medical school 
offers a world of opportunities. 

At Sl George's University School of Medicine, students begin base science training 
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do Tbe North American CorresporulenL 
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One East Main Street, Dept AUKH 
Bay Shore. NY 11706-8339. USA. 

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Emil: sgujnfo@sguxdu 

Website: bap/Avw^gu^dn Cj- 

Oar presentation wffl be held, OL* vJvv/IgL/ o 

Monday, October 12,1998 TTniVPYQltV 

London KDton on Park Lane UlilVCI MLj 

TheCurzoa Room ■ School of Medicine 

&00 pm to 7^0 pm GmwbwdSlVraxni.VKMlKBes 

For September 1999 

• This is an opportunity to load one of the 
world’s foremost specialist music schools at a 
time of excidng development 

• We are seeking an inspirational, visionary 
and decisive Head who will continue to . 
nurture and build on the musical and 
academic standards -or the school 

• You will already liave considerable relevant 
experience in a senior position and are 
likely to have empathy with many forms ; 
of music 

• Please write, in confidence, with full CV to: 

Graham Smallbone (ref HEAD) 

Chairman of Governors 
Tbe Purcell School 
Aidenbam Road 

Herts WD2 STS 

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Tetbury, Gloucestershire 




This attractive and successful school for around 
200 girls is seeking a new Head to take it on to the 
next stage of its development Hie appointment 
will take effect on the retirement of Mrs. Gillian 
Hylson-Smitb in 19999. 

Full particulars of the appointment and & form of 
application may be obtained from die Secrettny- to 
the Governors, the Allied Schools, 42 Sooth Bar 

Street, Banbury. Oxon, 0X16 9XL. 

Tel Banbury 01295 269591. Fax 01295 275350. 
Closing date for applications: 6th October 1998 

UK I eietnorup uin-^jv o/j 







Catchment 22 

Victoria Fletcher 
on children losing 
out when catchment 
areas change shape 

F ew issues in the increasingly liti¬ 
gious world of education arouse 
such passion among parents as 
school catchment areas. The 
rales governing school admissions, often 
thought—wrongly - to be a relic of previ¬ 
ous decades, are as rigid as ever in many 
parts of the country and subject to regular 
challenge in the courts. 

Families win spend hundreds of thou¬ 
sands of pounds to move into the “right” 
area to ensure a child's place in a popular 
school, with no certainty that the catch¬ 
ment area will remain unchanged. Others 
will invent false addresses, pretend to be 
moving into the area, or even rent to try to 
guarantee entry. 

As hundreds of thousands of parents 
emhark on this year’s round of school 
open days, die system is under increasing 
strain. The Funding Agency for Schools, 
which oversees grant-maintained (GM) 
schools, has said that in some areas ad¬ 
missions are in chaos. 

Several factors have contributed to the 
confusion, including die separate admis¬ 
sions systems run by GM schools and the 
introduction of partial selection in some 
areas. But much of the difficulty dates 
back to the “Greenwich judgment” of 
1990, which prevented local authorities 
from giving preference to residents of 
their own borough. 

Haringey Local Education Authority 
(LEA) in North London, plans to shift the 
point from which the catchment area is 
usually measured — the centre of the 
school grounds — to a point nearer the 
centre of the borough. The aim is to en¬ 
sure that children from Haringey go to 
the school of parental choice. But parents 
of children who live near the schools, yet 
just across the local authority border, 
claim that they are being discriminated 
against The issue could become a test 
case for other local education authorities. 
The new central measuring point will be a 
road junction, which could be up to half a 
mile from the school. 

One opponent of the proposal, Anne 
Ruff, a lawyer and local mother, pants out 
that local education authorities are obliged 
to offer access to their schools for any child 
who falls within the catchment area, re¬ 
gardless of the borough in which hey live. 
By law, the only reason to change this ad¬ 
missions criterion is on “educational 
grounds”. Mrs Ruff believes that there are 
no dear “educational grounds” for Harin¬ 
gey'S proposed change. 

She says: “The change would give prior¬ 
ity to Haringey children- The law that an 
LEA must be able to demonstrate educa¬ 
tional grounds for a change in admissions 
criteria based on distance. But those par¬ 
ents seeking to send their children to 
schools in the area have to provide proof 
to demonstrate that there were no educa¬ 
tional grounds for the change in policy.” 
Mrs Ruff believes that this puts parents at 
a disadvantage because it is almost im¬ 
possible for them to gain access to the 
sort of information needed. 

LEAs face a dilemma. When there is 
only a small number of popular schools, 
but a lot of hopeful pupils in the catdv 

FamHies will spend thousands of pounds to move into the “right area” to ensure a child’s place in a popular school 

State and the 
obvious: private 
business can do it 

C ounty councillors in Surrey 
missed the opportunity to 
make education history this 
week when they delayed a decision 
on whether to let King's Manor 
School in Guildford become the 
first state school in Britain to be 
run by a private company. 

The private sector has been edg¬ 
ing doser to this breakthrough ever 
since ministers outlined their plans 
for education action tones more 
than a year ago. Where the Con¬ 
servatives feared to tread. Labour 
appears eager to dive in. If govern¬ 
ment propaganda is 
to be believed, big 
business is already in 
control in some of the 
zones getting under 
way this month. 

In reality, however, 
even those zones 
where business is 
nominally in the lead 
are not managed by 
private companies; 
they are partners 
lending their exper¬ 
tise to local education 
authorities. Their con¬ 
tribution in cash or in 
kind may be invalua¬ 
ble in the quest to 
raise standards, but 
few of the firms in- 

ally care if it goes instead into com¬ 
pany profits, so long as the educa¬ 
tion service is ran more effectively 
and at no greater cost? 

That is the claim of companies 
such as Edison, which already run 
schools in America and is one of the 
candidates to run King's Manor 
School. With a former President of 
Yale University at the helm and a 
high-profile professor of education 
acting as a consultant in Britain, 
the company hopes eventually to 
run a string of schools here. 

Quite how successful private op¬ 
erators have been in 
America is still a mat¬ 
ter of heated debate. 
Places at Edison’s 
25 schools are in de¬ 
mand. but the compa¬ 
ny's target of 1,000 
schools now looks fan¬ 
ciful. Their extended 
teaching day and 
new staff seem to 
have had the desired 
effect in some 
schools, but academ¬ 
ics at the University 
of Wisconsin found 
that improvement 
was by no means uni¬ 

Inevitably, in the 
circumstances, the 

volved would want to run schools. 

Only an experiment such as that 
contemplated in Guildford will 
show whether schools really 
would be better managed by the 
private sector. The performance of 
focal authorities in many parts of 
the country leaves them with little 
to beat. The report on Calderdale 
local authority next week by Ofst- 
ed, the schools inspection authori¬ 
ty. will be but the latest of a string 
of examples of poor management 

Where reputable companies are 
ready to step into the breach, they 
should be given the opportunity to 
do so. But on what terms? David 
Blunkett the Education and Em¬ 
ployment Secretary, has stipulated 
that they can make money from sell¬ 
ing their services, as many now do. 
but not from the process of educa¬ 
tion itself. If this means anything, it 
surely precludes them from taking 
a slice off the top of taxpayers' mon¬ 
ey intended for schools. 

Yet much of this money already 
disappears into the black hole of 
town hall budgets. Will parents re- 

British bidders for King's Manor 
cannot match even this track 
record. Nord Anglia has run inde¬ 
pendent schools successfully and 
the non-profitmaking trust. CfBT. 
is heavily involved in Lambeth Edu¬ 
cation Action Zone in South Lon¬ 
don. as well as managing local ca¬ 
reers services, but neither has had 
the chance to put theory into prac¬ 
tice in state education. 

Hackney, in East London, may 
yet steal Surrey's thunder by bring¬ 
ing in CfBT as consultants to help 
to run a failing primary school. The 
project would mark another step to¬ 
wards a mixed economy in state ed¬ 
ucation. but would not involve a 
transfer of authority. 

Teaching unions are predictably 
hostile to “creeping privatisation" 
but. before long, a school some¬ 
where is going to take the plunge. 
Employers' organisations have 
been increasingly vocal in their 
criticisms of schools this summer, 
and it is time to see whether busi¬ 
ness methods can really make a 

ment areas, competition for entry is stiff. 
On the (me hand, if children of rate-pay¬ 
ing parents in die borough fail to gain a 
school place and children from another 
borough do, resentment can be wide-- 
spread. On the other hand, those living in 
border boroughs are upset because their 
children are denied access to the best and 
closest schools. 

Denise Blake from Barnet and her son, 
Aubrey, eight, fear that they will be affect¬ 
ed by the shift. Aubrey attends Teth- 
erdctwn Primary School in Haringey and 
wants to move to Fortismere School when 
he turns 11. But if the catchment area is 
changed. Aubrey wall not be eligible. Mrs 

Blake comments: “The school is only ten 
minutes' walk away. It is our local school 
and all the children at Aubrey* school 
will move there. The other schools in Bar- 
net are a bus or Tube ride away, or selec¬ 
tive or grant-maintained and costly. 
When you have an average ability child, 
there is not a lot of choice of comprehen¬ 
sive schools.” 

Haringey oouncil is to vote on the pro¬ 
posal later this month. By then, it is hoped 
that any legal difficulties will have been re¬ 
solved. If the polity is adopted, it will be in¬ 
troduced next September. It could herald 
a fresh dehate for LEAs everywhere about 
access rights to secondary schools. 

Snapping over lost lessons 


The school photograph was an historical record before most parents had a memento of their child 

utumn isthcscasonof pj 0 w did the annual school 
photograph get so out of 
control, asks Susan Elkin 

the cameras andjhe 
ran of school cash 
September is P?* 
schools to invite m a specialist 


afs, groups of siblings, spo 

ensembles, staff 
so on.. ■ not to menho 

*¥?£«* mafi f 




in the tune. groups 

sas as 


it is easier. For example, if 300 
children lose even a coupteof 
hours of teaching that is 600 
learning hours thrown away. 
Then, when the pictures arrive 
in school — usually a multi- 
pack for sale at between £5 and 

£15—it is teachers who have to 

oveisee their distribution and 
the collection of th e m oney. 
Even if it is admin istratively 
quite simple, it is stflJan extra 
chore that distracts from the 

Sfo attach to eadi 

S&* ntndfile.Butffiatis 


l^^Mff-A^hoo 1 can 
^ aVrommissioa some- 

m ^vSiw«nl<>a n,J 35per 
price. Sftif 

St Bloggs can sell 200 picture 
packs at £10 it stands to profit 
by several hundred pounds. 

Of course, you don't want 
the photographs, but neither 
do you want the child to feel 
.“rejected” or disappointed 
and all the other paints seem 
to be buying (hem. So you pay 
up—as do 90 per cent of par¬ 
ents at infant level SO per cent 
at junior school and 50 per 
cent at secondary schools, ac¬ 
cording to one Kent school 

And it doesn’t just happen 
in September these -days ei¬ 
ther. Some schools have pho¬ 
tographers in about three 
times a year. One mother, 
whose child attends a private 
nursery in Soitth London, told 
me that the school had, geme 
one step further ami invited a 
company to make a video of 
each child- She was cross, but 
she bought it - at £15 - be¬ 
cause she did not want to up¬ 
set her son or to be seen as an 
awkward parent 

Perhaps, years ago, there 
was some point to an occasion¬ 
al school photograph. Few 
parents had cameras of their 
own and a picture taken at 
school was a treasured item. 
Today almost everyone has 
some kind of camera; many 
have camcorders, too. and al¬ 
most all parents have a de¬ 
tailed photographic record of 
the p rogress of their children 
at every stage. 


t is time that parents 
stood out against school 
photographs. I am con¬ 
vinced that if a few mothers 
and fathers in each school 
united to refuse to allow their 
children to be photographed 
— there is almost always a let¬ 
ter home in advance advising 
parents when the photogra¬ 
pher is due — many others 
would breathe a sigh of relief 
and do likewise. 

Parents who want a formal 
studio portrait of their off¬ 
spring should go to a photog¬ 
rapher out of shool hours. It is 
not the business of schools to 
provide this as a “service”. 
Schools must find other ways 
to rase extra money without 
compromising lesson lime or 
exploiting children. 




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Commonwealth Games: Boxers resist professional lure for prospe ct of gold med als 

XX • f t A 7 Walesare Champion 

Harrison fights to Li» & pushed 

protect future 

of amateur sport 

From Rob Hughes in kuaia uumpur 

THE Commonwealth Games 
ideal is to create soul fellows in 
sport and, for two apparently 
ill-matched Englishmen, it is 
happening. Audley Harrison 
and Gary Jones are here to 
win boxing medals. Side by 
side on a sofa in a tower block 
in the athletes’ village of Kuala 
Lumpur, they are as man and 
boy. It is almost comical tfte 
way that Harrison — 6ft 6in, 
17st I lib — dwarfs Jones, who 
is slightly over 5ft 2m and 
punches his weight at a tad 
more than 9sL 
They box at super-heavy- 
weight and light-flyweight, 
but'the disparity is greater 
than meets the eye. Harrison 
is a Londoner, about to gradu¬ 
ate with a degree that entails 
social and marketing skills; he 
is a showman who styles his 
hair in chocolate and orange 
stripes; he is forming a 
“union" to fund Great Brit¬ 
ain's 21 elite amateur boxers so 
that they might resist turning 
professional until after the 
Sydney Olympic Games in 
2000 . 

“If it wasn’t for what 
Audley's doing.” Jones said, 
when he could get m a word 
yesterday. “1 wouldn’t be here. 
My dole money's been 
stopped, they [the coundlj 
wanted to take me flat off me. 1 
couldn't go through this no 

He is not alone. Even in 
these days of lottery money, 
another England boxer, 
David Walker, the welter¬ 
weight. lost his job as a 
stockbroker's runner because 
he came to Malaysia for these 
Games. The truth is. of course, 
tliat it is not two weeks in the 
Far East that makes or breaks 
a champion. The England 
squad of 12 boxers, who are 
expected to bring home a 
minimum of six medals, are 
the best prepared the country 
has exported- They have 
trained in Florida and 
acclimatised to the tropical 
heat and humidity that exists 

in Malaysia. 

"The build-up has been 
excellent” Harrison said- 
"When I get started in the ring 

vised event like Wimbledon 
tennis, once a year that puis us 
hack in the public eye." 

Harrison wrote a “letter of 
intent” to other boxers, ama¬ 
teur and professional, and, at 
a launch party a week before 
coming out to Kuala Lumpur, 
professional boxers donated 
funds for "spending money” 
for die competitors. Jones 
needs every penny. He hails 
from die harsh environment 
of Kirkby in Liverpool. John 
Conteh country, and though 
he has not had the education 
or the employment prospects 
of Harrison, the Liverpudlian 
is as committed as the 
Londoner to this self-help 

From the leadership of Har- 

on Monday, I cant complain ' risen and the encouragement 
about the help I've had. that it gives Jones to fend for 

laid low is pushed p- 
by mystery to the limit - 
illness hy Pollard (*%:■. ■■ ■ 

From Our Sports Staff 

HOCKEY tournament offici¬ 
als had to postpone indefinite¬ 
ly the women’s match 

There’s a New Zealander 
ranked third in the world and 
a Jamaican I’ve just found out 
about who beat the Cuban 
super-heavy, but my latest 
ranking is eighth in the world 
and really, I shouldn't worry 
about any of them.” 

His record of 30 wins (21 
with knockouts), a draw and 
five defeats has attracted of¬ 
fers to turn professional, but 
Harrison has set his sights on 
Sydney, by which time he will 
be 28 and then ready for the 
professional arena. “People 
say I should think of myself 
arid turn pro straight away.” 
Harrison said, “but amateur 
boxing is not dead. 1 Ye talked 
to all 21 of the top British 
boxers and we want to stay on 
and go for the Olympics. 

"Hopefully, we can renew 
amateur boxing. TV deliber¬ 
ately tried to sabotage it by not 
putting it on. but foe idea of 
the Amateur Boxing Union is 
to raise foe profile. I envisage 
an athlete's commission with¬ 
in the ABA [Amateur Boxing 
Association], a think-tank 
where we can put forward 
ideas to promote foe amateur 
view. Surely the BBC or 
someone would back a tele¬ 

hlmself outside the ropes, the 
participants might lead their 
administrators. The message 
is self-help, a fair application 
of lottery funding and a less 
demeaning way to represent 

Boxers are beginning to use 
their brains and from another 
pool of exertion. Adrian 
Moorhouse, one of Britain's 
finest swimmers, was caught 

Adams, contortionist and left-arm spinner, bowling against Northern Ireland 

South Africa stretched 

BOB WOOLMER, the South 
Africa cricket coach, was quick 
to make his feelings known 
after his collection of Test and 
international players had 
struggled to a four-wicket win 

yesterday in a moment of early. over Northern Ireland at Chib 
nostalgia- Moorhouse “abso- Aman. 

lutety cringed” when he heard 
James Hickman, a fellow 
Yorkshireman standing yards 
away, tell a reporter “My 
coach at Leeds is Terry Deni¬ 
son. he used to coach 

How time flows. At foe 
opening ceremony today, 
which occurs three days after 
competition started. Moor¬ 
house will meet an old friend 
Russell Garcia, the hockey 
player, who intends taking 
him for a meal to celebrate 
September 18. the tenth anni¬ 
versary of Moorhouse's Olym¬ 
pic gold medal in Seoul. The 
boxers are trying to emulate 
the swimmer and to have 
anniversaries to celebrate in 
their turn. 

It needed a thoughtful in¬ 
nings from Dale Benkenstein 
and a daring one by Shaun 
Pollock, the captain, to hold off 
a team thought to be the 
lightweights of group C. “1 
was upset to say the least," 
Woolmer said. “Hopefully, 
this will be a wake-up call for 
our forthcoming matches. We 
weren’t at foe level we should 
have been and I've told foe 
players that much. 

“But we’ve been in difficult 
situations against better sides 
than Northern Ireland There 
was always going to be some¬ 
body who would get in and 
play properly on that surface. 

“Benkenstein played very 
well, with good shot selection 
and can be proud of his 

innings. Pollock’S contribu¬ 
tion, too, was vital." 

Northern Ireland could 
manage only 89 for five from 
38.1 overs before a tropical 
downpour held up foe match 
for 2*i hours, which meant 
recourse to foe Duck¬ 
worth/Lewis method This 
produced a target for South 
Africa of 131 from 38 overs. At 
23 fix four, and then 57 for 
five, when Jacques Kallis was 
caught at mid-off trying to hit 
over foe top, a shock result 
was on the cards. 

The Northern Ireland new- 
ball pair, Gordon Cooke and 
Ryan Eagleson. bowled with 
great heart to make life diffi¬ 
cult for foe early batsmen on a 
damp surface and not until 
Benkenstein. who made 48 not 
out and was rock solid from 
the outset was joined by 
Pollock, who made 30. in a 
partnership of 58. did South 
Africa manage to pull out of 

“I don’t enjoy the 

Duckworth/Lewis system in 
this situation." Woofiner said 
“It's difficult to quantify how 
you can be asked to get 40 
extra runs.” Alan Rutherford, 
the Northern Ireland captain 
and wicketkeeper, said: “I’ve 
got mixed feelings because I 
felt we had them on foe rocks 
at one stage.” 

New Zealand were also 
given a hard match, by Kenya, 
who beat West Indies in the 
World Cup two years ago. 
Although needing only 145 in 
50 overs. New Zealand took 
473 overs to get the runs 
and lost five wickets in foe 

“On a pitch like that their 
bowlers were able to make 
things awkward, ” Stephen 
Fleming, the New Zealand 
captain, said “We are very 
happy to have put them away 
and move on.” In foe other 
match played yesterday. Bar¬ 
bados beat Bangladesh by 
four wickets after being set 160 
in 47 overs. • 

between Wales and Canada 
yesterday after half the Wales 
ornad were laid low with a 
mystery illness. The contest 
will be rescheduled, subject to 
the other games of foe teams 
and required rest times. 

Margaret Medlow, foe 
tram coach. confirmed that 
four players were in hospital, 
with another four confined to 
bed in the Games village 
suffering from a form _ of 
gastroenteritis. Wales officials 
refused to name foe players 
involved saying only that 
several had been taken ill on 
Sunday evening. 

Medlow said: “We’re com¬ 
pletely mystified that only 
half the squad are affected. I 
can’t believe it's dehydration 
because, as you can imagine, 
we take no chances on thaL 
The players were all fine after 
Wednesday’s 4-0 defeat by 
South Africa and were ail 
weighed yesterday." 

Simon Organ, who plays 
for Cannock, scored twice for 
foe Wales men’s team in a 2-0 
victory over Trinidad & Toba¬ 
go in pool A yesterday. It was. 
however, a victory gained 
after much sweat and toil 
despite dominance by Wales 
in both periods of play. They 
converted only one of their U 
short comers. 

Sevan! fine saves by Fran¬ 
cis. the Trinidad goalkeeper, 
kept Wales out at short cor¬ 
ners, but Edwards was un¬ 
lucky to bit the woodwork 

Organ eventually converted 
foe eighth short comer for 
Wates in the 48tb minute after 
which a goal by Daniel for 
Trinidad was disallowed. 
Two minutes before foe end. 
Organ made the game safe 
with a well-taken goal from a 
pass by Hughes-Rowlands. 
another Cannock player. 

In another pool A match, a 
goal in foe 58th minute by 
Robinson saved New Zea¬ 
land. who drew 3-3 with 
South Africa. In pool B. 
Malaysia defeated Kenya 441 

PETER NIC0L15 bye to the 
first round proper of the 
singles' squash tournament 
was cancelled yesterday:after 
Regan Pollard turned tip to 
complete the V 64^nxan &ld 
(Colin McQuiUan writes). 

Later Pollard, of Guyana, 
might have wished thai hehad 
amved earlier and drawrj 
another Scot. Her, went down 
by just a single point to.the 
top-seeded world No L wftBe 
David Heath lost to Shamsul 
Islam Khan, . -a. Pakistan 
junior, in straight games. -!. .; 

Heath's older brother arid 
doubles partner for Scotland, 
Martin, progressed torhe first 
round with Nfeol and. Stuart 
Cowie. The Wales squad of 
Alex Gough, David Evans, 
Matthew Benjamin and Greg 
Tippings also went through, 
as did Steve. Richardson, of 
Northern Ireland. = 

Simon Parke, foe British 
champion, defeated James 
Letlake, of South Africa, to 
reach a first-round match 
tomorrow against Michael 
Soo, of Malaysia. There were 
also wins for Mark Challoner, 
foe England No 2. who defeat¬ 
ed Rajdeep Bains, of Kenya, 
and Paul Johnson, who com¬ 
pleted foe England squad 
success with victory over 
Marion White, of Barbados. 

□ Wales will face favourites 
Fiji in foe rugby sevens 
competition after yesterday's 
redraw. The withdrawal of- 
Gambia and Zimbabwe has 
resulted in a change of format 
from five groups of four to six 
groups of three. - 

The Fijians, led fay Waisale 
Serevi, had been scheduled to 
play Australia. Sri Lanka and 
Gambia. They will now take 
on Wales and Swaziland in foe 
inaugural competition that 
starts tomorrow. 

Wales, who have a number 
of full internationals including 
Scott Gibbs* the British Lion, 
were originaHy drawn in pool 
D with New Zealand, who are 
led by Eric Rush, Papua New 
Guinea and Swaziland. 

Hosts Malaysia and Sri 
Lanka now have foe unenvi¬ 
able task of taking on New 
Zealand, who are . • foe 
favourites. . 

S3 Sheehanoiibridge Ml Keene on chess 

Goode still eyeing golden treble 

By Robert Sheehan, bridge correspondent 
B egin Bridge with The Times: Lesson 22 - Mini Bridge 17 

By Raymond Keene 


Last week l explained foe scoring of successful contracts 
depended on foe denomination chosen. The minor suits (dubs 
and diamonds) score 20 points for each trick above six. foe 
majors 30 points for each trick above six and No-Trumps score 
40 points for the first trick and 30 points thereafter. 

I also said that your score depended upon foe number of tricks 
aimed for (level). Should your play of foe hand result in a score of 
100 points or more it is referred to as a ’game' and you receive a 
bonus of 300 points. There is one small snag. To receive this 
bonus you must declare that you will make a game contract 
before foe play starts. A game contract is eleven tricks in a minor 
(5x20= 100), ten tricks m a major (4x30= 120) or nine tricks in No- 
Trumps (40+30+30= 100). To make game in No-Trumps requires 
only nine tricks — less than any other game contract, it is 
therefore a popular game to contract for. 

Anything that scores less than 100 points is known as a 
partscore and receives a bonus of 50 points. 

Cardozo US Open 

Judit Polgar has gone on from 
her success in the rapid play 
match against Anatoly 
Karpov to score a fine victory 
in the Cardozo US Open in 

Top results were as follows: 
Judit Polgar and Boris Gulko 
8/9: Alex Wotkiewicz. Ian Rog¬ 
ers and Shaked Tal 7519. 
Julian Hodgson scored 63/9. 
Judit Polgar took the title on 

40 Rg5 Kd6 

4tg4 c4 

42 NfS+ Bd5 

43 Rxf5 Black resigns 

Diagram of final position 

JOANNE GOODE, foe only 
mother playing top-class pro¬ 
fessional badminton, saw her 
chances of winning three gold 
medals improve yesterday 
even though England's victory 
over Fiji was little more than a 

The 50 triumph, foe second 
in succession by foe women's 
team, was achieved in 72 
minutes with foe expenditure 
of such modest effort that 
Goode was effectively given 
two more days in which to 
recover from foe conjunc- 

From Richard Eaton 

tivids she contracted from her 
baby son. Jack. 

This has caused foe former 
All England mixed doubles 
champion to play in specta¬ 
cles. Goode will not. however, 
have to deride whether or not 
to continue with this inconve¬ 
nience until tomorrow 
because today is a rest day for 
the women. England will then 
take on South Africa in a 
match that decides who 
reaches the medal positions. 

The women from Australia. 
New Zealand and Scotland 
also won for foe second time 
yesterday. Scotland’s 4-1 suc¬ 
cess against Wales took them 
a step closer to winning their 
first medal since Dan Travers, 
now the national coach, 
earned gold in the men’s 
doubles in 1986. Earlier. 
Wales* men won 4-1 against 
Fiji, but were unlucky here as 
well. John Leyung. who fell 
over in a tropical storm on 


Last week I left you to consider how many tricks you would 
expect to make on this hand. 

White Judit Polgar 
Blade Joel Benjamin 
US Open, 1998 

Ruy Lopez 

1 e4 e5 

White Shaked Tal 
Black: Julian Hodgson 
US Open 1998 

English Opening 

♦ K 82 
+ KJ98 



♦ KQ72 

♦ None 

You decide that it is best to play in hearts and that you will lose 
three spade tricks if North has the ace. together with the ace of 
trumps. Thus you say that you will make a partscore in hearts. If 
you make nine tricks you will score 140 points 
(3x30+50(bonus)=140). If you make ten tricks you will score 170 
points (4x30+50-170). 

You have forgotten something — South said he had 14 points 
and North 3. What are North's three points? South must have the 
ace of spades. You can therefore make your king of spades for 
one spade, five hearts and four diamonds, ten tricks in all. Try it. 

You could therefore have chosen game in hearts as your 
contract and would have scored the same 120 (4x30) points. 
However, in addition you would have had a bonus of 300 points 
for contracting and making a game, giving a total of 420 points 
— a much better score and why sometimes you must take a risk 
in deriding whether or not to go for game. 

If you are to receive a bonus when you make your contract 
(either 50 or 300 points), it will come as no surprise to learn that 
there are penalties when you fail. If you play in a partscore then 
you lose 50 points for each trick fewer than seven that you make: 
if you play in game you lose 50 points for each trick by which you 
fail. So, for example, if you contract for game in diamonds 
(eleven tricks) and make eight tricks then you score minus 150 

□ You can get any five lessons from this beginners’ course by 
sending five 26p stamps to Sally Brock. 73Totteridge Lane, High 
Wycombe. Bucks HP13 7QA. 

I e4 
3 Bb5 

6 Bhc 6 

8 Qxd8+ 

9 Nc3 

10 h3 

II Rdl 

12 a3 

13 Bg5 

14 Rd2 

15 Radi 
17 Nf3 
IS Rel 

19 Re4 

20 Ne2 

21 RI4 

22 Ntd4 

23 Rfxd-1 

24 RxJ>4 


26 RhB 

27 Nt3 

28 RcS 

30 Rxg7 

31 Nxd2 

32 Kh2 

33 M 

34 Nil 

35 Na3 

36 Kq3 

37 h5 

38 Rg4 

1 C4 

2 Nc3 
4 Nf3 
7 Nd4 

9 txc4 

11 Bg2 

12 3xe4 

13 Qb3 

14 Qc3 

15 Be3 

16 Ne6 

17 d*e6 

18 9(4 
79 Bd2 

20 Bbl 

21 Rgl 

22 gA 

23 Qb3 

24 Qxb7 

25 &c3 

























Black resigns 


9_Oom-3.0pcTT; Opening Ceremony 

SW1MMNG: 1 . 0 am: Women's 100m free¬ 
style heats. Man's 7 00m ereastsmAfi 
heats. Women'9 400m mdvfriaj moc*jy 
heals: Men's 20ttn freestyle heats Wom¬ 
en's 4x200n freeavie relay hwts 
10.32am: Women's 100m freestyle final 
Men's breaststroke final. Women s 400m 
mOvKJual medley final. Men's 20ttn free¬ 
style final Women's 4 x 200 m freestyle 
relay final 5.0am: Synchronised solo 
tocmcel rouwe. 

BAOMWTON: 1.0am. 6.0am and lO.Oanc 
Team evert prefirrunanes 

BOXING: 60am and T030am: P*e*nmary 
boua. venous wdghta 
CRICKET: 2.0am: Sn Lanka v Jamatea. 
Malaysia v Zimbabwe. Austria v Arttgua, 
Canada v Mo. Pauaan v Kenya 
CYCUNG: 12.30am: Men s 184 km rood 

HOCKEY; Men; 005am: Soutfi Africa v 
India. 1005am- Canada v Pakistan 
11.35am: Trtrtdud and Tobaqo v Austraha 
1238pm. Wales v New ZeaatJ Women: 
8 Oarm Scotland v Jamaica T0.05arr Smth 
Africa v England. H35om: Austral* v 
Malaysia. 1235pm: ima v Trtnttjd and 


LAWN BOWLS: Mem 1230am. 6.30cm and 
1130am: Fotss. Woman; 1230am, 6.30am 
and 11300m: Fows 

RUGBY: 83am; Pif » Wales 830am- South 
Ahca v Papa Net* Gumea. 8 «0am: Western 
Samoa v Canada 96am: New Zealand v Sri 
tanka 930am England v Tonga 9.40am 
Australia v Cook kaarms 10.0am: Wales v 
9*raz#ana 10303m Papua New Ownra v 
Thntdad and Tobago loaoanr Canada v 
Bahorrun 11.0am: Sn Lanka * Malaysia 
1130am: Tonga v Kenya 11.40am: Ccok 
Ktantfev Cayman Islands 13 torn-Swaaljnd 
*F6 1230pm. Trinidad and Totnoov South 
Africa 12.40pm: Bahamas v Western Samoa 
1.0pm: Malaysia v New Ceafarc 130pm: 
Konya v England 1.40pm: Caynun KJandsv 

SQUASH. l.0am-? 0prrr Men's cmates Erst 
round l-Oam-HDpm: Women's anole^, Brsr 

Wednesday while running in 
■ a car park^ injuring his knee, 
lasted only nine points. Hav¬ 
ing pulled out of the opening 
match against England alto¬ 
gether he was unexpectedly 
thrust into the men’s doubles 
and retired after only six 

“We even tried to ger per¬ 
mission to play myself in¬ 
stead,” Chris Rees, the Wales 
coach, who wanted to avoid 
using players in two matches 
on the same day in humid 
conditions, said. However, 
Rees was deemed ineligible 
and now foe fears are that 
Leyung may have damaged a 

The Malaysia men. who 
could well win a trio of gold 
medals and make badminton 
foe most successful sport for 
the home country, scored their 
second quickfire win. 5-0 
against Northern Ireland. 
They now need only to beat 
Canada to get into foe medal 


Games results, page 48 


Britannic Assurance 
county championship 
W JO. tfiffd Cjv o.' four. t{X owns irmmjm 

CA RDIFF : Glamorgan v Derbyshire 
CAN TERBU RY: Kent v Somerset 
LEICESTER: Leicestershire v Essex 
LORD’S: Middlesex v Gloucestershire 
NORTHAMPTON: Northamptonshire v 

WORCESTER: Worcestershire v 

HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire v 




(£4.681: 2m) (5) 

2-25. Typical Woman. 2.55 The Full Monty. 3.25 
Tactix. 3.55 Mrs Em. 4.30 Running Free. 5.05 

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(£ 2 . 495 - 2 m 4 f) (11 runners) 

l:i B 0 3“ o ,?f STBEEr " #IDB,HURDLE 

Times book 

1030 . fesl day of 1 m. 104 wets mnlmjm 
TRENT BRIDGE: Nonnghamshfre v 

The Times Winning Moves 2 
contains 240 chess puzzles from 
International Grandmaster 
Raymond Keene's daily column in 
The Times, and is available now 
from bookshops or from B. T. 
Batsford Ud (tel; 01TO7 369966 at 


day of lour. How: Sussex v Ncurghnn- 
shm Second day of three: Darby: 
Detbyshra v Nonhanctcnsren South¬ 
ampton: Hampshire v Lancashire 
Frt e naann : Warwadctnre v Vordstwe 

□ Raymond Keene writes on chess 
from Monday to Friday in Sport 
and in the Weekend section on 

nck-oH 7J0urtess staled 
Nationwide League 
First division 

Trsrmere v Huddersfield (T 45) 
ThW diviGion 

Hafita*vCaraH[ 7 . 45 )_ . 

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2 PP5f BUNDERSURG 1233 J Joseph B-10-1? ... CUMcftn 

3 2-30 MKMOKT 27 MSfcnStt 5-10-12. _ RJoESn 

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(£3.602- 2m 7(11 Oyd) (7) 



Mdtand Ccrieienca. Monhampiwi v Notts 
County (11 0) 

LEAGUE: Premier dMslon: Ely v 

By Pbilqj Howard 

By Raymond Keene 


a. A mythical beast 

b. A rock plant 

c. A troublesome child 


a. A reactionary fogey 

b. A religious enthusiast 

c. A mineral 


a. Afrog 

b. A style of collar 

c. A cat burglar 

a. Harper’s Buffalo 

b. A shopkeepers’ cartel 

White lo play. This position is 
from the game Wilimofo — 
Spencer. Major Open. Tor¬ 
quay 19%. How did White 
power his way through on foe 
kingside to deliver checkmate? 

Answers on page 50 

Solution on page 50 


JJB Laagua 

Hull v HaMar (7.30) . 

SneHeld v London 

[a Bramafl Lane. 7.30). 

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EOUESmANtSM: Btenhetm mr«j day 
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lONSHIP: Ulster v LCnatei fai Ravonhin 

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Blinkered first time 

uk i eiefjione. ui/m.v /ok 




Double Trigger stays on top 


By Richard Evans 

S •HfSP'MS : flow *T" 

Double Trigger delights the crowd with his victory in the Doncaster Cup yesterday 

COMPARISONS may be odi- 
w*. ous, but noone should be- 
” grudge Double Trigger being 
ranked alongside the best 
stayers of all time after he 
made a glorious exit from 
Britis h racing yesterday by 
winning the Great North 
Eastern Railway Doncaster 
Cup for the third time. 

In typical Double Trigger 
style, the Mark Johnston- 
trained seven-year-old made 
all the running over two and a 
quarter miles at Town Moor 
and showed his tenacity to 
thwart determined challenges 


(3.15 Goodwood) 

Next best Schnitzel 
(2.15 Goodwood) 

laid down first by Canon Can. 
then by Busy Flight to win by 
a length. 

The emotional success 
means Double Trigger is the 
first horse since Beeswing in 
the 1840s to win the Doncaster 
Cup more than twice. Add to 
that a trio of victories in the 
Goodwood Cup and a Gold 
Cup at RqyaJ Ascot in 1995 and 
it is no wonder Johnston 
believes such a record entitles 
the horse to be considered 
alongside the champion stay¬ 
ers of yesteryear. 

“Great horses like Ardross 
and Le Moss won cup races 
and could compete at group 

one level over a mile and a 
half. I accept Trigger could not 
do that, but at two miles plus J 
doubt if they could have 
beaten him." the Middleham 
handler said. 

“This is history for sure, ft is 
just sad to think he is going 
into retirement at a time when 
he is happier and easier to 
train than ever before. He 
stays and stays and stays, ff 
they want to beat him. they 

must not wait until their tanks 
are empty. You have got to try 
to beat him early in the race." 

There will be only be one 
more opportunity for his ri¬ 
vals to try — when he runs for 
tfie last time in France next 
month in the Prix du Cadran. 
Then he will be off to stud, 
where he should make his 
mark as a National Hunt 

The rules of racing, which 

now run to 430 pages, have 
precious little to say on the 
matter of mobile telephones — 
but the ubiquitous symbol of 
modem communications 
landed Frankie Dettori in a 
spot of bother yesterday after 
he won the GNER Park 
Stakes on Handsome Ridge, 
owned by David Piatt, the 
former England football cap¬ 
tain. Platt, on a working 
holiday in Sardinia, had a 

commentary of the race re¬ 
layed to him by his brother-in- 
law, Nicky Vaughan, trav¬ 
elling head lad’ to John 
Gosden. As Dertori partnered 
Handsome Ridge back to the 
winner's enclosure, he was 
passed the phone and spoke to 
Platt about the victory. 

The manoeuvre was spotted 
by Patrick Hibbert-Fby, the 
stewards' secretary, who had a 
quiet word with the Dettori. 
“There is no rule against it. 
but it does not create a very 
good image." he said. 

"He has a point," Dettori 
admitted, “ft doesn't look too 
good, and soccer players don’t 
do it when they score. But the 
owner was so delighted, he 
wanted to speak to me." 

David Loder is another 
happy man who almost cer¬ 
tainly was on the telephone to 
Dettori yesterday evening 
after the jockey had partnered 
Calando to an impressive 
success in the May Hill 
Stakes. The filly has not 
always impressed Dettori cm 
the Newmarket gallops but 
she is a different proposition 
on' the racecourse and Coral 
was sufficiently impressed to 
make her a 10-1 favourite for 
next year's Oaks. However, a 
nip to the United States may 
beckon in the meantime. 

Ricky Bowman, assistant to 
Loder, said: “She may go for 
the Breeders' Cup Juvenile 
Fillies'. Being by Storm Cat, 
she should go on the dirt" 

Easy call, trained by Brian 
Meehan, is likely to tackle the 
Prix de 1’Abbaye at Long- 
champ after his victory in the 
Scarbrough Stakes. 

Fantastic Light can leave 
opposition in the shade 


2105: A front-runner. Prolix 
wig appreciate dropping 
back in. trip. He will also 
come on for his recent outing 
at York, bur must give weight 
to two interesting stable- 
mates in Marcus Maximus, 
impressive an his debut and 
Dokos, though FaJJon’s 
choice is a brother to 
Miesque and might be worth 
trying back over a mile. 
Dark Shed might not have 
been getting home since his 
impressive maiden win over 
this trip at San down in June. 

2.35: The Fly and Kingfisher 
Mill have not flourished this 
term, though the latter is still 
likely to take on Mutawwaj 
for toe lead. The Godolphin 
colt might prefer faster 
ground, anyway, whereas Al- 
tawedah will enjoy easier 
conditions after disappoint¬ 
ing at Haydock last time. 
Henry Cedi can be relied 
upon to have Craigsteel fit 
for his return and the coh 
can improve on his honour¬ 
able record at two. 

3.05: Commander Collins 
justified his reputation on his 
debut but has been a sick 
horse since. Lavery im¬ 
proved on faster ground last 
time, but Auction House 
achieved more by making all 
at York. Front-runners were. 
favoured by conditions there, 
however, and the ground will 
be slower here. That will suit 
Locombe HUL as will the 

extra furlong. Indiana Leg-' 
end, the horse he beat easily 
last time, has since finished 
fourth in the Prix Momy. 

335: Dantesque prefers fast¬ 
er ground, likewise Jaazim. 
who was set plenty to do at 
York. Baffin Bay, who would 
need a real test at this trip, 
will get a positive ride but has 
a poor draw. Jazil has fared 
better in that respect and 
should also have plenty' of 
use made of him. which may 
count against Raivue. who 
dominated throughout at 
Ripon (fast ground). Eagle's 
Cross comes from a stable 
back in form and will 
appreciate cut underfoot for 
the first time since he looked 
so promising at Bath in June. 



2.15: Cashiki’s prospects of 
lesuling are diminished by a 
low draw, whereas Schnitzel 
starts hard by the rail. Trio’S 
wm at Doncaster yesterday 
was partly attributable to 
easier ground, but still 

advertised the Epsom nurs¬ 
ery in which Schnitzel rallied 
against the well-regarded 
Relative Shade. That proved 
he can handle an undulating 
track, and he had looked as 
though softer ground would 
suit at Ascot previously. Pi¬ 
casso's Heritage could im¬ 
prove on his handicap debut, 
while Mujkari looks another 
typical nursery type. • 

2.45: Fantastic Light can 
remain unbeaten, as tong as 
his jockey makes this a 
proper test. He has taken 
time to get going on faster 
ground and is likely to appre¬ 
ciate conditions today. By 
contrast, Mutaahab has 
shown plenty of speed on fast 
going over shorter trips. 
Glamis will reward his train¬ 
er's patient approach, but 
looks a dubious proposition 
up in trip on soft ground. 

3.15: Lonesome Dude has 
been favoured by the draw, 
though that advantage may 
be forfeited if he is held up on 
the inside. He fared honour¬ 
ably when ridden from off 
the pace in a race dominated 
by front-runners at York. 
Conspicuous and Yola Via go 
well here, and Tarski is one 
to keep an eye on. but it is 
worth raking a chance that 
Somayda improves suffi¬ 
ciently to overcome a modest 
draw. A half-brother to 
Saisabil. proven on easy 
ground, he should be suited 
by stepping up in trip. 

Chris McGrath 

1.45 Present Situation 

2.15 Goodwood Jazz 

2.45 Mutaahab 

3.15 Conspicuous 


3.45 Hujoom 
4.15 Master MBIfieW 
4.50 Catapult 
5.20 Cuff 

Timekeeper's top rating: 2-45 FANTASTIC LIGHT 

103 (13) WM32 BOOT TIMES 74 (CD.BFJF,6S) (Mrs D Rrtwson) B Hal 9-10-0 _ B West |4) 88 

Rtoxtam iwncer Draw m Ixadnb Sn-figm 
tain tf — fell. P — putted up. U — imeaieti 
ndet. 8—tmuntaduna S — sftapeo up R— 
refused D—asquaWfed). Horses name Days 
since lad outing; J ri ju vpn f 3 M IB — 

KHnlans. V—rtsbr H — fxwt £ — Eyasttekl 
C — cousmSi» D —- dtsance **vwr CO— 

cam and dedans wm HF — Beaton 
tmuBe in latest receV Gotafl on irticli hose las 
non {F—tan. good la tern, hart G—qo«L 
S — sot. good to soft, heavy). Owner in backets 
Train*. Age and might Rider pan any aUnavs 
nmetaepWisoeed rating. 




(ON I: £3,465:1m) (19 runners) 











-05600 BWWtHtRDGE 144(DJ)(MB5CHodWB«)BLUooB*-1(Ml Candy Monte 
315144 L-ESTAatfaajWE20(FU»aNjB8wOBSawt3-9-8 —- HPoferd(5) 
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142104 WARRMGTI (DF.G) (C SeottJ 1* Santa 49-4-- R Price 

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806500 JBERSH28(D.FAS)|lShelton)PHMtng64-12-PaMEdtay 

604700 DETACHMENT 87 flfiss Z Dtobon) Iffiss Z Damon 5-8-16 .. WJO’Cwnor 

340044 TRIBAL PEACE 13 (C.F.S) IB6taby Ltd}BGUtty 649- RHutfK 

00-060 DESERTVALENTINE7B(MrsLHainan)LCtWraH3-8-8-AOriyO) 

004040 OfiJEHTOFOMHN30(BJ7.S)(Uwrad&fl)EWtKtaW-6 5C*an(7) 

030000 MUARABAY87 (D.S)(KConti)Glate4-8-6-...TAaltay 

0-1024 FAR-S0-LA20 (F) |SjtaareB)B Peat* 3-8-6-MrifeDwyar 

600205 IriJTAHADETH 7 (HD) IK RaUnrt) D Shta 4-8-4-A McCarthy (3) 

226608 CABCHAR6EBLUE 13(DF5) (J Wtsa)T M-2-- TSprata 

052135 CHB8SHB330(D.B)(RRdchant-Gontt)JHteta3-6-2-PDoo(5) 







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( Wfl iq FAMOUS 13 (OWLS) (Enure Wo M PascaB) J Bndyer 5-B-l - R BrtSand (7) 

0-0040 MOROiCX 86 (PfJB) <4 ftmtf P Haynart fi-M-Atom Cook R) 

112030 SEA SPOUSE 3 (D.S) (Sewn 5os Ractoo) M Btaetanl 7-7-10. DafeiSbson 
00600 LHGUSDC DANES! 36 IB PananwwW A Nnoombe 3-7-10 .. A Pi* (5) 
lorn handcap: Sea Soduse 7-7. LfnQutiic fencer 6-10 

HFTTMS: 0.7 FW Du Cot* 6-1 LUabte flwte 7-1 Waning. KM UutSwteth. Fran Staon, 
CtfSkS BtoTTl CtaHta Uuw flay. 16-1 Famu. 20-1 am 
1B97: BOLD LANCE 4 -3-1 L Dattori (6-1 Ito) R 0*Sri8tai 72 °*l _ 


t2-y-0: £3738: 7f) (11 runners) 

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[8) 528644 CONSPICUOUS 45 (C0JF&S) Ms J HopkfeB) L Cooren B-9-9 ADalyp) 

403 (12) 00-250 KMG OF TUNES 86 (ELS) (Us E Smftanl J Slwnan 6-96. R Hughes 

404 (ID) 431403 CYBER WORLD 23 (V£) (Hlarcbos FanetyJ Us J Cud 3-9-5 - Uanta D*W 
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(6) 510060 DIAMOND WHITE 2B (FI (P Scon) K Wkvrnt 3-9-2 .. RPnra Q® 

|9] 600151 VOLA VIA 13 (BfDF£) (6 Siam l Baking 5-9-1 ... Lgareio Mascrton (7) 102 

(3) 55-15 SOMAYDA 48 (BF.S) (H aHAUamin) j Dunlap 3-6-11.— G Cater 

(7) 54K00 TARSM 45 (fl (E Gadtdan & Mrs U Fakbun) L CflUrel 4-8-10 MPoCarrf (5) 

-52231 INLLM&41 PS) (C UfclR(toe3 3-8-10__ SDrowito 

6340 BORAM 21 (Dr Jttatfcy} I BaMMg 34-W ...S WWwarffi 

413 (14) 201012 PASS TIC RSI 28 (BF.5) (J Raunhe) J Noseda 3-8-7_ GWnd 

414 (4 3-0015 HARDY DANCER 13 IBFiLF.G) (P Htonm) G L Moore 6-7-11 _ F Norton 

BETRNB; 9-2 Unesome Dude. S-i Coosptona. Somnda. 7 i Cv*w World. 8-1 Tlierriea. Pass The flea. 10-1 
lung a Tunes. Mtttag. 14-1 Lady Rocksar. Vota Via iE-1 H v&i Dares. 20-1 othen. 

1997: DAMSH RHAPSODY 4-10-0 W Ryan (10-11 Lady Hetms U ran 

Conspicuous ?«(4th 0 ( 
Rpomood^m it iKwL good). 


Junes 23) ?4ft o) 32 » Mee To lose «Iwaficap 

at Ascot (1m. good lo soft). prewoiEly 7itr5(hDn2ioFofYour Eyes Only In handexi at Sandow 
(tm I4yn. good to Gnn) wttti Diamond WWte Rto snree oil) 15110th. D/ao World 11413rd ot 12 
ro Suxeme Sound In handicap ai York (ire 2185yd. firm) with lonesome Dude (levels) lMl 4th 
Thertwa ZUI 5Ui ol 22 m For Your Eyes Only in hantficap » Goodwood (lm. good to soR) Lady 
RadistarSVI 3ntotSu> Sugnsne Sound h handicap al Yarmouth £lm 27 21yd. good to firm) 
Dtamond WNte 6151 lOUi ol 12 to Cantina in handicap at LjrafieW (71140yd. good to firm). Vda 
Vto beat Rtysr 1 : Scute 31 to itMumef amattur iranewaj) al Grodwod fire 11. good to Urn) wttti 
Italy Dancer (7to bettor oil) Wi 5*. Sona^to 2«l 5lh ri 12 to BolTm Terry in handicap a 

Newrasde (im r ‘ “ .. 

(imapodto! . 
sWi-Bonni 21110 th ri‘ 

The Rest 3i 2nd ri Jfi to GoUbme to handicap a Southwell pm. All 

KN& OF TUNES nre well here and can bfflrce back to torn 


(3-Y-Q: £6,290:71) (7 rormets) 

501 (3) 04130- ADCENPR0UBICE320(F.G)Ufe*K3one)MJaMtoQ8-12— JCnrol 

5U2 IB) 11430- GRAND R0YALE285 (Ffl M 7XQ& US J N Cifiaghan 8-12 GMUd - 

503 (5) 04402 HUIOOM 42 (DF^) (Kdwh Recmg Synfinfc) 3 0u4op 6-1?- G Carter 1Q6 

504 1 4) 214-36 MA4AAM56(fltHaHWtoiaigP»«lwyna-i2-RCoehme 68 

SIB 0 1-1504 PARS SPORT 30 (D££) (i AMUtah) E Dgrtop 8-12-SttMwflh 89 

506 (7) 1- UADJA«A319(D l G){HRHAgBl<hinHC>msd8-7-OlMha 95 

507 (ll 4210- MMlAH 321 (S) (71 ri-SMtun) If 7reflcnfryj 8-7-T Sprite 73 

BE1TNG: 9-4 Hujoonv. 7-2 4-1 ItotoamHa. 5-1 Paris Sporr. 6-1 Ati En Prwena. 10-1 Wndi 33-1 


1997: KAHAL 8-12 L Damn (1341) S bln Sunn 4 ran 


(D'w 11: £3,465:1m) (19 runners) 

GUI (7) 00459- TREMPUN 290 (5) (M Tato) N Callaghan 6-9-11-RHsrfUE , 15 

602 (13) 042050 STORM CAT 22 (V] (A EfflnJ K McAuhOu 3-9-8-JFE(pn 70 

603 (10) UB401 PROSPECTOR'S COVE Z4 (DF^5| (S»3can RaOngJ J Pearce 5-Mi R Price 

604 (17) -03240 A®ITMULDER55(B.D.G)(PCundedf)PGwtofl4-9-3 —. 6FariteBrPl 

605 (19) 0514-1 MASTER MLLFHD 8 (D.F.G) (P Stem) B Honge. 6-8-12 (Stag _ Sftnwne 

606 (5) -524U0 (KSERT TIC 13 (COF.8) «*s M Horore) C Hagan 84-1Q —. S &rfWd 

607 0 -22300 QUSJTS K3GMA 44 (CD.F^kS) (W Fensonby) D ArtwbflU 5-&-10 CRuBBt 

606 (8) 680656 AWKAY13(G)fflanspwR m»bP arVaaslflhgom4-S-9 .. NPofiart^) 

6D9 (15) 000000 VIPCHARUE18 [ATayla) JJtertktns4-8-7-SWHHWrtv _ 

610 (14) KB300 VMBOO BEACH 13 p/JS) (Um J Ueae) 6 L Moo* 7-8-6. CaidyMnrris Ejf 

611 (16) 005500 GEMUS 6 (D) (Nonrentr Dratopmenc (LDOden)l S Dw 3-8-5 .— G Carter 86 

512 (4) 005« MAC OKT65157 (CDfllD Urte) -A Ddy (3) 

... - . PadErMay 

RBrtefend (7) 

613 (12> 0^500 VKSLOIANI200 P.Cam) A PmKareri» a«-3 - 

(ij 033100 WKWQJ. 9 (BJJ.Sl (P CoKe) GLMnare 4-8-2 

(BJ IJWB00 AfiDSYT39 (D5) (PLarawCeensaad4-6-1-AMactey 

BIG (9) 403201 MAGICAL DANCER 28 (OF) (Piccnta Boys) Ms P (Xafiek) 3^8-0 _ T Sprate 

6)7 flD 300014 LAIS 8AY17 (F) (SnutUM TmM) P Ham 3-712-P Bndey (7) 

BIB 0 002600 BIT OF A LAD 17 (Mb H Kalita) R Baser 3-7-10-F total 

819 (18) 50-000 CROFT SAMIS 37 (Miss V FHR J NKhuna 5-7-10-HVMtoy 

Lung hondlcip' Bl 01A Lad 7-5. Cm! Sotos 7-4. 

BETTMS: 9-2 Msster IfllML 11-2 Proqacnr's CM. 8-1 Sawn Cal. Mae Dates. 1 M Qieen'B hsiQnta. 
(talus. Magical Canes. 14-1 ntas 


4.50 EBF CUCUMBER MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y- 0: £4,825: 61) (It runners] 

1 (to 0 KJJE LASS) 7 (MBS J Sample) BMeehan 9-0-MTebten - 

2 m CATAPULT (Hesnonds SuQ J Noseda 941-J Carol - 

3 0 CLASSIC RGH1ffl(PStw»»)jaeahan 941 -3 Drown: - 

4 (5) 4 CLEARMGHT9T(JLaoari)RKama9-0. RHsgrw 27 

5 (4) 0 HUM)VSHWE7 (Dt F Crcm) S Muds9-0..- PBiBMary - 

6 16) 42 l£JNJZ22 [H a}4W4aw) B HUS 9-0--R Cocha* CH 

7.(11) 0 JWEMMNCEBStMlariwEijutalJrilllteAiiffleW-JFEgan 58 

a (7) TOP STAR (5 Crnm) M Damn 9-0-- AMtaa* - 

9 (3) TRUMPET SLUES (B Lfcmrt) J Outep 94)-S Carta - 

10 0 VORADOUS (K NxWa) HCecf 94)---AMcfitone - 


BEmNS: > 5-4 Mmfte. 5-2 VnaDtus. 7-1 TnmpH Blues. 12-1 Cfea toghL Rtwdsnce, 16-1 Tup Sbr. 20-1 Stoe 
laser. CaBpriL S-l dObs 

1997: ICEBAM) 94) L DeOori (4-5 Ih) J Gosden 12 ran 

5.20 HARVEST CLASSIFIED STAKES (£3,670: lm 4f) (B runners) 

1. 0 2-1623 TOUGH ACT 45 (CDfl (Mre R Dad) Ms A Rem# 4-9-7-R Hughes [3 

2 (5> 00314- ALHOSAAM 1SSJ t&JXBI P»CW0GLMom4-9-5-CjK»Mante 91 

3 (11 «HOOO FL1HTKG AROUND 77 (G) (G POa) R S*re»in 4-9-5-MGatogher « 

4 (61 -34420 UVfUS9[MsLlawter)DC&tatoeH4-9-5 .. RCnetoane 88 

5- 0 11*185 SWAN HUNTBl 2D (DAS) (D Ygnttdl 0 Cosjyon 5-9-S- G Carta 88 

6 (4) 31 PBSUNT 33 (ti(KAfaiMli)HCed] 3-8-12- AU &tOHi 51 

7 0 2-3230 DOUBLE BLADE 14 (2nd MtotMsR RkMksMp) M Jdhteaw 3-8-10 J Carol 88 

8 (7) 1 CUFF 30 (F) (Lad Itefiggta) J Gosrta 341-9-B.HW 85 

BETTWG: 6-4 IteldU. M Cfl>, n-7 LirtBS, 6-1 Tacn An 7-1 Dad* Bade. 1W ARimaam. 16-1 Ftrerg 
Around. 20-1 Sm Biter. 

* 1997: AERLEQM PETE 3-8-12 D Holland (7-Q M State 7 ran 





r ndte. 1-furtoHB. Gootanwd J.TSpm, U*«a«WC2. 

Lonesome Dude QJQQ Milling 
Conspicuous Vola Via 

Pass The Rest EMIal Lady Rockstar 

Somayda tfTrfajll Hardy Dancer 

__Cyber World . Borani 

ESI Therhea fctlfl Diamond White 

H’Hii King Of Tun^ EES1 Tarski 

e^ y o« OiMiwyaiMMplM I jL a. p naa - 


van Quarter VK odUtj plM l ^S, Pnoo Wh|«e» duCtuMWii 
iiqw>Wnntetwtta b «^4W«^4r | ri>.w°«n4»* , ~~'roi)W. 

- i>m.od»s(aimnOT wp6owocm5<b 

ro OPEN A °^ rT .*Z^--f 


1.30 Porto Foricos 
2.05 Prolix 
2.35 Altaweelah 


3.05 AUCTION HOUSE (nap) 
3.35 Eagle's Cross 
4.10 Gdden Snake 
4.40 Night Right 

Our Newmarket Correspondent 1.30 Greenlander. 
2.35 ALTAWEELAH (nap). 4.10 Bergamo. 




(3-Y-0: £5,120: lm md) (5 runners] 

1 (31 200313 LEAR SPEAR Z1 (BFJD.B)t9 Tooth) DEtaorti M- Tttonn 108 

2 (i) 331100 PORTO FORICOS 13 (F)(toarehesFtaflyiHCei# 9-0.KFalon 113 

3 0 -305M SRQOME2S135(S?(StetaMiFAUinun)Cto<ran8-ft .. MJKkau Egg 

4 (5) -40111 SUN3T8EAK21 (DF.6) (R fflcei C Wall 6-11 .. SSondR 117 

5 I*) 1-4 HDUSB(EEPBI30(G)(Anp&BhaJS»*l99OBCrsrtmM - 0 Pester 118 

BEnWd 7-4 Porto Fortras. 5-2 ewnlanrtsr. 3-1 Suntec*. 6-1 HnEtteqxr. 12-1 Ita Spn 
1997; REVDOUE B-JIJ BwJ (6-5) P Chawto-HyBrn 3 ran 


(£9,600: lm 2f 60yd) (7 runners) 


1 (6) 211553 PROUX24 (pJJBI (R AbduRa) 0 HKb 3-9-7- Pa Eddery 105 

2 (41 12-32 DOKOS25@F.G)(NaUnsF»nfiyjHCetf 4-9-2-lt«n 87 

3 (7) 33-200 PROPER BLUE 13 (DF£S) (U LeagB) T l*lb -DOUBTFUL 89 

4 0 1 COOL VBE513 0 p Furiongj J Pearce 3-8-11____ G Banted 55 

5 0 154 DARK SffiL 45 (OS) (Uid WetoBtori) 9r M State 3-8-11 — UJNnana gg 

6 (1) 1 MARCUS MA3MUS 52 (F) (W Sta) H CecJ 34-11-J Chiton 84 

7 (5) 403021 PSMIZ 25 (Dfl |B VO*) CBrtaln 3-8-11- MRriWE 105 

BETTING: W Proh. W Dotes. 4-1 Marc>& Umu. 13-2 Ptflrta 10-1 Dak sneO. 20-1 Coal Vtoa 

1997: FAITHFUL SON 3-9-1J Raid (11-8 f bv) Sd M Sta® 4 on 

Profe 5MI 3rd ri 6 to Sea Wtaw to group 2 Ynrit stakes (tm 31 
195yd, torn). Dokos Itel 2nd ul 5 lo Mowtain Song in Windsor 
states (ire 2t. tom). Cool Vibes bea Adulation ll in 9-rumer 
NewmaM maids) (lm. good to tom). Dali Shd 5MI 4tn ri.6 to Nate* hi noup 3 slates at 
Goodwood (lm 41, good). Marais Maximus beri Desert Tycoon Bl m S-nmer Yarmouth rraWai 
(lm 3( Ifflyd, good to ftm). Pte(pC deal Copernicus 21 to i2-nmrtaWnctairmardai(lina.tomj. 
PROLIX appeals just below top-dass, but is the clear twin stoecuw here 

2.35 0 & K TROY STAKES 

(Listed race: £13.041:1m 41) (6 Turners) 


1 0 031-40 KHGHStffi MLL108 (D,(LS) (Lort H De Woden) Cecil 4-9-1 Pa&Way 100 

2 ll) 8133052 DC FLY 13 (BF&6) ftta J CoriKO) 0 mis 4-9-1 —. MBs fia 

3 (5) 2184- CRABST1SH.321 (G)[S»DataWHsIHCeOI3-8-5- KFalon 115 

4 0 42-442 MOWBRAiY 83 (BF.F.Q) (S* Oeage Meyrtri) P Cole 3-8-6-TOtten 77 

5 (41 1-3351 MUTA«WW56(Dfl(QiiJo(rite|Staitew3^.. LDetori 1 07 

B 0 0115 ALTAWEELAH 88 IBf.D.G.5) (Sheflii A al-tWhun) L Cum» 3 - 6-1 RRreneh m 

BETTING: 5-2 Uutamn. 3-1 MmBata.9-2 mef^.5-1 UigUu MW. 6-1 Mn tm. B-> Cra&xxi 
1997: BUSY FLIGHT 4-9-1 U«l5[l1-fltw)BItts5an 

• ISWier M9 151 laa ri 9 to beatable in reoup 3 states a 

-‘tQRM 1 HJCUS - - Santown (lm 217yd. good to soil). The Ry ivilJnd ri 4 to Ferny 

5148i ol 8 to SaiMoga Springs it 2yo group 1 states ri Doncaster (lm. good) Mowbray J412nd ol 
6 to Dwfc Moondancer in 3yo sties at Ascot (lm 4(. good) MwawwaJ bea fcmans 71 In 5^imner 

' 5Hi5tori6toCactascalctoningfOi<)3 

states aNewiartael(im< . 
slates at Haydock (tm 3f 

id, good to Ann). 

THE FLY has pnxtoced sane good performances here md can take m hun Craigsteel 

STAKES (Group II: 2-Y-0: £56,010:7f) (8 runners) 


1 1 3) 25124 BBTTQLN23(F) (ShrtbMrtareneU) JGoson9-0- LDsbai 86 

2 (7) 81 LAVBtY 33 (F) (M TtbV S Ws J Mattel) A P O’Brien (ke) 9-0 . M J tome - 

3 0 411 AUCTION HOUSE 24 (CDF) (R AOduDai B IWIs 8-10-MWb 92 

4 (6) 1 GQMMAtOER COUPS 64 HLF) (H Sangda'A Cains) P C-Hpm 8-ID JFbnne 72 

6 ID 11 LDCONBE MIL 56 (F£) (S Hwor) M Btetaard B-10-U Huberts 78 

6 0 2109 HOMER DRAGON 23 (8) ducat* SbcV R Hwmo 8-10-OPesta ^ 

7 (4) 55 THUM3ER SKY21 (ASaefld) C Brttan6-10-KFalon 81 

8 0 13 TlMBLfiNEH)(BiARTOT 55(BF.S)(Turtiinreed) BMedian8-10 Pa&ttty 67 

BETTVtG: 5-2 lany. 3-1 Auction House. 7-2 Camanda ColSns. 8-1 BwttCn. TiottiewuU OtaH. 10-1 
Locwrtt rta. Thunder Dregon. 50-1 Ttanda Sky. 

1997: DAfiGBtS DRAWN 941K FaUon (4-8 ta) H Cecil a ran 

ins beat 1 

Lavery baa) Assess A0 Areas lit I in n-runner grow 1 stakes al 

d Leopanfctown (61. good id firm). Aucfion House beri Cofiseum Ml 
In 7-newer states (listed), at York (81 214yd. tom). Commander 

Tvilto 4-rureier slates ri 

12 ' 

s stokes (fisted) ri Newnarta {7(. firm!- 

ri Hnrtwn (61. good to tom). TTum Dragon 24413to ri 8 
af York (ffl. tom) Sartoinf (I* *w» ofl) 4*1 4ft. 

Commander Coffins dearly hs potential, but LAVSWs experience may to vita 

3.35 JOY UK HANDICAP (£5.120: 1m 41} (17 runners) 


1 1151 510-60 DANT8SOUE 42 (CD,F.G) (Molere Racing) 6 Vtragg 5-9-10 . TQum 90 

2 (5) 1.V100 HENRY SLAW 45 (C0.F-6.S) (FI Moncs) G Wlagg 5-9-9 ..Uffis T07 

3 p) 401340 FANIA1L 23 (DJ.GI (lady Mefeon ol S&Honfl M tun^Wns 4-9-9 . PRobkison pg 

4 (7) 436255 TAVERNER 50GE7Y16 (F) (PW 3 Bfae fedng) ft AfTOOonj 3-M PatEffltay 86 

5 12) -12454 RAISE A PRMCE 60 (D.3) (G Tong) S Woods 5-9-8 . NDiy 108 

6 (17) 611514 CARBURTON 5 (CJ)/.G^) (Boon Wmratel J GJwer 5-9-4 .. NC-aJQntS) 99 

7 116) I-4150 BAFFMBAY24 (BF.G) 1LHohidy) H Ceol 3-9-1 . .. K Fatal 100 

8 (It 6213 JAZIL 28 ^.G) (H aHltalouii) J todan 3-9-4.L Dettori 83 

9 114) -31QS2 JAAZIM22(Dfi (Hat-MaMnin)SuMShue 1-9-3 ... .... MOfOone 101 

10 110) 60001 RAIVUE 20 (0JT Ms A BrtaH] E Wetmc 4-9-0 - R Rrencii « 

11 (4) 513-1 AIREJUCH S (D/£) (J Ahe*) M Jotteton 3-W) (5e>). MflotwB 54 

12 111) -23100 GENOA 11 (G)(RHoangmwih) BHUB3-8-12 . OPtsHer 7S 

13 0 40-120 EAGLE'S CROSS 22 (D.S) (K Abdrita) H t3anon 3-6-11 -J Fortune 103 

14 (121 041068 MCGLLYCUDOY REEKS 10 IDJ.G) (0 E inasai E me-sa 7-B-B. KknTMlei 105 

15 (9) 210620 TAMCERSLEY 22 (SHW3yh«»)P0'Ara 3-85. C UWIhar 87 

16 (6) 41506- FASftDM VBTM 316 (F5) (R tales) TCalftwJ 3-8-2 . ACi*we 69 

17 (13) 211212 WARNMB RffF 20 (BF,D.F££) (Valley Faddocte) F AWoi 5-7-11 WSuptfe 106 

BETTING: 6-1 Eagfe'c Crocs, tadm. M Sdtoi Sly. AlOotOt. B-t Ml. MM Fantxl. il-J Rita A Mice. 
Wammg Reel i2-i Cartutun. 16-1 Tevnner boduy, Ratue. 20-1 Dmesty*. Hmty island. 25-1 otiess 

1997: DANTESQUE 4-9-3 G Mltan H5-2) 0 Wage 16 on 

Dantesque n) 7th o) 9 lo Sabadilia m handicap to Goodwood tire 
41. good). FartaB 53UBlh of 21 to Tuning n handicap to Y<x* dm 
5) 194yd. Him) Henry Island (21b belief cfl) 14113th. Taverner 
Society 2’4t 5lh ri 8 to Copeland in 3yn feed sates at Ctxi^onme dm 4). sofl) Raise A Rrirtce 
5^14th ol 8 to Pertpd Paradigm In Iwnficao ri Haydock (lm 21200yd. good to rare) with Jaaarn 
l6lb woce OH) 5Vil 5th. Catbunon 61414ih ol 9 to Alcazar m handicap at Haydock (irr 31200yd. 
good) Baffin Bay 19110th ri 12 to Blueprint m 3yo handicap to Yorfi (lm 51194yd. Ilrmj Jaz3 2tji 
ad ri 7 to Secret Archive in handicap to Newbury (lm 3t 5yd. good lo ram). Jaaztrn ll 2nd ol 14 *o 
Briefly Beta in handicap to York (Tm 3( T95yd. (irrei tatfi Mc^eycudcfy Reeks (51b t-efter off) 5« i 
6m. Ease's Cross (4b better pH) 141 nth and Tantasley (41b better off) 321 laa. Raivue treat 
Warring Reel (5t> better oil) 21 m B-nmer handicap to Ripon dm 4) 60yd. prod to brmi. Attach 
beat Mughem V51 in 94umer 3yo handicap to York (im 31195yd. good) Genoa 7HI nth ri <2 to 
lighl Step in fillies handicap to Newcastle (lm 21 32yd. good ro liire). 

The consistent CARBURTON can late this ai the expense ol Alberfch 


(2-Y-O: £3,840: lm sir) (16 runners) 



553 BERGAMO 11 (Mas MCartO J NBHl4 9to. 

.. Dane DNefll 




66 BLUE 14 (K Buctaran) Iks A PtneO 9-0 --- 

- A Dart ™ 



CWPfB (SLAM) (K AtHUhl B HJK 9-0 ... 

. . . KOarfey 




GALLANT GLORY (Shefth Mohammnb J fosden 9-0 ._ . 

_ 0 Ptstia 



5 GOLDEN SNAKE 27 W ObaHk) B HJfc 9-0 . - . 





KATTEGAT (Lord H Dt VHdoil W Jaws 9-0- .. 

_ K Faion 




6 LAST HAVEN 18 fttxma 00 ManmUa) J FH^eraW 9-0 . 

.... JWeavw 




PECUUAW1Y (Tte Fanil* PatneBMp) 6 smart W):_ 

_ TOrtnn 




0 PI«D0RHLiDySwaijMBJltaredar9D . . 

.. . J Fauna 




0 StUPLY NOBLE 49 (MCJrfS Equine uoi K MiAutte 3-0 . 





3 TH1TFCM ALL 55 IM 4-Maktoi*nj M Jnmaor 9-0 . 

, - MRotots 




00 DAIMTY DiSH 78 (T B Cqnswifemi 1 Sanpie ft-9. 

.. . RLarom 




KMYSliA U.Y Oewi Mohaomri) J GffiOen 0-9.. . 

. . . L Dottor 




OCEANS FWENDLY(WCiBrieytBififc8r9.. 

. MJKtoane 




0 SADDLERS' GLORY 9 fT a*amao) C Fettnra 6-9 - 

_ LCtamm* 




00 TOP OF T)€ MCWNE 15 (Mrs J Furlong) J Pan 8-9 - . 

... G Battwel 


SETTING: 4-r ftrysna Uy. 5-1 Swgano. 6-1 Sflidw Srate 7-1 Cooper hand. Te« Item AH s-l Oou ra 
FflWriy. 10-1 Boa. GtiM GtaTT. 14-1 WWS. 

1997: OJY NOMXMS 9-0 J BbU |1M0 ta) P Onntie-Hyani B ran 


(£3,840:51} (22 runners) 

r (8) 4-0150 RU5HCUTTERBAY 24(W.WJBl (IrasnScrtamsa P Einigan5-iW) PftMsMn 90 

2 ( 10 > 013310 OCKEB 14 (DJ.G^ W Tssdale; Mra K MKaafcy 4-10-0 . OanAfefe«m W 

3 120) 421640 fNDtANSPARK27(COi.S)(FBrad»)JGoWe4-10-0. AWtare 90 

4 l«) D00250 DAAYIE 6 (VJLD^&S) lUrs A MalliKonl J Oover 7-10-0 ... S D W*ams 90 

5 II6) 004064 KIRA 20 (C.DJF.G) [J WBSon) J Eyre B-9-13 .. C LCWflie 93 

6 112) 516035 WGHTFUGHT30 (&S| [C Siawnsj R Fsm 4-9-12 -KFjDrei 84 

7 <31 021001 t£VHXQJ 30 ©/£) (Mi fi G ftaheni M C3Hmon 4^-iff ... TCtam 91 

B Hi) 511210 GCRETSH B ID-F.G.S) (PSnll) NTedder5-9-10.. U Roberts 85 

9 (9) 630500 5TATE OF CAUTION 92 (V) Ul Frowst!) 0 3a» 5-9-9- RMUtap) 93 

10 (71) 1-0002 BEWARE 32 (S) U WHmre) D Iterate 3-9-6- AMchrifc(5) 77 

11 (17) 230000 PIGEON6(Fj)(WStoker)DBate)3-9-7.. IWttams 83 

13 0 263520 SK4H8 (P/.G) fiGHertsai) 0 Mdlote5-9-6. AfexGraaves 86 

13 (13) 122001 PLEASURE TIME 14 (VJ]/,G) |A NeeJiam) C Smti 5-9-6 _C Carver (71 91 

)4 ()8) 332800 IWHYS JOY 23 (DiF.G£)fK tort) Klwry 3-9-5 ........ . JFortuv 76 

15 (E) 342040 CLAN CHIEF 20 (BF.DJ.B) (P LcmsI J AmcU £ -9-5 _ . .. . S SanOHS 

15 115) 040004 COtiPRADORE 4 (Dfl [Mr*. J ttfatfan;] M Btamara . DueOlfca 82 

17 US| 001ROO RUSSIAN ROMEO 53 |&G1 IR Bed«r«) B UMatai 3-9-4 .. L Newton 84 

18 f7) 611016 DOMW^MtCJJF.GltStaJriiMTe^i^jTEjaatriB-M KDstay 88 

19 M4j 00*250 HIGH CARRY n(D.F^(J«taS^5*tatayi«rrtta 3-9-2. Pg Eddery 90 

20 (5) 362334 LADY StCOFF 14 (OJBF.D.FJi) (E Mangail M W Easertry 7-9-1 M J Wrwne 82 

21 ll) 214400 J0HAYR02010FAS)(FBrady)JGniifie5-9-1.. WSmate 87 

22 (19) 253020 MA1TEAUA 8 ID.G.S1 (Ur, Z Grant) S Bmnng 5-8-13 _J Weaver 88 

BETTWG: 8-1 LMled. 10-1 Bra GorrisM. udy SherA 12-1 Otter. Wtf* Ffcgtt. SUeb. Oommete. 14-1 
RuSbcutlef Bay. Btaara. 16-1 Pteae Tnw. todlxi Start. Daw. St* 01 Carbon 20-1 Wien 

1997' RET BOS 8-8-5 Dean McKeowi (25-1) S teUewrt 22 on 

















R Armgron) 








H Cedi 












FW Eddery 














Going: good 

1.30 (Sfl 1. Easycafl (M TebUutt. if-S); 2. 
Bishops Cowl M-1 it-tav). 3. Dashing 
Blue (4*1 a-tsw). Proud Native (5th) 4-1 f 
tev. 6 ran Nk, HI. B Meehan. Tote: E7.80; 
E2JO. El 40, £1.70. DF: E1330. CSF: 

205 flm) 1. Trio (J QUm 14-1). 2. Ron 
(8-1); 3. Tne^ HeatWte (25-^ 4. kxfcJce- 
ma« jj- 1 ). Fa k Flight 3-1 tav 18 ran. II. 
1ML G Lewis. Tote: £2320. E3 40. £220. 
0590, E210. OF. £82.00. Trfteeta; 
011.422 GO (part woa Pool ol £6.435 30 
carried toward to 315 Goodwood 
today). CSF: £11165. Tricast £2^68.87. 
SL35 (lm) 1. Handsome RWfio (L Dettori. 

£340; 01.70, £3.50 


OF: 00.60 CSF: 

3.10 (2m 21) 1, DouOtS Trigg® ID Hot- 
land. 8-4 jt-fevl: 2. Busy Fight (11-21, 3. 
Canon Can ®4 It-tav). B rw. IW-Crierto, 
Sanraan. U ZHI M Johnston. TcjB: 

£2.70; Cl,60, £2.70 

DF: £520. CSF; 

9-40 (im) 1, Calando (L Dertor. 5-2 fav); 
8,Kakdasa (14-1);3. Baratamyf7-1). 10 
tan. 2)61. nk-DLodar Tote. es.T&Cl.SQ. 
E3i0. £230. OF E26.00. CSF: £40.17. 

4.10 (71) 1, AstsaataJ (Pa Edday. 7-1); 
2 FfisquB Lady (8-1): 3. Supercd (13-1). 
Doomna (4(h) 3- r lav. (4 r®i NR' tgraja. 

Nk. 1WI J Dunlop. Tcte: £840: £250. 
£220. £420. DF' £45.00. CSF. ES702L 

4.40 (71) 1. Salty Jack (R Cochrane. 8-1). 
2 Sheer Face .(30-1); 3. Quiz Show 
(20-1); 4. Royal Restri (8-1 fav). 20 ran. 
NR: Queen's Pageant. Voley Mr, nk. V 
Soane. Tote. £4.». ei.20. £13.00. £6.90. 
£2.40 DF: £366.90 CSF: £15067 
Tricast £2533.85. 

Jackpot not won (pool of £46,72457 
carried tor-ward to Goodwood today). 
Ptacepot CS4380 Quadpoc £95 h4Q 


Going: good to soft 

1.45 (71 IByd) 1, Beat AU (S Sandere. 6-4 
ftw). 2, Thruri (14-1), 3, Kcnday (2-1) 11 
ran. 2L 15*1. So Michael Stone Tote- 
£220. £1 10. £240. £1.10. DF. £12.40, 
CSF- £2227. 

21 5 ffl ieyd) i. Chafing(S Sencters. 7-4 
fav); 2. M Specuferfon (7-2); 3. Learned 
Fnond (5-2) 9 ran . NR Diamond Blush 
TM. HI Sr Michael SfiXAB Tots; E2J90. 
E1.10. E1GO. £1.10. DF- C&BO. CSF. 

245 (lm 21 36yd) 1, Double Edged (J 
Canoli, 13 - 2 ): 2 Quintus (11-1); 3, MnNst 
M2-1). Mystery Guest (4th) 3-1 lav 13 
ran 2fcl. hd M Johnston. Tote: £5.80; 
£230. £3.00. £240. DF. £t660 CSF 
E67J65 Tricaal- £77B 48 
3£0 (im 2f 3flytn I, Lady In Waiting (r 
Qulm, 10-11); 2. Gtorose (5^ f»). 2 raa 
41 PCote TOO £1.50 

250 (51 IBytfi 1. Mutasawwar (R Price. 
JO-1); 2 Sure To Dream IIB-I). 3. FUs's 
Rocfc Aoe (33-11; 4. Maladerie(8-1 lav). 20 
raa M. 1 mi m Saundere T«e- £1010; 
£220. £2.10. £9 GO. £250. DF £44 50 
CSF: £12721. Tricast £4.836 45. 

420 tlm Uyd) t. WMb Settler ffi 
Whdwortn. 7-4 lav); 2. Zahran (16-1); 3, 
Proud Bngadter PO-H 19 raa NR- 
Rtoanoner. 3»4l, 2tol Mtas S VWtoa Tote. 
£290. £1.50. E560. £20 40 DF: £24.90 
CSF. £3122. 

4450 (7116yd) i. AkaBm (A Daly. 33-1): 2 
Medoaha (11-1). 3, Ca'tforo (J-i tavl: 4. 
Shades d Love (20-1). 19 raa NR- 
Murmoon *1. Ml. L Cottral. Tde. S37S0: 
£4.80. £200. £1 50. £8.80. DF: £572.50. 
CSF- £32626. Tncasf £1.144 60. 
PlacepoC £44 £0 Quadpot £23.90 

Newton Abbot 

Going: good to son [son m ptaces) 

225 (an UOyd chi l. Ptay Games (S 
Durack. 7-4 lav): Z Dormacm Boyo (15-B); 
3. ARcai (25-1) 0 ran NR- Casual Water. 
1W. 41 R Lee Tote- £2.60. £1.50, £1.50- 
DF 5260 CSF: £5.17 
2.55 t2m If hdfan. Red Bwi (WMarelon. 
11 -4). 2, Step In Lme (1+-1). 3, Dutch Dyane 
O-.n Fil The BH tm lav. 9 ran IhL 
1MI. D Wirito Tata £370. El 40. £2 40. 
£1.90. DF. £50 20 CSF: £38 72. 

3JO (2m 51110yd ch) 1, Bayard (Mchari 
BiWian. 11.a. Z.ThusdayNigWlMtaY); 
3. Imermagc (S-i) 3 ran 0.31. J O'Shea 
Tow £6 70Te250. £1 60. DF: £5 40. CSF: 

4.00 (2m K hdtei i. MeCtaflie MBRaire (A P 
McCoy. 4-1J Im)-2. MWosa H-4i. 3. Cod 
Normen(7-l| Bran l*.l.ctia MPipe Tde 
£1 50: £1 00. £1 50. £3.70 DF. £1.» CSF 
£1 01 

4.3013m 21 1 lOvd ch) 1, Spring Marathon 
(P Holey. 10-11 fav). 2. Opwa Festival 
150-1): 3. OualiiarMemory |3-1) 5 ran 2U. 
71 MrePDutneto Tote £1 90.El 10.E050 
OF:£3660 CSF C2051 
5.00 (3m 31 hdtei 1. Snow Board (R 
Johnson 11-2 ndte). 2. KriscJrie (16-1). 3. 
Moortighi Air (6-4 h-iavi Brians (4ihl W 
B-Ibv 6 raa W. fcl Mre M Jones Tore 
C6 30 C30a C3 40 OF- £29 10. CSF 

Ptacepot E2O3J0 Owadpot £155.40 













L CAintan■*««■«to J 

7 Wraftw8iskera:,s n „- to i ■ 




World Cup 
hopes hit 
by series of 

From David Powell In Johannesburg 

MAX JONES. Great Britain's 
performance director, was go¬ 
ing through the list of with¬ 
drawals from his squad for the 
World Cup here when he was 
handed a copy of his original 
line-up to jog his memory. 
‘That’s a good team,” Jones 
said, before bringing himself 
bad; to reality. 

Since the team was chosen. 
Jones had lost ten athletes, in¬ 
cluding three European cham¬ 
pions, Jonathan Edwards, 
Darren Campbell and Dougie 
Walker. ”i have calculated 
that will ‘cost us IS points.” 
Jones sail! fn other words, 
Britain appears to have no 
hope of repeating the runners- 
up spot the men have achieved 
in the last two World Cups. 

After the high of the Europe¬ 
an championships in Buda¬ 
pest, Britain can expect to 
come down to earth with a 
thud, though if Mike Ed¬ 
wards. the team's pole vaufter. 
could make more of a thud on 
the competition bed than usu¬ 
al. the collective landing may 
be softer. Edwards is one of a 
handful of British athletes star¬ 
ing at last place or therea¬ 

The selection of Edwards ex¬ 
emplifies why the nine million 
television viewers, who saw 
Britain leap to the top of the 
medals table in Budapest, 
should not switch on in the 
hope of another all-conquer¬ 
ing performance. The first- 
choice vaulter. Nick Budcfield. 
is injured and the second- 
choice. Kevin Hughes, had, as 
Jones put it, “packed his bags 
for the Commonwealth 
Games by the time Buckfield 
pulled out". 

Injuries and the proximity 
of the Commonwealth Games 
have worked against Jones. 
Without Edwards in the triple 
jump, Britain has had to go 
down to its third-string. Larry 
Achike, after Julian Golley, 
the Commonwealth champi¬ 
on, joined the injury list 

It is essential that Britain 

take maximum points from 
tile four events they should 
win — l wan Thomas. 400 me¬ 
tres. Cotin Jackson, 110 metres 
hurdles, Steve BackJey. jave¬ 
lin. and the 4x 100 metres re¬ 
lay — but it is no less impor¬ 
tant that the tikes of Edwards 
finish higher than their lowly 
rankings suggest. 

This is an unexpected 
chance for Edwards to redeem 
himself in the event which has 
become a disaster area for Brit¬ 
ain. At the last World Cup. 
Neil Winter no-heighted and 
Edwards, having been sent 
home from the 1989 World 
Cup for his performance in a 
Barcelona nightclub, foiled to 
register a point at die Europe¬ 
an Cup this year. “He is under 
orders about starting heights." 
Jones said. "We will make 
sure he gets one in.” 

There are separate competi¬ 
tions for men and women, but 
the British women foiled to 
quality. In the men's event 
Britain is one of only three 
countries competing against 
teams representing five conti¬ 
nents. Africa, on home ground 
for the first time, should se¬ 
cure a third successive victory. 

Britain may finish behind 
Africa, but that did not stop it 
giving the continent a helping 
hand yesterday. George Run¬ 
ner. the Englishman whose 
concept of sports-hall athletics 
gave many stars a taste for the 
sport, launched a similar 
scheme in Soweto, funded by 
the International Amateur Ath¬ 
letic Federation. 

Jamie Baulch. pan of the 
British squad here, sajd it was 
in sports-hall athletics that he 
won his first medal. “It gave 
me the urge to go on to the 
next level,” Baulch said. Sowe¬ 
to opened its first purpose- 
built sports-hall yesterday, 
with a guest-list which includ¬ 
ed Bunner. Baulch and Mari¬ 
on Jones, whose winnings 
over the next three days would 
be enough to build two more 

Easy does it for. from left to right, CiacknelL Redgrave, Foster and Pinseni. Britain’s coxless four 

Scullers hit treble top for Britain 

SIX more British crews qualified for the 
world championships finals yesterday, 
pushing the total to ten with four more 
possible today. The lane draw was, as an¬ 
ticipated. reorganised due to the cross- 
wind, and the placing of the fastest qualify¬ 
ing crews into the sheltered higher-num¬ 
bered lanes. This was less to the consterna¬ 
tion of Britain than others since all seven 
of their crews had either qualified directly 
or via first places in repechages. 

History was made when all three of Brit¬ 
ain's scullers qualified for their finals. The 
hardest task in this respect came for Peter 
Haining. the lightweight who had to fin¬ 
ish in the top two and was drawn in lane 
No 3. Baenninger. of Switzerland, and 
Basalml, of Italy, were in No 5 and No 6 
respectively, and made the most of their 

From Mike Rosewell In Cologne 


advantage to 1.500 metres, but Haining 
kept up his pursuit and swept past the 
tiring Baenninger 200 metres from home 
to quality. 

Greg Searle drew lane No 4 in his heav¬ 
yweight semi-final. Three would quality 
and Searle was accompanied by two 
former world champions. Cop. of Slove¬ 
nia. in No 5, and Willms, of Germany, on 
NoZ with Koven. die world champion, 
from America, in No 3. Drama came at 
400 metres when Koven hit a buoy, dis¬ 
lodged his oar and stopped. Searle settled 
for third after that. 

Gum Batten qualified for the women’s 
sculls final for the second year running. 
Last year she finished sixth but is dearly a 

faster and more mature competitor this 
season. Batten settled nicely, led by half¬ 
way and, at a steady rate, had dear water 
at tile line. 

Batten’s elder sister, Miriam, together 
with Gillian Lindsay, won their double 
sculls semi with equal steadiness. Batten 
senior said: “We have something left in 
the tank for Saturday." 

Britain* coxless four, the world champi¬ 
ons, in No 5. must also have something 
left in the tank. “Good, solid and unevent¬ 
ful” said Matthew Pinsent, stroke man, 
after his crew sat between, and ahead of. 
the fanded Australians and Romanians 
over the course. Steve Williams and Fred 
Scarlett, from Oxford Brookes, qualified 
third, ahead of Canada, for the coxless 
pairs final. 

US domination 

of dressage led 

by Sir 

By Jenny MacAkihur 

RIDERS from the United 

States, under the 
of their trainer. Mark Phniips. 
took the opening day of the 
Blenheim Horse nndHounc 
International Horse Trials by 
storm yesterday. Led fry Gayle 
Molander, from Baltimore, on 
her Irish-bred Sir Nicholas. 

they filled five out of the top six 

places. _ 

Ttfiani Loudon. 22. from 
South Carolina, who is on her 
first visit to England, is in sec¬ 
ond place on her Uxmgton 
winner, Makabi. Brace David¬ 
son, a dual world champion 
and the winner of Blenheim in 
1994 on Squelch, is a fraction 
of a point behind in third place 
on Man of Stars. British inter¬ 
est in tile top six lies with Oea 
Hoeg-Mudd, a former top jun¬ 
ior, who is lying fourth on 
Feast of Florios. 

Molander. 45. who was 
shortlisted for the team for 
next month’s world champion¬ 
ships, has always known that 
Sir Nicholas, was capable of a 
top dressage mark but he has 
often been too tense. Yester¬ 
day, in foe somewhat subdued 
atmosphere which usually 

marks the the first day at Blen¬ 
heim. he stayed relaxed and 
calm throughout earning a 
score of 43.6 - five marks 
ahead of Loudon. 

The cross-country tomorrow 
holds no fears for Molander. 
“It looks straightforward — a 


Wolstenholme hits back Smith breezes to victory 

THE hundredth match was 
not much fun, but things 
looked up no end in No 101. 
The faithful and long-serving 
Gary Wolstenholme reached 
his century of appearances in 
England amateur internation¬ 
al colours yesterday morning 
with the acrid scent of defeat 
strong in his nostrils, but 
emerged smelling of roses af¬ 
ter winning his singles match 
in the afternoon. 

Wolstenholme. at 38 the old¬ 
est man in the England team 
in the home international se- 

By Mel Webb 

ries at Royal Forthcawl. was 
joined by Mark Sanders, the 
English amateur champion, in 
the morning foursomes 
against Scotland as he 
reached a milestone that had 
been passed fry only two men 
before him. 

How Peter McEvoy and Sir 
Michael Bonallack celebrated 
their hundredth appearance is 
lost in the mists of time, but 
Wolstenholme was beaten. He 
and Sanders were all square 

with Graham Rankin and 
Ewan Forbes on the last, 
where a brilliant three-iron by 
Rankin to four feet set the Scot¬ 
tish pair up for a conceded 
birdie to win by one hole. 

England led 3-2 after the 
foursomes, and in even wilder 
weather in the afternoon, took 
the singles 6-4 to complete a 
9-6 victory. Wolstenholme. 
playing at NoZ. beat Craig 
Watson 3 and 2. England, win¬ 
ners for the last five years, will 
play Ireland today to decide 
this year’s championship. 

ENGLAND, the defending 
champions, disposed of Wales 
with some ease in the women’s 
home internationals at Bum- 
ham and Benow yesterday, 
winning 6-2. Ireland and Scot¬ 
land finished all square. 

In conditions that were rat¬ 
ed “a bit brisk” t»y one mem¬ 
ber — more technical minds es¬ 
timated the wind was gusting 
between force seven and eight 
— Kerry Smith, a chef, cooked 
up a storm of her own. When 
beating Becky Morgan, of 
Wales, a Curtis Cup player. 

By Patricia Davies 

Smith, no respecter of reputa¬ 
tions, was never down and 
won on the 16th to take her tal¬ 
ly to four wins out of four. . 

After winning the four¬ 
somes, England took the top 
three singles to secure the 
match. The doughty \fidd Tho¬ 
mas. who first played in these 
matches before any of this Eng¬ 
land team were bom, was the 
only Welsh winner, beating Re¬ 
becca Hudson fry 4 and 3. 

In the batik of the Celts, Lil¬ 

lian Behan, the Irish champi¬ 
on. bemused Alison Rose, her 
opponent and the spectators 
with her patented brand of roll¬ 
er-coaster styfe entertainment 
Three down after six. Behan, a 
notoriously sluggish starter, 
was one up six botes later and 
won on the 17th. 

. Oonagh Purfield arid Triria 
Mangan. Ireland's new caps, 
bad winning debuts, beating 
Elaine Moffat Scotland's 
champion and Hilary Mona¬ 
ghan. aCurtis Cup player, re¬ 
spectively. .. 



SJ-J133 PiiOtil JU3T -S&J 

T oday 77ie Times offers readers incredible 
savings to 12 European cities for under 
£60 return with easyJet A price and 
destination chart will appear again tomorrow. 
This fantastic offer is for up to two people 
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tew*-* li iSUd'.SriSC' *£53' 

1' '^'“. "T'V ■ 's r.‘ 
t ■ -r* l -’» -- ■ * : >!. - I 




Pittsburgh 2, Momresi 3 AtJafla 2. New Yak 
Mels 6 PfiladefctM 2 CJndrrtab 0 S Louis 
3: Houston 6 MtvuaAee 2. Colorado 9 Hon¬ 
da 8. Los AngBtos 6 Arizona 2; San Diego 8 
San Francisco 3. 

AMERICAN LEAGUE: Baltimore 6 Oak¬ 
land a Seatie 5 Tampa Bay 2 Oewetend 6 
Toronto 3 MSmrts); Now York Yankees T 
Boston 5: Detroit 8 Chicago Wtoe Sax 6. 
Texas 8 Kansas C«yO. Anri*am 10 Minne¬ 
sota 8. 


Worthing: Open Tournament Si 
FifUl round: C Hayward bt L Prtnce 


RsWo* tx C LAmav 21-Z0: M Leysbon « P 
..: Webbon 21-1 

Brown 21-11: K WCnd U K Webbon 21-10. 
G Rotanson bi E Hayward 21-20. S Robert¬ 
son bt F ChatfeW 21 -19: M Owmgtoi bl P 
Casual 21-1B: 1 Tunks bl J Stevens 21-14. 
Triples (slaps orsyl: Fourth round: E Al¬ 
lans bt J Manner 19-11. M Ovemmon bl J 

Bmvtlow 2212 : c Haynan) U R AMng 
21-10. A Victor bi P Clements IE-14. G Hob- 
reoo bl A Piper 20- C Scott H A Vickers 
23-14. R Lamdn bl E WMe 26-0. L Prince bl 


MURCIA: Tour ot Spain: FNffi 

(166 6km.OUadelRto!oMurQ3l 1.JL 

llevens (Hal) 3i¥ 41 rtwi 3lsee. 2. G Lonto- 
,1 («). 3. S TeUenboig tGor): *■ A Edo (Spl 
6. J Kirapuu lEsi). 6. M Hwwte (Stovcrvaj 
afl al same bme Ovarafi positions: I. Gm- 
di 23hr OGnui ?feec. 2 L Jaldben (Fn ai 
25«y 3. M (S«*zl 6. 4. P Currant 
(Fn 12. & E Acgjuno IN) 13 l 6. G Fiqueras 
(III 13. 


BLENHEIM: Blenheim Horse and Hound 

hrtemollonai Throe Day Event 1. Sir Ni- 

chohs IG Molander. US) -Llfiptx L Mak¬ 
abi rr Loudon. US) i Man of Slars 
lB Davidson. US) 48* 4. Fean o( Florins 

1C Hocn-Mudd. GEO 4Q& 5. Pathfinder 

(B Wrim-Monis. US) Sli t>. Paim The 
Town (P Green. US) ffiJL 


Wednesday - * laic results 
1 Newcastle 0. CtvJsea 0 Aranal 0. Derby 
1 Shod Wed 0 Leicester 0 Msktosbrough 
1. Urerood 2 Cwcrmv O.Mon Uld 4 Chart- 
ton 1. Tanenham 2 BtacHxxn 1. West Ham 
3 WanUedon 4 

Srondon 4 Oxford Utd 1 
SECOND DIVISION: Mtwaa 2 Lincoln 0. 
Rondryj 1 Burnley 1 



THIRD DIVISION: Scartwough 2 Shrews- 

naia: Hearts 1 Ross County 1. 

UMBOND LEAGUE: Plun d er dMaion: 
Bishop Auckland 2 Gajsshead 2r Gansbor- 
ough 2 Gucseley 2. 

stare Saisbuy 0 Attwstane Z Midland 
cGvisioa: Wbbech 3 VS Ru(£y I 
LEAGUE OF WALES: Carmarthen Town 2 
At»fvstwy*5. Rhayader Town 2 Haverioid- 
west a Total Netwafc Solutions 2 Caarews 

First dMsIotE Barnet 0 Southampton 6. 
Portsmouth i Queens Park Rangers 1. Pa- 
mborough l Crystal Palace 4 
PONTJKS LEAGUE: Premier dhtskwe 
Leeds 2 Stoke 1 Second dMsfcm: York 0 
Bradford 3. Third (Melon: Chester 0 
Wigan 2 Hallax 3 Scunthorpe 3. WaSa* 0 
Chesterfield 0 League cup: Grtx«1:l*d- 
1 Dartmgtan 1 Group 2 Barns 
0 Group4:mddefsftetd2 

aid Ltd 2 

LANDS LEAGUE: Premier dMaton 
norBuToMngvn 1 MBonKmrmO Post- 
ported; Islngton Si Mary’s v wetvryn Gar 

borouoh 0. Conseo 1 Morpeth i. Crook 2 
W0« Auckland 2 Seaham Fted Star 0 Ches- 
ler-te-Streol 3. ShMon 3 Eaangwn 2 
FA COP: Preliminary round: Replays: 
Eastleigh l Portfetd 2. Reading 0 Darflord 
2 Sdjrad 6 Eynestxjry 0, WeakSsicne 5 Pot- 
rers Bar 3. 

LEAGUE OF WALES: Comterthon 2 Ater- 
ysKtyBi 5. Rhayaaw 2 Ha v erfordwest 2 To¬ 
tal Nat Sol 2 Caeraws 1 
Premier dhWom Elon Minor 0 Burnham 
Ramblers 2. 

dMteon: 0moro 3 Bnteford 4. Tmerran 3 
BarWroB 5 

SCHOOLS MATCH: Harrpton B Wtrv 

ITALIAN CUP: First round, first fee 
Cogkan 0 Venoaa a. Reg^ra 1 Bologna 1. 
Sarrpdona 2 itaona 0: Lecce I Piacenza 2. 
Padova ORcnentina 1. AtalamaZ Empot 1. 
Ctww Voiona 2 AS Roma 2 GuaJdo 2 Ud- 
nose 2 Bresca 3 Vtconzo 2. AC Parma 3 
Genoa O. LuccheM! 1 Ban 0. Lazio 2 Coaerv 
za 1 Cadd di Sanpro o SatoTMaivi 0. iraer- 
narionato f Cessna 0 
I . MW Maastricht 1 FCUIrochi r.CarrauLr 
Leeuwatoen 2 NEC Mjmogcn 2; Fomxasn- 
tad o Vhocse flmhom 2 Apr Amscrdcm 5 
AZ AttoToar I 

GERMAN LEAGUE: Nuremberg 0 Bone- 
Da Dortmund 0. Hertfw Borin 2 Schata 04 
0 BeyemMunich6HanseRo9od> I.Beyer 
Lovoriocon 1 Hamburq SV 2 
BELGIAN LEAGUE: Sporong Andertechi 2 
FC Brume 3. KVOstende 0 Spartng Chorte- 
ro! 0. Slandud Logs 2 KV Kortn* 1; AA 
Gent 0 Raonq Gonk I. SK Lommoi I Gcmri- 
iul Ekeren 2'Raang Harotbehe 1 VC Waa- 

erto 2 Sporting Lokeren 0 Bcrisior Moo- 
scran 0: SK (Jose 3 SK Beveren ft Eov 
riacht Aabt ISW TnAJen 3. 



Fo ur som es. C rt glM d 3 Sco-id 2 <Eng- 
land names fine L Donald and P Rom 

lost to G Fox and L Ke»y 6 and Sr. G WoMen- 

hokne and M Sanders tan to G Rankin and 

E Forbes one hote: S Dyson and M Hams bl 

C Watson and S Home Sand 5: S McCartfw 


echnto 4 and 3; K Forts and B Maaon bt D 

Patnck and S Mackenzie 3 and Zf. Stngtee: 

England 8 Scotland 4 (Sanders bat to 

Ronlan 2 qikM ; Wotstemhokne bl Wafion 3 

and 2 Donald B KeBy 5 and ft Row hahed 

vwthCamschaeT. ro n fe t iaMto iWhMcKBch- 

rsa: McCarthy bt M Thomson 3 and 2, C Ed¬ 

wards bt Patnck one hole: Mason lost to 
Madrenda one hole. M ffltan lost to G Fck 

6 and 4). Match raw* England 9 Scotland 

6. Jratand 3 Wales 2 Pretend names first: G 

ion andA sntfi mo notes, PGnbben and i 

Fox log to J Donakfcon and N EdModsS 

and 2 E Power and J Moms bt 0 Pucfi and 

K Striven 5 and 4. A McCom** and D 

Jones bt C VW&arrw and I Campbel 2 and i. 

E Brady and J Poster bt S Roberts and L 

Hatpin 3 and 1) 

Ata a tm e Home tatornattonefac Four¬ 
somes: England 2 Wales 1 (England 
names ErjcKRoatron and F Brown tost to 
R Morgan and N Evans 3 and 1. R Hudson 
and L Wallers bl L Dave and H Lawson 4 
and 3. K Srrvth and J Lamb bt B Jones and 
V Thomas 7 and 5). Singles: England 4.5 
Wales {Rostron bl Daws 4 and 3. Smor 
bt Morgan 3 and 2 Walters K Evans 5 and 
a Brown halved vrth fl Brewenon. Lamb M 
Lawson 3 and l. Hudson tost lo Thomas 4 
and 3) M a tc h result: England 61/2. Wales 
2 1 12. beland 1 S Scotland 1J (intend 

names first L Behan and EDowdat (cel to A 
Lamq aid L Motlat 7 ana ft h Kavaregh 
and S OBnen hatveU Wh A Rose and H 
Wtanaqhan: A Colley and M UcGreevy » E 
Farqunarson-Btock and V Laing 3 ana 2) 


COLOGNE: World Champion ships. 
Marf a semMlnals: Single scuDs (top 
three boas h each heat advance to final). 
Hestl: l.XMuollerfSMzj 7mnOS8icec 
2. R WaAJet’ jnzi 7<I7 82 3.1 AS (EgypO 

1 \ Heat 2 :1 V Chalupa (Cz) 715.12: 

2 ■ Cop (StoverVa) 7-1624. a g Seane (GB) 

72223 Lightweight single saris (top 
two boats n each Inal advance to fmay 
Heatl:l,K Nelson (Deni 7 1721.2HKar- 
?2!WSI 95> ’■ S BasaLni (It) 

! Hamng (GBj 7^7 16 Hw3: 

1. M Vabnxcok (Czj 72016. 2 J Maine: 

11P - ™ three 
boots m each treat advance to too): Heat 
1: 1. Germany 644 85: 2 United Stales 

£47.91; 3. Great BrCam (S WHams and F 
StaMO 8*8.48. Hari 2 1. Yugoslavia 
62817; 2 France 8:395ft 3, Ajstrala 
6:4280. Doubto saris (top throe In each 
tori advance-to final) Heel 1:1. Norway 
628.48: 2 Denmark 027,83. 3, Poland 
630.60.5, Great Brtato 633 (advances to 
cons ol ation final) Heel 2: 1. Germany 
62292 2 Fiance 624.18; 3. Italy 624.47 
Codese fom (top three boats in each 
HolraltHeall: 1. Great Bri¬ 

an (J Cracknel S 
M PinsanO 53895: 

Redware. T Foster and 
; 2 Austrafa 690.78; 3. 

Romania £031? Heel & 1. Franco 
5.-59 1ft 2 Italy 89027; 3. Norway 89080 
Womens aemMfeMte Stogie scuts (tm 
three boats in each tori advance u final): 
HeaM: I Fedotova (Russi 755.4ft z K RU- 
achnv (Ger) 7^840; 3. M Brendln (Swa) 
807 83. Heat St 1 , G Britan (GB) 890 74; 
2 T Hansen (Deni 804 04. 3. R Ne#tova 
(But) 8-05 65 UgMnrelght ringle acuBs 

S three boats n each neai advance to ft- 
Heat 1:1. P Vogel (&Wz) 8:14 77; 2 B 
Luzuy <Frj 8:1873: 3, T Duncan (Can) 
B1914. Heat 2: 1. J Gonsaan {Arm 
816.12 2 M Ra^e (Cm) 8 1805:3. F Ng 
(HK) 82204. Double marie (fan three 
boats to each heel advance to final): Heat 
1: I. Holland 7-04.17; 2. China 7.0558. 2 
Romania 707.56. Heat 2 1 . Great Britan 
<M Batten and G Lindsay) 7 08 08,2, United 
Steles 7:1240; 3, France 7.1254. 


vision: Bndgend 24 Pontypridd 52 UaneB 
30 Neath 2ft Newport 20 CaeroMy 28. 


BEUING, China: Red BuB __ r . 
League: Round-robin thW roonct A Hi 
Wai.lHK) tap Wet Gou (CJuna) 4-1; S 
Darn (Eire) btGHuatOriniJ 4-4: SHen- 
dry.tSax) & J Higgms IScorU-L Davis bt 
W« Gpo, f 2; Hininj br Mua 5ft RnsJ 
table: I. Hereby %^ts: 2. Higgins 24:1 
Davis 2J. 


Fourth round: M__ 

Gross tCe$ 6 4. 7*5-7.b-2C 


SioHe (Aiisj and C Suk tCfi bt M 
6-3. 7-6. 
a*: VR 

___ r -,,.WCDIien- 

to and E Lot (Frt 7S, 6-7. &3.L Raymond 
Stodbs (Au^ bl A Frazier and K 
5} 6-3. 6-4. Mhcsd DouMes: 


^3.0- 4 . M Jausovec (Yun) and M Qrartes 
|Sp)^G Fernandez arc T Gorman (US 



GROUP C: Bangladesh 144-7 (Targ« 

revised to 160 runs) Barbados 160-6 

Barbados peri Bangladesh try four wicJt- 
8(5 fijrthemhetendaMfTaigelrwfcedlo 
131 ofl 36 overs) South Alrca )33-6 South 
Alifco boal Nortliem fickvtd by low mcketo 
GROUP D: Kenya 144-8 New Zeatond 
145-5. New Zealand beat Kenya by five 


MENS TEAM: Pool A: New Zealand bl 
Mauritius 5-0- Pool B: India bi Boiwuna 
5-0, Sri LanJu bt MakSvco 5-0, Malaysia 
bt Northern treland M lO Ewe Hock M L 
Dewart 1M. 15-3; Y Hock Km bt D G&3- 
des 15*1. 1M: W Ctron Hann ta M 
Wan 15-1. 15-3. C Soon K4 and Y Fam 
Hock WB Topping and M Topping 1&-5. 
15-1. L Wan Wah and C Tan Fook bi G 
Henderai ana E McKenna 15 2.15-7) 
Pool C: Austrafia W Tnmdad and Toba¬ 
go 5-0. Wries bl Fijf 50 (G Lewis bt B J 
McUu 15-1.15-3. H Viighan bl R Clyde 

Fong 15-1, 15-1; A Grores-Burl® ta F 
Moka 15-4,154: G Lewis and M Hugos 
« R Fong and E Yiien 15-7. 15-7. A 
Groves Burke and J lecrog too ta B 
James Mofia ond R Oytite Fong B-3, rot). 
Pool D: South Africa u Brunet 4-1. 

WOMEN'S TEAM: Pool A: Malaysia bf 
TmMad and Tobago 5 - 0 ; Canada W Ja¬ 
maica 5ft. Pool B: India bt Sr Lanka 
5-0. Scotland bl Wales 4-1 (Scotland 
names fits!; S Wait loa to K Morgan 
0-11. 0 - 11 , G Martin bt G Osborne 
13-10, 11-7; F Sneddon ta K Hwrefi 
11-4.11 -i; K McEwan and A Bfctochflow- 
er bi N Grores-Buike and R Ashworth 
>5-4.155. S Writ end EMOCBemteSb: 
K Howell and G Ojbome 15-5. 15~4). 
Pool C: Aictrola bt Srenoa 5ft; Canada 
bl Jersey 4-1 Pool D; South Afrca M &- 
matca 3-2. England bl F$ 5ft(J Mann ta 
FMatiarw Chew 11-1. 11-0; THallama 
KWhHealdoll- 2 , li- 0 ;RP»nanqytaL 
MapaU-2.11-0. J Davies and SSantey 
bt F Mattanc Chew and K Bat Joe 15-1. 
15-0. J Goode and D Keiogg M G 
Agnes Yee and L Mapa 15-0,151). 
SINGLES: M*K First rotmrfc P tied 

(Scot) tt R Ptfard (Gu^ 9ft, 9ft. 9 - 1.5 
Evans (Papua New Guinea) bt A Gu- 
Jamali (Ton) 9ft. 9-1. 9ft. G Rytsng 
(Can) H N Blackbum (Gue) 9-1,9-1.9ft, 
0 Bang Hee (Malayao) ta T Donahue 
Rahming (Bah) 9-1.9-4, 9 . 2 . 


MSI: Pool A: South Africa 3 Naw Zea¬ 
land 3. Wales 2 Tmidad and Tobago 0. 
Group B: Malaysia 4 Kenya 0 
WOMEN: Pool A: Malaysia G Trmklad 
and Tobago 1 . IntSa 4 Jamaca 0 Pool 
B: New Zealand 15 Namtsia 1 . 


MEN: Singles: Firat round: M Man 
tsLardar (Malaysia) W C Sonson (Su) 
9-4. 9-2. 9ft. C Waprick (SA) b! K 
Nasslof (Deal 9ft. 9-0. 9-5. S Ricturd- 
son (hte) ta M BrunsMi (Ftogl Sft, 9ft. 
9-1: B Dam (Aus) U R Lngashi (Zam) 
9-1. 9-5, 8-7; G WhSlakar (SA) bt AGH1 
(Bor) 9-1.9ft. 9ft. K Low (Malaysia) M L 
Monropua (LB3) 9ft. 8-2 9-2:0 Kwach 

{Ken) ta L Reoortse (Bog 9ft. 9 - 5 , A 

tSough (Wales) ta T Mecca* (Las) 00. 
9-1. 9ft; K Shufa (Pri4 bt L Otiufya 
(Zam) 9ft. 9-8.9ft; D Bans (Wales)« 
DTam (Png) 9ft, 9ft. 9ft; MSoo (Mriay 
sia) w P De Vertuil (Trin) 9-2,9-Z 9ft: S 
Pate (En0) bt J Lritoea (SA) 9ft, 8ft, 
9-1. Z Jahan Khan taD Hurffir 
(Pngl 9-3.9-7.9ft. P Chftnda (Zan) bt 
MSeriy(Bar) 9-1,9-7,9-4; Stefan Khan 
jPak) w D Heaft (Scot) M, 8-5.95; J 
Power (Can) bi S Thtekarina (Srf Lan- 
to) 9ft. 9-1,8ft; m Chattier (Big) tt R 
Sngh (Ken) 9ft. 9 ft g-1: C VBoDer 
Warn (SA)D!S Morrig (Bah) 94. 9 -O.-B- 4 . 
m Hrath (Scoft bt C Nt&hebe (Bcfl 8ft. 
9-3.9ft; M Benjamin (Wrie^ ta PTan- 
gane (Bot) 9-5.9ft. 9ft; R Eyias (Alb) bt 
A Lw«a (Tan) 9ft, 90,9ft C U^uiya 
(Ba) bt C Singh (Ken) 9-2.9ft, 9ft; D 
Primer (Aic) btN Kyme 9ft, 91,90: M 
Zamgn (Pak) ta H Singh (Ken) 92 9ft. 
9-2 P Ned -pea) bt R Potted (Guy) 
9ft 9ft. 9-i; s Evans (Ptatf bl A Gu- 
fan) 9ft, 9 - 1 . Sft G Rytang 
pn] MN Bfackbum (Gue) 9-1.9-1.9ft 
O Berg Hea (Mas) W T DemritoeJtah- 
OTng (Bah) 9-1.94,9-2. 


good galloping track, similar 
tolast year", she said Sir Ni- 
dyoias had a setback in _ foe 
four-star event at Lexiligtxm 
last April, where he pulleda 
ligament in a hind teg. Molan¬ 
der is hoping far a. confidence- 
boosting rotmd tomorrow. 

Makabi,, bought from a dres- 
sage yard in British Columbia 
four years ago, has'never need, 
ed encouragement to jump. 
“He's just apcjwafooose”. Lou¬ 
don said. . - 

They won their first two-star 
event at Camino Seal Texas. 

list year and won again ai Lex¬ 
ington this April ovrr a course 

built by the Blenheim design¬ 
er. Mike Efoerington-Smifo. 
Tomorrow she plans to take 
all the quickest routes. The 
course has certain sirtnlanttes 
with Lexington but it's a tittle 
tougher.” she sa«L 
Man of Starsis. one of right 
horses Davidson. 48. is cam¬ 
paigning In Britain from his 
base near Marlborough. He 
was seventh at Ble nheim two 
years ago but then had a year 
off with a leg injmy. His come¬ 
back at Bramham in June end¬ 
ed abruptty when he fefL 
Today several leading con¬ 
tenders, . .inducting Mark 
Todd, on Rejjpl Scot, Paddy 
Muir, tiie winner last year, an 
Laurence Brown. Kristina Gif¬ 
ford. on The Gan gster and Pip- 
pa Funneii, on Rainbow Mag¬ 
ic, will ride their tests.. 


Benjamin s 
solitary su 

i • ■ -y ! 


■- wt . i 

*• v 



Jenson's no 
Wng hours 
?wodesj «ai 

" v;v : 

.'■■ir,.. -■ 




'.V ;•••■■ 

r ; 

f 30m V". ret 11 tel ir^ J’ 

J ' UK ICtewone: 

T^3»i 1 






M ^ ^°fthamptonshire 
( ' 4 Spinning towards 

inglorious victory 

day of four): Northampton¬ 
shire, with six second-innings 
wickets in hand, are 210 runs 
ahead of Sussex 

ByThrasy Petropoulos 

AS IF Northamptonshire’s 
season could get no worse, 
they now face the prospect of a 
possible maximum penalty of 
25 Britannic Assurance 
championship points for the 
preparation of a sub-standard 
pitch at Wantage Road. 

Harry Brind. the England 
and Wales Cridter Board 
(ECB) chief inspector of pitch¬ 
es, was called to the ground 
after the umpires. Trevor Jesty 
and Bob White, had reported 
the pitch to Lord’s on Wednes¬ 
day with Northamptonshire 
struggling to 102 for six on a 
rain-shortened day. That was 
extended to 178 yesterday but 
Sussex, m reply . collapsed to 
72 all out in an innings lasting 
only 139 minutes, their last five 
wickets going down for only 
six runs in 39 bails. North¬ 

amptonshire, in turn, ended 
the day at 104 for four, a lead 
of 210. 

BrindS initial consideration 
would have been whether or 
not to convene a panel to 
inspect the pitch. The sight of a 
ball from Mark Robinson 
leaping from a length and 
clearing the wicketkeeper in 
the first over of the day would 
have gone some way to set¬ 
tling his mind. 

Northamptonshire made it 
clear how they believed the 
pitch would play by including 
three spinners in their side. 
That, as much as the worn 
appearance of a surface used 
over five days against Kent 
towards the end of last month, 
would only have served to 
heighten the suspicions of the 
umpires. The extravagant 
turn of the occasional ball on 
the opening day prompted the 
umpires to make their 

The Sussex slide started the 
moment Michael Davies, a 

Benjamin secures 
solitary success 

By Richard Hobson 

ond day of four): Durham, 
with nine first-innings wick¬ 
ets in hand, are 251 runs 
behind Surrey 

SURREY endured a frustrat¬ 
ing period at the Riverside 
yesterday. They spent much 
of the time twiddling their 
thumbs in die dressing-room 
and, in the 14 overs possible 
between heavy showers, man¬ 
aged to claim just a single 
Durham wicket 
Lewis struggled on Wed¬ 
nesday evening and appeared 
just as uneasy when play 
began at one o'clock. He 
finally edged a ball frprn 
Benjamin to Batfy. the 
wicketkeeper. With rain al¬ 
ready in the air, it proved to be 
the last ball for more than 
four hours and the fact that 
Leicestershire, now ten points 
clear at the top of the Britan¬ 
nic Assurance county champ¬ 
ionship, were removing Essex 

batsmen regularly at Grace 
Road in the meantime merely 
heightened the disappoint¬ 
ment of Surrey. 

They n-eme rged at 520pm 
with a renewed sense of 
purpose and Bicknef J, in par¬ 
ticular. was unlucky not to 
make further inroads into (he 
Durham top order. Rose- 
berry had scored three runs in 
35 minutes when he was 
struck on the right band and 
forced to refire hurt Morris 
and Saggers, the night- 
watchman, survived the final 
three overs and Durham will 
resume today on 72 for one. 
The priority for Surrey today 
is to emulate Leicestershire for 
accUmuFaiiVig maximum 
bowling points. 

Saggers has apoini to prove 
to his county, however. He 
will be released at file end of 
the season along with Steve 
Lugsden. another medium- 
fast bowler, and Jason Searie, 
an off spinner. 

the left-arm spinner playing in 
his first championship match 
of the season, turned his first 
ball of the match alarmingly 
to Wasim Khan. His third rail 
spun a similar distance but 
this time shot along the 
ground trapping the left¬ 
hander back on ms stumps. 

As much as the ball turned 
for both Davies and Jason 
Brown, the off spinner, the 
Sussex batsmen's answer con¬ 
sisted of little more than the 
forward prod and the sweep. 
Sure enough, Toby Peirce, 
Chris Adams and Alex Ed¬ 
wards were all undone sweep¬ 
ing and. with Shaun 
Humphries taken at slip, Da¬ 
vies completed career-best fig¬ 
ures of five for 19. 

Brown’s contribution of five 
for 23 was no less significant. 
Only Rajcsh Rao was out to an 
attacking shot, perishing in an 
attempt to clear mid-on, and 
Keith Newell. Justin Bates and 
Robin Martin-Jenkins were 
bowled through the gate, the 
latter off the inside edge. 
Robinson was picked up dose 
to the wicket by Graeme 
Swann giving Brown his 
fourth haul of five or more 
wickets this season. This is his 
fourteenth first-dass match 
and he has now taken 51 

Northamptonshire were 
themselves in danger of col¬ 
lapsing in their second in¬ 
nings before Kevin Curran, 
dug in for the second time in 
the day. In the morning his 60 
had secured the lead of 106. 
which was almost doubled by 
the dose of play. 

Justin Bates, with three 
wickets to add to the four he 
picked up on Wednesday, pur 
the efforts of Northampton¬ 
shire’s spinners into perspec¬ 
tive. In all 15 of the 18 wickets 
that fell in the day went to the 

The panel that will decided 
Northamptonshire's fate ex¬ 
amined the pitch yesterday 
evening, but wflj announce 
their verdict only at the end of 
the match. If foe county re¬ 
ceive the maximum fine they 
could find themselves rooted 
to the foot of the championship 

They should complete a 
comfortable victory in this 
match today. But at what cost? 

Chris Lewis accepts congratulations for sending Paul Prichard, the Essex captain, on his way, as Leicestershire 
take a tight grip on the Britannic Assurance championship. Report page 5Z Photograph: Ross Kinnaird /Allsport 

Smith seams with the best 

LORD'S (second day of four): 
Gloucestershire, with six sec¬ 
ond-innings wickets in hand, 
lead Middlesex by 129 runs 

By Jack Bailey 

reached the upper echelons of 
the Britannic Assurance 
championship on the back of 
their seam bowling and their 
catching dose to the wicket. 
This was demonstrated quite 
beautifully yesterday as they 
bowled out Middlesex for 158, 
gaining a useful first-innings 
lead of SO runs. 

Courtney Walsh, with four 
for 41. and Mike Smith, with 
five for 40, made excellent use 
of the seam, darting the ball 
this way and that even with 
the old ball. 

Mark Alleyne, at second or 
third slip, took four catches 
while Martyn Ball seized on a 

couple of real beauties. This 
left one down the leg side for 
Jade Russell, one bowled and 
a leg-before. 

Walsh has been doing this 
son of thing for Gloucester¬ 
shire game after game, year 
after year. Yesterday, he 
brought his tally of champion¬ 
ship wickets to 93. Smith has 
been less prolific, but a tally of 
63 first-dass wickets is not to 
be sniffed at, and, here, he 
produced a devastating final 
spell that brought him four 
wickets for no runs in H balls. 

When Smith came on in 
mid-afternoon. Middlesex 
were not too badly placed, at 
146 for five and, with Keith 
Brown and Paul Weekes at the 
crease, they were in with a 
chance of overhauling the 

Five more for Headley 

By John Stern 

CANTERBURY (second day 
of four): Kent, with ninefirst- 
innings wickets in hand,, are 
325 runs behind Somerset 

THREE wickets in 14 balls 
with the second new ball 
brought Dean Headley his 
fourth five-wicket haul of the 
season and a swiff end to a 
useful Somerset rearguard. 

Turner and Bulbeck had 
put on 57 for the eighth wicket 
when Headley removed 
Bulbeck’s middle stump with 
a yorker-Caddick then lost his 
off stump to become 
Headley's fiftieth first-dass 
victim of the season. Having 
dismissed Somerset for 342, 
Kent lost Fnlton in the second 
over, brilliantly caught left- 
handed by Holloway at leg 
gully off Van Troost 

Gloucestershire first-innings 
total. Then Smith pounced 
and Ball and Alleyne pounced, 
too. In fact, both worked 
together to get rid of Hewitt 
Alleyne knocking the ball up 
for Ball to complete the catch. 

Fraser rather spoiled the act 
by departing, disbelieving, 
leg-before, and Tufnell fell, 
again caught by Alleyne. to 
Walsh, who played the lead¬ 
ing part in undermining the 
Middlesex middle order, in¬ 
ducting the wicket of Mike 
Gatling, after a valiant two 
hours at the crease. 

Gatling, scorer of 36.380 
first-class runs has scored 77 
of his 94 centuries for Middle¬ 
sex. On Sunday, he is to be 
made a presentation on the 
occasion of his last match for 
Middlesex at Lord’s; yester¬ 
day. he batted with character¬ 
istic phlegm. 

The old. solid defence was 
there. So. too. was the occa¬ 
sional scorching square drive 
as he and Shah contrived to 
hold Middlesex together after 
Strauss, promising well, had 
been cutoff. 

Gloucestershire have al¬ 
ready lost four cheap second- 
innings wickets, but Alleyne is 
still there. The success at¬ 
tained by the men from the 
West Country this season has 
owed much to him: his bat¬ 
ting. his bowling, his catching 
and. above all, his captaincy. 

Barnett in 
control for 


CARDIFF (second day of 
four): Derbyshire, with five 
first-innings wickets in hand, 
are 67 runs ahead of 

GLAMORGAN had reason to 
hope that Wednesday's inade¬ 
quate 114 might keep them in 
the match when Derbyshire 
were 64 for five on a truncated 
day at Cardiff yesterday, with 
Steve Watkin making testing 
use of a seaming pitch despite 
his five-week absence 0ohn 
Thicknesse writes). 

As soon as Kim Barnett got 
set. however, the initiative 
changed hands. In scoring 72 
not out. adding an unbeaten 
117 in 34 overs with Dominic 
Cock, Barnett almost guaran¬ 
teed that, if the weather allows 
either side to win, foe benefi¬ 
ciaries will be Derbyshire- 

After foe new-bail spell from 
Watkin, — two for 14 in ten 
overs, with a slip catch 
dropped en route — Barnett 
took charge against the back¬ 
up seamers. Last month, he 
joined Gatling, Hick and Rob¬ 
inson as the only active county 
cricketers to score 25,000 runs. 
Yesterday, he peppered the 
boundaries, hitting ten fours 
off 121 balls, as though he had 
another 5,000 runs in hand. 

Stephenson’s new 
opening hours 
bring modest gain 

By Ivo Tennant 

WORCESTER (second day of four): Hamp¬ 
shire, with eight first-innings wickets in hand, 
are 135 runs behind Worcestershire 

: 1 

- i-t 

HAMPSHIRE’S hopes of winning their fourth 
Britannic Assurance county championship 
match in succession were stymied as much by 
the weather as Worcestershire Y^day. A 
total of 34 overs were lost to ram and bad light 

out Worcestershire for ZIZ 
Hampshire made progress of sons through 
John Stephenson’s unbeaten 36, the top score of 
the- match He has reverted to opening the 
todfoE after^Parting the season in the guise of 
m afi-rowider in the middle order and showed 
a technique well suited to facmg the new haij- 
STafier he had taken his best figures of the 
This aner Three of these wickets 


wein _ & Worcestershire. 

holding J 1 

who ^areSd^Bood 

HamgsTta iMks^avTifirbaH off 


Britannic Assu r ance 
county championship 

Glamorgan v Derbyshire 

CARDST (ascend day at tou): Dertrystve 
mth One ftst-artqgs vrtetatt in hand aw 67 
mw ahead d Gnwrgan 
GLAMORGAN: Rta tantaga 114 
• DSfflYSHRiSr JireJ tortngs 

MJSttwftwbParidn .M 

A S RoOns c Ewans b PaWn. 

MHMaycMoyiWdb WBWi - 3 

M E Cassar c Maynard b Walton___ .4 

B L Spenrtcwe to* b Dale ._-19 

K J Bumeo nd out --—-72 

*DG Car* not ou.. 50 

Extras (b 4. lb 6). -10 

ToW 0 wfcfc. 60 went - 181 

IK M Kitten, l D Btacteel K J Dean wd 7 

FALL OF WICKETS M?. SSB, 3-26, 4-32. 

BOWUNG Watkin 16-KM-2 PaWn 17-5- 
44-2; date 13-Z-KM; Thcnraa 9-1-400; 
Cosher 5-1-13-0 

Borua points: Glarnagan 2 DwbysJxra 4. 

Northamptonshire v Sussex. 

NOmWMPTO N /second c toy el tour)' 
Nontwirtonshiie, ntf sir totend-tantags 
Hddoets in hand, are 210 runs ahead ot 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: first tarings 

R J Bafcv c Pekce b KWey --9 


A L Pertoerthy c Adams b Bates .12 

•K U OrancMartxvJanWnsbBates ...60 

.DJG Sate tow bHarae ... 

X J mnes b Rotwvxn- 

to Way b Retrain- 

G P 9*raJT c and b Bales . 
J P Taylor c News* b Kwtey 

M K ttwtes na out. 

J F Brown b KMtey 
Extras (b 4. 18]. .. 
Total (67 overs) 


..... 6 

_ _5 


. . ..7 





FALL OF WICKETS 1-14. 2-34. 33* 4-54 
3®. 661. 7-142. 8-165. 9-175 
BCMIUNG Kirtley 15-2-43-2 Edworas 5-3 
W-Tsate26 £km. Robteon 19-934-2. 
Second Inrtnns 


A J Swarm cPWoeb Bales-— Jf 


-K M Cunan not cut —.-.— 3 £ 

DJOSatasbwbBales ... —. -O 

KJ tones nett ori . -... 

Extras (b 9). .. ^ 

Total wto? -- 104 

FALL OF WICKETS? 1-4,2-2& 3-31. 4-35. 
CTRMJNG' ramav 5-2-9-1; Edwards 3-38-0: 


SUSSEX: RrM innings 
M re peace b Owes .. 3 

W G Wwn bw b Dante - ...0 

-CJ Actons to* b Dates_13 

R K Rao c S8te b Bream .-—15 

KNwwflbBrawt. . ...-- . 3 

RSCMartrhJenWtwba-own .70 

A □ Edwards c Brown b Davies 
tS Humphrtaa c tees b Dawes 

J J Baias b awn. 

R J Kirtley not ou . 

M A Rotxnaon c G P Swann b amm 
Extras (bt.b7.w2) ■■ 

ToW (435 owes} 

. ..0 

. . 4 
.. ..2 
... . 0 



FALL OF WICKETS 1-4.2-19. 3-35 4-46. 
5-49.6-HS. 7-66. B-66.9-72 
BOWUNG Taylor 7-2-20-0: Penberthy 2-1 -2- 
0: Dante 1940-19-5. Brown 15.5-3235. 
Bona points. Nonharts 4 Sussex 4. 

Yorkshire v Warwicks 

HEAWNGLEY (second day 01 few) Vcrtartw 
haw scered 311 far to *«tels agansi 

YORKSHIRE: Rrsl Innings 

C While bMuraon..9 

MPVWgtte bGfddbs.23 

MJ Wood not cu.ISO 

*0 Byas bw b Mumon .. 28 

B Parker c Giles b Brown . - -.8 

Tfl J {&*uy b B«M(n ..29 

G M Hamtai not out.. —31 

Extras (b T4, b 7, «b2f__ .. _.. .23 

Total (5whtB, 102 overs)-311 




J D Mbdtetook. C E W SWwvMOd, P M 
Hutdiieai and M J Hoggard to baL 
FALL OF WICKETS 1-29.2-41,365.4-116. 

BOWUNG: GricSns 30-3-96-1. Brmrn 266- 
77-2; Munm 27-9-74-2; Gfes 17-6-34-C. 
Smith 30-7-0 
L Hemp. TL Penney. A 
Bonus points: Ytxtette 3 WwwicSffiHre 2 

Worcs v Hampshire 

WORCESTER (second day ot JmJ: .Hamp- 

are 135 njvpehM MtonSamhn 

WPC HfesumbMeLaan..22 

AHafeezbMcLean . -.. ..-6 

*G A Hfak bw b McLean.- .£ 

VSSound corribStopttwon .. ...1? 

D a Leahottfia bw b Mans..21 

R K Hngworb c Mescerertiaa b McLaan 27 
tSJ RhodeseAymasbStephenson . 34 

S R Lamptt c Keech b Sbpnanson -6 

G R Haynes bw b Stepnenson...- 14 

A snerljwc Janies b Moms —.— SO 

R J Chapman not cut- - 19 

Extras(b 14, w4,nb2) -- a) 

Total (84 nea)___ 212 

FALL OF WfCKEYS: 1-15. 335. 338. *-68. 
3Sa 3133 7-153.315B. 9-1B7 
BOWUNG McLaan 21-1-62-4; Monts 134- 

47-2; James 11-2-230; UdW 1-0-1-O. 
Stephenson 12-3-28- 4. Mascwenhaa 

HAMPSHIRE: Fkst brings 

G w W*e Ibw b Haynes-30 

JP Stephenson not ou --- 38 

W S Kendaa bw b H^ras.....0 

‘RASmttinoi out. .8 

Extras (bi.nb 4}.—..5 

Total (2 wfcts. 28 overs)---77 

tA N Aymea. M Keech. A D Mascarerbas. K 
D James. A C Moms. N McLaan and S D 
(/dot robot 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-65,2-65. 

BOWUNG- Shertyar 30-170: Chapman 61 - 
. 280: Lampitt 1 M-Tfrtt Haynec 33T 7-2 
Bonus poirte: Worcs 1 HarT^jsMra 4. 

Durham v Surrey 

RIVERSIDE (second day ot taw). Dwtiam. 
mV> nine BrO-mntK rectors in hand, an 
251 runs bohlnd Sarey 
SURREY: Fte Innings 323 <A J Koftoafce 87. 
A D awn 5J; J Wood 4 lor 87) 

DURHAM: Rra kvXnge 

J J B lbms c Bany b Benjamtn.13 

JE MomsnouxA ----3? 

M A Rosebery reared hut— -.3 

M J Saggers n« out—... -0 

Extras w 2. nb 22} .. — -24 

Total (1 wrid, 23 crvers)_ 72 

JADate.’DCBoon.PDCoBngwood, IMP 
Sp&yt, n c Props, j Wood and s J 
Hermbon to baL 

BCWUNG. B«ckne» 133254): B C Hottaafce 
31-12-0: Saqan Miatiran 1 -0-5-0. Benjarrai 
33231; A J Hotoake 32-00 
Bonus points' Dunam 4 Surrey 2 

Kent v Somerset 

CANTERBURY (second day Ot bur)- Kant 
Mb nine flrsHnrangs rectots b hand, are 
325 runs behind Snmasrt 

SOMERSET: First manga 

■P D Bowler b Fleming..— 17 

P C L c Ftenang b tteaOtey .... 5 

M E Trescod** c FtoNna b PNKpa— J 

M N Lettiwel c Hooper b Headtey - 1* 

M Buns b Fleming.. 59 

tft J Tuner c PaS b HeacBey -51 

GDRosecKaybHwdey ....-0 

AflKPiereonbFterrwig — -- 17 

MBufaeckbHtodte ...29 

ARCaddWtbHeadey- 4 

AP vanTioost not out---4 

Extras [be, b13,w4. rblO).— .. 33 

Total (112.4 ouara)-342 

FALL OF VMCKET5; 1-16.2 SB. 365. 4-229, 
BOWUNG: PNRps 22-3931: Hearts* 33.4- 
7-97-ft Atoning 3313833. Hooper 11-3 
31-0 Pawl 131-330, Walier 33130 
KENT: Fksl Inrings 

Q P Fliton C Hokway b «3fi Troost.5 

RWTKey not out.-. 4 

BJ PtiWfxs not out ... ...0 


Total fl witt, 7 owrs) -- 17 

ETSown. CL Hooper. APWfefc. MJWaFer. 
M V Remir^a.'tS A Marsh. D W Headay and 
MM Patal to bat. 


BOWUNG Cadrtck 4-2-30: von Troost 


Bonus pomts Kent 4 Somereet 3. 

Middlesex v Glows 

LORD'S (second day ot tot*)- Gtau»swt- 
with six St 

stoa with six second 
hand, am 129 runs ahead ot 

rectols n 


R JCinWe b Fraser. 

T H C Harwich b Fraser ...- 

D R Hanson c Shah b Johnson ... - 
*MWAfleynebJcTmaon .... .... .. 

MOW Wrx±»Htowb JoTatam. 

R1 Dawson b Johnson. 

1R C Russefl c Brawn b HeWU — 

MCJBa»not«4 -—... . — 

J Lawis c Weetes b Hewitt. 

A M SmUi c Brown b Hewitt . 

C A W&bb taw b Fraser. — . . 

ExtrasflbB,w 12) _.. .. 

Total (834 overe) 

. 6 
. 0 

. 41) 

... 0 

FALL OF WICKETS- 1-60. 353. 360. 4 -60 
5^7.3132. 7-186.3186. 3186 
BOWUNG. Fraser 25 4-7-433. Hewfl 22-5 
OT-3; Jotoeon 23^534. Tulna* 12-3-42-0. 
KettlebOiOugn 33130, Weehas 1-34-0 
Second innings 

RJCunHBe tow b Johnson . . — - 4 

T H C Hancock Ibw b Fraser... .-.15 

DRHewsoncVfeekesbJohnson ... .0 

■MW Atone not art.26 

J Leads taw b Heart.4 

A M Stonh not out. 

Total (4WMS)- 49 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-17.316. 322.4-37 
BOWUNG: Fraser 7-331: Haart 4-1-11-1; 
Johnson 5329-2 

MIDDLESEX: First Imngs 
A J Strauss tow b Lewis- ..... 24 

R A KenieborDugn c AUeyne b Smtti ...0 
*M R Ramprateah b Wokh..10 

... .35 

. ...0 
.. .9 



M W Getting c Aleyne b Walsh.. 

O A Shah c RucseU b Welsh 
P N weekes c ABeyne b Smith ... 

IK R Bourn c Bei b Smith ... 

J P Heart c BaS b Srrxfri ... ... 

R L Johnson not out . 

A R C Fraser ton b Smith ... 

P C R TutneS c Aleyne D Wrtch .. 

Extras (b 5, rta 8] ... 13 

Total (572 overs) -— -...-158 

fall os wickets 1 - 0 . 2-23 357 . 4 - 109 .s- 
120.3146.7-146. 3147.3147. 

BOWUNG WBbh 192-5-41-4. Smttfi 133 
405: Lewis n-2-35-1, ABeyne 333 i-O, Bag 

Bonus pona. MWdtese* 4 Gloux 5 

Yorkshire hopes 
sustained by 
solidity of Wood 

Bv Pat GIbson 

HEADINGLE}’ (second day of four): Yorkshire 
have scored 311 for five wickets against 

ALL Matthew Wood knows about Yorkshire’s 
proud record of 30 county championships (one 
of them shared) was learnt at his father’s knee, 
but he played in the great tradition yesterday to 
keep alive their lingering hopes of winning foe 
Britannic Assurance title in his first full season. 

Wood, bom in 1977, nine years after 
Yorkshire last won the championship, not only 
scored his third centuiy on foe most notorious 
pitch in the land but went on to an undefeated 
160, the highest score of his brief career. 

What is more, he had gone in when the pitch 
was at its most capricious. It was much livelier 
than the day before after a night under covers, 
and in Giddins. Brown and Munton. Warwick¬ 
shire had the bowlers to exploit the consider¬ 
able movement and occasional uneven bounce. 

*Vaughan was bowled shouldering arms to 
Giddins. White and By as were cleaned up by 
Munton and when Parker was caught in foe 
gully off Brown. Yorkshire were heading for 
trouble at 116 for four. 

Wood, however, made light of the conditions. 
He drove, cut and pulled foe Warwickshire 
attack to the point of despair in partnerships of 
136 with Blakey and 58, unbroken, with 

To make matters worse for Warwickshire, 
their batting, already missing Lara with knee 
trouble, was further weakened when Singh was 
sent to hospital with a suspected fractured shin, 
foe legacy of a blow he took while fielding 
against Leicestershire last week. 

Hall as 

director of 


JOHN HALL, the former 
England and Bath back-row 
forward, has been 
afipotnied-directorof- — 
coaching at Garryowen in 
Limerick, and will take up 
the appointment on 
October I. Hall succeeds 
Philip Dan after, who is 
now full-time assistant to foe 
Ireland coach. Warren 

Hail played 22 times for 
England, captained Bath for 
two seasons, and achieved 
a double in the dub's league 
successes, as captain in 
1994 and coach in 19%. “I 
was very pleased to be 
approached by Garryowen — 
1 am aware of the dub's 
outlook on foe game, and I 
am looking forward to the 
challenge of adding to 
Garryowen's tradition of 
achievement.'' Hall said. 

Kerr on the way 

Now that Doug Ash has 
announced his resignation as 
chief executive of English 
Rugby Partnership (ERP) and 
English First Division 
Rugby (EFDR). it looks odds- 
on that Donald Kerr, foe 




chairman, will follow. 
Apparently it is not a question 
of if, but when. It could be 
as early as Tuesday, when the 
EFDR meets in London. 

He would like to stay on 
until Christmas, but time and 
forces are conspiring 
against him. Sir John Hall, of 
Newcastle, has been 
rumoured as a possible 
successor, but he might be 
considered too contentious. 
The smart money is on 
Keith Harwell, of 
Northampton, taking over. 

John Gasson 

Wasps are considering the 
most appropriate manner in 
which to honour foe 
memory'of John Gasson, 
their long-serving press 
officer, who died in July from 
leukemia at the age of 68. 
Gasson served the club with 
distinction for more than 
20 years. He also loved 
cricket and was a member 
of foe MCC Estates 
committee, drawing on 
his experience as a surveyor. 
Any suggestions to Alan 
Bodenbam on OISI969 

Morgan dinner 

The Wooden Spoon 
Society is holding a tribute 
dinner for Cliff Morgan at 
the London Hilton on 
September 25. Demand for 
tickets has been phenomenal. 
The event, with Tony 
O’Reilly in the chair, sold out 
in weeks and 1,254 people 
are attending, among them 17 
members of the 1955 
British lions. TTie London 
Welsh Male Voice Choir 
will sing on what promises to 
be an emotional nighL 

Crossed lines 

So much for foe auld 
alliance between France and 
Scotland. Gregor 
Townsend is playing at 
centre for Brive rather 
than in his preferred position 
at fly half, at least until his 
command of foe French 
language improves. Only 
then wfll he be able to call foe 
shots from No IQ. and be 
certain of being understood. 

Mark Souster 

jjfS > 

Thcctrs whiskers,Sprite j ; 


Davenport stands between Williams and place in final 


Williams fought back strongly to defeat S&nchez-Vicario in the quarter-final. Photograph: Stan Honda 

Venus must keep rising 

A SERIES of intriguing cam¬ 
eos surround the four wom¬ 
en’s semi-finalists at the US 
Open here at Flushing Mead¬ 
ows. Foremost among them is 
the plot that could result in 
any three of the players head¬ 
ing the rankings after the final 
tomorrow. Ironically, the im¬ 
poster is the one whose father 
loudly proclaimed that she 
would be: Venus Williams. 

It has been an interesting 
tournament for Williams, who 
reversed an early fide of errors 
to overwhelm Arantxa Skn- 
chez-Vicario. 2-6. 6-1. 6-1. late 
on Wednesday night. There 
has been the usual bout of 
controversy, albeit mi IA 
There has been the usual 
destruction of her early oppo¬ 
nents. but there has also been 
a dissipation of her support. 

The galleries once hyp¬ 
notised by her remarkable 
unbringing are no longer en¬ 
tranced and Williams is well 
aware of it- "The crowd has 
their favourites,” she deferred. 
“I am still a new player on the 

Williams's second-set duel 
with Mary Pierce in the fourth 
round echoed to tumultuous 
applause for both players. It 

From Julian Muscat in new york 

was a similar story against 
Sanchez-Vicario: they chanted 
for Williams when she was 
down, then reversed their 
support when she forged 
ahead. Such ambivalence 
hardly squares with the New 
York perception that if you’re 
not American, you’re not 
worth watching. 

In that respect, it will be 
fascinating to witness the 
crowd's allegiance for Wil¬ 
liams's semi-final against 
Linsday Davenport, whose 
only similarity to Williams is 
her nationality. Davenport, 
seeded No 2. revels in the 
luxury' of anonynimity. Her 
intelligence and eloquence 
cannot manifest themselves 
on court Her prowess is 
viewed as something of a 
spoiler to the glamour 

Williams's every move is 
heavily scrutinised and her 
mid-court victory jig after 
dismissing Pierce was inter¬ 
preted as a sign of disrespect 
This is a theme that constantly 
rears up around Williams, her 
sister. Serena, and her father. 
Richard, who plainly likes the 

sound of his own voice. It was 
he who triggered the spat over 
Williams's failure to wear the 
WTA Tour sponsors logo: he 
who suggested that the entire 
tournament should be trans¬ 
ferred to the deprived Los 
Angeles suburb of Compton, 
where he reared his children 
amid gunshots. 

The time is fast approaching 
for Williams. 18, to garnish 
her potential with titles. Her 
attacking strategy in dismiss¬ 
ing Sanchez-Vicario will be 


more seriously tested by the 
powerful ground strokes of 
Davenport who leads their 
previous encounters 4-1. 

The second semi-final 
brings together Martina 
Hingis, the defending champi¬ 
on. and Jana Novotna, who 
mastered Hingis in the semi¬ 
finals at Wimbledon. Indeed, 
each of Novotna’s three vic¬ 
tories over Hingis have been 
gained on the fastest surfaces. 

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match-up is the improbable 
mood of the two players. It 
would have been unthinkable 
12 months ago to suggest that 
Novotna. 29. would nave the 
greater momentum. Her 
Wimbledon triumph has re¬ 
leased her from the mental 
shackles of previous grand- 
slam failures. She has won 22 
of her past 24 matches, has 
found self-assurance and has 
cantered through each of her 
five matches here. 

Hingis, by contrast, has 
foiled to assert the dominance 
she established at the start of 
1997. She appears inhibited by 
the threat of failure. Her form 
is considerably removed from 
the level that swept her to 
three of the four grand-slam 
titles last year. 

Whatever their foie across 
the net. Hingis and Novotna 
will team up on the same side 
to contest the doubles final. 
The combination yesterday 
triumphed in routine fashion 
over Lisa Raymond. and 
Retinae Stubbs to establish the 
possibility that Hingis. 17. 
could complete a doubles 
grand slam. She would doubt¬ 
less trade all those titles for 
victory over Novotna tonight 


Moya: tough schedule 

His previous match against 
Alex Corretja was scheduled 
as the last during the night 
session on Tuesday, following 
Martina Hingis and Monica. 
Seles. By the time the women 
had finished, the crowd had 
dwindled to around L500. 

It was not much better 
yesterday. Moya took to the 
court in front of rows and 
rows of empty seats. The 
handful of spectators who did 
bother to turn up just made 
the place look untidy. 

Having ground to a halt 
yesterday, the Open now be¬ 
gins a mad dash to the 
finishing tape, thanks to the 
power of television. Tomor¬ 
row it is back to the bad old 
days of Super Saturday, 
where the women's final is 
played in between the two 
men’s semi-finals. 

The women have no idea 
when their match will start, 
while die men in the second 
semi-final are at a distinct 
disadvantage, being kept on 
court until the evening, so 
allowing less recovery time 
before the final on Sunday. 

It was different last year, 
when the two singles finals 
were both played on Sunday, 
but since then CBS has won 
back the contract to show 
Sunday American football 
and the scheduling must 
make way for the NFL. In the 
US Open, tennis is secondary 
to the business of making 

Answers from page 46 

W Or hellion. A troublesome or 
disreputable person: a 
mischievous child. Probably a 
variant of hallion a loot or lazy 
rascaL H. G.. Wells. You can't 
be too Careful, mi:Tbni vision 
of Swedenborg's when all the 
damned and blessed fly of their 
own accord to the particular 
places appointed for them. 
foeDyons of every sort to their 
hells and the blessed to their 


(c) A mineral of the amphibole 
group. The e po u y m of John 
Wesley Judd (1840-1916*. EngOsb 
geologist “Ii may thus be 
concluded dial me joddiles 
generally refer to (manganoan) 
magnesioriebccfcite - 


(a) The tdflrfe frog. Ratio 
esailenta, which was introduced 
into East Angfiaeariy in the 19th 
century. The lakes, canals and 
meres of East Anglia became 
wettsfocked with [edible} frogs. 
Locals called these invaders 

Cambridgeshire nightingales.” 

(c) An evergreen shrub 
belonging to the genus Euryops, 
especially the resm-bush. 


1 QrilS*! gxh5 2 Rxh5* Rh7 3 


to whims 
of TV 

From Alk Ramsay 

IT IS the eleventh day of the 
US Open and the bags under 
the eyes of the staff at Flush¬ 
ing Meadows , are growing 
heavier by the hour. It is die 
same the world over at this 
stage of a grand-slam tourna¬ 
ment but anywhere else the 

feeding of tension — and relief 

— that the finals are ap¬ 
proaching would be enough 
to keep everyone going. 

The second Thursday 
should be women’s semi¬ 
finals day, allowing the win¬ 
ners a day off before 
Saturday’s final and whetting 
the'appetite for the men’s 
semi-finals on Friday. Nor¬ 
mally the place would be fuff 
of spectators settling in for a 
day of important matches. 
But this is America, where 
everything is different, and 
anyone who forked out their 
$45 for a ticket to the daytime 
session was in for a dun time. 

The only match of note was 
the last men’s quarterfinal 
between Carlos Mqyfi and 
Magnus Larsson. but seeing 
as neither of them was an 
American and was thus 
deemed to be an unknown, 
the French Open champion 
found his match wedged in 
between a doubles semi-final 
and the mixed doubles final. 
Moyl must begetting used to 
such treatment by now. 

Flowers on the rampage 

Gardens of the Caribbean 
Channel 4. Sffipm 

Anne Swifoinhank offers a six-part tour of die 
horticulture of the West Indies, helped by 
photography which is more than equal to the 

place for the observation that, in a tropical efimate. 
growth rates can be phenomenal. The problem is 
not getting things to grow, but keeping them in 
check. Surprisingly, perhaps, she spots many 
flowers similar to those at home. But her focus is 

on the native plants, even ones she personally does 

not care for such as the waxy anthuriums. 
Swithinbank takes her friendly approach and 
unfeigned enthusiasm to % couple of showcase 
gardens, a flower market and a veteran grower 
who speaalises in what die locals call “sexy pjnks"- 


BBC!, 930pm 

As foreshadowed in the previous series. Nigel 
Haven's Dr Jonathan Paige has taken charge of 
the Warwickshire surgery. He arrives promising a 
“complete overhaul of management procedures*’, 
which may have the staff quaking but seems 
unlikely to captivate foe viewers. Mare promising 
is the fallout from Paige's other job as police 
surgeon. The new Dl. Gillian Cramer (Jane 
Gurnett), is a possible source of romance for the 
divorced doctor, though she is a forthright 
character who is likely to set ha - awn leans. 
Meanwhile. Paige and Cramer form a prickly 
alUance to solve a murder at a fairground, behind 
which is an acrimonious family history. Tony 
McHale’s script enshrine an infallible rule: if a 
suspect confesses with 15 minutes of the episode 
stiff to go you can be sure that he or she is corering 
up for the real killer. 

Never Mind the Buzzcocks 


It is curious haw so many of todays younger 
comics are owing their celebrity foot to mention 
their bread and butter) to a genre which in earlier 
and more irreverent days they would have 
despised. This is the panel game. Mention Mark 
Lamarr. Phill Jupitus and Sean Hughes and what 


ti^erMUid the Buzzcocks. Or youxan argue foat 
fofapoD music quiz is an ironic subversion ofjfte 
S^%dher than an endorsement of ft and foat 
PrH ,T. i_i 4Mf>rr limit]is and Hushes 

Another who nas come 

shows than original material i s Vic ffl 

chance he guests t onigh t. m AEJEJfLPj rdieS 
he and Lamarr perform on Snooting.Stars. _ 

Rock Family Trees: Sabbath, Bloody Sabbafo 


Here is foe story of four working-class lads from 
Aston. Birmingham, for whom making music 
offered a way out of life in a factory. Tne quartet 
who became Black Sabbath came together in WG8 
as a result of an ad in a local music shop and went 
through a couple of changes of namebefore hitting 
on foe tide that summed up their mixture of hard 
rock and demonic imagery. Their act was 
outrageous. They spat, they screamed., they 
shouted obscenities. The dnanmerforew his kr tat 
foe audience. The record companies wte sceptical 
but they became a cult success on both sides of the 
Atlantic, took to drink and drugs, broke up. re- 
framed and survived- The four originals. Geezer 
Butler. Ozzy Osbourne, Tony lommi and Biff 
Ward, tell it how it was. Peter Waymark 


Horses for Courses 
Radio 4.1130pm 

A former Editor of The Times once asked me if I 
wanted to buy “part of a horse", but that sounded 
too much like something out of The Godfather, so l 
declined- You may have deduced from this that 
horse raring is a bit of mystery to me but 1 learnt 
plenty from the first of this series presented fay 
Robin Oakley, the BBC'S political editor. Tonight 
we discover something about the qualities that a 
successful horse needs, but useful attributes vary 
according to different people Oakley recalls one 
trainer who bought a horse because, “even though 
ft had foe body of Mr Bean it had the head of 
Arkle”. More usually, look for “good strong 
quarters for propulsion". And apparently you can 
buy “a very nice filly" for E 18 . 000 . 

630am Ctins Moytes 900 Simon Mayo 1230 Jo Whtey 
includes 1230pm Ne*sbeai 200 Mailt Racta-fie 430 Dave 
Pearce, includes 5A5 Newsbeat 6 jOO Pete Tang's EssenttaT 
Selector 9JX) Judge Jutes 11.00 Westwood: Rad© 1 Rap 
Show 200 am Fatso and Groovender 430 Emma B 

6 . 00 am Alex Lester 730 Wake Up to Wogan 930 Ken Bruce 
1200 Jimmy Young 2-QOpm Ed Stewart 54)5 John Own 730 
Glamorous Mghts: The Ivor Novelo Sivy 730 Friday Night is 
Musk: Night 9.15 Saturday Night and Sunday Morning 930 
Ustan to the Band VLOO Easy Does ft 1030 The Arts 
Programme 12.05am Charles Ncme 4JW Jackie Bird 


6.00am Breakfast urih Jufian Wbmdter 9.00 Nicky Campbell 
12-00 The hfidday News with Victoria Dertjyshne 1.00pm 
Ruscoe arte Co. Indudes racing from Doncaster 4.00 
Nationwide with Jane Garvey 7 JIO News Extra. Presented by 
Susan Bookbinder 730 Alan Green's Sportsman tndodss 
cormertaiy from Prenton Park, where Tranmere /towers play 
HuddersteW Town in the First Dmskxi 10.00 Late Night Uve 
with Brian Hayes 1-00am Up All ffight with Richard DaVp» 


&30am Jonathan Ross 9J0 Bobby Ftain l-OOpm Nick Abbot 
44W Mark Forrest 7.00 Wreete of Steel 11.00 James Memo 
2-OOan Howard Paarce 


&30om Bfli Overton and Kksty Young 94)0 Scott Chisholm 
11.00 Lorraine KeDy 1.00pm Arra Raabixn 3-00 Tommy Boyd 
5.00 Peter Deeiey 7i» Nick Abbot ia00 MB® Allen ZOOam 
MDb D»c(otj S the Crsatues Of The Night 

6 -OQam On Air. Presented by PetrocTreiawny. 

Inctu des Stanford (foe Bfciebrfdl; Coplaid 
(Clarinet Concerto); BrittetVBerketey (Mont Juic). 
Rossni (Overture- An Italian Grrl in Algiers) 

9.00 Mastafwortcs, with Penny Gore. Includes Bwcs 
(Symphony in D minor. Op 2 No 8); Chopin (Two 
Waltzes. Op 64); Mendelssohn (Volin Concerto in 
D mnorj: Handel (Chandos Anlhem No 5; I Will 
Magnify Thee); Chopin (Waltz m A fiat. Op 42); 
Georg Muflat (Sonata No 5 in G. Armonico tribute) 
10-30 Artist ot the Week: Jetur-Yves Thlbaudet 
11 M Sound Stories: Stren Voices. Rrdiard Baker 
tens the story ol Violet Gordon Woctehouse. 

12-00 Proms Composer of the Week: Jan&ek 
1.00pm The Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert 

Ma nchester Sanmer RecttaL Featuring Guido 
Schtefen. cello, Alfredo Pert, piano Beethoven 
(Certo Sonatas in G motor. Op 5 No 2; In D. Op 
102 No 2) 

ZOO BBC Proms 96. Monday's Prom (r) 

4toQ Voices and Viola. Chns de Souza introduces 
more early music recordings, including works by 
Frescobafc*. Fayrfax and Sach and a rude song 

S r Lassus 

usfc Machine: In at the Deep End (r) 

5.00 In Tune. Sean Rafferty investigates the story of 


630am tick Barley 830 Henry Kely. Indudes the Hal of Fame 
How lavoitete pieces wted for n the Classic FM Top 300 
iaoo UxMhtinie Requests wflh Jane Jones 24Wpm Concerto 
Mendelssohn (Plano Concerto NoInG minor) 3 j 00 Jamie 
Crick. Includes Continuaus Classics plus sport updates and 
travel news MO Nawsnight Top acres and rrteivtews with 
guests from the arts wortd. Presanled by John Brunrtng 7.00 
Smooth Classics at Sevan with John Btunrung 9.00 Evening 
Concert. WSfiam Uoyd Webber (Invocation); Sgar (Enigma 
Variators); Stanford (trtsh Rhapsody No 4 In A nwur): 
Vaughan WiBams (A Pastoral Symphony] 11.00 Mam at Nigh! 
2.00on Concerto (r) 3 JOO Mark Griffiths 

the the Palace of Whitehall, which was destroyed 

730 BBC Proms 98 Ruth Ziesak, soprano. Bernards 
Ftok. contralto. Herbert Lippert. tenor, Neal Davies, 
bass. Arnold Sboenberg Chorr, Chamber 
Orchestra ol Europe under Nikiaus Harnoncourt 
Beethoven (Missa Salem ms) 

9.15 Pesfcrfpt Living Ideas. Dr Simon Crttchefy 
defends Ihe modem French-Jewish philosopher 
Emmanuel Levinas (5/5) (r) 

9-30 Impromptus. Composed by by Faute (or piano 
and harp solo. Paul Crass ley. piano. Marfea 
Robles, harp 

950 Sounding the Century. Dominic-Richards, piano, 
Royal College of Music 20fh Century Ensemble 
under Edwin Roxburgh. Ravel, arr Boulez ; 
(Ftontispreca. first UK performance): LuLc Bedford 
(Sick Paradise, first performance), Colfa Matthews 
(Hidden Variables). Richard Causton (The 
Persistence of Memory); Trislan Muraft 
(peantegrarions): Mesaaen (Couleura de la Cite 

11.30 Swinging with Unde Joe. A tour-pal history ol 
m gzz under Communism (2/4) M 

Week: Osier and Weil! (r) 
1.00am Through The Night 

6.00am Today, with Anna Fad and John Humphrys. 
Includes &S5.7.55 Weather 7^5, B-Z5 Sports 

News 7.45 Thought for the Day 
9.00 in the Psych ia trist's Chair. Professor Anthony 
Clare talks to the investigative journalist Gttla 
Sereny. author ol a controversial book about May 
Bell which has raised a number cd fundamental 

g lions about human nature (ti 
An Act of Worship 

The Owl’s Watcfrsong. Tm Pigott-Smitfi 
; J A Cuddon's 1950s frixite to the once 
imperial city of Isfanbii and its inhalants i*V5) 
10410 News; Woman's Hour, with Jenrx Murray 
114)0 News; A Gothic Cathedral. Simon Parahawe 
tdls the stay of Rooet’a Thesaurus of English 
words and Phases 

11 30 BabbJewfck HriL ScoU ChenVa 18tfvcentufy 
comedy siarang Wteholas Le Provost. Forbes 
Masson and Dave H» 

1200 (FM) News; You and Yours. Introduced by John 
Wake 1257pm Weather 

12.00 (LW) News Headlines; Shipping Forecast 
1 J)0 The Wortd alOns, with NicKO^ke 
150 Foul Play. A new series of the murder-mystery 
panel game. Simon Brett is joined by Ruth Dudley 
Edwards and Robert Richardson With Mana 
McErlane and Lee Simpson as the witnesses 
2.00 News; The Archers (r) 

21S Afternoon Play: Legal Affairs. Chris 

Thompson's series about three solicitors in a 
country practice in the Midlands With Graham 
Padden. Nina Thomas. Andrew Robinson and 
Mecra Syal (3/5) (r) 

3.00 News; Check Up. The wwkfy health phone-in 
wilh Barbara Myers 

3J0 Blind Man on the Rampage. The BBC 

dtsabiWes correspondent peter White presents 
five programmes with a inque take on Ho 15/5) (rj 
245 Feedback. Qms Dunktey wifo fistenars' KHtera 

4.00 News; Open Book. James Naughae and a group 
of readers talk to the writer Jung Chang (r) 

430 The Message. Alex Brad'ie ana guests engage in 
conversation about how current media trends 

affect our fares 

5 -°° PM. w»h Chris Lowe and Clare English 5-54 <LW) 

. _ Sh^spmg Forecast 5^7 Weather 
6 J» Six O'Clock News &30 The News Quiz, with 
Simon Hoggart, the Times columnist Alan Coren, 
Andy Hamilton and guests 
7JJ0 News; The Archers 7.15 Front Raw. Francine 
-» chans the nightly arts programme 

7-4S Dear Jayne Browne: End of Innocence, by Nek 
Fisher, wah Jill Baton, Stella Gorwt, Angela 
O nn r. leasa ^ ^ Valerie Samri {5^5} (r) 

8.oo News; foe Commission; Education. Nick Ross 
K joned lor a debate by Lord Cfemert Jlorws. 
oicffoJhLeaaxlme nmescolumrustSimon Jenkrro 
^5 ^ *™*** America, by Alistair Cooke 
9.00 News; Th eFtttay Play: Beauty and tire . 
Beasfa. A Wad- comedy by M&e Harris With 
otena Gonei, Trevor Peaajck (and Darren We. 
See Choice 

Ihe last of fare short states by Brian 
fTf 1 )|y hen Nefly Doherty’s husband soowned in 
wiiagers employ a Owner K) 

ii on sh ^ neful secra Is discovered 

n.oo Late Night on 4; Late Tackle. More late-mgm 

fffe process of a group of yearlings as they are 
„ Ef e P ar ^firs; races. See Chotee 

12 -°° Late Book: Tate# From 


1248 Shirring Rwwcssf 1.00 As Wortd Service 

The Friday Play: Beauty and foe Beasts 
Radio 4.9Wpm 

Got foe decorators in? Record this arid play it to 
them, preferably while you are out Stella Gonet 
stars as Anthea Lostparoen. just back in Britain 
after ten years spent m the African bush. She is a 
scientist with a particular interest _ in. foe 
relationship between man and the apes. She 
develops a new theory about this link and detides 
to test it on Bill and Ride (Trevor Peacock and 
Darren Tighri who have been called in to decorate 
her house. Bill and Rick are greeted by the loud 
sound of apes, but decide this must be “foe 
plumbing”. For the builders, this is foe chance to 
make a lot of money out of Lostgarden. a 
conclusion they are quite likely to revise as time 
goesby... Peter Barnard 


7j00aoi News 7.15 Insight 730 Along the Osar North Road 

7.45 Cone Inside &00 News 8.15 Ott the Shell: Human 
Ctoquet 2t\3 *50 Mbsic Review 9JW News; (8*B only) News 
in German 9.10 Pause lor Thought 9.15 Wsstwgy 9 JO John 
Peel 1000 News 10.05 WOrid Business Report 10.15 The 
Learning Wortd 1030 SpeaMhg of English 1045 Sports 
Jtouidup 11.00 Newodesk 11 JO A Green Hsioiy ol the Planet 
12.00 Nemdesk 12-30pro Rais an Fadh 1.00 News; (&>6 
only) Newre In German 1.06Wortd Business Report 1.15-Mam 
Today 1 30 Bringina Up Baby200Newshour 3.00 News 105 
Outlook 330 MuWttadc Altemafive 4JJ0 News 4.05 Football 
Extra 4.15 Stories from the Aft er»e 430 Science in Actjar. (64fi 
only) News In Gennan 530 Etfopa Today 5JOWorid Business. 
Report 545Britain Today 64W News 6.15 insitfif630HowTo 
Listen (648 only) News in German 6.45 Sports Roundup 730 
Newsdesk 730 Focus On Faith 830 News 831 Outlook B35 
Pause For Thought 830MulUtiackAltamatkte 9.00 NeM^hour 
iaoo News, laos World Business Report 1215 Britain Today 
1030 Crime and Pmshment 11-00 Newsdesk 1130 tosighl 

11.45 Spans Route up 1200 News 1205am Outlook 1230 
Muffitracfc Aftamalive 130 Newsdesk 130 From the l/teeMies 

1.45 Britain Today 200 Newsdesk 230 Stories from the 
Aftertfe 245 Short Story 200 Newsday 230 Crane and 
Rirashment 430 News 435 Business 4.15 Sport 430 

FREQUENCY GUIDE. RADI01. FM 97.6-99.8. RADIO 2. FM 88.0-902. RADIO 3. FM 903^24. RADIO 4. PM924- 
94.R LW 198; MW 720. RADIO 5 UVE. MW 693. 909. WORLD SERVICE. MW 648- Wl9Bf124ts3^iT 
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How much longer can they keep this up? 

T he team running Viagra 
trials in Bristol were faced 
with several knotty JittJe 
problems, some of them really 
quite hard. As one nice young 
doctor put it “We needed a tool 
that would help us quantify erec¬ 
tions." Oops. 

They developed the RigiScan, a 
nifty device for delecting penile 
tumescence, collected a library of 
pornographic videos to stimulate 
sexual response and introduced 
the concept of keeping an “erection 
diary". Just don't leave it lying 
around when auntie visits. 

But the biggest challenge to 
come up on Sexual Chemistry 
(BBC2), Horizon’s history of the 
treatment of impotence (or “male 
erectile dysfunction" as we must 
now call it) was how to avoid 
accidental doubles entendres, or 
worse, outright sniggering. 

They plumped for a reassuring¬ 
ly sensible, motherly voiceover. 
My review tape lacked end credits. 

but it sounded like the actress 
Lynda Bellingham. (By the time 
this hits the newsagents I will 
know if I was right.) “There was a 
lot hanging on these men’s erec¬ 
tions.” she intoned solemnly, as if 
Viagra wouldn't melt in her 
mouth, and then 1 heard it — an 
unmistakable snort Sadly this will 
have been edited out of the 
broadcast programme, but I prom¬ 
ise you it was there. 

The response of serious docu¬ 
mentary-makers to anything view¬ 
ers might find embarrassing is to 
get exceptionally po-faced and 
serious. We had sombre, slightly 
eerie incidental music during the 
introductory sequence and lots of 
impressively scientific shots of the 
banks of little drawers that re¬ 
search pharmacologists keep their 
experimental drugs in — that son 
of thing. And with the exception of 
that tell-tale snort, the voiceover 
maintained an air of majestic calm 
and warm, caring sobriety. 

But my tape also lacked the 
computer graphics used to illus¬ 
trate those erections off which so 
much was to hang and some wag 
had substituted the missing mate¬ 
rial with the caption “Computer 
Graphics Li —The Full Monty". So 
we now know that the more se¬ 
pulchral the tone, the more likely it 
is that the production team are rol¬ 
ling around the editing room in fits 
oj adolescent mirth. 




I t seems to me that there has 
actually been a great deal of 
coverage of this subject, even 
before Viagra thrust itself upon the 
nation’s consciousness. Apart from 
a rainforest's-worth of newsprint 
about the drug itself, we have had 
radio programmes, television 
snippets and any number of press 
articles about earlier treatments 
for male impotence. But this 
programme did have some enter¬ 
taining details to add. 

1 hadn't realised that vacuum- 

pump devices were invented by an 
American car-tyre repair man 
called Geddings Os bon, who 
made his first contraption out of 
bits of windscreen washers and a 
bicycle pump. 

It was also news to me that the 
doctor who invented penile injec¬ 
tions (haveyou noticed that nurses 
always say: “You’ll just feel a little 
scratch” these days?) had demon¬ 
strated on himself in from of an 

audience of 200 surprised interna¬ 
tional experts. 

The more interesting material 
concerned the development of the 
drug. This combined the acciden¬ 
tal discovery, by researchers at 
Pfizer Ltd in Kent, of the agent that 
allows blood flow into the penis, 
with the discovery in America that 
nitric oxide provides the chemical 
message from the brain which 
stimulates arousal. The final ele¬ 
ment was the race to develop a 
female equivalent drug, about 
which the researchers were reluc¬ 
tant to give much away. 

A golden future beckons, h 
seems, when worn-out middle- 
aged couples will put the children 
to bed. pop a pill apiece over their 
supper and be primed and ready to 
go, before deckling they are too 
tired and failing asleep anyway. 

Self-help of a rather different 
kind was on the agenda in two new 
series that started last night Nigel 
Slater's Real Food (Channel 4) 

provided half an hour of undiluted 
foodie sensuality, as the fashion¬ 
able young chef found ever more 
inventive ways of making love to 
free-range chickens. 

A t first glance, Slater looks 
slightly nerdy, with his little 
round granny glasses and 
homely, boyish features. But don’t 
be fooled by those cheeky little 
nosewinkling expressions. This 
man approaches poultry with the 
practised seductive arts of the most 
ruthless Casanova. 

He even recruited like-minded 
friends. Peter Gordon made a lus¬ 
cious-looking Singaporean spicy 
chicken soup, wltile this paper’s 
former columnist Nigella Lawson 
did things with roast chicken that 
would make your eyes water, 
never mind your mouth. 

Slater's approach is not as 
“simple” as he claims, in that he 
rustles up little numbers involving 
16 ingredients, half of which are 

unobtainable in ordinary super¬ 
markets. whatever he claims. But 
his enthusiasm is infectious and he 
has the creative spontaneity of a 
jazz musician — a perfect antidote 
to Delia Smith. 

Another kind of sensual plea¬ 
sure returned with the new series 
of Ground Force (BBC1). This is a 
“makeover" programme, with a 
dash of Challenge Anneka thrown 
in. as last nighr the team struggled 
to finish the new garden before 
international women's rugby star. 
Debbie Francis got home. 

As gardening programmes go. 
it’s not at all trad. Alan Titch- 
marsh's designs are imaginative 
and not impracticable, but the real 
pleasure for me comes from watch¬ 
ing Charlie Dimmock. his female 
assistant. With the strong frame 
and unkempt leeks of a Saxon 
farmer’s wife, she exudes a vigor¬ 
ous. springy enthusiasm, even 
more appetising than Thai green 
chicken curry, Viagra anybody? 


,6.00am Business Breakfast (25508) 

7.00 BBC Breakfast News (T) (12782) 

9.00 KBroy (7731140) 

9.40 Breakers (7683850) 

10.05 Sex Wars Why are men inclined 
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10.30 Daily Live (T) (4244633) 

10.55 News rn and weather (1695169) 

11.00 Style Challenge Two patriotic pals go in 

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11.25 Can't Cook, Won't Cook (T) (1808633) 

11.55 Neighbours (T) (4292966I 
1220pm News (T) and weather (7821072) 
1250 Live Commonwealth Games 

Grandstand Steve Rider introduces 
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attended by Prince Edward, President of 
the Commonwealth Games Federation, 
King Tuanku of Malaysia and 
representatives of the Queen (T) 

325 Ptaydays (r) (7949633) 3.45 Arthur (r) 
(1740091) 4.10 Ace Ventura. Pel 
Detective (0 (6261527) 4.35 Clarissa 
Explains It All (T) (3316527) 5.00 
Newsround (T) (8527879) 5.10 Blue Peter 
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525 Neighbours (r) (T) (447091) 

600 News (T) and weather (817) 

6.30 Regional News Magazine (169) 

7.00 Weekend Watchdog with' Anne 
Robinson New series of consumer 
investigations (T) (674904) 

725 Top of the Pops Jamie Thefricston 
introduces Music from All Saints; 5ive; 
Hole; Sheryl Crow; and the Manic Street 
Preachers ff) (653411) 

7.50 Fawfty Towers: The Psychiatrist A 

psychiatnsl checks in at the hotel and 
becomes intrigued by the behaviour ol 
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8.30 Only Foots and Horses: May The 
Force Be With You Rodney unwittingly 
causes an uproar by bringing home a 
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9.00 News m regional news and weather 

Dangerflekfc Local Colour 

New series of the detective 


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Warwickshire police surgeon from Nigel 
Le Vailiant, and soon finds himself in 
conflict with career-minded copper Jane 
Gurnet! (T) (757140) 

1020 The Hit List (1993) Thriller, with Jeff 
gwan Fahey, Yancy Butler and James Cobum. 
BjUUA professional assassin is assigned to 
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shadowy business partners, and soon 
learns the perils of mixing business with 
pleasure. Directed by William Webb (T) 

1120 The Baba (1992) Biopic of baseball 
qh legend George "Babe" Ruth, starring 
Bjllw John Goodman and Kelly McGilhs. 
Directed by Arthur Hiller (983966) 
1.45am Weather (2812034) 

1 .50 Commonwealth Games Live update on 
swimming events from Kuala Lumpur 

4.00 BBC News 24 


The number; after ^ 

Pius* programming, /usi en*erd» Fw» 

nurrtbwfsTfor Ihe relevant programmer^ mto your 
vttfco recorder (or easy lapmg ^ 

For more tfeta.b rafi VIDEO ^ “P^J 50710 
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6.10am Social Scientists at Work (7995904) 
7.00 Teletubbies (r) (1539966) 725 The 
Smurfs (r) (1541701) 750 Cartoon 
Critters (r) (T) (3387898) 8.15 Noah's 
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8.45 Harry and the Hendersons (0 (T) 
(6781614) 9.10 Cry of the Beluga 
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Teletubbies (74661) 

1020 When the Whales Came (1989) Pre- 
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Directed by Dive Rees (T) (15596614) 
1210pm Wildlife on Two |r) (T) (7905459) 
1240 Johnson and Fnertds (17397546) 
1250 Working Lunch (2359053) 1.15 
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205 Racing from Goodwood Coverage ol 
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325 Commonwealth Games Grandstand 
Further coverage of foe opening 
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4.15 World Cup Athletics Sue Barker 
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6.00 The Simpsons (T) (787188) 

6.45 Commonwealth Games and World 
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from the World Cup (3432121) 

8.00 Country Tracks The secret past of 
Orlord Ness; why the intelligence of owls 
has been overrated; wilderness training in 
the Country Tracks Challenge (T) (8053) 
820 Gardeners' World A Japanese plot in 
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920 Game On (r) (T) (4072) 

920 Rah C. Nesbitt Gash decides his wife 
isn't quite as dishy as his sister-in-law fT) 

IQ.OQgSgggSl Never Mind the Buzzcocks 
ESSEHSaMark Laman hosts a new 
series of the irreverent pop quiz with 
comedians Vic Reeves and BiH Bailey. 
Radol DJ Chris Moyies, and Shrereun's 
James Broad lotning Phfll Jupitus and 
Sean Hughes (T) (38169) 

1020 Newsnight (T) (977362) 

Ozzy Osbourne, lead singer of the 
notorious Black Sabbath (11.15pm) 


SSI Rock Family Trees: 
zSJ Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath 

The history ot heavy metal band Black 
Sabbath (T) (496072) 

1205am Comedy Nation Comedy sketch 
Show (8006541) 

1235 Later with Joote Holland Embrace; 

Btackstreet; M People; Cast (r) (2635473) 
125 The Man in the Mirror (1936, bfw) Fast- 
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SllSjjand Alas lair Sim. Directed by Maurice 
Elvey (2149270) 

255 Weather (7938183) 

6.00am GMTV (1093633) 

925 Vanessa (T) (6620362) 

10.15 TMs Morning (T) (84213053) 

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1.00 Relative Knowledge (r) (17237) 

120 Home In the Country (42850) 

200The Jerry Springer Show (3269898) 
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2.45 The Dressing Up Show: Charity Ball 

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5.10 A Country Practice (9502121) 

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620 Catch phrase (T) (730614) 

6.25 Regional Weather (331492) 

620 Regional News (237) 

7.00 Bruce's Price Is Right New series of the 
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720 Coronation Street Maxine reveals the 
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8.00 Who Wants To Be a Millionaire? (2879) 
820You’ve Been Framed! Use Riley with 
viewers' video-clips (T) (4614) 

Des O’Connor Introduces an hour of 
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9,00 Des O’Connor Tonight Joining Des 
tonight in the first of a new series are the 
Bee Gees, Robbie Williams, Samantha 
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10.00 News at Ten (T) and weather (25695) 
1020 Regional News and weather (B271S4) 
10.45 My Blue Heaven (1990) Comedy with 
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Cusack. An affable Mafioso who turns 
Into a grass is rehoused, for his own 
protection, in a small town. But before 
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1225am Nash Bridges (T) (2639299) 

125 Still In Bed with MeD timer (r) (I) 

2.05 CJub@vlsian (4521386) 

2.45 The Haunted Rshtank (r) (19015) 

3.15 Brides of Dractita (1960) with Peter 
Cushing. A young baron who has 
inherited the Dracuta curse is kept locked 
away by his mol her, but he escapes and 
rampages through a girls' school. 
Directed by Terence Fisher (4613638) 
4.40 nv Wghtscreen (67207638) 

5.00 Coronation Street (r) (T) (95928) 

520 News (21270) 

As HTV West except 
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120 The Jerry Springer Show (7264362) 
2.45-3.15 Our House (654343) 

5.10-5.40 Shorthand Street (9502121) 

6.00 Heart of the Country (730614) 
625-7.00 Central News (928508) 

10.40 Central Weekend Live (28718782) 
12.15am Tales from the Darfcside (5530367) 
1240 Nash Bridges (9906096)' 

125 CHlb@viston (2813386) 

220ITV at the Reading Festival (6313893) 
3.15 World Football (16928) 

3A5 Vanessa (4631164) 

420 Central Jobflnder '98 (9476560) 

520 Asian Eye (9324164) 

■i r.' *r n n 

As HTV West except: 

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1020 Westcountry News (827184) 

1046 FILM: They Live (96711072) 

• •!; y K- J i 


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920 Bewitched (35072) 9.30 FILM: Sweet 
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Hall of Fame: Richard Burton (1888879) 
11.00 Australia Wild (9904) 1120 Here’s One 
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1.00 Slot MeWirin (57980985) 1.15 Tomes y 
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820 Newyddkm (2256) 920 Frasier (9140) 
920 Friends (61985) 1020 Brooksfde 
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1225am Jo WhHey (5457367) 120 FILM: 
Berserk] (643657) 325 FILM: Mystery of the 
Wax Museum (4624744) 



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920 Bewitched (r) (T) (350721 

920 Sweet Rosie O’Grady (1943) Betty 

S Grable stars as a tum-ol-ihe-ceniury 
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1025 20th Century Hall of Fame: Richard 
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11.00 Australia Wfld (9904) 

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1.35 Collector’s Lot The romantic novels ol 
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125 Racing from Doncaster Brough Scott 
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4.00 Fifteen-to-One (r) (T) (850) 420 
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Music comes from Pulp; PJ Harvey; and 
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720 News (T) and weather (238782) 

725 Algeria Dally (908695) 

Anne Swfthinbank explores the 
gardens of the West Indies (8pm) 


Gardens of the Caribbean: 
Trinidad (1/6) Anne 
S within bank takes a look at the 

Carfobean from a gardener's perspective 
ff) (3121) 

820 Brookskle ff) (2256) 

920 Friends; The One from Poughkeepsie 
Phoebe performs one of her own 
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920 Spin City: One Wedding and a Funeral 
With Mike and Laura's wedding plans 
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1020 Frasier: Guess Who's Coming To 
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1125 South Park The boys celebrate 
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1125 TH Friday (r) (7331401 
1225am Jo Whiley (r) fT) (4767812) 

1.15 Berserk (1967) Ocus serial killer thriller 
Bfflfl starring Joan Crawford and Diana Dors. 
BUM Directed by James O'Connolly (651676) 
320 Mystery of the Wax Museum (1933, 

n b/w) Classic horror with Lionel Alwil). Fay 
Wray and Glenda Farrell. Directed by 
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420 Expecting (r) (90618541) 

425 Lapin (r) (67217015) 

420 Beat That Einstein (6/8) (r) (T) (7341928) 

Channel 5 is now broadcasting on 
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Viewers with a Videocrypt decoder will 
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charge. Frequencies for transponder No 
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Oprah Wintiey Show (r) 17413256) 1020 
Sunset Beach (T) (4685459) 11.10 Leeza 

12.00 5 News at Noon (T) (9824879) 12.30pm 
Family Affaire (r) (T) (2126053) 1.00 The 
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Sons and Daughters (2125324) 2.00 100 
Per Cent Gold (9378463) 2.30 Open 
House with Glona Hunriiiord (3304898) 
320 Goddess of Love (1988. TVM) with 

M Varna White and David Naughlon. 
Comedy about the goddess Venus's 
quest to prove that her Icve is not fickle. 
Directed by Jen Drake (2190701) 

5.10 The Oprah Winfrey Show: Will Smith 

620100 Per Cent (4298985) 

620 Family Affaire (r) (4289237) 

720 5 News ff) (1273099) 

720 Where Uie Bison Roam The winter 
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8.00 The Car Show The Renault Clio, an old 
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games (5978607) 

820 Sick as a Parrot Comedy-sports quiz 
with Jeremy Nicholas (7657184) 

9.00 Beyond Suspicion (1994, TVM) with 

n Jack Scala and Stepfame Kramer. A 
photojoumahst who develops amnesia 
alter becoming a witness to police 
corruption Directed by Paul ZilJer 

1020 Stephen King’s Golden Years ff) (8/8) 
Terry and Crewes must put their faith in 
Harlan (6845411) 

11.45 Tryst (1994. TVM) Mystery thriller with 

m Barbara Carrera and David Warner. 

Directed by Peter Foldy (9576121) 
1.40am Title Shot (1981) Thriller with Tony 
1 Curtis and Richard Gabourie. Directed by 
LesFtose (4973763) 

Barbara Hershey as the eponymous 
criminal In Scorsese's drama (320am) 

320 Boxcar Bertha (1972) Crime drama 

» directed by Marlin Scorsese. Based on 
the life story ol Bertha Thompson played 
by Barbara Hershey, who turned to crime 
during the Depression years. Also with 
Keith Carradine (85235454) 

420 Prisoner Ceil Block H (4358763) 

5.30 100 Per Cent (r) (4251893) 

• For further listings see 
Saturday’s Vision 
SKY 1 _ 


Soperoian 168985) lUM M*A*S"H 
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Three Woman (1977) (54430) 

Bed ol Roses (IMS) P825ffl 3jOD For 
Hope (1987) (54091) 800 Gutower* 
(63633) 7jd P revie* g1 ?)T^> 
UK Top 10 (1411) 

Sfeoumay Weaver (816 6) 030 Made 
Magic (91B4) 9J» M as Attack * 1996) 
140704633) IMS Dwfcnan (1990) 
(17584140) «20a^R^H«ror 
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Toa MO Moursan BWng 7J0 Tranmera 
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Golf. Conadan Open 12J30 Goth British 
Makers eooam inside me Saner PGA Tour 
2J0 Spons Certre sao Shmriumpmg 4Jffl 
Mountain Biting 4k30 W9d Spans 5.00 


1220 Trans World Spot IJMtpm fishriff 
Tight Lines 2J» Bobby Chartan's Foottaafi 
Scrapbook 330 The Rugby Club 4X0 
Terri* US Open —Live 1030 Nod Bw 
Back Paige 1120 ShowMTOfng: Irtsh Grand 


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WdrU Cop S4M Euro 2000 QuaBfyriB 104X) 
X Gereee 11J» tnemationel Matadors 
MagaUne 1Z00 Rowing Wbrtd Chempton- 
sres 2 - O Op m CycVng- Tour ol Spain— 
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800 X Games 8.00 Cffl Dnilog &80 
Formula 4x4 Gfi-fioad 800 Bcsdng BF 
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&D0am Fiaggfe Rock 830 Muppei Babies 
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8J0 Anmat ol Panting Wood 9.00 CBBC 
10.00 Whine's House 10J0 BiKo» 11.00 
The Magrc School Bus 11D0 PB 
Bear/TDnser/MaglG MmxVaxVCtengeis 
1Z00 Rugrats 12,30pm Blue's Clues IDO 
Bananas ki Pytamss IDO LHtle Beat Siories 
2D0 Rocky and the Dodos/Mr BennMr 
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. Hey Arnold' 4DD Rugrais SDO Sister Sslei 
5.30 Kenan and Kd SDO Sabrina the 
Teenage Witch 830 Moeeha 7DO Ckse 


Sene id 1800 The Hutfcs 1130 The Lany 
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800pm Quantum leap 9 DO Babylon 5 
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4D0 Go ? 430 Reel World SDO Wei And 
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1800 Animal Dodn 1030 Emergency 
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uiupiBs • 


Double Trigger 
blazes down 
final straight 

sets its 

sights on 

By Matt Dickinson 

THE board of Manchester 
United had predicted on 
Wednesday that it would be 
setting a trend when it agreed 
to sell the dub to BSkyB for 
£623 million and confirmation 
arrived promptly yesterday 
when Carlton emerged as the 
latest media predator. Carlton 
admitted that it is in takeover 
talks with Arsenal and it was 
reported that it is also be hold¬ 
ing talks with Aston Villa, fur¬ 
ther evidence that the televi¬ 
sion giants are casting their vo¬ 
racious ga7p around the FA 
Carling Premiership. 

Although contact has been 
made with Tottenham Hot¬ 
spur, where Alan Sugar, the 
chairman, recently threatened 
to sell up because of growing 
frustration at the dub's under- 

Takeover bid-1 


achievement, Carlton’s main 
target is Arsenal. The winners 
of the Premiership and FA 
Cup Double have, like Man¬ 
chester United, been in the 
thick of talks over a new Euro¬ 
pean Super League and are 
run by an ambitious and as¬ 
tute board that is keen to keep 
at the forefront of the booming 
football market 
The joint-statement from Ar¬ 
senal and Carlton yesterday 
said that they had conducted 
“very preliminary discussions 
on ways in which the two com¬ 
panies can work together. 
These talks are too prelimi¬ 
nary in nature to assess the 
probability of any outcome. 

OQdEie EIE 0 I 

No 1508 


2 Voltaire's optimist (Con- 

dide) (8) 

6 Elegant cavalryman (b) 

S Loose collection (6) 

9 Australian interior (7) 

10 Cloister court; (Northern) 
yard (5) 

12 Ranting speaker (3-7) 

16 Fond of company (10) 

IS Film for home viewing (5) 

20 Rail trades in yard (7) 

21 Wood for furniture: edible 

wrinkled kernel (6) 

22 Vigour (6) 

23 Range of freedom (8) 


1 Heaped, white cloud mass 

2 Make (future event) impossi¬ 

3 Cause of resentment (6) 

4 Regularity; a taxonomic 
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5 To foam, be agitated (6) 

7 Wrecking activity (8) 

11 Guile, subterfuge (8) 

13 (NT) hypocrite (8) 

14 Trunks and cases (7) 

15 Affirmation (6) 

17 Strongly, healthily built (6) 

19 Dutch town, its blue ware (5) 


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22 Grimm 23 Strut 24 Syringe 

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6 Derange 7 Zone 11 Bonhomie 13 Tareier IS Avenger 
i 16 Monts 18 Motel 19 Avian 20 Opus 


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Venus rises to 
her task 
in US Open 



to end 

:4V: V. *. * • ■ **5#-*V ' ' * * - V * - A** ?.'■ 

If ; ■-} : • **■.* £ V H**.<'■'•< >4 

One possible outcome could 
be an offer being made by Carl¬ 
ton for Arsenal.* 1 

Villa were more circum¬ 
spect, saying merely: “We 
have had talks with a commu¬ 
nications firm and there is a 
chance that a deal might be 
wrapped up in the same way 
as with Manchester United." 

The battle for increasingly 
lucrative televirion rights to 
screen games is why Carlton, 
worth £2.6 billion, is consider¬ 
ing a £275 million offer for the 
Highbury club. BSkyB's deal 
to show FA Premier League 
'matches expires in 2001 and 
the Restrictive Practices Court 
wfli role in January whether 
dubs wifi then be allowed to 
negotiate their own contracts. 
If so. it would mean a scram¬ 
ble among broadcasters for 
the rights to leading dubs, so 
owning one of the country’s 
most successful teams would 
guarantee a slice of the action. 
With the advent of multi-chan¬ 
nel digital television and pay- 
per-view. projected revenues 
dwarf the existing BSkyB deal, 
in which Premiership dubs ex¬ 
pect to earn an average E4 mil¬ 
lion per year. 

However, there are draw¬ 
backs, as Ars&ne Wenger, die 
Arsenal manager, said after 
the news of United’s takeover 
by BSkyB. “The big danger is 
when three or four can breaka¬ 
way from the others and the 
rest cannot keep up." he said. 
“They can pay players three or 
four times the salary. The 
rules of the game could 
change if four or five dubs 
have owners from the media.” 

News of a possible takeover 
resulted in Arsenal’s value 
leap by almost 38 per cent to 
£224 million yesterday, while 
gossip that Chelsea could be 
next saw shares rise 13 per 
cent on the day. 

From Kevin Eason/, ■ 


IT WAS not quiteanaptiog^ 
but it was probably as dose as 
it gets from Michael Stftti- 
macher. .The man. wtp Trad 
accused David CbuMoni of 
trying to kin him' at the jam- 
sodden Belgian GrandRrixap-. 
parently had a change of heart 
after the two ntet qmety csr 
rieiiftal temtw^yestdday^ i 
For 90 minutes, they chatted 
in the WiUiariis motorh&Qfc 
here. Max Mosley, the presjh 
denrof the FIA, the goveniing- 
body of Formula One;, is 
thought to have had a hand in 

Clarke blasts his way out of a bunker on his way to a five-under par first-round score of 67 at the Forest of Arden. Photograph: Marc Aspland 

Montgomerie goes back to basics 

THERE are few better feel¬ 
ings in golf than going to the 
practice ground and eradicat¬ 
ing a fault, or starling a round 
having just hit half a dozen re¬ 
ady good shots on the practice 
ground. The difficulty, as Col¬ 
in Montgomerie and Justin 
Rose demonstrated here yes¬ 
terday, in the One 2 One Brit¬ 
ish Masters, is that good form 
on the practice ground, wheth¬ 
er before or after a round, can 
remain there. 

Montgomerie is struggling 
to eradicate a hook from his 
game, a rogue stroke that orig¬ 
inally entered his repertoire at 
his own invitation, which 
makes it even more galling. 

“I got to No2 hi the world 
and when you get to No 2 at 
anything you want to be 
Nol" Montgomerie said af¬ 
ter has 70. two under par, in 
the first round at the Forest of 
Arden. “I felt 1 needed to im¬ 
prove and I tried to but it 
didn't work." 

In the search for greater con¬ 
trol and accuracy, Mont¬ 
gomerie felt he needed to be 
able to hit more straight shots 
and the occasional draw to ac¬ 
company his enviable ability 
to summon up a judicious 
fade any time he wanted. That 

By John Hopkins, golf correspondent 

was the theory, in practice 
what actually happened was 
that in trying to become more 
accurate Montgomerie actual¬ 
ly became less so. 

He now has a tendency to 
hit the occasional wild hook, 
as he did with his driver on 
the 13th tee. A second fault is 
tiiat no longer can he sum¬ 
mon up a gentle, controlled 
fade, which was precisely 
what be tried to do with a 
four-iron on the short Sth. 

On the 196-yard bole he at¬ 
tempted to move die ball from 
left to right on die wind. Once 
be could have probably 
played this shot with his eyes 
shut, but this tune the ball 
went billowing out to the 
right It was yards off target 
“It was an awful shot” Mont¬ 
gomerie said, with a vigorous 
shake of his bead. 

As a result of first trying to 
change his style of play, and 
now trying to return to it 
Montgomerie has been strug¬ 
gling with his game for some 
time, though there are occa¬ 
sional signs that be is getting 
back to playing the way he 
used to. 

“Since I lost the Irish Open 

in a play-off in July, this game 
has become difficult" Mont¬ 
gomerie said. “This is the first 
time in my 11-year profession¬ 
al career that I’ve found the 
game difficult 

“I have never thought about 
the golf swing before, nor 
what 1 am doing on the course 
except for die course manage¬ 
ment aspect Now I am think¬ 
ing -about all sorts of things 
aim it’s more hard work.” 

Bifl Ferguson, oow reinstat¬ 
ed as Montgomerie’s coach, 
has said the player must hit 
2000 balls, at least before he 
begins to fed comfortable 
again. “It is easy on the prac¬ 
tice ground but difficult bring¬ 
ing it from there onto the 

course.” Montgomerie said. 
“On the practice ground you 
can drop another ball, and hit 
another and it does not mat¬ 
ter. On the golf course it does 
matter. That k where the prob¬ 
lem is right now ” 

As for Montgomerie, so for 
Rose. Justin was hitting the 
ball beautifully in practice yes¬ 
terday morning, according to 
Ken. his father. On the course. 
It was different Rose, unable 
to gather any inspiration front 
having one of die day’s largest 
galleries, had a run of five suc¬ 
cessive boles on which he 
dropped at least one stroke as 
he went to the tun in 43, sev¬ 
en over par. 

Two more strokes were 


and if Iriess Stated) 67. 0 Clarke 66: P 
Quro (S*wt 4 B9: C Sonpffxi [Sp). A She* 
borne. R Lee, S Torrance 70:1 Garndo (Sp). 
C Montgarnene. S Lurk) (Sp). J Sande&n 
(9m), MA JlmGnez (Sta), Q Owen. DThcm- 
soft tRanm) (Ara). JEtaerton. 71:-Tlnv- 
mettrun (SAL A teal. M Campbell (NZ). A 
KarAKonen (Fin). P FiAa (Swe). a S Gama 
(So). S Allan (Aus), A Otewn. J Singh (Ind), 
SGrappesonm (111, G Oir, S Strove(GeO, C 
RoccaJI), M Lamer (9m). D Chopra 
®M). C Watts. P Sencr (Aus) 

72 C Hanflna (US), K Smfc (Swe). R 
Wessefe (SA). J Lomas. P Hsugnud (Nor). 

A Coftart, HP Thjei (Go). M Roe, M Mou- 
iand, R Ctaydon, JM Otazfeal (Sp). C Ma¬ 
son. G Hutcheon, 0 Borrego (tel- S Kjeid- 
sen (Den). D Harm*. P-U Johansson (Swe). 
P Baer. G Chdmers (Aus), R Drummond. 
A Hunter 

73: J Rwero (Sp). R Baud. A Cabrera 
(Aral. M Fare (RJ. R Coles. D Robertson, N 
(Aus). P Unhart (Sp). O Edmond (ft). P 
Gokfing. T Johnstone (Zim), M Gotoo, A 

Clapp. L WtaMood. V Phltes. K Toman (Ja¬ 
pan). P Lonard (Aus). G Nk*teus (US), B 

{* denotes arrateu) 

dropped on die 10th and Uth, 
before a degree of stability 
was demonstrated. Rose 
played the 12th to die 18th in 
one under par. This was too lit¬ 
tle and, almost certainly, too 
late because surviving the 
36-hole cut after starting with 
an 80, eight over par, his high¬ 
est score as a professional, 
will require a score today that 
is likely to be beyond tbealnli- 

There were no such worries 
for Dairen Clarke, who seems 
as confident as Montgomerie 
once was, and is playing con¬ 
sistently good golf. To score 
67, five under par, on a day 
dial was thoroughly unpleas¬ 
ant at times, with rain squalls 
and a gusting wind, was good 

Clarke's certainty and accu¬ 
racy with his irons. particular 
Jy. would have made Mont¬ 
gomerie and Rose green with 
envy. Clarke, who is trailing 
Lee Westwood by less than 
£5500 in die race to top the or¬ 
der of merit, hit a five-iron to 
seven feet on the 6th. a seven- 
iron to 15 feet oc the I Ith and a 
six-iron to three feet on the 
15th. Such accuracy brought 
its rewards. Clarke leads by 
one stroke. 

temptto Before a row that had 
threatened to spill over at the 
Italian Grand Prix this week--' 

Coulthard emerged from 
the meeting coolaiKlappareflE- 
ly happy that the spat was 
over: More significanify. the 
man who- hid tom' tote 
Coulthard in front of milium! 
of televiskm.viewers, effective^ 
ly accusing him of cheating, 
was back-tradung. saying that 
he had been wrong to assume 
that Coulthard had slowed las 
McLarea-Meroedes down <te-~ 
Bberately in front of him. raus-. 
ing a crash that: put the J3er- ~ 
man’s Fferrari oat of the rare 
and cost him ten valuable 
world charaponsta'ppoints. 

The venue for die discussion 
was ironic, because Wfifcams - 
are yet to sign ariy drivers for 
the next season. Jacques VHle- : 
neuve-was knowzi already to 
be leaving the team, to join ' 
British American Raring, and. 
Heinz-Haraki Frentzen an¬ 
nounced yesterday that he. 
too, is leaving, to replace Raff 
Schumacher at Jordan.: Schu¬ 
macher, die- younger, brother 
of Michad Schumacher, is 
widely expected to sign a four- 
year deal with WHliams, there¬ 
by completinga straight swap. 

Leicestershire tighten grip 
as Essex surrender tamely 

LEICESTER (second day of 
four): Essex, with six second-in¬ 
nings wickers standing, are 
242 runs behind Leicester¬ 

CHAMPIONS require for¬ 
tune as well as form and 
Leicestershire were blessed by 
both yesterday. While they 
swept towards apparently in¬ 
evitable victory at Grace Road 
with the compliance of the 
weather and the abject cricket 
of Essex, their most pressing 
rivals. Surrey, could da little 
but rage at the rain in Dur¬ 

There is an impressive 
momentum to Leicestershire 
now, reminiscent of their previ¬ 
ous tide win two years ago. 
and their position here is all 
the more praiseworthy for hav¬ 
ing lost the toss. Essex.wasted 
the advantage of bowling first 
and then baned with the spine¬ 
lessness of a side that cannot 
wait for the season to end. 

They were dismissed for 95. 
followed on with a daunting 
deficit of300 and then lost four 
further wickets for 56. The 
pitch, while helpful to seam 
bowlers who locale the right 
length, is anything but impos¬ 
sible and it is taking nothing 
from the efficiency of Leicester¬ 
shire to report that Essex were 
truly dreadful. 

A defeat here would be their 
fifth in succession, quite possi¬ 
bly their third by an innings. 
A footballing equivalent 
would be seeking heads to roll 
and even Essex, where loyalty 
and long service are an expec¬ 
tation not a rarity, may be vul¬ 

Their membership, more 
championship-minded than 
mast, has become restive, judg¬ 
ing by the mail accumulating 

By Alan Lee, cricket correspondent 

at the dub office, and the cap¬ 
taincy is sure to be a matter for 
debate. Paul Prichard, in his 
fourth season and the most 
experienced of the current 
county captains, can hardly 
feel secure, not least because 
his own form has collapsed. 

Prichard batted twice yester¬ 
day and totalled 19 .runs, an 
experience that scarcely dent¬ 
ed an already dire average of 
14 in a season when his top 
score is 24. Others have fared 
only marginally better and 
even Stuart Law is now bat¬ 
ting as if infected by the 
fatalism around him. 

Leicestershire offered a star¬ 
tling contrast. They spent 
much of die first session tak¬ 
ing their first-innings to a for¬ 
midable 395. then look wickets 
with such regularity through a 
rain-interrupted afternoon 
that one bonding 'huddle' had 
hardly broken up when anoth¬ 
er was triumphantly enjoined. 

The pillar of their batting 

was Vince Wells, finally miscu- 
ing to mid-off yesterday after 
384 minutes, of which the first 
200 were spectacular and the 
remainder merely steadfast It 
was. however, a monumental 
innings by a man who should 
feature in any list of contend¬ 
ers for player of the season. 

The last three Leicestershire 
wickets went to the raw speed 

^Wv^’****^ ■■ "■ ■■■ 

' -*• - 

Simmons superb slip catch 


UPCESTffiSHftE: Ftaf tnnms 

v j wans c Boa b Giow. \n 

D L MaCOy c Hyan b Cowsn ...7 

I j StfldAt- c Hvam b Corran ... 39 

B F Smdh lb* b ban!.1 

‘P'V&mionscCoiWftD tram . ... 6! 

AHabfccHyamblrani .B 

fPANnwibSuch .. ... 26 

C C Lewis fcw b Boa.14 

0 J Mira noi out .37 

CO Crewe c Peters b Gnxe .. 6 

A □ MuHaAy few b Gran . . . .0 
&aras!ba.&6.nbm . j** 

Total (107 J omra) 

FALL OF WICKETS MS. 2-126. 3-l2». 
4-247. 5-263, 6-299. 7-3». 8-371.9-395 
BOWLING: Dor. 2S-7-68-1 Cowan 

194-79-2; irarn 23U66C-3- Gow 
1734-76-3. Such 194.63-1. Graven 

ESSEX: Firalmncp 


SDPBmcWc3sbi*jCafiv ... 2 

7 P Hodgson c Summers b Wefc .20 

S G Law D UdaDy. , 7 

R C Ira* c Simmora b Lew* 11 

APGrayanbMfca ij 

TBJHvambfcttfrCi ... 1 

M C Hcffl c Suicttte b MUns 0 

APCowanb Wcfc. 4 

J O Go*o e WMtaly b was.12 

PMSueftnwoul 0 

Extras (b 1.1)6. rt>2) . a 

Total (35.4 own)_ 85 

FALL Of WICKETS. 1-7. 2-31. 3-3B 449 
6-7B. 7-7H. Ml, 981 
BOWUNQ- MuBaHy 1 1-4-23-2. Luma 

11-4402 MWre. 7.&ft.j : WdE fl.4-2-17-3 


•PJPncftafdbLewss .... . 1 

SD Peters c Lewes b Mins .a 

T P Hod g son m m 11 

S C Law c Maddy b kuirc. . 0 

RC Irani c Simmons boom 2/ 

M C tod fits our 2 

Extras (tb 3. nb 6). q 

Total (4 »rtts)-58 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-1.2-23. 3-S. 4-56. 
BOWLING: VteWty fro-12-0; Lows 6-29 J. 
Mflns fri-M- 2 . Wolfe 4 j-i-Ci Crowe 

50-5-1. Srnnores 4-3-34) 

of Jamie Grove, 19, some com¬ 
pensation for his rough treat¬ 
ment on the first day. But Alan 
Mullally. whom he dismissed 
first ball, was soon giving a 
master-dass in how to bowl on 
(his pitch. 

Mullally should have struck 
with the first ball of the in¬ 
nings. which Prichard 
propped into, and out of. the 
hands of short-leg. fn his sec¬ 
ond over, though, he had a dif¬ 
fident Steve Peters caught at 
first slip, and his sixth brought 
the critical wicket of Law. 

Chris Lewis too often 
dropped short, but on two occa¬ 
sions when he did pitch the 
ball up he dismissed Prichard, 
playing back to a yorker, and 
Irani, brilliantly taken by Sim¬ 
mons at second slip. When 
rain caused a third, brief delay 
Essex were 49 for four and in 
full retreat. 

Tim Hodgson at least 
showed some resilience, spend¬ 
ing 40 bails on ten and adding 
27 for the fifth wicket with 
Grayson. Once Wells had di¬ 
vided the stand in his second 
over, Essex fell apart. 

Three of the lower order 
were swept away by David 
Millns, who bowled an appro¬ 
priate length at lively pace, but 
owed two of his wickets to re¬ 
markable catches by Sutcliffe, 
at short-leg. He will never 
know how he managed to 
cling on to a fofl-blooded on- 
drive by Mark IIotL 
There was more lo come. Af¬ 
ter Prichard had once more 
been bowled going back. Pe¬ 
ters fell to an acrobatic slip 
catch by Lewis, and Law ana 
Irani were out playing care¬ 
less shots. 

Pilch battle, page 49 
Smith on song, uace 49 

,>jj| \ 

: o i f 

Z“ <Y ^ 

5 L. Ol 1 *C3 O », 

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